Archduke Maximilian Francis of Austria was Elector of Cologne, Grand Master of the Teutonic Knights. He was the youngest child of the Habsburg ruler of Austria, Maria Theresa, her husband, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, for whom he was named, his siblings included emperors Joseph II and Leopold II, the Sicilian queen Maria Carolina, the French queen Marie Antoinette. He was the last functioning Elector of Cologne and the second employer and patron of the young Ludwig van Beethoven. Maximilian Francis was born in the Hofburg Vienna. In 1780, he succeeded his uncle Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine as Hochmeister of the Deutscher Orden. In 1784, he became Elector of Cologne, living in the Electoral residence at Bonn, he remained in that office until his death in exile. In his capacity as chancellor of the Holy Roman Empire for Italy and as the Pope's deputy he crowned as Emperor in Frankfurt first his brother Leopold II in 1790, in 1792 his nephew Francis II. At the same time as he became Elector of Cologne, Maximilian Francis was elected to the related Bishopric of Münster and held court in Bonn, as the Archbishop-Electors of Cologne had been forced to do since the late Middle Ages.
A keen patron of music, Maximilian Francis maintained a court musical establishment in which Beethoven's father was a tenor, thus playing an important role in the son's early career as a member of the same musical body of which his grandfather named Ludwig van Beethoven, had been Kapellmeister. The court organist, Christian Gottlob Neefe, was teacher. Recognising his young pupil's gift both as a performer and as a composer, Neefe brought Beethoven to the court, advising Maximilian Francis to appoint him as assistant organist. Maximilian Francis, recognised the extraordinary abilities of the young Beethoven. In 1787, he gave Beethoven leave to visit Vienna to become a pupil of Mozart, but the visit was cut short by news of the last illness of Beethoven's mother, evidence is lacking for any contact with Mozart. In 1792, the Redoute was opened. Beethoven played in the orchestra. After a concert given there in the presence of Joseph Haydn, another visit for studies in Vienna was planned. Beethoven went on full salary to Vienna to study with Antonio Salieri and others.
The Elector maintained an interest in the young Beethoven's progress, several reports from Haydn to Maximilian detailing it are extant. The prince anticipated that Beethoven would return to Bonn and continue working for him, but due to the subsequent political and military situation his subject never returned, choosing to pursue a career in Vienna. Maximilian Francis's rule over most of the Electorate ended in 1794, when his domains were overrun by the troops of Revolutionary France. During the French Revolutionary Wars and Bonn were both occupied by the French army in the second half of 1794; as the French approached, Maximilian Francis left Bonn, as it turned out never to return, his territories on the left bank of the Rhine passed to France under the terms of the Treaty of Lunéville. The Archbishop's court ceased to exist. Although Maximilian Francis still retained his territories on the right bank of the Rhine, including Münster and the Duchy of Westphalia, the Elector, grotesquely corpulent and plagued by ill health, took up residence in Vienna after the loss of his capital and remained there until his death at the age of 45, at Hetzendorf Palace in 1801.
The dismantling of the court made Beethoven's relocation to Vienna permanent, his stipend was terminated. Beethoven planned to dedicate his First Symphony to his former patron, but the latter died before it was completed; the Electorate of Cologne was secularised in the course of the German mediatisation of 1802–1803. "Who Died? The Funeral March in Beethoven’s Eroica Symphony" The Musical Quarterly Summer 2007. Accessed 2 October 2008. Media related to Archduke Maximilian Franz of Austria at Wikimedia Commons
Italian Rotors Industries Srl was an Italian aircraft manufacturer based in Aprilia, Lazio. The company specialized in the design and manufacture of helicopters in the form ready-to-fly aircraft; the firm was a società an Italian limited liability company. The company seems to have been founded about 2013 and went out of business in June 2016; the organization produced all based upon the same general design. The IRI T22B is powered by an American-made four-cylinder, air-cooled, four stroke 160 hp Lycoming O-320-B2C aircraft engine; the IRI T23B employs the 180 hp Lycoming O-360-A2J powerplant. The IRI T250A is powered by a 250 hp PBS TS 100 turboshaft engine made by PBS Velká Bíteš of the Czech Republic. Reviewer Werner Pfaendler, described the company's helicopter designs as "elegant". Summary of aircraft built by IRI: IRI T22B IRI T23B IRI T250A Company website archives on Archive.org
The United Nations Information Center Washington is one of the United Nations Information Centers located in Washington, D. C. that provides service to the United States. UNIC Washington serves as the main point of contact for engagement between the United Nations and the United States Government, as well as American civil society, media and youth. UNIC Washington works to link the work of the United Nations with people of the United States, it does this by providing reliable up-to-date information about the work of the organization and its subsidiary bodies to journalists, government officials, civil society representatives, students and researchers. It provides the following services: In order to fulfill its mandate, UNIC Washington maintains contact with media outlets across the United States in order to disseminate information about United Nations affairs via press materials and newsletters, it works to feature articles and opinion editorials about the United nations in national media. It arranges interviews and organizes press conferences and briefings about the work of the United Nations.
