It was through college football play that American football rules first gained popularity in the United States. No minor league farm organizations exist in American football and it is in college football where a players performance directly impacts his chances of playing professional football. The best collegiate players will declare for the professional draft after 3 to 4 years of collegiate competition. Those not selected can still attempt to land an NFL roster spot as a free agent. Even after the emergence of the professional National Football League, college football remained extremely popular throughout the U. S, in many cases, college stadiums employ bench-style seating, as opposed to individual seats with backs and arm rests. This allows them to more fans in a given amount of space than the typical professional stadium. College athletes, unlike players in the NFL, are not permitted by the NCAA to be paid salaries, colleges are only allowed to provide non-monetary compensation such as athletic scholarships that provide for tuition and books.
Modern North American football has its origins in various games, all known as football, by the 1840s, students at Rugby School were playing a game in which players were able to pick up the ball and run with it, a sport known as Rugby football. The game was taken to Canada by British soldiers stationed there and was soon being played at Canadian colleges, the first documented gridiron football match was a game played at University College, a college of the University of Toronto, November 9,1861. One of the participants in the game involving University of Toronto students was William Mulock, a football club was formed at the university soon afterward, although its rules of play at this stage are unclear. In 1864, at Trinity College, a college of the University of Toronto, F. Barlow Cumberland, modern Canadian football is widely regarded as having originated with a game played in Montreal, in 1865, when British Army officers played local civilians. The game gradually gained a following, and the Montreal Football Club was formed in 1868, early games appear to have had much in common with the traditional mob football played in England.
The games remained largely unorganized until the 19th century, when games of football began to be played on college campuses. Each school played its own variety of football, Princeton University students played a game called ballown as early as 1820. A Harvard tradition known as Bloody Monday began in 1827, which consisted of a mass ballgame between the freshman and sophomore classes, in 1860, both the town police and the college authorities agreed the Bloody Monday had to go. The Harvard students responded by going into mourning for a figure called Football Fightum. The authorities held firm and it was a dozen years before football was again played at Harvard. Dartmouth played its own version called Old division football, the rules of which were first published in 1871, all of these games, and others, shared certain commonalities
James Donald Jim Owens was an American football player and coach. He was the coach at the University of Washington from 1957 to 1974. Owens played college football at the University of Oklahoma from 1946 to 1949 and he played a year of pro football in 1950 and was a college assistant coach for six years under the legendary Bear Bryant at the University of Kentucky and Texas A&M University. According to legend, after the 1956 season, when the Washington Huskies were looking for a head coach, in 1959 and 1960, he led Washington to back-to-back ten-win seasons and consecutive Rose Bowl wins, as well as a national championship in 1960. He coached the Huskies to the 1964 Rose Bowl, Owens concurrently served as the athletic director at Washington from 1960 to 1969. He was elected to the College Football Hall of Fame as a player in 1982, Owens resigned as head coach of the Huskies following the 1974 season at the end of his last contract, a three-year deal at $33,000 per year. His years at Washington were marred by accusations of racism and he was succeeded by Don James, who would coach the Huskies for 18 seasons.
He would apologize for his actions and a statue of Owens was erected at Washington in 2003, Jim Owens at the College Football Hall of Fame Jim Owens at the College Football Data Warehouse Jim Owens at Pro-Football-Reference. com
CenturyLink Field is a multi-purpose stadium in Seattle, United States. It is the field for the Seattle Seahawks of the National Football League. Originally called Seahawks Stadium, it became Qwest Field on June 23,2004 and it received its current name in June 2011 after Qwests acquisition by CenturyLink. It is a facility with views of the Downtown Seattle skyline. The complex includes the Event Center with the WaMu Theater, a garage. The venue hosts concerts, trade shows, and consumer shows along with sporting events, located within a mile of Downtown Seattle, the stadium is accessible by multiple freeways and forms of mass transit. The stadium was built between 2000 and 2002 on the site of the Kingdome after voters approved funding for the construction in an election held on June 17,1997. This vote created the Washington State Public Stadium Authority to oversee public ownership of the venue, the owner of the Seahawks, Paul Allen, formed First & Goal Inc. to develop and operate the new facilities.
