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Aquileia

Aquileia is an ancient Roman city in Italy, at the head of the Adriatic at the edge of the lagoons, about 10 kilometres from the sea, on the river Natiso, the course of which has changed somewhat since Roman times. Today, the city is small, but it was large and prominent in Antiquity as one of the world's largest cities with a population of 100,000 in the 2nd century AD. and is one of the main archeological sites of Northern Italy. Aquileia was founded as a colony by the Romans in 180/181 BC along the Natiso River, on land south of the Julian Alps but about 13 kilometres north of the lagoons; the colony served as a strategic frontier fortress at the north-east corner of transpadane Italy and was intended to protect the Veneti, faithful allies of Rome during the invasion of Hannibal and the Illyrian Wars. The colony would serve as a citadel to check the advance into Cisalpine Gaul of other warlike peoples, such as the hostile Carni to the northeast in what is now Carnia and Histri tribes to the southeast in what is now Istria.

In fact, the site chosen for Aquileia was about 6 km from where an estimated 12,000 Celtic Taurisci nomads had attempted to settle in 183 BC. However, since the 13th century BC, the site, on the river and at the head of the Adriatic, had been of commercial importance as the end of the Baltic amber trade, it is, theoretically not unlikely that Aquileia had been a Gallic oppidum before the coming of the Romans. However, few Celtic artifacts have been discovered from 500 BC to the Roman arrival; the colony was established with Latin rights by the triumvirate of Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica, Caius Flaminius, Lucius Manlius Acidinus, two of whom were of consular and one of praetorian rank. Each of the men had first hand knowledge of Cisalpine Gaul. Nasica had conquered the Boii in 191. Flaminius had overseen the construction of the road named after him from Bologna to Arezzo. Acidinus had conquered the Taurisci in 183; the triumvirate led 3,000 families to settle the area meaning Aquileia had a population of 20,000 soon after its founding.

Meanwhile, based on the evidence of names chiseled on stone, the majority of colonizing families came from Picenum and Campania, which explains why the colony was Latin and not Roman. Among these colonists, pedites received 50 iugera of land each, centuriones received 100 iugera each, equites received 140 iugera each. Either at the founding or not long afterward, colonists from the nearby Veneti supplemented these families. Roads soon connected Aquileia with the Roman colony of Bologna in 173 BC. In 148 BC, it was connected with Genua by the Via Postumia, which stretched across the Padanian plain from Aquileia through or near to Opitergium, Vicetia, Verona and the three Roman colonies of Cremona and Dertona; the construction of the Via Popilia from the Roman colony of Ariminium to Ad Portum near Altinum in 132 BC improved communications still further. In the 1st century AD, the Via Gemina would link Aquileia with Emona to the east of the Julian Alps, by 78 or 79 AD the Via Flavia would link Aquileia to Pula.

Meanwhile, in 169 BC, 1,500 more Latin colonists with their families, led by the triumvirate of Titus Annius Lucius, Publius Decius Subulo, Marcus Cornelius Cethegus, settled in the town as a reinforcement to the garrison. The discovery of the gold fields near the modern Klagenfurt in 130 BC brought the growing colony into further notice, it soon became a place of importance, not only owing to its strategic military position, but as a center of commerce in agricultural products and viticulture, it had, in times at least, considerable brickfields. In 90 BC, the original Latin colony became a municipium and its citizens were ascribed to the Roman tribe Velina; the customs boundary of Italy was close by in Cicero's day. Caesar visited the city on a number of occasions and pitched winter camp nearby in 59-58 BC. Although the Iapydes plundered Aquileia during the Augustan period, subsequent increased settlement and no lack of profitable work meant the city was able to develop its resources. Jewish artisans established a flourishing trade in glasswork.

