City of Brisbane
The City of Brisbane is a local government area that has jurisdiction over the inner portion of the metropolitan area of Brisbane, the capital of Queensland, Australia. Brisbane is located in the county of Stanley and is the largest city followed by Ipswich with bounds in part of the county. Unlike LGAs in the other mainland state capitals, which are responsible only for the central business districts and inner neighbourhoods of those cities, the City of Brisbane administers a significant portion of the Brisbane metropolitan area, serving half of the population of the Brisbane Greater Capital City Statistical Area; as such, it has a larger population than any other local government area in Australia. The City of Brisbane was the first Australian LGA to reach a population of more than one million, its population is equivalent to the populations of Tasmania, the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory combined. In 2016–2017, the council administers a budget of over $3 billion, by far the largest budget of any LGA in Australia.
The City derives from cities and shires that merged in 1925. The main offices and Central Library of the Council are at 266 George Street known as Brisbane Square. Brisbane City Hall houses the Council Chamber, the offices of the Lord Mayor and Deputy Mayor and reception rooms and the Museum of Brisbane; as of the election on 19 March 2016, the twenty-six wards, their councillors and their party affiliations were: The City of Brisbane includes the following settlements: Total: 19 Total: 48 Total: 54 Total: 28 Total: 43 Total: 4 The Government of Queensland created the City of Brisbane with a view to uniting the Brisbane metropolitan area under a single planning and governance structure. The City of Brisbane Act 1924 received assent from the Governor on 30 October 1924. On 1 October 1925, 20 local government areas of various sizes were abolished and merged into the new city, namely: Cities: Brisbane South Brisbane Towns: Hamilton Ithaca Sandgate Toowong Windsor Wynnum Shires: Balmoral Belmont Coorparoo Enoggera Kedron Moggill Sherwood Stephens Taringa Tingalpa Toombul YeerongpillyThe Council assumed responsibility for several quasi-autonomous government authorities, such as the Brisbane Tramways Trust.
The Brisbane City Council maintains the Brisbane Local Heritage Register, a list of nominated sites that satisfy the Council's heritage criteria. The City of Brisbane is governed by the Brisbane City Council, the largest local council in Australia; the Brisbane City Council has its power divided between a Lord Mayor, a parliamentary-style council of twenty-six councillors representing single-member wards of 23,000 voters, a Civic Cabinet comprising the Lord Mayor, the Deputy Mayor and the chairpersons of the seven standing committees drawn from the membership of Council. Due to the City of Brisbane's status as the country's largest LGA, the Lord Mayor is elected by the largest single-member electorate in Australia. Like all mayors in Queensland, he has broad executive power; the seven standing committees of Council are: City Planning Committee Environment and Sustainability Committee Establishment and Coordination Committee Field Services Committee Finance and Economic Development Committee Infrastructure Committee Lifestyle and Community Services Committee Public and Active Transport CommitteeFollowing local government elections on 28 April 2012, the Lord Mayor and 18 councillors are members of the Liberal National Party while 7 are from the Labor Party with 1 independent.
Graham Quirk of the LNP, was elected Lord Mayor in his own right on 28 April 2012 after having been appointed to the Lord Mayoralty in April 2011 when Campbell Newman resigned to make an successful bid to become Premier of Queensland. His Deputy Mayor was Adrian Schrinner of the LNP; the day-to-day management of Council's operations is the responsibility of the chief executive officer, Colin Jensen. Elections are held every four years with ballots for the Lord Mayoralty and the individual councillors being held simultaneously. Voting is compulsory for all eligible electors; the election in March 2004 resulted in the unusual situation of Liberal Lord Mayor Campbell Newman co-existing with a Labor majority on Council and a Labor Deputy Mayor, though this resulted in remarkably few conflicts over civic budgets and Council policy. The LNP gained a 5.5% swing on the councillor votes in the March 2008 election, resulting in the Liberals taking control of the council as well. Graham Quirk won re-election as Lord Mayor in 2012 with 61.94% of the vote and the LNP gained an additional 3 wards.
