Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria

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Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria
Crown Princess of Saxony
Peter Krafft Bildnis einer Maria Karolina.jpg
Born (1801-04-08)8 April 1801
Vienna, Austria
Died 22 May 1832(1832-05-22) (aged 31)
Pillnitz, Saxony
Burial Katholische Hofkirche
Spouse Frederick Augustus, Crown Prince of Saxony
Full name
German: Maria Carolina Ferdinanda Theresia Josepha Demetria
House Habsburg-Lorraine
Father Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily
Religion Roman Catholicism

Archduchess Maria Carolina Ferdinanda of Austria, Crown Princess of Saxony (8 April 1801 in Vienna, Austria – 22 May 1832 in Pillnitz, Germany).


A smiling Marie Caroline as a teenager.

Marie Caroline was a daughter of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor, later Francis I of Austria after the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire, and Maria Teresa of the Two Sicilies, and named after an elder sister who had died in infancy. She belonged to the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. She was educated strictly, standing out in drawing, as proven by several sketches and crayons preserved in Austria. [1] [2]


On 7 October 1819 she married Prince Frederick Augustus of Saxony, son of Maximilian, Prince of Saxony, and Princess Caroline of Parma, in Dresden, Germany. The marriage was childless and unhappy. Marie Caroline was sweet and pleasant, but she suffered from epilepsy and her attacks were so frequent that she was barely able to fulfill her duties as Crown Princess; they also seriously affected her marital relationship. Frederick Augustus was unfaithful on several occasions. From one of these affairs he had an illegitimate son, the musician Theodor Uhlig (1822-1853). The long-suffering Maria Carolina died from an epileptic attack on 22 May 1832 at Pillnitz Castle near Dresden.[3]


Marie Caroline's parents were double first cousins as they shared all four grandparents (Francis' paternal grandparents were his wife's maternal grandparents and vice versa). Therefore, Marie Caroline only had four great-grandparents, being descended from each of them twice. Further back in his ancestry there is more pedigree collapse caused by close intermarriage between the Houses of Austria and Spain and other Catholic monarchies.

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 8 April 1801 – 11 August 1804 Her Royal Highness Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria
  • 11 August 1804 – 7 October 1819 Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess Marie Caroline of Austria
  • 7 October 1819 – 1 September 1830 Her Imperial and Royal Highness Princess Maria Carolina of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony
  • 1 September 1830 – 22 May 1832 Her Imperial and Royal Highness The Crown Princess of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony


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  3. ^ Kroll, Frank-Lothar. "Die Herrscher Sachsens: Markgrafen, Kurfürsten, Könige. 1089-1918". München, 2007, p. 241