Fort Collins, Colorado
Fort Collins is the Home Rule Municipality, the county seat and the most populous municipality of Larimer County, United States. Situated on the Cache La Poudre River along the Colorado Front Range, Fort Collins is located 56 mi north of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. With a 2016 estimated population of 161,000, it is the fourth most populous city in Colorado after Denver, Colorado Springs, Aurora. Fort Collins is a midsize college city, home to Colorado State University. Fort Collins was founded as a military outpost of the United States Army in 1864, it succeeded a previous encampment, known as Camp Collins, on the Cache La Poudre River, near what is known today as Laporte. Camp Collins was erected during the Indian wars of the mid-1860s to protect the Overland mail route, relocated through the region. Travelers crossing the county on the Overland Trail would camp there, but a flood destroyed the camp in June 1864. Afterward, the commander of the fort wrote to the commandant of Fort Laramie in southeast Wyoming, Colonel William O. Collins, suggesting that a site several miles farther down the river would make a good location for the fort.
The post was manned by two companies of the 11th Ohio Volunteer Cavalry and never had walls. Settlers began arriving in the vicinity of the fort nearly immediately; the fort was decommissioned in 1867. The original fort site is now adjacent to the present historic "Old Town" portion of the city; the first school and church opened in 1866, the town was platted in 1867. The civilian population of Fort Collins, led by local businessman Joseph Mason, led an effort to relocate the county seat to Fort Collins from LaPorte, they were successful in 1868; the city's first population boom came with the establishment of an agricultural colony. Hundreds of settlers arrived. Tension between new settlers and earlier inhabitants led to political divisions in the new town, incorporated in 1873. Although the Colorado Agricultural College was founded in 1870, the first classes were held in 1879; the 1880s saw the construction of a number of elegant homes and commercial buildings and the growth of a distinctive identity for Fort Collins.
Stone quarrying, sugar-beet farming, the slaughter of sheep were among the area's earliest industries. Beet tops, an industry supported by the college and its associated agricultural experiment station, proved to be an excellent and abundant food for local sheep, by the early 1900s the area was being referred to as the "Lamb feeding capital of the world". In 1901 the Great Western sugar processing plant was built in the neighboring city of Loveland. Although the city was affected by the Great Depression and simultaneous drought, it experienced slow and steady growth throughout the early part of the twentieth century. During the decade following World War II, the population doubled and an era of economic prosperity occurred. Old buildings were razed to make way for modern structures. Along with revitalization came many changes, including the closing of the Great Western sugar factory in 1955, a new city charter, adopting a council-manager form of government in 1954. Colorado State University's enrollment doubled during the 1960s, making it the city's primary economic force by the end of the century.
Fort Collins gained a reputation as a conservative city in the twentieth century, with a prohibition of alcoholic beverages, a contentious political issue in the town's early decades, being retained from the late 1890s until student activism helped bring it to an end in 1969. During that same period, civil rights activism and anti-war disturbances heightened tensions in the city, including the burning of several buildings on the CSU campus. During the late 20th century, Fort Collins expanded to the south, adding new development, including several regional malls. Management of city growth patterns became a political priority during the 1980s, as well as the revitalization of Fort Collins' Old Town with the creation of a Downtown Development Authority. In late July 1997, the city experienced a flash flood after and during a 31-hour period when 10–14 in of rain fell; the rainfall was the heaviest on record for an urban area of Colorado. Five people were killed and $5 million in damages were dealt to the city.
The waters flooded Colorado State University's library and brought about $140 million in damages to the institution. Fort Collins is situated at the base of the Rocky Mountain foothills of the northern Front Range 60 miles north of Denver, Colorado and 45 miles south of Cheyenne, Wyoming. Elevation is 4,982 ft above sea level. Geographic landmarks include Horsetooth Reservoir and Horsetooth Mountain—so named because of a tooth-shaped granite rock that dominates the city's western skyline. Longs Peak can clearly be seen on a clear day to the southwest of the city. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 47.1 square miles, of which 46.5 square miles is land and 0.6 square miles, or 1.27%, is water. The Cache La Poudre River and Spring Creek run through Fort Collins. Located along the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains, Fort Collins experiences a semi-arid climate, with four distinct seasons and low annual precipitation. Summers range from mild to hot, with low humidity and afternoon thunderstorms that threaten but only deliver rain.