Metal from Noricum was exported. The ancient Venetic trade in amber from the Baltic continued. Wine its famous Pucinum was exported. Oil was imported from Proconsular Africa. By sea, the port of Aquae Gradatae, modern Grado, Friuli-Venezia Giulia was developed. On land, Aquileia was the starting-point of several important roads leading outside Italy to the north-eastern portion of the empire — the road by Iulium Carnicum to Veldidena, from which branched off the road into Noricum, leading by Virunum to Laurieum on the Danube, the road leading via Emona into Pannonia and to Sirmium, the road to Tarsatica and Siscia, the road to Tergeste and the Istrian coast. Augustus was the first of a number of emperors to visit Aquileia, notably during the Pannonian wars in 12‑10 BC, it was the birthplace of Tiberius' son in the latter year. The Roman poet Martial praised Aquileia as his hoped for haven and resting place in his old age. In terms of religion, the populace adopted the Roman pantheon, although the Celtic sungod, had a large following.

Jews practiced their ancestral religion and it was some of these Jews who became the first Christians. Meanwhile, soldiers brought the martial c

Kayzie Rogers

Kayzie Rogers is a retired American actress and voice actress. She is known for her work in anime, original animation, video games, she has appeared in titles for 4Kids Entertainment, Central Park Media, DuArt Film and Video and TAJ Productions. Rogers is best known for her extensive voice work in the Pokémon anime franchise, she has voiced many characters of the day. Rogers retired from acting in 2017, her role of Wobbuffet is subsequently replaced by Erica Schroeder. Chaotic – Takinom Cubix: Robots For Everyone – Mixmutt, Babysix Funky CopsMarge G. I. Joe: Sigma Six – Baroness Here is Greenwood – Reina Kisaragi I Spy – CeCe Kirby: Right Back at Ya! – Tuff, Lady Like, Honey Magical DoReMi – Todd, Miss Shannon Now and Then and There – Sara Ringwalt One Piece – Koby, Miss Groundhog Day Ping Pong Club – Kamiya, Softball Player Pokémon – Ash Ketchum, Officer Jenny, Totodile, Snorunt, Marshtomp, Azurill, Eevee, Axew, Frillish, Mime Jr. Mr. Mime Regal Academy – Grandmother Rapunzel Tai Chi Chasers – Elder Komorka Tama And Friends – Doozle, Mrs. Buxton, Casey's Mom Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles – Mrs. Morrison Winx Club – Vanessa Gall Force: Eternal Story – Rumy Jungle Emperor LeoStork Impy's Island – Peg Impy's Wonderland – Peg Pokémon film series – Wobbuffet, Max Ten Plus Two: The Big Secret – Infinity Disney's World of English – Gymnast, Huey and Louie Zippy and His Friends – Buster, Joey Play Along With Me – Bunny Skyshapers – Sam Scudley, Mookie This Modern WorldHillary Clinton, various voices Bullet Witch – Various voices Late Night with David Letterman – Remote: "Kayzie Teaches Dave and Barbara a Lesson" Dr. Atkins New Diet Revolution - Spokesperson Kayzie Rogers on IMDb Kayzie Rogers at Anime News Network's encyclopedia

The Powder Toy

The Powder Toy is a falling-sand game created by Stanislaw K. Skowronek, it is now developed and maintained by jacob1, various contributors to the project on GitHub. It is a free and open-source software licensed under the GNU General Public License version 3.0. It has a total of 185 different in-game materials that have varying functions, alongside heat, Newtonian gravity, water equalization, various modes to change how the game looks; the Powder Toy, like most falling sand games, is a sandbox video game that allows users to create things in-game to share with others. It is possible to create new content for the game by using Lua to create new elements and content. A public server for sharing in-game creations is provided as part of the game itself, allowing users to share anything that abides by the rules. Examples of player shared creations include functioning circulatory systems, computers. Content is rated using upvotes and downvotes, can be reported to the moderators if it breaks the on-site rules or plagiarizes other works.

The Powder Toy's community is composed of two parts: the forums, which are hosted on the official site of the game. Multiple mods for the game have been created, for example, jacob1's mod, PowderSim and The Unrealistic Science Mod, alongside a full port of the game to RetroArch's libretro; the game has been noted by publications as a valuable tool for teachers and their students, receiving praises such as being called a "great science game" for its potential use as a learning aid