Allen was closely involved in the process and emphasized the importance of an open-air venue with an intimate atmosphere. The crowd at CenturyLink Field is notoriously loud during Seahawks games and it has twice held the Guinness World Record for loudest crowd roar at an outdoor stadium, first at 136.6 decibels in 2013, followed by a measurement of 137.6 decibels in 2014. The noise has contributed to the home field advantage with an increase in false start. The stadium was the first in the NFL to implement a FieldTurf artificial field, numerous college and high school American football games have been played at the stadium. CenturyLink Field is designed for soccer, the first sporting event held included a United Soccer Leagues Seattle Sounders match. The USL team began using the stadium regularly for games in 2003. The MLS expansion team Seattle Sounders FC, began its season in 2009 at the stadium. CenturyLink Field was the site of the MLS Cup in 2009, the venue hosted the 2010 and 2011 tournament finals for the U. S.
Open Cup. Sounders FC won both times and new records were set each year it was hosted at CenturyLink Field. On August 25,2013, the Sounders broke a new home attendance record when 67,385 fans turned out to watch them play the Portland Timbers
Eastern Washington is the portion of the US state of Washington east of the Cascade Range. The region contains the city of Spokane, the Tri-Cities, the Columbia River and the Grand Coulee Dam, the Hanford Nuclear Reservation and the farmlands of the Yakima Valley. Unlike in Western Washington, the climate is dry, including some desert environments, a significant difference between Eastern Washington and the western half of the state is its climate. While the west half of the state is located in an oceanic climate. Also, due to being farther from the sea, the east side has both hotter summers and colder winters than the west, most communities in Eastern Washington, for example, have significant yearly snowfall, while in the west snowfall is minimal and not seen every year. The east and west do still have some traits in common, more rainfall in winter than summer, a lack of severe storms. There is some variation in rainfall throughout Eastern Washington. Generally, lower elevations are hotter and drier than higher elevations.
This is easily seen in the comparison between low-elevation Richland with higher elevation Spokane, compared to Western Washington, Eastern Washington has roughly twice the land area and one-third the population. According to the U. S. Census Bureau the population estimate as of July 2014 was 1,547,303, the population growth rate between the two is roughly the same. Of Washingtons nine Congressional districts, Eastern Washington exactly encompasses two, aside from a portion of the 4th in Skamania County. Eastern Washington hosts a number of world-renowned universities including three of the five public universities. Bills in the Washington State Legislature which would have requested the United States Congress to take up the question were proposed in 1996,1999,2005, proposed names for the new state have included Lincoln, Liberty, or simply Eastern Washington. Many of these proposals were to include the Idaho Panhandle as part of the state of Lincoln. Eastern Washington tends to vote Republican, whereas Western Washington usually supports the Democrats
John Andrew Cherberg was an American football coach, television executive, and politician. He served as the coach at the University of Washington from 1953 to 1955. Cherberg played college football at Washington and he served as the 13th Lieutenant Governor of Washington from 1957 to 1989, which is longer than any other lieutenant governor in the states history. Born in Pensacola, Cherberg was the youngest of children from a butcher father who emigrated from Europe. In 1919, his family moved to Seattle, Washington and he played football at Queen Anne High School before graduating in 1929. He attended the University of Washington and played halfback on the football team, Cherberg graduated in 1933 with a degree in economics. After graduation he taught classes and coached football at Cleveland and Queen Anne high schools in Seattle and he joined the UW football staff in 1946. The three seasons he served as coach of the UW football team were controversial. His record of 10 wins,18 losses, and 2 ties was identified as the second worst in Seattles history in a 2006 article by Seattle Post-Intelligencer columnist Jim Moore.