Winters range from mild to moderately cold. The city experiences lots of sunshine, with 300 days of sunshine per year and 19 days with 90° + weather; the average temperature in July, the warmest month, is 71 °F. The average temperature in January, the c
Richardson's ground squirrel
Richardson's ground squirrel known as the Dakrat, or Flickertail, is a North American ground squirrel in the genus Urocitellus. Like a number of other ground squirrels, they are sometimes called gophers, though this name belongs more to the pocket gophers of family Geomyidae; this squirrel was named after the Scottish naturalist Sir John Richardson. North Dakota is nicknamed the Flickertail state after the squirrel; the nickname Dakrat, is derived from "Dakota Rat". Native to the short grass prairies, Richardson's ground squirrel is found in the northern states of the United States, such as North Dakota and Montana, in western Canada, including central and southern Alberta and southern Saskatchewan; the range of this animal expanded. They are not restricted to prairie, it is not unusual to find squirrels digging tunnels under the patios of urban homes. Typical adults are about 30 centimetres long. Weights vary with time of year and with location: at emergence from hibernation the squirrels weigh between 200 and 275 g for females and between 350 and 450 g for males.
But by the time they hibernate again, their weight may have risen to nearly 750 grams. Males are larger and heavier than females on average, they are dark brown on the upper tan underneath. The tail is shorter and less bushy than in other ground squirrels, the external ears are so short as to look more like holes in the animal's head. Behavior is more like that of a prairie dog than a typical ground squirrel; the tail is trembling, so the animal is sometimes called the "flickertail". Males have an average life expectancy of 3 years. However, in captivity some individuals may live for 5 to 7 years. Richardson's ground squirrels appear to live communally, but they organize their social structure around female kinship. A female Richardson's ground squirrel will tolerate the presence of related females, but are territorial towards other individuals. Individuals are territorial around their nest sites; the burrows of Richardson's ground squirrels are grouped together in colonies, individuals give audible alarm calls when possible predators approach.
Recent research has shown that in some cases, ultrasonic alarm calls are given, are responded to by other members of the colony. Richardson's ground squirrels use a high-pitched whistle and a ` chirp' call; the whistle is given in response to terrestrial predators, while the chirp is given in response to aerial predators such as hawks. Predators include hawks, snakes, grizzly bears and coyotes; these animals are omnivores, eating seeds, grains and insects. In addition they have cannibalistic tendencies, where they will consume the corpses of other ground squirrels after dragging them down their burrows or indeed on the surface. Adult ground squirrels may hibernate as early as July, though in their first year, the young ground squirrels do not hibernate until September; the males emerge from hibernation in March, establish territories before the females emerge a couple of weeks later. Abandoned burrows are sometimes taken over by other grassland species such as the burrowing owl. Female Richardson's ground squirrels produce one litter per year.
Littersize averages 6, though the maximum size recorded is 14. The young are born in May. Young ground squirrels remain underground in the burrow until they are 30 days old, emerging from natal burrows late May to mid-June. At emergence, the young weigh 50 to 100 grams; because they will eat crop species, Richardson's ground squirrels are sometimes considered to be agricultural pests, although this is not their legal status in all jurisdictions. The government of Saskatchewan declared the animals pests in 2010, allowing local governments to employ gopher control measures. Farmers and ranchers have developed a variety of ways to exterminate ground squirrels besides trapping and poisoning. One such process fills the burrows with a mixture of oxygen and propane and ignites the gas mixture; this kills the ground squirrels with a concussive force that collapses the tunnel systems. While both solutions are effective, ground squirrels from outside of the treated areas will spread back into the area; the Saskatoon Wildlife Federation sponsored a 12-week "gopher derby" in 2002, in an effort to reduce what it considered an overpopulation of the squirrels.