The last election was held on 19 March 2016. Lord Mayor Graham Quirk defeated Labor's candidate Rod Harding. Following Quirk's resignation in March 2019, Adrian Schrinner was selected as Lord Mayor; the Brisbane City Council is incorporated under the City of Brisbane Act 1924, while other local governments in Queensland are governed by the Local Government Act 1993. Council meetings are held at Level 2, City Hall, 64 Adelaide Street, Brisbane City every Tuesday at 2pm except during recess and holiday periods; this temporary venue is in use due to the restoration work being performed on the traditional venue Brisbane City Hall. Meetings are open to the public. Brisbane City Council aims to be carbon neutral by 2026 via the reduction of emissions and carbon offsetting; the motto of the City of Brisbane is Meliora sequimur, Latin. The
Aspley is a suburb of the City of Brisbane, Australia. It is located about 13 kilometres north and about a half-hour drive north of the Brisbane central business district, it is positioned on flat ground south of Cabbage Tree Creek, centred on Little Cabbage Tree Creek and on the surrounding hills to the east and south. Prior to European settlement, Australian aborigines of the Duke of York clan lived in the local area, though their main camping ground was further south in the suburb now known as Herston; the Duke of York clan was part of the Turrbal tribe who occupied the area north from Logan River, south of the North Pine River, east of Moggill Creek to Moreton Bay. Soon after Brisbane was declared a free settlement in 1842, Europeans began exploring the lands north of Brisbane City. A northern route followed aboriginal tracks through what is now Kelvin Grove, Everton Hills, Albany Creek onto North Pine; this route is still known as" ` Old Northern Road"' in places. Another aboriginal track branching eastward from the Old Northern Road at the South Pine River crossed towards Little Cabbage Tree Creek and continued towards Downfall Creek.
This track is now known as "Albany Creek Road" and "Gympie Road". Albany Creek Road was known as "Chinaman Creek Road" before 1888. In 1857 the first land sales in the area east of the Old Northern Road and South Pine River begin under the control of New South Wales; the land was sold for farming and comprised the land around Cabbage Tree Creek, bordered by what is now Zillmere Road, Roghan Road, Bridgeman Road and the northerly continuation of Kirby Road, covering what is now Aspley and Fitzgibbon. The land parcels east of what is now Hawbridge Street and Lacey Road were purchased by William John Ward; the western land parcels were not sold. These land parcels were bordered by what is now Graham Road, Roghan Road, Hawbridge Street/Lacey Road and Bridgeman Road, were subsequently subdivided into smaller land parcels and sold; this area is now known as Carseldine. After the separation of Queensland from New South Wales in 1859, subsequent subdivisions were much smaller. In the following 5 years, land parcels south of Zillmere Road/Graham Road in what is now recognised as Aspley began.
In 1865, subdivisions west of what is now Maundrell Terrace were sold at the Brisbane Land Sales. In 1866, subdivisions between what is now Gympie Road, Maundrell Terrace and Webster Road were auctioned; the subdivisions were named "Soldier's Flat". The area was known as "Little Cabbage Tree Creek District"; the immigrants were of English and German ancestry. During the 1860s James and John Castledean, who owned land and a general store in the Bald Hills District, pushed a direct track from Bald Hills through to what is now the intersection of Gympie Road and Albany Creek Road. In late October 1867 gold was discovered in Queensland. By this time, a road from Brisbane City to Kedron Brook had been completed with the Bowen Bridge opened in 1860, permitting the northern track along Gympie Road and Albany Creek Road to be used as an alternate route to the Old Northern Road. However, neither road was of good quality. On 8 May 1868 the Government announced that it had allocated 2700 pounds to construct a trafficable, more direct, road to the Gympie goldfields.
The new road came through Kedron Brook, Downfall Creek, Little Cabbage Tree Creek before heading to Bald Hills and North Pine. This road is now known as Gympie Road and travels a route different from the original aboriginal track. With increased traffic on Gympie Road, the Royal Exchange Hotel was established in 1875 opposite the intersection of Gympie Road and Albany Creek Road, it operated as a general store for a while with Cobb and Co coaches passing on their way to the Gympie goldfields. In 1934, a second building was built south of the original hotel; the new building was called the "Aspley Hotel". In the early 1870s, a vineyard was established by the Morris family on their property bounded by Maundrell Terrace, Gympie Road and Terrence Street, it was named the "Aspley Vineyard", after "Aspley Hall" in England. The vineyard operated for over twenty years. In 1897, Little Cabbage Tree Creek District was renamed Aspley. In the latter part of the 19th century, Aspley was a farming district. Additional industries were established to support the farming industry.
