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Archbishop of Cologne

The Archbishop of Cologne is an archbishop representing the Archdiocese of Cologne of the Catholic Church in western North Rhine-Westphalia and northern Rhineland-Palatinate in Germany and was ex officio one of the electors of the Holy Roman Empire, the Elector of Cologne, from 1356 to 1801. Since the early days of the Catholic Church, there have been ninety-four bishops and archbishops of Cologne. Seven of these ninety-four retired by resignation, including four resignations which were in response to impeachment. Eight of the bishops and archbishops were coadjutor bishops. Seven individuals were appointed as coadjutors by the Pope. One of the ninety-four moved to the Curia. Additionally, six of the archbishops of Cologne were chairmen of the German Bishops' Conference. Rainer Maria Cardinal Woelki is the Archbishop of Cologne, since his 2014 transfer from Berlin, where he had been Cardinal Archbishop. All names before Maternus II are to be approached with considerable skepticism, as little contemporary evidence is available.

Maternus was present at a council in Rome in 313. The bishops between Severinus and Charentius are apocryphal. Domitianus was the Bishop of Maastricht; the given dates of office before Gunther are conjectural, at best. Maternus I c. 88–128 Paulinus Marcellinus Aquilinus Levoldus c. 248–285 Maternus II c. 285–315 Euphrates c. 315–348 Severinus c. 348–403 Ebergisil I? c. 403–440 Solatius c. 440–470 Sunnovaeus c. 470–500 Domitianus fl. c. 535 Charentinus fl. c. 570 Eberigisil II? c. 580–600? Remedius c. 600? –611? Solatius c. 611? –622 Cunibert c. 623–663 Bodatus c. 663–674 Stephen 674–680 Adelwin 680–695 Giso 695–708 Anno I 708–710 Faramund 710–713 Agilolf 713–717 Reginfried 718–747 Hildegar 750–753 Bertholm 753–763 Rikulf 763–784 Hildebold 784–818 Hadbold 818–842 Hildwin 842–849 Günther 850–864 Hugo Welf 864 Wilbert 870–889 Hermann I 890–924 Wigfried 924–953 Bruno I 953–965 Volkmar 965–969 Gero 969–976 Warin 976–984 Ebergar 984–999 Heribert 999–1021 Pilgrim 1021–1036 Hermann II 1036–1056 Anno II 1056–1075 Hildholf 1076–1078 Sigwin 1078–1089 Hermann III 1089–1099 Friedrich I 1100–1131 Bruno II von Berg 1131–1137 Hugo von Sponheim 1137 Arnold I 1138–1151 Arnold II von Wied 1152–1156 Friedrich II von Berg 1156–1158, nephew of Bruno II von Berg above Rainald of Dassel 1159–1167 Philipp von Heinsberg 1167–1191, he gained the title of Duke of Westphalia and Angria in 1180, from on held in personal union by all incumbents of the Cologne see until 1803.

Bruno III von Berg 1191–1192, brother of Friedrich II above Adolf I von Berg 1192–1205, nephew of Bruno III above Bruno IV von Sayn 1205–1208 Dietrich I von Hengebach 1208–1215 Engelbert II von Berg 1216–1225, nephew of Bruno III above Heinrich I von Mulnarken 1225–1237 Ferdinand August von Spiegel 1824–1835 Clemens August II Droste zu Fischering 1835–1845 Cardinal Johannes von Geissel 1845–1864 Cardinal Paul Melchers 1866–1885 Cardinal Philipp Krementz 1885–1899 Hubert Theophil Simar 1899-1902 Cardinal Anton Hubert Fischer 1902–1912 Cardinal Felix von Hartmann 1912–1919 Cardinal Karl Joseph Schulte 1920–1941 Cardinal Josef Frings 1942–1969 Cardinal Joseph Höffner 1969–1987 Cardinal Joachim Meisner 1988–2014 Cardinal Rainer Maria Woelki since 2014 Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Cologne Cologne Cathedral List of Bishops and Archbishops of Cologne Archdiocese of Cologne List of Bishops and Archbishops of Cologne Cologne Cathedral

House of Aaron

The House of Aaron, less known as the Aaronic Order or The Order of Aaron is a religious sect that believes they are descendants of Aaron and believe in the Aaronic writings. The sect is centered in Eskdale, Utah a small farming community in Millard County, with additional branches in Partoun, Murray, Utah; the House of Aaron was founded in 1943 by Maurice L. Glendenning and has a membership estimated between 1,500 and 2,000. Glendenning was born 15 February 1891 in Kansas, he and his family were unfamiliar with the Latter Day Saint movement and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. However, as a boy, he confided in his father that he could "hear heavenly music when wide-awake"; as a young teen, the heavenly music became interspersed with angelic voices uttering poetry, which he began to write down in notes he kept private out of fear of ridicule. As a young man, the "angelic poetry" evolved into doctrinal and philosophical statements, he began sharing the text of his messages with more and more friends and relatives.