Cash prizes were awarded for the most number of animals killed, with the animals' tails being presented as proof of the kill. The Canadian Humane Society called the contest barbaric. Despite the criticism, the derby was repeated in 2003. By 2004, the ground squirrel population had dropped and the contest was cancelled; the Gopher Hole Museum in Torrington, Canada, has a large selection of stuffed ground squirrels of many varieties and colors. The Richardson's ground squirrel in recent years has become popular in the exotic pet trade. Xander.it - Spermophilus richardsonii videos American Society of Mammalogists species account Information on keeping Richardson's ground squirrels as pets Dr. Gail Michener's site on Richardson's ground squirrel
The white-tailed jackrabbit known as the prairie hare and the white jack, is a species of hare found in western North America. Like all hares and rabbits, it is a member of the family Leporidae of order Lagomorpha, it is a solitary individual except. Litters of four to five young are born in a form, a shallow depression in the ground, hidden among vegetation; this jackrabbit has two described subspecies: L. townsendii townsendii occurring west of the Rocky Mountains and L. townsendii campanius occurring east of the Rocky Mountains. The white-tailed jackrabbit is a large species of hare and the largest species called "jackrabbit", although two larger hares are found further north in North America; this jackrabbit has an adult length of 56 to 65 cm, including a tail measuring 6.6 to 10.2 cm, a weight between 2.5 and 4.3 kg. From winter to spring, weight tends to increase due to pregnancy in females, but decrease due to the stresses of reproductive competition in males. Thus, females in Iowa went from averaging 3,600 g in winter to 3,800 g in spring and males from averaging 3,400 g in winter to 3,100 g in spring.
At the northern most extremity of its range, it can be twice as large as in the middle of its range. In Saskatchewan, rare specimens have been recorded over 9 kg, it has distinctive, grey ears with black tips which are chestnut brown and white on the inside. The back and limbs are dark brown or greyish-brown and the underparts are pale grey; the ear, from the notch, measures from the hindfoot measures 14.5 to 16.5 cm. The tail is white with a dark central stripe above. Females are larger than males. In northern populations, this hare moults in the autumn and becomes white all over except for its ears, they make no sound, but will emit a shrill scream if they are injured or caught. The white-tailed jackrabbit is native to central parts of North America, its range includes British Columbia, Saskatchewan and Ontario in Canada and Washington, California, Utah, Montana, Colorado, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Kansas, Wisconsin, Iowa and Illinois in the United States. It is found in plains and prairie and in alpine meadows with scattered coniferous trees up to an elevation of about 3,000 m in Colorado.
The white-tailed jackrabbit is larger than the black-tailed jackrabbit and where their ranges overlap, they are segregated by their habitat, as the former tends to live in higher altitudes and the latter in more arid lowland habitats. Whitetails are seen in urban parks and on suburban parks in Western Canada. People come across bunnies alone during the day in spring and mistakenly assume they are abandoned by their mothers; the Edmonton Humane Society has issued public statements asking that bunnies not be brought into animal shelters. The white-tailed jackrabbit is nocturnal and lies up during the day in a form, a shallow depression in the ground hidden under vegetation, emerging at dusk to feed; the forms of this species range from 46 to 61 cm long, 20 to 30 cm wide, up to 20 cm deep. Discernible paths lead away from the form and others among the plants at often-visited feeding sites. In winter snow, the forms are interconnecting, cave-like structures; this jackrabbit is a solitary species and feeds on grasses and other green plants, including cultivated crops.
In southern Colorado, from summer through fall into winter, the diet varied from 70% to 4% forbs, 43% to 4% grasses and 76% to 7% scrubs. During the winter its diet includes buds and bark feed on off of low shrubs, it tends to be more selective in its feeding habits than the black-tailed jackrabbit which disadvantages it where their ranges overlap. It has good eyesight, excellent hearing, sensitive whiskers and is able to detect olfactory clues as to whether another jackrabbit is ready to breed; the breeding season depends upon latitude and environmental factors. Several males may compete aggressively for the attention of a female by charging at each other and jostling. Ovulation by the female takes place after copulation; the gestation period is about 42 days and in preparation for the birth, the female prepares a fur-lined nest under dense vegetation. A litter consists of up to 11 young, although five is a more typical number; the leverets weigh about 100 g. They have their eyes open and are furred at birth and soon begin to move around.
