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Archibald Hill

Archibald Vivian Hill, known as A. V. Hill, was an English physiologist, one of the founders of the diverse disciplines of biophysics and operations research, he shared the 1922 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his elucidation of the production of heat and mechanical work in muscles. Born in Bristol, he was educated at Blundell's School and graduated from Trinity College, Cambridge as third wrangler in the mathematics tripos before turning to physiology. While still an undergraduate at Trinity College, he derived in 1909 what came to be known as the Langmuir equation; this is related to Michaelis-Menten kinetics. In this paper, Hill's first publication, he derived both the equilibrium form of the Langmuir equation, the exponential approach to equilibrium; the paper, written under the supervision of John Newport Langley, is a landmark in the history of receptor theory, because the context for the derivation was the binding of nicotine and curare to the "receptive substance" at the neuromuscular junction.

Hill made many exacting measurements of the heat released when skeletal muscles relax. A key finding was that heat is produced during contraction, which requires investment of chemical energy, but not during relaxation, passive, his earliest measurements used equipment left behind by the Swedish physiologist Magnus Blix, Hill measured a temperature rise of only 0.003 °C. After publication he learned that German physiologists had reported on heat and muscle contraction and he went to Germany to learn more about their work, he continually improved his apparatus to make it more sensitive and to reduce the time lag between the heat released by the preparation and its recording by his thermocouple. Hill is regarded, along with Hermann Helmholtz, as one of the founders of biophysics. While a student he had enrolled in the Officers Training Course. In 1914, at the outbreak of World War I, Hill because the musketry officer of the Cambridgeshire Regiment; the British made no effort to make use of their scientists.

At the end of 1915, while home on leave he was asked by Horace Darwin from the Ministry of Munitions to come for a day to advise them on how to train anti-aircraft gunners. On site, Hill proposed a simple two mirror method to determine airplane's heights. Transferred to Munitions, he realized that the mirrors could measure where smoke shells burst and if he fit this data with the equations describing a shell's flight they could provide accurate range tables for anti-aircraft guns. To measure and compute he assembled a team of men too old for conscription, Ralph H. Fowler, lads too young for service including Douglas Hartree and Arthur Milne. Someone dubbed his motley group "Hill's Brigands". In the war they worked on locating enemy planes from their sound, he sped between their working sites on his beloved motorcycle. At the end of the war Major Hill issued certificates to more than one hundred Brigands, he was awarded an OBE. Hill returned to Cambridge in 1919 before taking the chair in physiology at the Victoria University of Manchester in 1920 in succession to William Stirling.

Using himself as the subject —he ran every morning from 7:15 to 10:30 — he showed that running a dash relies on energy stores which afterwards are replenished by increased oxygen consumption. Paralleling the work of German Otto Fritz Meyerhof, Hill elucidated the processes whereby mechanical work is produced in muscles; the two shared the 1922 Nobel Prize in Medicine for this work. Hill introduced the concepts of maximal oxygen uptake and oxygen debt in 1922. In 1923 he succeeded Ernest Starling as professor of physiology at University College London, a few years becoming a Royal Society Research professor there, where he remained until retirement in 1951. In 1933, he became with Lord Beveridge and Lord Rutherford a founder member and vice-president of the Academic Assistance Council. By the start of the Second World War, the organisation had saved 900 academics from Nazi persecution, he prominently displayed in his laboratory a toy figure of Adolf Hitler with saluting arm upraised, which he explained was in gratitude for all the scientists Germany had expelled, some of whom were now working with him.

Hill believed that "Laughter is the best detergent for nonsense". In 1935 he served with Patrick Blackett and Sir Henry Tizard on the committee that gave birth to radar, he was biological secretary of the Royal Society. Both had been frustrated by the delay in putting scientists to work in the previous war; the Royal Society collated a list of scientists and Hill represented the Society at the Ministry of Labor. When the war came Hill led a campaign to liberate refugee scientists, interned, he served as an independent Member of Parliament for Cambridge University from 1940 to 1945. In 1940 he was posted to the British Embassy in Washington to promote war research in the still neutral United States, he was authorized to swap secrets with the Americans, but this could not work: how do you place a value on another's secret? Hill persuaded the British to show the Americans everything they were working on; the mobilization of Allied scientist was one of the major successes in the war. After the war he vigorously carried on research.

In 1951 his advocacy was rewarded by the establishment of a Biophysics Department under his leadership. In 1952 he became head of the British Association for the Advancement of Science and Secretary General of th

December (2005 film)

December is a 2005 Indian Malayalam-language film, directed by Ashok R. Nath and produced by Sheril Antony; the film stars Manjulan along with Balachandra Subair in lead roles. The film had musical score by Jassie Gift, it was one of the biggest blockbuster failures of 2005 in the Malayalam film industry, failing to run for over the first week of screening. Manjulan as Dr. Ravi Shankar Balachandra Menon as Dr. Keshava Bhatteri Subair as Shankaranayanan Devan as Issac John Lalu Alex as Stephen Devassy Jijoy Rajagopal as Bony Tharakan Nisha Sarang as Sister Molly Antony Antony Mathew Aparna Pillai as Keerthy Nedumudi Venu Geetha Salam Master Pranav Mithila Nair Mohan Eroor Oduvil Unnikrishnan Shamna Kasim The music was composed by Jassie Gift

