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Ararat, Victoria

Ararat is a city in south-west Victoria, about 198 kilometres west of Melbourne, on the Western Highway on the eastern slopes of the Ararat Hills and Cemetery Creek valley between Victoria's Western District and the Wimmera. Its urban population according to 2016 census is 8,297 and services the region of 11,752 residents across the Rural City's boundaries, it is the home of the 2018/19 GMGA Golf Championship Final. It is the largest settlement in the Rural City of Ararat local government area and is the administrative centre; the discovery of gold in 1857 during the Victorian gold rush transformed it into a boomtown which continued to prosper until the turn of the 20th century, after which it has declined in population. It was proclaimed as a city on 24 May 1950. After a decline in population over the 1980s and 90s, there has been a small but steady increase in the population, it is the site of many existing and future, large infrastructure projects, including the Hopkins Correctional Facility development project.

It is named after Mount Ararat 10 kilometres south-west of the town, named by Horatio Wills in 1841. Prior to the European settlement of Australia, Ararat was inhabited by the Tjapwurong Indigenous Australian people. Europeans first settled in the Grampians region in the 1840s after surveyor Thomas Mitchell passed through the area in 1836. In 1841, Horatio Wills, on his way to selecting country further south, wrote in his diary, "like the Ark we rested" and named a nearby hill Mt Ararat, it is from the nearby Mount that the town takes its name. The Post Office opened 1 February 1856 although known as Cathcart until 31 August 1857. In 1857, a party of Chinese miners en route to the Central Victorian gold fields struck gold at the Canton Lead which marked the beginning of great growth in Ararat; the Chinese community was substantial in Ararat, the Gum San Chinese Heritage Centre commemorates the history of the community. Rapid growth brought about a municipality, incorporated as a borough on 24 September 1858.

Ararat became a city of asylums, with a large facility Aradale Mental Hospital was opened in 1865 and J Ward, a lunatic asylum for criminally insane, opened in 1887. Both have been closed but remain as significant reminders of the city's role in the treatment of mentally ill patients. Vines were planted in 1863 by the Pola family; the formally recognised Traditional Owners for the area in which Ararat sits, north-west of Campbell Street and the Pyrenees Highway and north-east of the Western Highway and Lambert Street are the Wotjobaluk, Jadawadjali and Jupagik Nations. These Nations are represented by the Barengi Gadjin Land Council Aboriginal Corporation; the formally recognised Traditional Owners for the area in which Ararat sits, south-east of Campbell Street and the Pyrenees Highway are the Djab Wurrung People The Djab Wurrung People are represented by the Martang Pty Ltd. In the area of Ararat, south-west of the Western Highway and Lambert Street Traditional Owners have not yet been formally recognised.

However, The Eastern Maar People are negotiating a Recognition and Settlement Agreement with the Victorian Government. The boundary of the agreement is under negotiation; the Eastern Maar People are represented by the Eastern Maar Aboriginal Corporation. Ararat's economy is driven by primary industries of the region including wool and the Grampians Wine Region; the region has a number of wind farms including the Challicum Hills Wind Farm produce large amounts of renewable energy to the National Electricity Market. It is home to AF Gason Pty Ltd one of Australia's largest manufacturers of farm machinery and wood heating; the city has a significant service economy with health, community services and is a regional commerce centre. Hopkins Correctional Centre known as H. M. Prison Ararat, is located on the town's eastern outskirts. Servicing visitors to the Grampians National Park and the local wine industry, tourism is a small but significant industry in Ararat, employing 150 people and generating around $8 million to the economy, however its impact on the surrounding region is significant with tourists spending $270 million annually.

Key tourist attractions include the Ararat Regional Art Gallery, Mount Langi Ghiran winery, tours through Aradale and the Gum San Chinese Heritage Centre. Ararat is nestled between several mountain ranges, including the Grampians National Park, Mount Langi Ghiran, Mount Cole, Mount Buangor, Ararat Hills Regional Park and the Pyrenees Ranges. Cemetery Creek, the valley's main catchment runs through the north of the town while Green Hill lake is on the city's eastern fringe. 88 % of people in Ararat were born in Australia. Anglican and Catholic faiths are evenly represented with 18% of people identifying with each; the city is the location of the municipal offices and seat of government for the Rural City of Ararat local government area. Ararat is represented by the federal Division of Wannon. For law enforcement, Ararat has a single police station as well as a magistrates court and a children's court all located on Barkly Street. Ararat has four primary schools - Ararat 800 Primary. In addition there are several kindergartens in the city.

