Apulum (castra)

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Castrum Apulum 2011 - Porta Principalis Dextra-1.jpg
Porta Principalis Dextra
Apulum (castra) is located in Romania
Apulum (castra)
Location within Romania
Alternative name(s) Apula,[1] Apulon[1]
Known also as Castra of Alba Iulia
Founded during the reign of Trajan
Founded 107 – 108[2]
Abandoned 4th century AD
Attested by Tabula Peutingeriana
Place in the Roman world
Province Dacia
Administrative unit Dacia Apulensis
Administrative unit Dacia Superior
Directly connected to
— Stone structure —
Size and area 440 m × 430 m (18.9[2] ha)
Stationed military units
Coordinates 46°04′04″N 23°34′22″E / 46.0679°N 23.5727°E / 46.0679; 23.5727Coordinates: 46°04′04″N 23°34′22″E / 46.0679°N 23.5727°E / 46.0679; 23.5727
Altitude 245 m
Town Alba Iulia
County Alba
Country  Romania
RO-LMI AB-I-m-A-00001.01[3]
RO-RAN 1026.01[6]
Site notes
Recognition Monument istoric.svg National Historical Monument
Condition Ruined

Apulum was a fort in the Roman province of Dacia in the 2nd and 4th centuries AD, located in today's Alba-Iulia, Romania.[6] It is the largest castrum located in Romania, occupying 37.5 hectares (93 acres) (750 x 500 m2).

The types of coins discovered[edit]

Issuer Issue Date Type
Antoninus Pius 139 sestertius[7]
Julia Maesa 218–224 denarius[7]
Elagabalus 222 denarius[7]
Severus Alexander 223–225 denarius[7]
Sallustia Orbiana 225–227 denarius[7]
Gordian III 241–243 denarius[7]
Philip the Arab 244–247 antoninianus[7]
Cornelia Salonina 257–258 antoninianus[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b Schütte, Gudmund (1917). "Ptolemy's maps of northern Europe, a reconstruction of the prototypes". The Royal Danish Geographical Society. Retrieved 2013-05-04. 
  2. ^ a b Domșa, Ovidiu (2009). "Virtual reconstruction of Roman military Apulum camp" (PDF). p. 6. Retrieved February 14, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Lista Monumentelor Istorice 2010 ("2010 List of Historic Monuments")" (PDF). Monitorul Oficial al României, Partea I, Nr. 670 ("Romania's Official Journal, Part I, Nr. 670"), page 3. Ministerul Culturii şi Patrimoniului Naţional. 1 October 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-06-10. Retrieved 2012-12-30. 
  4. ^ Constantin C. Petolescu: Dacia – Un mileniu de istorie, Ed. Academiei Române, 2010, ISBN 978-973-27-1999-2
  5. ^ Academia Română: Istoria Românilor, Vol. 2, Daco-romani, romanici, alogeni, 2nd. Ed., București 2010, ISBN 978-973-45-0610-1
  6. ^ a b "1026.01". National Archaeological Record of Romania (RAN). ran.cimec.ro. 2010-10-22. Archived from the original on 2013-12-19. Retrieved 2012-12-30. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h "Apulum Archaeology". Retrieved 2013-05-02. 

External links[edit]