In 1928, Glendenning and his family moved to Provo, looking for employment. Counseled by LDS missionaries, Glendenning began to feel that a number of LDS doctrines, including the priesthood and proper authority, helped him understand his experiences and writings. Glendenning and his wife were baptized into the LDS Church on August 14, 1929. On January 15, 1945 he was excommunicated as the "Instigator of the Aaronic Order". LDS Church General Authorities asserted. While LDS members could receive divine inspiration for themselves, no one could receive authentic divine messages for the church as a whole, except the President of the Church. However, Glendenning claims not to have received divine messages for the LDS church as a whole. Glendenning died October 1969 in Utah; the House of Aaron does not consider itself to be part of the Latter Day Saint movement. However, religious researchers have categorized it as part of the Latter Day Saint movement, due to Glendenning's membership and excommunication from the LDS Church, the LDS roots of most of its founding members, the similarities between Glendenning's claims and those of Mormonism's founder Joseph Smith, the Utah location of its commune and branches.

The House of Aaron ministry is under the leadership of John M. Conrad, who states, "Our passion and mission is to assist in the gathering of Israel into a Holy Nation with Yeshua as King and the Torah as its constitution. Our focus is on Yeshua." The House of Aaron website states its mission is "to participate in and hasten the preparation of the Body of Jesus Christ for His second coming." Its vision is to "restore the Biblical, Levitical ministry to its prophesied fullness in Jesus Christ and to reconcile individuals and fellowships to their places in the Body of Christ."The following statement comes from the official House of Aaron website: The House of Aaron is the Biblical name of the family of Israelite priests ordained by God to serve Him at the Tabernacle in the wilderness and at the temple in Jerusalem. Aaronites were a family within the tribe of Levi; this entire tribe was called by God to minister to him and to the people. The specific duties of the Levites were to assist Aaron in the work of the Tabernacle, in teaching, ministering in music and judging all the tribes of Israel.

God made clear. Thus, no territory was identified as Aaron's home. Instead, 48 Levitical cities were scattered about the land, some in each tribe to remind Levi that his ministry extended to all the tribes of Israel; the House of Aaron considers its beliefs to be Biblical and part of the broader messianic movement united under the Alliance of Redeemed Israel. Its basic beliefs have never included the Book of Mormon. In 1978 the Levitical Writings was published; this book was a compilation of 1944's Book of Elias, or the Record of John, 1948's New Revelations for the Book of Elias, or the Record of John, 1955's Disciple Book. House of Aaron says that the "Levitical Writings" is only mentioned and studied on occasion but is not used for doctrine. House of Aaron leader John Conrad states unequivocally that the Bible is "the undisputed basis of our doctrine and teaching." In contrast to the LDS Church's teaching of Godhead, the Aaronic Order teaches that Christ is seen as having a Heavenly Father, but is to be thought of as the Father and that the Holy Ghost is the spirit of God and Jesus Christ resumed after his resurrection.

The Aaronic Order believes that members given the Aaronic Priesthood in the pre-mortal existence, need not be ordained. Members therefore believe that they are Biblical leaders who were predestined to come to the earth and fulfill their responsibilities. In 1955 the church established a communal settlement called Eskdale, named after Eskdale, Scotland. Eskdale has become a small unincorporated farming area in Millard County, located just east of the Nevada border. In its early years, Eskdale community was isolationist, a uniform was worn: the men in blue slacks and shirts with "Aaron" embroidered in gold over the pocket. However, over the past several decades, the community has become an open, integral part of the local valley, the dress code has been relaxed; the House of Aaron states that they have never believed in or practiced polygamy and House o

Fladda, Slate Islands

Fladda is one of the Slate Islands, off the west coast of Argyll and Bute, Scotland. Fladda is an islet in the Sound between Luing and Belnahua; the name Fladda originates from the Old Norse for'flat island'. Fladda lighthouse is an active lighthouse located on the Islet of Fladda, one of the Slate Islands about 1.8 kilometres off Cullippol. The lighthouse was built in 1860 on project by Thomas Stevenson; the tower is painted white, the lantern has ochre trim. The light emits a two white flashes every 9 seconds; the keeper's house seems to be home to a large colony of terns. List of lighthouses in Scotland List of Northern Lighthouse Board lighthouses Northern Lighthouse Board