There are two main colleges – Ararat Community College and Marian College, a Catholic high school. Ararat has regional campuses of the Federation University Melbourne Polytechnic. Ararat's National Trust listed former town hall with it

Rand Chappell

Rand Chappell is an American college basketball coach. He is the assistant head coach at Eastern Illinois University. Chappell has marked a career head coaching record of 358–203, led six teams to the NCAA Division II National Tournaments and won more than 20 games in each season for 12 consecutive years. Chappell played for Charlie Spoonhour at Missouri State University and began his coaching career as a graduate assistant at the University of Mississippi and Missouri State University. Chappell spent three seasons as an assistant coach at Southwest Baptist University under head coach Jerry Kirksey where he helped guide the 1990–91 team to the NCAA Division II Elite Eight. Chappell began his head coaching career in 1993 when he was hired as head coach at Labette Community College in Parsons, Kansas. In his two seasons at Labette, Chappell posted a 45–17 record, led the Redbirds to consecutive Independent Tournament Championships and reached the NJCAA Region VI Tournament both seasons. In 1995 Chappell was hired as head coach of Phillips University in Enid and took over a program that had had three straight losing seasons.

During his three years at Phillips he guided the Haymakers to the No. 1 ranking in the final NAIA Division I regular season poll, compiled a 78–22 record, led the team to two NAIA tournament appearances. He was twice named Sooner Athletic Conference Coach of the year and was named the Basketball Times National Coach of the Year in 1998. Chappell served as the head basketball coach at Henderson State University from 1999 to 2003. During his five seasons at Henderson State, he guided his teams to an unprecedented four Gulf South Conference Men's Basketball Tournament championships, three Gulf South Conference West titles, led the team to five NCAA tournament appearances, he compiled a 120 -- a 58 -- 14 mark in Gulf South Conference games. He was named the NABC South Region Coach of the Year in 1999. In 2002–03, Henderson State was 30–5 overall, tying a school record, reached the NCAA D-II Tournament South Regional championship game; the Reddies were ranked 15th in the nation in the final NABC/Division II Bulletin Top 25.

Chappell took over the University of Central Arkansas program that went 5–20 the previous year and produced a 43–18 record in his first two seasons as the head coach of the Bears. Central Arkansastied for the league title and made their first trip to the NCAA II Tournament, they started the 2004 season with 11 straight victories and captured their first national ranking. He led the Bears to two straight appearances in the GSC Tournament, advancing to the semifinals both years. In 2006 Central Arkansas began its multi-year transition to Division I and joined the Southland Conference; the team was not eligible for post-season competition until the 2010 season. On March 5, 2010 Chappell was let go by the Central Arkansas after seven seasons and posting a 104–104 record. At the end of his D-II career, Chappell’s overall coaching record was 243–79, which ranked him in the top five on the NCAA D-II list with a.761 winning percentage. He had the all-time highest winning percentage in Gulf South Conference history with.750 percent.

A native of Springfield, Chappell graduated from Glendale High School. He received both his bachelor's degree in finance and Master of Business Administration degree from Missouri State University, he is married to Molly Chappell and has two daughters—Lauren and Paige


A tie-in work is a work of fiction or other product based on a media property such as a film, video game, television series, board game, web site, role-playing game or literary property. Tie-ins are authorized by the owners of the original property, are a form of cross-promotion used to generate additional income from that property and to promote its visibility. Common tie-in products include literary works, which may be novelizations of a media property, original novels or story collections inspired by the property, or republished existing books, such as the novels on which a media property was based, with artwork or photographs from the property. According to publishing industry estimates, about one or two percent of the audience of a film will buy its novelization, making these inexpensively produced works a commercially attractive proposition in the case of blockbuster film franchises. Although also a domain of established novelists, tie-in writing has the disadvantages, from the writers' point of view, of modest pay, tight deadlines and no ownership in the intellectual property created.

