Arcadia is a city in Los Angeles County, United States, located about 13 miles northeast of downtown Los Angeles in the San Gabriel Valley and at the base of the San Gabriel Mountains. It is the site of the Santa Anita Park racetrack and home to the Los Angeles County Arboretum and Botanic Garden; the city had a population of 56,364 at the 2010 census, up from 53,248 at the 2000 census. The city is named after Greece. For over 8,000 years the site of Arcadia was part of the homeland of the Tongva people, a Californian Native American tribe whose territory spanned the greater Los Angeles Basin, the San Gabriel and San Fernando Valleys, their fluid borders stretched between: the Santa Susana Mountains, San Bernardino Mountains, San Gabriel Mountains in the north. A Tongva settlement site within present-day Arcadia was known as Alyeupkigna; the town's site became part of the Spanish Mission San Gabriel Arcángel lands in 1771. After Indian Reductions to become Mission Indians, the Tongva were known as the Gabrieliños after the Mission's name.
And under whose control these people worked during the mission period in California. There are 1,700 people self-identifying as members of the Tongva or Gabrieliño tribe; the Mexican land grant for Rancho Santa Anita was issued to Perfecto Hugo Reid and his Tongva wife, Victoria Bartolomea Comicrabit, in 1845. It was named after Anita Cota, on his wife's side. Reid documented the Gabrieliño Native Americans in a series of letters written in 1852, served as a delegate to the 1849 California Constitutional Convention. In 1847, Reid sold Rancho Santa Anita to Henry Dalton; the rancho changed owners several times before being acquired by Gold Rush immigrant and major regional land owner Elias Jackson "Lucky" Baldwin in 1875. Baldwin purchased 8,000 acres of Rancho Santa Anita for $200,000. Upon seeing the area, he gasped "By Gads! This is paradise!" Upon buying the land, Baldwin chose to make the area his home and started erecting buildings and cultivating the land for farming and ranches. Baldwin built the Queen Anne Cottage for his fourth wife and himself in 1885–1886, now preserved within the Arboretum.
In 1885, the main line of the Los Angeles and San Gabriel Valley Railroad, in which Baldwin was a stockholder, was opened through the ranch, making subdivision of part of the land into a town site practical. This rail line became a Santa Fe Railroad line. In 1889, on a site just north of the corner of First Avenue and St. Joseph Street, adjacent to the Santa Fe tracks, Baldwin opened the 35 room Hotel Oakwood to be the centerpiece of his new town. In 1890 the extant Rancho Santa Anita Depot was built. By the turn of the 20th century, Arcadia had a population nearing 500 and an economy, becoming based on entertainment, sporting and gambling opportunities, the latter including an early version of the Santa Anita race track. Baldwin oversaw the incorporation of Arcadia into a city in 1903, was its first mayor. In 1913 Anita Baldwin, Lucky's daughter, built a 50-room mansion on 19 acres of the Baldwin Ranch she inherited from him, named it "Anoakia"; the 17,000-square-foot residence was in the Italian Renaissance Revival style, with murals by Maynard Dixon.
The estate had a significant Greek Revival style colonnaded "Parthenon" bathhouse/gymnasium beside a large pool, an apiary and aviaries and stables, tennis courts and pergolas, preserved the native oak woodlands. After her death in 1939 the estate became the Anoakia School for Girls, which became the coeducational Anoakia School in 1967 moved to Duarte in 1990 as the Anita Oaks School; the school owner's efforts to develop the property into a village of homes with the old mansion as its centerpiece were rejected by the city. After an extended debate, with local citizens and regional preservationists efforts to preserve the historic main house, the city council voted to approve demolition for a real estate development by new owners in 1999; the "Anoakia" mansion, all other significant estate structures and outbuildings, garden features, numerous California sycamore and Coast live oak trees were demolished for 31 luxury home sites in 2000. Some of the mansion's architectural elements were removed.
Only the gatehouse, on the estate's former southeast corner at Foothill and Baldwin, the perimeter walls remain after the "Anoakia Estates" development was built. Inter-war decades During World War I, Arcadia was home to the U. S. Army's Ross Field Balloon School, at the present-day Santa Anita Park site. Army observers were trained here in techniques to observe enemy activity from hot air balloons. After World War I, Arcadia's population grew and local businesses included many chicken ranches and other agricultural activities. During the 1920s and 1930s, Arcadia began its transition to the residential city that it is today, as small farms and chicken ranches gave way to homes and numerous civic improvements, including a city library and a city hall. Scenes of many of Arcadia's interesting older sites can be viewed in a series of historic watercolors painted by local artists Edna Lenz and Justine Wishek; the city was on historic U. S. Route 66 in California, present-day Colorado Boulevard, with businesses serving travelers on it.