They are weaned at four weeks. They do not breed until the year after their birth. White-tailed jackrabbits influence the composition of the turf through their selective grazing activities, they are important prey species for various mammalian predators. Red and grey foxes capture one, though not many large adults, they are most important prey for mid-sized carnivores such as the American badger, the coyote, the bobcat and small supplemental prey for larger ones such as the mountain lion and the gray wolf. Snakes sometimes attack them and bird predators include eagles and owls. Golden eagles (Aquila
The Virginia rail is a small waterbird, of the family Rallidae. These birds remain common despite continuing loss of habitat, but are secretive by nature and more heard than seen, they are considered a game species in some provinces and states, though hunted. The Ecuadorian rail is considered a subspecies, but some taxonomic authorities consider it distinct. Adults are brown, darker on the back and crown, with orange-brown legs. To walk through dense vegetation, they have evolved a laterally compressed body and strong forehead feathers adapted to withstand wear from pushing through vegetation. Virginia rails have the highest ratio of leg-muscle to flight-muscle of all birds, they have long toes used to walk on floating vegetation. Their tail is short and they have a long slim reddish bill, their cheeks are grey, with a light stripe over a whitish throat. Chicks are black. Juveniles are blackish brown on upperparts with rufous on the edge of feathers and brownish bill and legs, their underparts are dark brown to black.
Both sexes are similar, with females being smaller. Adults measure 20–27 cm, with a wingspan of 32–38 cm, weigh 65-95 g; the Virginia rail is in a genus of other long-billed rails. It is thought to be related to R. semiplumbeus and R. antarcticus. There two recognized species of Rallus limicola: R. l. limicola Vieillot, 1819 R. l. friedmanni Dickerman, 1966 The Virginia rail lives in freshwater and brackish marshes, sometimes salt marshes in winter. Northern populations migrate to Central America. On the Pacific coast, some are permanent residents, its breeding habitat is marshes from Nova Scotia to Southern British Columbia and North Carolina, in Central America. It coexists with Soras; the Virginia rail runs to escape predators, instead of flying. When it does fly, it is short distances or for migration, it can swim and dive using its wings to propel itself. This bird has a number of calls, including a harsh kuk kuk kuk heard at night, it makes grunting noises. In spring, it will make kid-ick calls.
The Virginia rail probe with its bill in mud or shallow water picking up food by sight. It eat insects and other aquatic invertebrates, like beetles, dragonflies, crayfish and earthworms, it can eat aquatic animals like frogs and some small snakes, as well as seeds. Animal preys constitute the biggest part of this bird's diet, but vegetation contributes to its diet in the fall and winter. Courtship starts around May; the male will run back and forth next to the female. Both sexes bow, the male feeds the female. Before copulation, the male approaches the female while grunting. Virginia rails are monogamous. Both parents build the care for the young, whereas only the male defend the territory; the nest is built as the first egg consists of a basket of woven vegetation. The nest is made using plants like cattails and grasses, they build dummy nests around the marsh. They nest near the base of emergent vegetation in areas with vegetation creating a canopy above the nest; this birds lays a clutch of 4 to 13 white or buff eggs with sparse brown spotting.
The eggs measure 32 by 24 millimetres. They are incubated by both parents for a period of 20 to 22 days, in which the parents continue to add nesting material to conceal the nest; when the eggs hatch, the parents feed the young for two to three weeks, when the chicks become independent. The young can fly in less than a month; the pair bond between the parents breaks. Virginia rail - Rallus limicola - USGS Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter Virginia rail species account - Cornell Lab of Ornithology Virginia rail photo gallery at VIREO "Virginia rail media". Internet Bird Collection. Interactive range map of Rallus limicola at IUCN Red List maps
Park County, Colorado
Park County is one of the 64 counties in the U. S. state of Colorado. As of the 2010 census, the population was 16,206; the county seat is Fairplay. The county was named after the large geographic region known as South Park, named by early fur traders and trappers in the area. Park County is included in CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. A majority of the county lies within the boundaries of the South Park National Heritage Area; the geographic center of the State of Colorado is located in Park County. Park County has been and is the location of several important mines, including the defunct Orphan Boy, discovered near Alma in 1861 and produced gold, silver and zinc; the historic Sweet Home Mine near Alma, is a former silver mine now known for its rhodochrosite mineral specimens. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,211 square miles, of which 2,194 square miles is land and 17 square miles is water; the headwaters of the South Platte River are in Park County. Clear Creek County - north Jefferson County - northeast Teller County - east Fremont County - southeast Chaffee County - southwest Lake County - west Summit County - northwest Buffalo Peaks Wilderness Lost Creek Wilderness Pike National Forest San Isabel National Forest Eleven Mile State Park Spinney Mountain State Park Staunton State Park American Discovery Trail Colorado Trail Continental Divide National Scenic Trail Great Parks Bicycle Route Guanella Pass Scenic Byway TransAmerica Trail Bicycle Route As of the census of 2000, there were 14,523 people, 5,894 households, 4,220 families residing in the county.
