Archduke Joseph Árpád of Austria
Archduke Joseph Árpád Benedikt Ferdinand Franz Maria Gabriel was a member of the Hungarian Palatine branch of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. He was born in Budapest, the son of Archduke Joseph Francis of Austria and his wife, Princess Anna of Saxony, he was the great-grandson of Archduchess Gisela of Austria. He received a degree in economics from the University of Lisbon. Joseph married Princess Maria von Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, born 1935, daughter of Karl, 8th Prince of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg and Carolina dei Conti Rignon, they married civilly on 25 August 1956 and religiously on 12 September 1956 in Bronnbach, Wertheim am Main, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. They had eight children: Archduke Joseph Karl Archduchess Milona. Archduke Joseph Karl. Archduchess Maria Christine. Archduke Andreas-Augustinus. Archduchess Alexandra. Archduke Nicolaus. Archduke Johannes. Austrian Empire: Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece Kingdom of Hungary: General Captain of the Order of Vitéz Succession to the throne
Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria
Luitpold, Prince Regent of Bavaria, was the de facto ruler of Bavaria from 1886 to 1912, due to the incapacity of his nephews, King Ludwig II for three days and King Otto for 26 years. Luitpold was born in Würzburg, the third son of King Ludwig I of Bavaria and his wife, Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, he was the younger brother of King Maximilian II of Bavaria and of King Otto of Greece. Luitpold was in line to succeed to the throne of the Kingdom of Bavaria, was heir presumptive to the throne of Greece, since his brother Otto had no children. However, the Greek law of succession required that Otto's heir should belong to the Greek Orthodox Church. Otto was deposed in 1862 and replaced by Prince William of Denmark, who became George I, King of the Hellenes. Otto died in 1867, leaving Luitpold and his descendants as representatives of Otto's claim. However, Luitpold never pursued that claim. At the age of fourteen, Luitpold joined the Bavarian Army and was promoted to Captain of the Artillery in 1835.
During the revolutions of 1848, Prince Luitpold mediated and facilitated an audience of discontented citizens with his father. During the rule of his brother Maximilian II, Luitpold did not play a significant political role. With the reign of his nephew Ludwig II, Prince Luitpold had to represent the royal house due to the king's long absence from the capital. In the Austro-Prussian War in 1866 Luitpold was commander of the 3rd Royal Bavarian Division. In 1869, he became Inspector General of the Bavarian Army, during the Franco-Prussian War in 1870 and 1871, he represented Bavaria in the German General Staff. In that capacity, he handed over Ludwig's Kaiserbrief on 3 December 1870, in which Ludwig endorsed the creation of the German Empire with the King of Prussia as Emperor. Since Ludwig, who nonetheless regretted Bavaria's loss of independence, refused to attend Wilhelm's 10 January proclamation as Emperor in the Palace of Versailles, Ludwig's brother, Prince Otto, his uncle Luitpold represented him in the Palace of Versailles.
Otto criticized the celebration as ostentatious and heartless in a letter to his brother. In 1876, Luitpold was appointed Field Marshal. On 10 June 1886, Luitpold's nephew King Ludwig II was declared mentally incompetent and Luitpold was named Regent. Luitpold's part is still controversial. Following Ludwig II's mysterious death a few days his brother Otto assumed the throne. However, Otto was mentally incapable of reigning, Luitpold continued to serve as regent. Prince Luitpold was accused by some people of the murder of his nephew, but soon the decent and affable prince became one of Bavaria's most popular rulers. One of his first actions was to open several of the palaces of Ludwig II to the public. Politically, Luitpold remained passive, his governments moved away from the previous anti-Catholic Kulturkampf policies. This development culminated in 1912 when the appointment of the Centre Party politician Georg von Hertling as minister president. During the regency of Prince-Regent Luitpold relations between Bavarians and Prussians remained cold as Bavarians resented Prussia's strategic dominance over the empire.