UNIC Washington works to bring awareness of international observances to the American public. It does this by participating in observances of many international days and decades of the United Nations, it participates in these events by hosting presentations involving national or local dignitaries, seminars, educational programs, sporting events, musical performances. These events help stimulate interest in United Nations activities and programs by the American public, as well as promote awareness of and action upon, important political, cultural, humanitarian or human rights issues championed by the organization. In its efforts to strengthen United Nations-United States relations, UNIC Washington provides assistance to United Nations officials who are visiting Washington on official business, it does this by arranging meetings between high-ranking officials, ensure visiting United Nations officials are put together with the policy leaders in Washington that follow their issues briefing United Nations officials on current issues under discussion in Washington, monitoring media coverage and putting United Nations officials in touch with members of the media covering specific issues of interest.
UNIC Washington helps increase public awareness for the goals of the United Nations by bringing its campaigns to the attention of the American public. The following are some of its current and past campaigns: The "StandUp4HumanRights" campaign is run by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights that aims to uphold the values of peace and inclusion espoused in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, it advocates for individual action to uphold basic human rights, as well as for practical solutions to fear and injustice. It puts pressure on the world's governments to protect the rights of all their citizens and in line with international law; the "TOGETHER" campaign is run by the United Nations and aims to change negative perceptions and attitudes towards refugees and migrants. It aims to strengthen the social contract between host countries and communities, refugees and migrants, it was launched in September 2016 and was welcomed unanimously by all 193 United Nations Member States, who committed to implementing the campaign in the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants.
Started in 2006 just prior to the World Humanitarian Summit in Istanbul, the "Impossible Choices" campaign is run by the United Nations and aims to rally people and governments to take action against human loss and suffering. The campaign includes an interactive story that puts users in the shoes of refugees and requires them to make decisions that a refugee might have to in real life, it calls for the implementation of Secertary-General Ban Ki-moon's "Agenda for Humanity," which included five core areas for action: To end and prevent conflict. To respect rules of war. To leave no one behind. To work differently to end need. To invest in humanity; the "Year of Living Sustainably" campaign is run by the United Nations to provide a forum for the sharing of information and tips on leading a sustainable lifestyle. It advocates for the successful implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals. Past activities of the campaign include: A cleanup of the East River near United Nations Headquarters.
The "Be the Change" week held at Headquarters, in which staff were encouraged to live more sustainably by changing their consumption patterns. As part of the "Be the Change" week, getting a group of restaurants near Headquarters to allow customers to bring, use, their own containers for food and drinks; the "Free & Equal" campaign is run by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights that aims to increase public education on LGBTQ+ equality globally. It hopes to raise awareness of homophobic and transphobic violence and discrimination, promote greater respect for the rights of LGBTQ+ people everywhere. UNIC Washington is part of an international system of information centers set up by the United Nations that operates in over 130 countries via 63 different centers; these centers are run by the Department of Global Communications, work to disseminate information about the United Nations to the global public. They aim to do this via the translation of materials into local languages, the engagement of local opinion-makers and by placing op-ed articles by senior United Nations officials in the local media.