In the 1880s, John Smith Booth established a bone mill and sawmill on Little Cabbage Tree Creek and Albany Creek Road. It relocated to the current location of the former Aspley Acres Caravan Park and closed in 1932. In 1888, Huttons Pty Ltd established a meat processing plant in nearby suburb Zillmere, it contributed to the local economy of Aspley, providing an alternative employment for farmers during poor seasons. A blacksmith operated on the northern corner of Albany Creek Road until the 1920s. Several slaughter houses operated along Little Cabbage Tree Creek. After World War I and into the 1920s, Aspley experienced some growth in the number of businesses present in the district. Griffiths Sweet Factory operated on Gympie Road between 1950 after shifting from Windsor. Hedges Dripping Factory operated near the reservoir on Lawrence Road. A brickworks was established by the Granville family on Brickfield Road during the 1930s. In 1912 the Kedron Omnibus company was formed by locals and ran local services to Wooloowin Station after previous services were cancelled as an aftermath of the 1912 transport strike.
In 1918 the local community hall was built on Gympie Road. A year movies were presented inside the hall. In 1950 the hall was sold to become St Pauls Church. Aspley East State School was opened on 29 January 1963. In
Bald Hills, Queensland
Bald Hills is the northernmost suburb of the City of Brisbane, Australia. At the 2016 census the suburb recorded a population of 6,502. Bald Hills is a residential suburb, it is surrounded by bushland, but in the last few years some of the bush areas have been cleared to make way for new residential areas. It borders onto the Bald Hills Flats – a large flood plain on the western side of the suburb, used for cattle grazing; the South Pine River forms the western border of the suburb. The South Pine River converges with the North Pine River and the combined flow, Pine River, forms the northern border. Along the banks of Pine River within Bald Hills is a large environmental park called the Tinchi Tamba Wetlands Reserve; the Pine River empties between Redcliffe and Brighton. In the 2011 census, Bald Hills recorded a population of 5,965 people, 48.7 % male. The median age of the Bald Hills population was 35 years of age, 2 years below the Australian median. 79.1% of people living in Bald Hills were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%.
88.8% of people spoke only English at home. The suburb is named after the two small hills in the South Pine River Valley floor; the first land sales in the area occurred in 1857. Land sales around the Bald Hills railway station were advertised in April 1886. At the time the journey from Brisbane was described as "after travelling across the Downfall and Cabbage Tree Creeks, the traveller arrives at a long stretch of road, at the extremity of which rises a lofty knoll, round the brow of which the road winds, when the Bald Hills are reached". Bald Hills State School opened on 24 September 1866. Bald Hills has a number of heritage-listed sites, including: 99 Kluver Street: Bald Hills Radiator 34 Strathpine Road: Hoop Pines 56 Strathpine Road: Bald Hills Presbyterian Church The most prominent structure is the Bald Hills Radiator, the ABC's 198 metre tall AM radio transmission tower located on the eastern side of the suburb. Bald Hills is the home of the Bald Hills-Lawnton Lions Cricket Club, as well as Ridge Hills United Football Club.
There are two schools in the suburb, Bald Hills State School, a state primary school and St Paul's School, an Anglican co-educational private school from Prep to Year 12. Bald Hills Primary School began teaching students in 1866 making it the fourth school to open in the state. Bald Hills is home to the breeding and training centre for Guide Dogs for the Blind Association of Queensland. Bald Hills railway station provides access to regular Queensland Rail City network services to Brisbane and Springfield Central, as well as Kippa-Ring. There are many buses serving the area; the suburb is crossed by the northern end of the Gateway Motorway. The southern end of the Bruce Highway is located here as well. Bald Hills: Queensland Places Bald Hills State School website "Bald Hills". BRISbites. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. "Bald Hills". Our Brisbane. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 20 February 2008. Sandgate cemetery, Bracken Ridge Bald Hills State School "Local History - Bald Hills".
Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 6 May 2009
Coopers Plains, Queensland
Coopers Plains is an outer suburb of Brisbane, Australia. It is 11 kilometres south-west of the CBD; the suburb is home to the Queen Elizabeth II Jubilee Hospital. The locality was called Cowper's Plains, it was named by John Oxley after Dr Henry Cowper, Assistant Surgeon-in-Charge at the Moreton Bay Settlement from 1823 to 1832. A convict settlement was established at Cowper's Plains in 1828; the name was corrupted and by 1860 the area was known as Cooper's Plains. By 1877 it was known as Coopers Plains; the first post office opened in 1876. Coopers Plains remained rural until the 1940s; the United States Army built a barracks adjacent to the railway station 1942, which after the war became the Australian Army's Damour Barracks. The Coopers Plains Library opened in 1979 with a major refurbishment in 2014. In the 2011 census the population of Coopers Plains was 4,208, 49% female and 51% male; the median age of the Coopers Plains population was 34 years of age, three years below the Australian median.