The population density was 7 people per square mile. There were 10,697 housing units at an average density of 5 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.07% White, 0.50% Black or African American, 0.92% Native American, 0.41% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.23% from other races, 1.84% from two or more races. 4.32% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 5,894 households out of which 30.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.10% were married couples living together, 4.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.40% were non-families. 21.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.20% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.86. In the county, the population was spread out with 23.50% under the age of 18, 5.10% from 18 to 24, 33.40% from 25 to 44, 30.60% from 45 to 64, 7.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years.
For every 100 females there were 107.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $51,899, the median income for a family was $57,025. Males had a median income of $41,480 versus $27,807 for females; the per capita income for the county was $25,019. About 3.40% of families and 5.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.60% of those under age 18 and 5.70% of those age 65 or over. Alma Fairplay Guffey Antero Junction Buckskin Joe Garo Howbert Tarryall Trump In the animated television series South Park, the fictional town of the same name is situated in Park County, Colorado; the police in South Park were a one-man South Park Police force at first, but it has since been phased out in favor of the Park County police. In 1955, part of the film The Looters, co-starring Rory Calhoun, subsequently of the CBS western television series, The Texan, the actress Julie Adams, was filmed in Park County; the Looters is the story of a plane crash in the Rocky Mountains.
The filming was undertaken about Tarryall Creek. The advertising poster reads: "Five desperate men... and a girl who didn't care... trapped on a mountain of gale-lashed rock!" John Lewis Dyer Gottlieb Fluhmann Marie Guiraud Samuel Hartsel John J. Hoover Irving Howbert Sheldon Jackson Frank H. Mayer Benjamin Ratcliff Anna Blythe Speas Outline of Colorado Index of Colorado-related articles Arapahoe County, Kansas Territory Park County, Jefferson Territory Colorado census statistical areas Denver-Aurora-Boulder Combined Statistical Area Front Range Urban Corridor National Register of Historic Places listings in Park County, Colorado South Park Park County Government website Geographic data related to Park County, Colorado at OpenStreetMap South Park National Heritage Area Colorado County Evolution by Don Stanwyck Colorado Historical Society Geologic Map of the Harvard Lakes 7.5ʹ Quadrangle and Chaffee Counties, Colorado United States Geological Survey
The American badger is a North American badger, somewhat similar in appearance to the European badger, although not related. It is found in the western and central United States, northern Mexico, south-central Canada to certain areas of southwestern British Columbia; the American badger's habitat is typified by open grasslands with available prey. The species prefers areas such as prairie regions with sandy loam soils where it can dig more for its prey; the American badger is a member of the Mustelidae, a diverse family of carnivorous mammals that includes weasels, otters and the wolverine. The American badger belongs to the Taxidiinae, one of four subfamilies of mustelid badgers – the other three being the Melinae, the Helictidinae and the Mellivorinae; the American badger's closest relative is the prehistoric Chamitataxus. Among extant mustelids, the American badger is the most basal species. Recognized subspecies include: the nominate subspecies T. t. taxus, found in central Canada and central US.
Ranges of subspecies overlap with intermediate forms occurring in the areas of overlap. In Mexico, this animal is sometimes called tlalcoyote; the Spanish word for badger is tejón, but in Mexico this word is used to describe the coati. This can lead to confusion, as both badgers are found in Mexico; the American badger has most of the general characteristics common to badgers. Measuring between 60 and 75 cm in length, males of the species are larger than females, they may attain an average weight of 6.3 to 7.2 kg for females and up to 8.6 kg for males. Northern subspecies such as T. t. jeffersonii are heavier than the southern subspecies. In the fall, when food is plentiful, adult male badgers can reach up to 11.5 to 15 kg. In some northern populations, females can average 9.5 kg. Except for the head, the American badger is covered with a grizzled, brown and white coat of coarse hair or fur, giving a mixed brown-tan appearance; the coat aids in camouflage in grassland habitat. Its triangular face shows a distinctive black and white pattern, with brown or blackish "badges" marking the cheeks and a white stripe extending from the nose to the base of the head.