Luitpold continued to serve as regent until 1912, when he contracted bronchitis and died in Munich. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Prince Ludwig, who remained as regent for another year before becoming king in his own right as Ludwig III, he is buried in the crypt of the Theatinerkirche in Munich. The Prinzregentenzeit, as the regency of Luitpold is called, was due to the political passiveness of Luitpold during an era of the gradual transfer of Bavarian interests behind those of the German empire. In connection with the unhappy end of the preceding rule of King Ludwig II, this break in the Bavarian monarchy looked stronger; the constitutional amendment of 1913 brought the determining break in the continuity of the king's rule in the opinion of historians as this change had been granted by the Landtag as a House of Representatives and meant therefore indirectly the first step from constitutional to the parliamentary monarchy. Today the connection of these two developments is regarded as a main cause for the unspectacular end of the Bavarian kingdom without opposition in the course of the November revolution of 1918.
However the course of his 26-year regency Luitpold knew to overcome, by modesty and popularity, the initial uneasiness of his subjects. These prince's regent's years were transfigured – above all in the retrospect – to a golden age of Bavaria if one mourned the "fairy tale king" Ludwig II furthermore what happens in a folkloric-nostalgic manner till this day. Tutored as a child by Domenico Quaglio the Younger, Luitpold had a great feeling for the arts. Luitpold's years as regent were marked by tremendous artistic and cultural activity in Bavaria where they are known as the Prinzregentenjahre or the Prinzregentenzeit. Bavaria prospered under a liberal government and Munich became a cultural centre of Europe. Thomas Mann wrote about this period "Munich shone". Schwabing became an important artists' quarter in Munich. There are numerous streets in Bavarian cities and towns called Prinzregentenstrasse or Luitpoldstrasse. Many institutions are named in Luitpold's honour including the Prinzregententheater in Munich and the Luitpoldarena and the Luitpoldhalle in Nürnberg.
In 1891 Luitpold established the Luitpold Gymnasium in Munich. Prinzre
Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor
Charles V was Holy Roman Emperor, King of Spain and ruler of the Spanish Empire, Archduke of Austria, ruler of the Habsburg Netherlands. The Spanish conquest of the Aztecs and Incas, the German colonisation of Venezuela both occurred during his reign. Charles V revitalized the medieval concept of the universal monarchy of Charlemagne and travelled from city to city, with no single fixed capital: overall he spent 28 years in the Habsburg Netherlands, 18 years in Spain and 9 years in Germany. After four decades of incessant warfare with the Kingdom of France, the Ottoman Empire, the Protestants, Charles V abandoned his multi-national project with a series of abdications between 1554 and 1556 in favor of his son Philip II of Spain and brother Ferdinand I of Austria; the personal union of his European and American territories, spanning over nearly 4 million square kilometres, was the first collection of realms to be defined as "the empire on which the sun never sets". Charles was the heir of three of Europe's leading dynasties: Valois of Burgundy, Habsburg of Austria, Trastámara of Spain.
As heir to the House of Burgundy, he inherited areas in the Netherlands and around the eastern border of France. As the head of the House of Habsburg, he inherited Austria and other lands in central Europe, was elected to succeed his grandfather, Maximilian I, as Holy Roman Emperor; as a grandson of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, both from the Spanish House of Trastámara he inherited the Crown of Castile, developing a nascent empire in the Americas and Asia, the Crown of Aragon, which included a Mediterranean empire extending to southern Italy. Charles was the first king to rule Castile and Aragon in his own right, as a result he is referred to as the first king of Spain; the personal union under Charles of the Holy Roman Empire with the Spanish Empire was the closest Europe has come to a universal monarchy since the time of Charlemagne in the 9th century. Because of widespread fears that his vast inheritance would lead to the realisation of a universal monarchy and that he was trying to create a European hegemony, Charles was the object of hostility from many enemies.
His reign was dominated by war by three major simultaneous prolonged conflicts: the Italian Wars with France, the struggle to halt the Turkish advance into Europe, the conflict with the German princes resulting from the Protestant Reformation. The French wars fought in Italy, lasted for most of his reign. Enormously expensive, they led to the development of the Tercios; the struggle with the Ottoman Empire was fought in the Mediterranean. The Turkish advance was halted at the Siege of Vienna in 1529, a lengthy war of attrition, conducted on Charles' behalf by his younger brother Ferdinand, continued for the rest of Charles's reign. In the Mediterranean, although there were some successes, he was unable to prevent the Ottomans' increasing naval dominance and the piratical activity of the Barbary pirates. Charles opposed the Reformation, in Germany he was in conflict with Protestant nobles who were motivated by both religious and political opposition to him, he could not prevent the spread of Protestantism and was forced to concede the Peace of Augsburg of 1555, which divided Germany along denominational lines.