The team was involved in a scandal that led to NCAA sanctions for the school. He was inaugurated as Washingtons lieutenant governor on January 16,1957, for his first 15 years in office, he worked at Seattle-area TV station KIRO to supplement his then-low lieutenant governor salary. Cherberg ran for Mayor of Seattle in 1964, but was defeated by Republican councilman Dorm Braman by 95,699 votes to his 83,205, cherbergs platform included support for fair housing. Following his defeat in the campaign, he once again ran for lieutenant governor. He served continuously under Republican Governor Daniel J. Evans, Democrat Dixy Lee Ray, Republican John D. Spellman, in his last race, he won comfortably with 63% of the vote. Cherberg lived in Seattle until his death from pneumonia at age 81 in 1992 and he was interred at Calvary Cemetery, about a mile northeast of the University of Washington campus. The John A. Cherberg Building, which houses Washington State Senate offices at the State Capitol campus, was renamed in his honor, John Cherberg at the College Football Data Warehouse John Cherberg at Find a Grave
Lionel Tyrone Ty Willingham is a retired American football player and coach. He was the coach at Stanford University, the University of Notre Dame. He served as a volunteer for the Stanford University womens golf team, Willingham attended Jacksonville Senior High School in Jacksonville, North Carolina and lettered in football and baseball. He went on to Michigan State University where he played football and baseball, Willingham held assistant coaching positions at his alma mater, Central Michigan University, North Carolina State University, Rice University, and Stanford University. When Stanford head coach, Dennis Green, was hired as the Minnesota Vikings head coach in 1992, following the 1994 season, despite lacking experience as a head coach or coordinator, Willingham was appointed head coach of the football program at Stanford, succeeding Bill Walsh. In his seven seasons as coach, he led the Cardinal to a 44–36–1 record, in 2000, he was presented with the Eddie Robinson Coach of Distinction Award that is given annually to honor an outstanding college football coach and role model for career achievement.
His best team was the 1999 team, which won the schools first outright Pacific-10 Conference title in 29 years, Willinghams 44 wins were the most by a Stanford coach since John Ralston, who left the school for the Denver Broncos of the NFL after the 1971 season. On December 31,2001, Willingham was hired as coach at Notre Dame. Willingham began the 2002 season by going 8–0, and went on to become the only coach in Notre Dame history to win 10 games. In the 2002 regular-season finale, ND was blown out by arch-rival USC, 44–13 and that loss knocked ND from a likely Bowl Championship Series berth down to the 2003 Gator Bowl—where they were beaten by North Carolina State, 28–6. The following Tuesday, November 30, after a record in South Bend of 21–15. Defensive coordinator Kent Baer served as acting coach for the Insight Bowl. On December 13,2004, Willingham was hired as the new coach at Washington. The Huskies returned 19 of 22 starters from the previous season, Willinghams primary task was to change the programs image.
He instituted a strict hair policy and was known to show up in his players classes unannounced to make sure they were attending. As chance would have it, Willingham found himself facing his former team on September 24,2005. His first season at Washington ended with a 2–9 record, capped by a scuffle after a loss to Washington State that left Willingham embarrassed. The Huskies ended the season at 5–7, this time defeating state rival Washington State by three points and this win held WSU from defeating the Huskies for three years in a row, something that has never happened in the history of the century-long rivalry
Martin Stadium is an outdoor athletic stadium in the northwest United States, on the campus of Washington State University in Pullman, Washington. It is the field of the Washington State Cougars of the Pac-12 Conference. Martin Stadium has used artificial turf since its inception in 1972, the stadium is named after Clarence D. Martin, the governor of the state of Washington, a former mayor of Cheney and graduate of the University of Washington. His son, made a $250,000 donation to the project in January 1972 under the stipulation that the stadium be named after his father, additional gifts were continued by Dans widow, Charlotte Martin. Martin Stadium opened 45 years ago in 1972 on September 30, with a disappointing 19-point loss to Utah, a member of the WAC, with 20,600 in attendance. Two and a years had passed since the south grandstand and press box of its predecessor, the wooden Rogers Field, was significantly damaged by fire. The WSU Cougars played all of their games at Joe Albi Stadium in Spokane in 1970 and 1971.