57% of people living in Coopers Plains were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 69.8%. The other top responses for country of birth were India 6.2%, China 5.3%, New Zealand 2.9%, Philippines 2.2%, England 2.1%. 61.9% of people spoke only English at home. The most popular religious affiliation was "no religion", followed by Catholic and Anglican. Coopers Plains railway station on the South Coast railway line opened in 1885. There are several bus routes running through Coopers Plains – 120, 135, 123, 598 and 599, 124 and 125. Coopers Plains is in close proximity to the Griffith University Nathan Campus; the Health and Food Sciences Precinct, at the Queensland Health Forensic and Scientific Services campus, was opened in 2010, would include the Queensland Centre for Emerging Infectious Diseases. The precinct is a research facility for the Queensland Department of Agriculture and Forestry, CSIRO, Queensland University through the Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation.
The Brisbane City Council operate a public library at 107 Orange Grove Road. Queensland Places: Coopers Plains Coopers Plains Local History Group Coopers Plains Community Profile Parks in Coopers Plains
God's Acre Cemetery
God's Acre Cemetery is a heritage-listed cemetery in front of Archerfield Airport, along Beatty Road, between Kerry & Mortimer Roads, Brisbane, Australia. It is known as Grenier's Burial Ground, Coopers Plains Cemetery and Oxley Cemetery, God's Acre Cemetery was established in 1859 by Thomas Grenier as a burial place when his son Volney Grenier, aged 16, was killed in a fall from his horse. Yeerongpilly Shire Council took control of the cemetery in 1924, subsequently Brisbane City Council in 1925; the cemetery was surrounded by the Archerfield Airport from the late 1920s. The Federal Airports Corporation now is leased by the Brisbane City Council. God's Acre Cemetery is listed on the Brisbane Heritage Register. Media related to God's Acre Cemetery at Wikimedia Commons Gods Acre Cemetery Monument Australia Photos of headstones in the cemetery
Census in Australia
The census in Australia, or the Census of Population and Housing, collects key characteristic data on every person in Australia, the place they are staying in, on a particular night. The census is the largest statistical collection compiled by the Australian Bureau of Statistics and is held every five years. Participation in the census is compulsory; the Australian Bureau of Statistics is legislated to collect and disseminate census data under the Australian Bureau of Statistics Act 1975, the Census and Statistics Act 1905. The first Australian census was held in 1911, on the night of 2 April and subsequent censuses were held in 1921, 1933, 1947, 1954 and 1961. In 1961 the five-year period was introduced. Censuses are held on the second Tuesday of August; the most recent was held on 9 August 2016 at a cost of $440 million. The census counts all people who are located within Australia and its external and internal territories, with the exception of foreign diplomats and their families, on census night.
For the first time, in 2016 Norfolk Island was included in the Australian census rather than being conducted by the Norfolk Island Government. The census examines data such as age, incomes, dwelling types and occupancy, transportation modes, languages spoken, religion; the census is collected and published against geographic areas defined by the Australian Standard Geographical Classification. The ASGC provides a set of geographic classifications for the dissemination of all ABS statistics. In 2007 the ABS published; the primary aim of mesh blocks is to provide a building block for constructing alternative and more relevant geographies. Only data on total persons and total dwellings is released at the mesh block level. Mesh blocks will form the basis of a new statistical geography, the Australian Statistical Geography Standard; the traditional concept of a Collection District is that it was the area that one census collector can cover in about a ten-day period. In the 2001 census, collectors may be allocated more than one urban collection district because of their size.
In urban areas collection districts average about 220 dwellings. In rural areas the number of dwellings per collection district reduces as population densities decrease. For the 2016 census there were 358,122'mesh blocks' and 57,523 spatial Statistical Area Level 1 regions defined throughout Australia; the Census and Statistics Act 1905 and Privacy Act 1988 guarantee that no personally-identifiable information is released from the ABS to other government organisations, or the public. However the ABS makes confidential census data available to researchers, who must make various legal commitments before being given access. In the 1970s there was public debate about the census. In 1979 the Law Reform Commission reported on the Census. One of the key elements under question was the inclusion of names, it was found. On 18 December 2015, the ABS announced that it will retain name and address data collected in the 2016 census for up to four years; this was an increase from 18 months in the 2011 censuses.