The centers serve as one of the main vehicles through which the United Nations hopes to tells its story to the world. Official website
Marcus Allen Coolidge was a Democratic United States Senator representing Massachusetts from March 4, 1931 to January 3, 1937. Coolidge was born in Westminster, son of Frederick Spaulding Coolidge. Through his father, he was descended from both John Coolidge and Thomas Hastings who came from the East Anglia region of England to the Massachusetts Bay Colony, in 1630 and 1634 respectively. After attending public schools and Bryant & Stratton Commercial College at its former Boston, Massachusetts campus, Coolidge worked with his father's company in manufacturing chairs and rattan, he worked in the contracting business, building street railways, water works, bridges. In 1916, Coolidge was elected mayor of Massachusetts. In 1919, President Woodrow Wilson appointed Coolidge as special envoy to Poland to represent the Peace Commission, he became chairman of the Democratic state convention in 1920. That year he was defeated for lieutenant governor by Republican Congressman Alvan T. Fuller. Coolidge served as trustee and president of the Cushing Academy at Ashburnham, Massachusetts.
After being elected to the United States Senate in 1930, Coolidge served as chairman of the Committee on Immigration for the Seventy-third and Seventy-fourth Congresses, but was not a candidate for renomination in 1936. After leaving the Senate, Coolidge returned to his former business pursuits, he died at St. Francis Hospital in Miami Beach, Florida in 1947, aged 81, is interred at Mount Pleasant Cemetery in Westminster, Massachusetts, he donated substantial land to the city of Fitchburg for a recreational park located in the north section. The park bearing his last name is the largest in the city and bears an engraved stone memorializing his notable activities and public contributions, he was a "distant relative" of former Massachusetts Governor and President of the United States Calvin Coolidge. Coolidge was the father in law of Secretary of War Harry Hines Woodring and Mayor Robert E. Greenwood of Fitchburg, Massachusetts. United States Congress. "Marcus A. Coolidge". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
Descendants of Thomas Hastings website Descendants of Thomas Hastings on Facebook
Wrexham is a constituency of the National Assembly for Wales. It elects one Assembly Member by the first past the post method of election. However, it is one of nine constituencies in the North Wales electoral region, which elects four additional members, in addition to nine constituency members, to produce a degree of proportional representation for the region as a whole; the constituency was created for the first election to the Assembly, in 1999, with the name and boundaries of the Wrexham Westminster constituency. It is within the preserved county of Clwyd; as created in 1999, the North Wales region includes the constituencies of Alyn and Deeside, Clwyd West, Clwyd South, Delyn, Vale of Clwyd and Ynys Môn. For the 2007 Assembly election the region will include Aberconwy and Deeside, Clwyd South, Clwyd West, Vale of Clwyd and Ynys Môn; the constituency of Wrexham is divided into the electoral divisions: Acton, Borras Park, Cartrefle, Garden Village, Gresford East and West, Gwersyllt East and South, Gwersyllt North, Gwersyllt West, Holt, Little Acton, Maesydre and Hoseley, Queensway, Rossett, Stansty, Wynnstay In general elections for the National Assembly for Wales, each voter has two votes.
The first vote may be used to vote for a candidate to become the Assembly Member for the voter's constituency, elected by the first past the post system. The second vote may be used to vote for a regional closed party list of candidates. Additional member seats are allocated from the lists by the d'Hondt method, with constituency results being taken into account in the allocation. North Wales National Assembly for Wales constituencies and electoral regions Wrexham
The Queensway Government Office Building is a skyscraper located in the Admiralty district of Hong Kong. The tower rises 199 metres in height; the building was completed in 1985. It was designed by Mr K. M. Tseng of the Architectural Services Department; the Queensway Government Offices, which stands as the 54th-tallest building in Hong Kong, is composed of commercial office space. The roof of the Queensway Government Office Building is adorned with a dragon logo, the symbol of Hong Kong; the site of the office building was part of the larger Victoria Barracks site, transferred from the British Forces to the Hong Kong Government for redevelopment. The Victoria Barracks Planning Committee proposed building a "large secretariat building" in the vicinity of Flagstaff House, but the government instead decided to build a courthouse and the government office building on Queensway. Food and Environmental Hygiene DepartmentFormer agencies: Civil Aviation Department – now located at Hong Kong International Airport List of tallest buildings in Hong Kong Media related to Queensway Government Offices at Wikimedia Commons