In its first season in 1972, only the south grandstand, press box and artificial turf were new, the remaining sections from Rogers were replaced later. The seating capacity in 1972 was 22,600, the north stands were demolished after the 1974 season. The east end zone seats from Rogers were finally replaced in 1999, the stadium has an unorthodox east-west alignment, north-south is conventional. After renovations in 2003, seating capacity was reduced to 35,117, since the expansion of Reser Stadium at Oregon State in 2005, Martin Stadium fell to last in football seating capacity in the Pac-10, and is last in the Pac-12. The current attendance record was set during the year of 1997. Following a 10–3 season and a home campaign in 2003. Martin Stadium was among the first college football stadiums to expand by removing its 440-yard running track and lowering the playing field and this modification in 1979 added over 12,000 new seats, most of which were closer to the field. The first game following the renovation was played in mid-October, a 17–14 victory over UCLA under sunny skies, the Mooberry Track was constructed north of the stadium, the site of the old Bailey baseball field, with home plate at the northwest corner.
Baseball was relocated northeast, toward the golf course, to Bailey–Brayton Field, the plan was for the track was to occupy that space. Phases I and II commenced at the end of the 2006 football season, the project focused on improving the public areas in and around the stadium. A new concourse was built along the stands and new concessions
W. Ralph Pest Welch was an American football player and coach. He served as the coach at the University of Washington from 1942 to 1947. Welch led his 1943 Washington squad to the Rose Bowl, where they lost to USC and he played college football at Purdue University as a halfback under head coach James Phelan, whom he followed to Washington as an assistant in 1930. When Washington athletic director Ray Eckmann removed Phelan, he selected Welch to replace him, Welch became popular with the players and wielded a reputation as a great scout of talent. Eckmann retained Welch on a basis with an initial $9,000 per season salary. Ralph Welch at the College Football Data Warehouse
Darrell K Royal was an American football player and coach. He served as the coach at Mississippi State University, the University of Washington. In his 20 seasons at Texas, Royals teams won three championships,11 Southwest Conference titles, and amassed a record of 167–47–5. He won more games than any coach in Texas Longhorns football history. Royal coached the Edmonton Eskimos of the Canadian Football League for one season in 1953 and he never had a losing season as a head coach for his entire career. Royal played football at the University of Oklahoma from 1946 to 1949 and he was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame as a coach in 1983. Darrell K Royal – Texas Memorial Stadium in Austin, Texas, K is Royals given middle name, not an abbreviation. He received it in honor of his mother, who died when he was an infant. She died of cancer, but because of the surrounding the disease at that time. In 1942, during World War II, Royal finished Hollis High School and he played quarterback and defensive back at the University of Oklahoma under his mentor, coach Bud Wilkinson, from 1946 to 1949.
While attending Oklahoma, he joined the Delta Upsilon Fraternity, Royal was most noted for his prowess as a defensive back, where his 18 career interceptions and his three interceptions in the 1947 game against Oklahoma A&M are still Sooner records. Royals part-time contributions as quarterback had an impact, despite the fact that he shared time with Jack Mitchell. He threw a 43-yard pass against North Carolina in the 1949 Sugar Bowl, Royal holds the fourth-best winning percentage in school history with a 16–1 mark as a part-time quarterback starter. His 11–0 mark as a starter in 1949 ranks as one of the best seasons in school history, in 1992, Royal was inducted into the Oklahoma Sports Hall of Fame. Royal served as an assistant coach at North Carolina State, Tulsa and he coached the Edmonton Eskimos of the Canadian Football League, and in 1954, he returned to Mississippi State for his first collegiate head coaching job. He spent the 1956 season as coach at the University of Washington. Royal took over as coach at the University of Texas in December 1956.
The team went from a 1–9 record, their worst record ever, in 1956 to a 6–4–1 mark, within two years, Royal had the Longhorns in the Cotton Bowl as the number-four team in the country
Washington Huskies football
The Washington Huskies football team represents the University of Washington in college football. Washington competes in the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision as a member of the North Division of the Pac-12 Conference, the team is currently led by head coach Chris Petersen. Husky Stadium, located on campus, has served as the field for Washington since 1920. Washington has won sixteen Pac-12 championships, seven Rose Bowls, Washingtons all-time record ranks 21st by win percentage and 19th by total victories among FBS schools. The school holds the Division I FBS record for the longest unbeaten streak at 64 consecutive games, there have been a total of twelve unbeaten seasons in school history, including seven perfect seasons. Washington is one of four members of what became the Pac-12 Conference and. From 1977 through 2003, Washington had 27 consecutive non-losing seasons—the most of any team in the Pac-12, through the 2011 season, its 357 conference victories rank second in conference history.