While Charles did not concern himself with rebellions, he was quick to put down three dangerous rebellions. Once the rebellions were quelled the essential Castilian and Burgundian territories remained loyal to Charles throughout his rule. Charles's Spanish dominions were the chief source of his power and wealth, they became important as his reign progressed. In the Americas, Charles sanctioned the conquest by Castilian conquistadores of the Aztec and Inca empires. Castilian control was extended across much of Central America; the resulting vast expansion of territory and the flows of South American silver to Castile had profound long term effects on Spain. Charles was only 56 when he abdicated, but after 40 years of active rule he was physically exhausted and sought the peace of a monastery, where he died at the age of 58; the Holy Roman Empire passed to his younger brother Ferdinand, archduke of Austria, while the Spanish Empire, including the possessions in the Netherlands and Italy, was inherited by Charles's son Philip II of Spain.
The two empires would remain allies until the extinction of the male line of the Spanish branch of the Habsburgs in 1700. Charles was born in 1500 as the eldest son of Philip the Handsome and Joanna of Castile at the Prinsenhof in the Flemish city of Ghent, part of the Habsburg Netherlands; the culture and courtly life of the Burgundian Low Countries were an important influence in his early life. He was tutored by William de Croÿ, by Adrian of Utrecht. Charles became a member of the Order of the Golden Fleece in his infancy and became its grand master. Founded by the Burgundian Philip the Good in 1430, the order emphasised the ideals of the medieval knights and the desire for Christian unity to fight the infidel, it played an important part in the development of Charles' beliefs and he is seen in portraits without its insignia prominently displayed. It is said that Charles spoke several vernacular languages: he was f
Archduchess Louise of Austria
Louise of Tuscany, was by marriage Crown Princess of Saxony as the wife of the future King Frederick Augustus III. Louise was born on 2 September 1870 as the second child of Ferdinand IV, the last Grand Duke of Tuscany and his second wife, Princess Alice of Bourbon-Parma, her full name and titles are: Luise Antoinette Maria Theresia Josepha Johanna Leopoldine Caroline Ferdinande Alice Ernestine, Princess Imperial and Archduchess of Austria, Princess of Tuscany and Bohemia. Through her mother, she was a great-great-granddaughter of Charles X of France; the 17-year-old princess attracted the attention of potential suitors, like Prince Pedro Augusto of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha or Prince Ferdinand of Bulgaria, but none of them found favor in the eyes of the spoiled Louise. In the summer of 1887 at Pillnitz Castle she met Prince Frederick Augustus of Saxony, they married at Vienna on 21 November 1891, in a lavish ceremony which cost the groom the sum of 20,000 marks. In return, Louise fulfilled her royal duties, bore him six children.
As her popularity among the people by far exceeded the rest of the Saxon Royal Family, they made her life difficult with big and small intrigues. Soon rumours began to circulated that Louise had an affair with a dentist named O'Brian and with French tutor of her children, André Giron; when in desperation, she sent a telegram to Giron, this was intercepted by the secret police and it turned out that she begun an affair with him. This was raised by her biographer Erika Bestenreiner, who described the French tutor as a slender black-haired man with a small dark mustache, of a lively nature, perfect manners and good taste for clothes. Threatened by her father-in-law to being interned at Sonnestein Mental Asylum for life, on 9 December 1902 and with the help of two of her maids, sisters Sidonie and Maria Beeger –daughters of the royal court architect Eduard Beeger–, Louise fled from Dresden towards Lake Geneva, where André Giron was waiting for her. At first, in the Saxon court was believed that this trip was for recreation, but in fact there she met with her older brother Archduke Leopold Ferdinand of Austria, who began a liaison Wilhelmine Adamović, a prostitute and daughter of a postman.
Three days after their arrival, the Beeger sisters left Geneva. In the meantime, André Giron contacted a notary in Brussels to make a false track to the Belgian capital; the escape of the Crown Princess of Saxony was the first scandal of the German nobility in the 20th century hurtful for the Saxon Royal Family, who were Catholic. The conservative Baroness Hildegard von Spitzemberg noted in her diary: "They were all met as we of the horrific scandals at the Saxon court, which to repulsiveness unparalleled! Five children, a husband, a throne, all leaving with only 32 years, in the hope that the tutor provide these children - it's downright dreadful!... Thus, when the royal women forget themselves and whatever else was considered for decent and catholic they take themselves the right of existence." Without consulting his son, King George of Saxony declared the civil divorce of the Crown Princely couple on 11 February 1903 by a special court, which he had set up on 31 December 1902. One year on 15 October 1904, the Saxon monarch died after obliged his son and new King Frederick Augustus III to forbade the return of Louise to the Dresden court.