In the subspecies T. t. berlandieri, the white head stripe extends the full length of the body, to the base of the tail. The American badger is a fossorial carnivore, it preys predominantly on pocket gophers, ground squirrels, marmots, prairie dogs, woodrats, kangaroo rats, deer mice, voles digging to pursue prey into their dens, sometimes plugging tunnel entrances with objects. The American badger is a significant predator of snakes including rattlesnakes, is considered the most important predator of rattlesnakes in South Dakota, they prey on ground-nesting birds, such as the bank swallow or sand martin and burrowing owl, lizards, carrion, skunks, including bees and honeycomb, some plant foods such as corn, green beans and other fungi, sunflower seeds. American badgers are nocturnal. Seasonally, a badger observed during daylight hours in the Spring months of late March to early May represents a female foraging during daylight and spending nights with her young. Badgers may become less active in winter.
A badger may spend much of the winter in cycles of torpor. They do emerge from their burrows. An abandoned badger burrow may be occupied by mammals of similar size, such as foxes and skunks, as well as animals as diverse as the burrowing owl, California Tiger Salamander and California Red-Legged Frog; the American Badger has been seen working with a coyote in tandem while hunting. This pairing is one badger to one coyote, one study found about 9% of sightings included two coyotes to one badger, while 1% had one badger to three coyotes. Researchers have found that the coyote benefits by an increased catch rate of about 33%, while it is difficult to see how the badger benefits, the badger has been noted to spend more time underground and active. Badgers are thought to expend less energy while hunting in burrows. According to research, this partnership works due to the different hunting styles of the predators and how they prey reacts to them. A ground squirrel, upon spotting a coyote, will crawl into its hole to escape.
Hunting in tandem raises the prey vulnerability and both predators win. Badgers are solitary animals, but are thought to expand their territories in the breeding season to seek out mates
Roosevelt National Forest
The Roosevelt National Forest is a National Forest located in north central Colorado. It is contiguous with the Colorado State Forest as well as the Arapaho National Forest and the Routt National Forest; the forest is administered jointly with the Arapaho National Forest and the Pawnee National Grassland from offices in Fort Collins, is denoted by the United States Forest Service as ARP. The forest encompasses a mountainous area of the foothills on the eastern side of the Continental Divide of the Front Range in Larimer County and Boulder County. In Larimer County it includes the upper valleys of the Cache la Big Thompson Rivers, it includes forested areas along both sides of the Poudre Canyon and along the north and east sides of Rocky Mountain National Park. Smaller parts of the forest extend into northern Gilpin and extreme northwestern Jefferson counties; the Roosevelt National Forest is divided into two ranger districts, the Canyon Lakes Ranger District, with offices in Fort Collins, the Boulder Ranger District, with offices in Boulder.
The Roosevelt National Forest began in May 1902 as part of the Medicine Bow Forest Reserve. It was renamed the Colorado National Forest in 1910, was renamed to honor President Theodore Roosevelt in 1932; the forest has a total area of 813,799 acres. Several volunteer groups work with the US Forest Service to help manage the Roosevelt National Forest, including the Poudre Wilderness Volunteers. There are six designated wilderness areas lying within Roosevelt National Forest that are part of the National Wilderness Preservation System. Four of them extend into neighboring National Forests, one of these onto National Park Service land. Cache La Poudre Wilderness, 14.47 square miles Comanche Peak Wilderness, 104.4 square miles Indian Peaks Wilderness, 119.9 square miles James Peak Wilderness, 26.59 square miles Neota Wilderness, 15.51 square miles Rawah Wilderness, 119.4 square miles List of U. S. National Forests Arapaho and Roosevelt National Forests and Pawnee National Grassland https://www.fs.usda.gov/wps/portal/fsinternet/cs/main/!ut/p/z0/04_Sj9CPykssy0xPLMnMz0vMAfIjo8zijQwgwNHCwN_DI8zPwBcqYKBfkO2oCADIwpjI/?pname=Arapaho%2F&ss=110210&pnavid=null&navid=091000000000000&ttype=main&