Washington is often referred to as one of the top Quarterback Us due to the history of quarterbacks playing in the National Football League. All but three of the last 20 starting quarterbacks dating back to 1970 have gone on to the NFL, Washington played its first 26 seasons of college football from 1889 to 1915 as an independent. The Pac-12 claims the history of each of these preceding conferences as its own and Cal are the only founding and continuous members in each of these successive conferences. *Member of College Football Hall of Fame Ten different men served as Washington head coaches during the first 18 seasons, while still an independent, the team progressed from playing 1 to 2 games per season to 10 matches per season as the sport grew in popularity. The school initially used a variety of locations for its home field, home attendance grew from a few hundred to a few thousand per home game, with on-campus Denny Field becoming home from 1895 onward. The 1900 team played in-state rival Washington State College to a 5–5 tie, gil Dobie left North Dakota Agricultural and became Washingtons head coach in 1908.
Dobie coached for nine seasons at Washington, posting a 58–0–3 record. Dobies career comprised virtually all of Washingtons NCAA all-time longest 64-game unbeaten streak and included a 40-game winning streak, in 1916, Washington and three other schools formed the Pacific Coast Conference, predecessor to the modern Pac-12 Conference. In Dobies final season at Washington, his 1916 team won the PCCs inaugural conference championship, Dobie was inducted into the College Football Hall of Fame in 1951 as a charter member. Following Dobies tenure, Washington turned to a succession of coaches with mixed results, claude J. Hunt went a cumulative 6–3–1 highlighted by the schools second PCC championship in 1919, Tony Savage 1–1, and Stub Allison 1–5. This era concluded with the move from Denny Field to its permanent home field of Husky Stadium in 1920
The Pac-12 Conference is a collegiate athletic conference that operates in the Western United States. It participates in 22 NCAA sports in the NCAAs Division I, its teams compete in the Football Bowl Subdivision. The conferences 12 members are located in Arizona, Colorado, Oregon and they include each states flagship public university, four additional public universities, and two private research universities. It became the Pac-12 in 2011 with the addition of the University of Colorado, with Arizona States softball title in 2011, the conference won its 400th NCAA Championship. The current commissioner of the conference is Larry Scott, Scott replaced Thomas C, who retired in July 2009 after 26 years in that position. Prior to joining the Pac-10, Scott was Chairman and CEO of the Womens Tennis Association, the Pac-12 has twelve full member institutions. Football currently is the sport where the conference is divided evenly into two geographic divisions, the North Division and the South Division.
The Pac-12 spans six states in the Western United States, California, Oregon and Washington. Unusual for a conference, the Pac-12s members are spread evenly between 3 regions, with 4 schools each in California, the Pacific Northwest, and the Four Corners region. The Pac-12 has four affiliate member institutions, three in California and Boise State University in Idaho, the school will maintain its Pac-12 affiliation in wrestling, which the WAC does not sponsor. No school has left the Pac-12 since its founding as the AAWU in 1959, two members of the PCC were not invited to join the AAWU or its successors. As private schools, Stanford and USC are not obligated to publish employees salaries, Eight of the twelve member schools are members of the Association of American Universities, including all of the conferences California schools. The only FBS conference with more AAU members is the Big Ten with 13 out of 14 member institutions having AAU membership, in 2014, of the twelve member schools, nine were ranked in the top 100 universities in the world.
Total revenue includes ticket sales and donations, rights/licensing, student fees, school funds and all sources including TV income, camp income, food. Updated to show institutional reporting to the Department of Education as shown on the DOE Equity in Athletics website for the 2013-14 academic year, the national ranking of revenue is based on 2075 institutions reporting to the Department of Education that year. The roots of the Pac-12 Conference go back to December 2,1915, charter members were the University of California, the University of Washington, the University of Oregon, and Oregon Agricultural College. The conference began play in 1916, one year later, Washington State College joined the league, followed by Stanford University in 1918. In 1922, the PCC expanded to eight teams with the admission of USC, Montana joined the Conference in 1924, and in 1928, the PCC grew to 10 members with the addition of UCLA