Tie-in products may have a documentary or supplemental character, such or "making-of" books documenting the creation of a media property. Tie-in products include other types of works based on the media property, such as soundtrack recordings, video games or merchandise including toys and clothing. A novelization is a derivative novel that adapts the story of a work created for another medium, such as a film, TV series, comic strip or video game. Film novelizations were popular before the advent of home video, but continue to find commercial success as part of marketing campaigns for major films, they are written by accomplished writers based on an early draft of the film's script and on a tight deadline. Tie-in novels are newly published editions of a novel on which a film was based, sometimes renamed to match the film's title and using promotional art created for the film. For example, when Roderick Thorp's 1979 novel Nothing Lasts Forever was adapted into the 1988 film Die Hard, the novel was republished as a paperback tie-in under the Die Hard title with the film's poster on the cover.

If a film is based on a story shorter than a novel — such as a short story, novelette, or novella — a tie-in book may be published featuring the adapted story as well as other stories from the same author. For example, when Stephen King's novella Apt Pupil was adapted to film, the book featuring the story — Different Seasons — was republished as Apt Pupil: A Novella in Different Seasons. Tie-in novels were published to promote the films Minority Report and Paycheck, featuring the original "Minority Report" and "Paycheck" short stories, both written by Philip K. Dick. Tie-in novels may continue the story told in the original property, such as the many novels published as part of the Star Wars expanded universe set before or after the events of the original Star Wars film trilogy. In 2015, the New York Times noted the flourishing market for TV series tie-in novels, coinciding with the increasing cultural significance of quality television series; the increasing number of established novelists taking on tie-in works has been credited with these works gaining a "patina of respectability" after having been disregarded in literary circles as derivative and mere merchandise.

Some video games are tie-in licences for television shows or books. Video game movie tie-ins are expensive for a game developer to license, the game designers have to work within constraints imposed by the film studio, under pressure to finish the game in time for the film's release; the aim for the publishers is to increase hype and revenue as the two industries market one another's releases. Movie license video games have a reputation for being poor quality. For example, Amiga Power awarding Psygnosis's three movie licenses 36% in total. One of the first movie tie-in games, Atari's E. T. the Extra-Terrestrial was deemed so bad, it was cited as one cause of the video game industry crash. Such poor quality is due to game developers forced to rush the product in order to meet the movie's release date, or due to issues with adapting the original work's plot into an interactive form, such as in the case of the games based on the last two films of the Harry Potter film series, where one reviewer criticised some of the game's missions and side-quests as being unrelated to the film's storyline.

Video tie-in licences for novels tend to be adventure games. The Hobbit and The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy are text adventures, whilst I Have No Mouth, I Must Scream is a point-and-click adventure and Neuromancer is a graphic adventure. Action games based on novels are less common. Novel tie-ins were published less after the 1990s, with developers only taking risks with stories, licensed for movies. Tie-ins are considered an important part of the revenue-stream for any major media release, planning, licensing for such works begins at the earliest stages of creating such a property. Tie-ins provide both an important way of generating additional income from a property, a way of satisfying the desires of fans who enthusiastically support a popular media property; the lineage of tie-in works can be quite convoluted. For example, a novelization might be done of a video game, based on a television show, based on a movie, based on a comic book, the o

BNS Durdharsha

BNS Durdharsha is a Type 021 missile boat of the Bangladesh Navy. She was commissioned in November 1988. Powered by three 4,000 hp diesel engines that drive three propellers, Durdharsha has a maximum speed of 35 knots, she has a range of 800 nautical miles at 30 knots. The ship's armament consists of four C-704 anti-ship missiles and two AK-230 twin 30 mm guns, mounted on the bow and stern, she is equipped with one Type 352 Square Tie radar for surface search. Durdharsha was commissioned into the Bangladesh Navy on 10 November 1988, she was damaged in the cyclone of April 1991. After extensive repairs she returned to active service. In 2010, the ship was upgraded with modern C-704 replacing old SY-1 missiles as mid-life upgradation. Fast attack craft List of active ships of the Bangladesh Navy BNS Durdanta BNS Dordanda BNS Anirban


The Fa'ataupati is a dance indigenous to the Samoans. In English it is the "Samoan Slap Dance", it is only performed by males. The word pati in Fa'ataupati means "to clap", Fa'ataupati means to'forcefully clap or to slap'. Dances in Samoa would reflect on everyday life activities. In the 19th century there was an invasion of mosquitoes to the Kingdom, which on became another part of everyday life, it was there that the Fa'ataupati was created from when a man would forcefully slap his body; this dance mimics a person slapping the mosquitoes off their body. From on it became part of the Samoan culture; the Fa'ataupati requires strength and stability. The men would slap in sync with each other; this dance is the only dance in Samoa that does not require any instrument, as the slapping of the bodies, the clapping of the hands and stomping of the feet create the music for this dance. It is performed at every Samoan occasion: weddings, church functions, Flag Day, Independence Day and so forth, it is the only all-male dance in Samoa.