Thoroughbred horse racing had flourished under Lucky Baldwin, who founded a racetrack adjacent to the present site, until it was outlawed by the state of California in 1909. It returned to Arcadia when racing was legalized agai
Prelude and Allegro in E-flat major, BWV 998, is a musical composition written by Johann Sebastian Bach for Lute or Harpsichord. The piece was written around 1735; the original manuscript with the title "Prelude pour la Luth. Ò Cembal. Par J. S. Bach" was sold at Christie's on July 13, 2016 for £2,518,500; the movements in this piece are: Prelude Fugue Allegro The Prelude is similar to the Well-Tempered Clavier, in which there are many arpeggios. There is a pause in the motion, when just before the coda, there is a fermata over a third-inversion seventh chord with a rich suspension; the Fugue is one of only three that Bach wrote in ternary form, with an exact repetition of its contrapuntally active opening section framing a texturally contrasting central section. The Allegro is a binary form dance with 16th notes. Arranged for guitar, it is played in D major with a Drop D tuning. Julian Bream played it in a BBC2 broadcast on television in early 1978 at the All Saints chapel of Wardour Castle. In 1994 he recorded it on his album Bach Guitar Recital.
The Szondi test is a 1935 nonverbal projective personality test developed by Léopold Szondi. In contrast to Freud's work, Szondi's approach is based on a systematic drive theory and a dimensional model of personality; that is, Szondi means to enumerate all human drives and framing them within a comprehensive theory. Szondi drive system is built on the basis of eight drive needs, each corresponding to a collective archetype of instinctive action, they are: the h-drive need, the sadist drive need the e-drive need, the hysteric drive need the katatonic drive need the paranoid drive need the depressive drive need the maniac drive needThe eight drive needs represent archetypes and are present in all individuals in different proportions. A whole drive, like the sexual drive S, is composed of a pair of two opposite drive needs, in this case h and s; each drive need in turn has a positive and negative striving, for instance h+ and h-, or s+ and s-. The four whole drives correspond to the four independent hereditary circles of mental illness established by the psychiatric genetics of the time: the schizoform drive, the manic-depressive drive, the paroxysmal drive, the sexual drive.
Szondi's drive diagram has been described as his major achievement. It has been described as a revolutionary addition to psychology, as paving the way for a theoretical psychiatry and a psychoanalytical anthropology. Szondi theory organizes phenomenons like: Antisocial personality disorder, paraphilia subtypes, histrionic personality disorder, paranoid proper as "projective paranoid", narcissistic personality disorder as "inflative paranoid", blunted affect, panic disorder, hypochondria, stupor and pain disorder as organ neurosis, conversion disorder, dissociative fugue, paroxysmal attack, depersonalization disorder and alienation, obsessive–compulsive disorder and obsessive–compulsive personality disorder. Szondi analysis of destiny approach is based an anthropological preoccupation. Szondi's main philosophical references for the concept of fate are Schopenhauer's The World as Will and Representation and Heidegger's Being and Time. Fate analysis of a patient is based on the test score, the patient medical history, his family background through a genealogical tree.
Fate analysis includes Genotropism, a form of depth psychology that had some prominence in Europe in the mid-20th century, but has been ignored for the most part. The starting assumption of fate analysis is that a person's life unfolds in a series of elections: one chooses an occupation, partners and his decisions implicitly selects his illnesses and his death. Szondi’s experience in genealogy research led him to believe that these elections can not be considered only as the individual sovereign decision, but that such choices follow certain patterns that preexisted within his family ancestors. Szondi concluded. Szondi argued that his research showed that profession choices are determined by the dynamic and structure of the psyche, a phenomenon that he called operotropism. Of the many possibilities in which operotropism can manifest itself, he gave two examples. A man may choose a profession; the second example of operotropism is a man that chooses a profession in which he can satisfy in a acceptable manner needs that in their original primary form would constitute a danger for society.
This is the case of sadism-butcher, coprophilia-intestine or - drain cleaner. Most jobs can satisfy more than one drive need; the work object of the hermaphrodite professions is the body. Jobs of the hermaphrodite type are hairdresser, dermatologist, bath house, beauty parlor and spa worker, fashion illustrator, performing artist, ballet dancers, dance artists, waiter, hotel manager, cook. Criminal, or most negative, activities of hermaphrodite type are fraud, spy, pimp, procuring; the most positive professions are gynecologist and sexual pathologist. The work objects of the sadistic professions are animals, iron, machinery, wood.