In Geneva, the former Crown Princess led a happy life and dared to show up with her lover in public, but unexpectedly a few days before the divorce was declared she separated from Giron for unknown reasons. However, the paternity of her daughter Anna Monika Pia, born on 4 May 1903 at Lindau remained unclear; the Saxon court sent the director of the Dresden maternity hospital, Dr. Leopold, to Lindau to examine the newborn and establish her true parentage. Due to her physical appearance and the bright color of eyes and hair, he declared that the Crown Prince was the father of the child; the doctor, refused to admit further medical opinions. In consequence, Anna Monika Pia was recognized by Frederick Augustus as his own. King George gave Louise an allowance and granted her the title of Countess of Montignoso on 13 July 1903. Louise lived firstly at Ramo Castle near Lyon in 1903 at Ventnor Castle in the Isle of Wight. In 1904 she moved with her family seat Wartegg Castle on Lake Constance, to Florence.
On 21 December 1904 she tried to see her older children at the Dresden Taschenbergpalais, but her attempts were unsuccessful because the police had surrounded the building. She traveled in the company of her new lover, Conte Carlo Guicciardi, who lived separately from his wife but was still married. Now, both Louise and her lover wanted to get rid from the 2-years-old Anna Monika Pia, they negotiated with the Saxon court an increase of her allowance from 30,000 to 40,000 marks for the child. In London on 25 September 1907 Louise married the Italian musician Enrico Toselli, 12 years younger than her, they had on
House of Lorraine
The House of Lorraine originated as a cadet branch of the House of Metz. It inherited the Duchy of Lorraine in 1473 after the death of duke Nicholas I without a male heir. By the marriage of Francis of Lorraine to Maria Theresa in 1736, with the success in the ensuing War of the Austrian Succession, the House of Lorraine was joined to the House of Habsburg, was now known as Habsburg-Lorraine. Francis, his sons Joseph II and Leopold II, grandson Francis II were the last four Holy Roman Emperors from 1745 to the dissolution of the empire in 1806. Habsburg-Lorraine inherited the Habsburg Empire, ruling the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary until the dissolution of the monarchy in 1918. Although its senior agnates are the Dukes of Hohenberg, the house is headed by Karl Habsburg-Lothringen, oldest grandson of the last emperor Charles I; the house claims descent from Gerard I of Paris whose immediate descendants are known as the Girardides. The Matfridings of the 10th century are thought to have been a branch of the family.
The Renaissance dukes of Lorraine tended to arrogate to themselves claims to Carolingian ancestry, as illustrated by Alexandre Dumas, père in the novel La Dame de Monsoreau. What is more securely demonstrated is that in 1048 Emperor Henry III gave the Duchy of Upper Lorraine first to Adalbert of Metz and to his brother Gerard whose successors retained the duchy until the death of Charles the Bold in 1431. After a brief interlude of 1453–1473, when the duchy passed in right of Charles's daughter to her husband John of Calabria, a Capetian, Lorraine reverted to the House of Vaudemont, a junior branch of House of Lorraine, in the person of René II who added to his titles that of Duke of Bar; the French Wars of Religion saw the rise of a junior branch of the Lorraine family, the House of Guise, which became a dominant force in French politics and, during the years of Henri III's reign, was on the verge of succeeding to the throne of France. Mary of Guise, mother of Mary, Queen of Scots came from this family.
Under the Bourbon monarchy the remaining branch of the House of Guise, headed by the duc d'Elbeuf, remained part of the highest ranks of French aristocracy, while the senior branch of the House of Vaudemont continued to rule the independent duchies of Lorraine and Bar. Louis XIV's imperialist ambitions forced the dukes into a permanent alliance with his archenemies, the Holy Roman Emperors from the House of Habsburg. After neither Emperor Joseph I nor Emperor Charles VI produced a son and heir, the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713 left the throne to the latter's yet unborn daughter, Maria Theresa. In 1736 Emperor Charles arranged her marriage to Francis of Lorraine who agreed to exchange his hereditary lands for the Grand Duchy of Tuscany. At Charles's death in 1740 the Habsburg lands passed to Maria Theresa and Francis, elected Holy Roman Emperor as Francis I; the Habsburg-Lorraine nuptials and dynastic union precipitated, survived, the War of the Austrian Succession. Francis and Maria Theresa's daughters Marie Antoinette and Maria Carolina became Queens of France and Naples-Sicily, respectively.