The Fa'ataupati is performed alone. This dance requires a lot of coconut oil rubbed on the skin, as the slapping can sometimes leave marks on one's body. Regardless, it has never stopped the Samoan males having fun, having the opportunity to express themselves in a dance, for them. In other cultures this dance would be seen as a "war dance". How to do the Fa'ataupati

Channing Pollock (writer)

Channing Pollock was an American playwright and writer of film scenarios, including The Evil Thereof and the memoir The Footlights and Aft. Pollock began his career in 1896 as the dramatic critic at The Washington Post working at the Washington Times, his father, Alexander L. Pollock, was consul of the United States of America in San Salvador, El Salvador, his mother took Channing and his two siblings to join him on April, 1894. They took the Pacific Mail Steamship Company liner SS San Blas from San Francisco and arrived at the port of Acajutla at 5 a.m. in April 7. The country was at peace. Following this revolution, an epidemic of yellow fever breaks out. Channing, his siblings and mother are relocated to Santa Tecla, a neighboring city, to avoid contagion, but Verona returns to be with Alexander. Eight days after her mother left, he was sent to San Salvador because they hadn't received news from her; the following day, September 17, Alexander L. Pollock dies; the morning of this same day and his brother John are sent to the nearest town, where they saw it "draped in mourning for some minister," not knowing that it was their father.

They were not informed of the death until four or five days after the hasty funeral, where his father, a Unitarian protestant who could not be buried in the catholic cemetery, the only one in the city, was buried outside the cemetery walls in a marked grave. All throughout this time, they were living in relative poverty, with little resources at their disposal to survive. Channing and their caretaker contracted a fever, went three weeks without any medical treatment aside from "an old'indian'" who "used to come with berries and say prayers over them for us." The other children followed in sickness. Their caretaker fell unconscious and was awakened by a Mrs. Campbell, who brought them some little food and gave her the news that Mrs. Pollock was dying. Shortly after, they received a letter stating that Mrs. Pollock had gone to Santa Tecla to try and recover, they went to join her; when they saw her, the children could not recognize her. The following morning, a physician ordered her to be moved to a steamer to leave the country.

She burned many things of value and left behind many valuable goods before leaving to La Ceiba, near modern-day Colón, where they took a train to Sonsonate. Here Channing once again was taken down with fever and had to be taken to another town to find a doctor; the steamer arrived, but the doctor had advised them that moving Channing would mean his death, but at the same time remaining would mean death for his mother. After hesitating and discussing with the consular agent, they took the last train to Acajutla, they took a boat going south to Corinto to avoid the quarantine of Guatemala, they stayed here eight days and from there they took a boat for San Francisco. They arrived in San Francisco on November 15 where they were cared for by friends, he was married to cat breeder and Manhattan Opera House press agent Anna Marble Pollock, daughter of actor and songwriter Edward Marble. Pollock died at his summer home in Shoreham, Long Island in August 1946, a few months after his wife. At Home With Ethel Waters The House Beautiful Mr. Moneypenny The Enemy The Fool Ziegfeld Follies of 1921 The Sign on the Door Roads of Destiny The Crowded Hour The Grass Widow Ziegfeld Follies of 1915 A Perfect Lady The Beauty Shop Her Little Highness My Best Girl The Red Widow Ziegfeld Follies of 1911 Such a Little Queen The Secret Orchard In the Bishop's Carriage Clothes The Little Gray Lady The Pit Channing Pollock Theater Collection from Howard University Channing Pollock on IMDb Works by Channing Pollock at Project Gutenberg Works by or about Channing Pollock at Internet Archive Channing Pollock at the Internet Broadway Database Channing Pollock, aged 31, 1911