From 1971 to 1996 the ABS had a policy of destruction of the original census forms and their electronic representations, as well as field records. Prior to that it appears there was no explicit policy of destruction, but most material had been destroyed because of lack of storage facilities; however the 2001 census offered, for the first time, an option to have personal data archived by the National Archives of Australia and released to the public 99 years and in 2001 54% of Australians agreed to do so. Indigenous Australians in contact with the colonists were enumerated at many of the colonial censuses; when the Federation of Australia occurred in 1901, the new Constitution contained a provision, which said: "In reckoning the numbers of the people of the Commonwealth, or of a State or other part of the Commonwealth, aboriginal natives shall not be counted." In 1967, a referendum was held which approved two amendments to the Australian constitution relating to indigenous Australians. The second of the two amendments deleted Section 127 from the Constitution.
It was believed at the time of the referendum, is still said, that Section 127 meant that aboriginal people were not counted in Commonwealth censuses before 1967. In fact section 127 related to calculating the population of the states and territories for the purpose of allocating seats in Parliament and per capita Commonwealth grants, its purpose was to prevent Queensland and Western Australia using their large aboriginal populations to gain extra seats or extra funds. Thus the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics interpreted Section 127 as meaning that they may enumerate "aboriginal natives" but that they must be excluded from published tabulations of population. Aboriginal people living in settled areas were counted to a greater or lesser extent in all censuses before 1967; the first Commonwealth Statistician, George Handley Knibbs, obtained a legal opinion that "persons of the half blood" or less are not "aboriginal natives" for the purposes of the Constitution. At the first Australian census in 1911 only those "aboriginal natives" living near white settlements were enumerated, the main population tables included only those of half or less aboriginal descent.
Details of "half-caste" (but not "ful
Banyo is a northern suburb of the City of Brisbane, Australia. It is a community split between residential and industrial land usage, the latter being attracted by the accessibility of local transport, including the Gateway Motorway. Banyo and the neighbouring suburb Nudgee, with which it is intertwined in many respects, are both rich in local history; this history includes the recent preservation of an Aboriginal Bora Ring. The areas of Nudgee and Nudgee Beach border on the Boondall Wetlands, protected by the Brisbane City Council. Banyo has vastly increased the number of its business and industrial parks in recent years due to its close proximity to Brisbane Airport and the nearby Port of Brisbane. Nudgee Road is progressively becoming a commercial hub due to its connection to the Gateway Motorway, with a large service centre and petrol station and with new industrial grounds under construction overlooking the motorway itself; the Australian Catholic University chose to establish its Brisbane campus on the site of the former Pius XII Seminary, which boosted the housing market within Banyo.
A new residential estate,'Couture', has been developed on the site of an old Army depot lying adjacent to the Golden Circle cannery based in next-door Northgate. Another new residential estate,'Vitale' has recently been constructed nearby. Banyo's commercial centre has been enhanced following a Brisbane City Council Suburban Community Improvement Project; the Banyo Library opened in 1981 with a major refurbishment in 2009. In the 2016 census, Banyo recorded a population of 5,868 people, 50.3 % male. The median age of the Banyo population was 37 years of age. 72.2% of people living in Banyo were born in Australia, compared to the national average of 66.7%. 81.8% of people spoke only English at home. Banyo railway station provides access to regular Queensland Rail City network services to Brisbane and Shorncliffe; the 306 bus service operated by Brisbane Transport goes to the Cultural Centre via Fortitude Valley. Banyo station has undergone an upgrade; the upgrade included restoring the 100-year-old station building, toilet upgrade and improved station furniture and signage, fresh painting and station cleaning.
The Australian Catholic University operates a free bus for students that runs from Toombul to the university via Northgate station and another bus between the university and Westfield Chermside. The Brisbane City Council operates a public library at 284 St Vincents Road. Despite its name, the Virginia Golf Club is located at Banyo. Supercars team Triple Eight Race Engineering is based in Banyo. University of Queensland: Queensland Places: Banyo "Banyo". BRISbites. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 20 July 2008. "Banyo". Our Brisbane. Brisbane City Council. Archived from the original on 22 February 2008