Apart from the core Habsburg dominions, including the triple crowns of Austria and Bohemia, several junior branches of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine reigned in the Italian duchies of Tuscany and Modena. Another member of the house, Archduke Maximilian of Austria, was Emperor of Mexico. In 1900, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria contracted a morganatic marriage with Countess Sophie Chotek, their descendants, known as the House of Hohenberg, have been excluded from succession to the Austro-Hungarian crown, but not that of Lorraine, where morganatic marriage has never been outlawed. Otto von Habsburg, the eldest grandson of Franz Ferdinand's younger brother, was universally regarded as the head of the house until his death in 2011, it was at Nancy, the former capital of the House of Vaudemont, that the former crown prince married Princess Regina of Saxe-Meiningen in 1951. The following is a list of ruling heads of the house of Ardennes-Metz and its successor houses of Lorraine and Habsburg-Lorraine, from the start of securely documented genealogical history in the 11th century.
Adalbert, Duke of Upper Lorraine r. 1047/8 Gérard, Duke of Lorraine, r. 1048–1070 Theodoric II r. 1070–1115 Simon I, r. 1115–1138 Matthias I, r. 1138–1176 Simon II, r. 1176–1215 Frederick I, r. 1205/6 Frederick II, r. 1206–1213 Theobald I, r. 1213–1220 Matthias II, r. 1220–1251 Frederick III, c. 1251–1303 Theobald II, r. 1303–1312 Frederick IV, r. 1312–1328 Rudolph, r. 1328–1346 John I, r. 1346–1390 Charles II, r. 1390–1431Charles II died without male heir, the duchy passing to Isabella, Duchess of Lorraine, consort of Naples by marriage to Duke René of Anjou. The duchy passed to their son John II; the title now went to Nicholas' aunt Yolande. The House of Lorraine was formed by Yolande's marriage to René, Count of Vaud
Frederick Augustus III of Saxony
Frederick Augustus III was the last King of Saxony and a member of the House of Wettin. Born in Dresden, Frederick Augustus was the first son of King George and his wife, Maria Anna of Portugal. Frederick Augustus served in the Royal Saxon Army before becoming king, was promoted to Generalfeldmarschall. Though well-loved by his subjects, he voluntarily abdicated as king on 13 November 1918, after the defeat of the German Empire in World War I, he was buried in Dresden. Frederick Augustus entered the Royal Saxon Army in 1877 as a second lieutenant, despite being only twelve years old. Given his royal status, he advanced through the ranks, he served with the Royal Saxon 1. Grenadier Regiment Nr. 100. He was promoted to first lieutenant in 1883, captain in 1887, major in 1889 and lieutenant colonel in 1891. By 1891, he was commander of the 1st Battalion of Schützen -Regiment Nr. 108. He was promoted to colonel on 22 September 1892 and took command of the Schützen -Regiment Nr. 108 on the same day. On 20 September 1894, the 29-year-old prince was promoted to Generalmajor and given command of the 1st Royal Saxon Infantry Brigade Nr. 45.
On 22 May 1898, he was promoted to Generalleutnant and given command of the 1st Royal Saxon Infantry Division Nr. 23. He commanded this division until 26 August 1902, he was promoted to General der Infanterie one month on 24 September. He remained in command of the corps until October 1904, his military career ended with his accession to the throne, but he was promoted subsequently to Generaloberst and to Generalfeldmarschall. Following his father's accession, he was in July 1902 appointed à la suite of the German Marine Infantry by Emperor Wilhelm II during a visit to Kiel. Frederick Augustus married Archduchess Luise, Princess of Tuscany, in Vienna on 21 November 1891, they were divorced in 1903 by the royal decree of the King after she ran away while pregnant with her last child. Luise's flight from Dresden was due to her father-in-law's threatening to have her interned in Sonnestein Mental Asylum for life, her brother supported her in her wish to escape Saxony. Emperor Franz-Josef of Austria-Hungary did not recognise the divorce.
They had seven children: Crown Prince of Saxony. After becoming a Jesuit priest, he renounced his rights in 1923, he was assassinated by the SS or Gestapo in 1943. Friedrich Christian, Margrave of Meissen, Duke of Saxony. Married Princess Elisabeth Helene of Thurn and Taxis and had issue. Ernst Heinrich. Married first Princess Sophie of Luxembourg, daughter of Guillaume IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, in 1921 and second Virginia Dulon in 1947. Had issue with Sophie. Maria Alix Carola, stillborn 22 August 1898 Margarete Carola Wilhelmine. Married Prince Friedrich of Hohenzollern. Maria Alix Luitpolda. Married Franz Joseph, Prince of Hohenzollern-Emden. Anna Monika Pia. Married firstly Archduke Joseph Franz of Austria and secondly Reginald Kazanjian, their two eldest sons, Friedrich August and Friedrich Christian were born in the same year, 1893, but were not twins. Friedrich August was born in January; when standing in uniform on a station platform, a lady asked him to move her trunk. He is reported to have replied, "Madam, I am not a porter.
When the German Republic was proclaimed in 1918, he was asked by telephone whether he would abdicate willingly. He said: "Oh, well, I suppose I'd better." Upon abdicating, he is supposed to have said "Nu da machd doch eiern Drägg alleene!", but there is no documentation of this. When cheered by a crowd in a railroad station several years after his abdication, he stuck his head out of the train's window and shouted "Ihr seid mer ja scheene Demogradn!". Saxony:Grand Master of the Order of the Rue Crown Grand Master of the Military Order of St. Henry Grand Master of the Albert Order Grand Master of the Civil Order of Saxony Saxon Service Order, 1st class Bavaria: Knight of the Order of St. Hubert Grand Cross of the Military Order of Max Joseph Prussia: Knight of the Order of the Black Eagle Pour le Mérite Iron Cross, 1st and 2nd class Austria-Hungary: Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in 1889. Grand Cross of the Military Order of Maria Theresa Belgium: Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold in 1843.
Kingdom of Bulgaria: Grand Cross of the Order of Saints Cyril and Methodius Sovereign Military Order of Malta: Bailiff Grand Cross of the Honour and Devotion Russian Empire: Knight of the Order of St. Andrew the Apostle the First-Called Order of Saint Alexander Nevsky Sweden: Knight of the Order of the Seraphim in 1910. Frederick Augustus III of Saxony, ThePeerage.com
Princess Anna of Saxony (1903–1976)
Princess Anna Monika Pia of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony was the seventh and youngest child of Frederick Augustus III of Saxony and his wife Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany and a younger sister of both Georg, Crown Prince of Saxony, Friedrich Christian, Margrave of Meissen. While pregnant with Anna, her mother Luise left Saxony on 9 December 1902 without her children. Anna was born in Lindau, during her parents' separation. Anna married Archduke Joseph Francis of Austria, eldest son of Archduke Joseph August of Austria and his wife Princess Auguste Maria of Bavaria, on 4 October 1924 at Schloss Sibyllenort in Sibyllenort, Germany. Anna and Joseph Francis had eight children: Archduchess Margarethe of Austria Archduchess Ilona of Austria married Georg Alexander, Duke of Mecklenburg Archduchess Anna-Theresia Gabriella of Austria Archduke Joseph Árpád of Austria Archduke István Dominik Anton Umberto of Austria Archduchess Maria Kynga Beatrix of Austria Archduke Géza Ladislaus of Austria Archduke Michael Koloman of Austria Fifteen years after the death of Joseph Francis in Carcavelos, Portugal,on 25 September 1957, Anna married Reginald Kazanjian in a civil ceremony on 28 July 1972 in Geneva, in a religious ceremony on 9 September 1972 in Veyrier, Switzerland.
She died in Munich, aged 72. 4 May 1903 – 4 October 1924: Her Royal Highness Princess Anna of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony 4 October 1924 – 28 July 1972: Her Imperial and Royal Highness Archduchess Anna Monika of Austria, Princess of Hungary and Bohemia and Duchess of Saxony 28 July 1972 – 8 February 1976: Her Royal Highness Princess Anna of Saxony, Duchess of Saxony