Rosemary Murphy

Rosemary Murphy was an American actress of stage and television. She was nominated for three Tony Awards for her stage work, as well as two Emmy Awards for television work, winning once, for her performance in Eleanor and Franklin. Murphy was born in Munich, Germany in 1925, the daughter of American parents Mildred and Robert Daniel Murphy, a diplomat; the family left Germany in 1939 due to the onset of World War II. Murphy, whose résumé came to include French and German films, attended Manhattanville College and trained as an actress at Catholic University of America in Washington, D. C. and in New York at the Neighborhood Playhouse and the Actors Studio with Sanford Meisner before beginning her career on stage. She made her stage debut in a 1949 production of Peer Gynt, she made her Broadway debut in 1950 in The Tower Beyond Tragedy. She went on to appear in some 15 Broadway productions, most in Noël Coward's Waiting in the Wings, she acted in films and on TV, most notably portraying Sara Delano Roosevelt in the TV miniseries Eleanor and Franklin and Eleanor and Franklin: The White House Years.

She played Maudie Atkinson in To Kill a Mockingbird as well as Callie Hacker in Walking Tall. The following year, in 1974, she appeared in the television film A Case of Rape, playing a ruthless defense attorney who brutally cross-examines a rape victim and wins an acquittal for the man who attacked her, her first soap opera role was Nola Hollister #2 on The Secret Storm from 1969-1970. In 1977, she appeared on All My Children as Maureen Teller Dalton, Eric Kane's former mistress, the mother of his son, Mark Dalton. In 1988, she played Loretta Fowler for several months, the kleptomaniac mother of Mitch Blake and Sam Fowler on Another World; the following year, she appeared on As the World Turns as Gretel Aldin #2 when her character's son, James Stenbeck, was murdered. She appeared in episodes of Columbo and Murder, She Wrote. Murphy won an Emmy Award for her role in Franklin, she won a Clarence Derwent Award and an Outer Critics Circle Award and was nominated for two Tony awards. She died on July 5, 2014 from esophageal cancer.

She never married. Rosemary Murphy on IMDb Rosemary Murphy at the University of Wisconsin's Actors Studio audio collection

Katerina Giota

Katerina Giota is a female professional volleyball player from Greece, a member of the Greece women's national volleyball team. At club level, she plays in Hellenic Volley League for Greek powerhouse Olympiacos Piraeus since July 2013. Katerina Giota in 2002 moved with her mother from Russia to Greece at an age of 12 years old and they were established in the Greek city Grevena, where she obtained the hellenic citizenship. From her younger age, she was engaged in swimming, so she continued in Greece, but some day she was spotted by coach Memtsas and was persuaded to try volleyball. In this way she started her rich career in volleyball, to lead her into one of the best central blockers in the history of the certain sport in Greece, thus in 2004 she joined G. S. Grevena, a club of her hometown, where she remained up to 2006 when she removed to 1st division A. S. Aris Thessaloniki. Two more years in Aris until her transfer to G. S. Iraklis Kifisia. With this club Katerina Giota won twice the 3rd place of the Hellenic Championship.

In 2013 Olympiacos managed to convince Katerina Giota to be a member of the Piraeus club, after three failed attempts. Until Giota used to wear her favourite No 13 on her shirt, in every of her previous teams, but in her new club she was told that this number does not exist in any of Olympiacos sport sections, as it represents their hot rivals from Athens. So, Katerina Giota chose the No 1 shirt, kept the No 13 only for the Hellenic National Squad. Since Katerina Giota has won at international level with Olympiacos Piraeus the golden medal of the 2017–18 CEV Women's Challenge Cup, being the best blocker of that competition with 33 winning block points and the silver medal of the 2016–17 CEV Women's Challenge Cup as well. In domestic competitions, Giota has won 6 Hellenic Championships and 6 Hellenic Cups, being all these years a permanent member of her squad as central blocker. In 2006, at the age of 16 Katerina Giota, when she was playing for Aris Thessaloniki, was selected for the Hellenic Junior Women's National team, but her first European appearance took place in the preliminary round of the 2008 Junior Women European Championship.

Since 2010 she is a member of the Hellenic Women's National Team with participation in the preliminary round of the 2011 European Championship, she remains a basic member of the National Squad up to now, having competed in the Mediterranean Games of 2013 and 2018, as well as in any other competition, such as the preliminary rounds of European and World Championships, in the European League and in many friendlies as well. In 2018 Mediterranean Games she won the silver medal as a permanent member of the Hellenic National Team. 2018 Mediterranean Games 2016/2017 CEV Women's Challenge Cup, with Olympiacos S. F. Piraeus 2017/2018 CEV Women's Challenge Cup, with Olympiacos S. F. Piraeus 2013/2014 Hellenic Championship, with Olympiacos Piraeus 2014/2015 Hellenic Championship, with Olympiacos Piraeus 2015/2016 Hellenic Championship, with Olympiacos Piraeus 2016/2017 Hellenic Championship, with Olympiacos Piraeus 2017/2018 Hellenic Championship, with Olympiacos Piraeus 2018/2019 Hellenic Championship, with Olympiacos Piraeus 2013/2014 Hellenic Cup, with Olympiacos Piraeus 2014/2015 Hellenic Cup, with Olympiacos Piraeus 2015/2016 Hellenic Cup, with Olympiacos Piraeus 2016/2017 Hellenic Cup, with Olympiacos Piraeus 2017/2018 Hellenic Cup, with Olympiacos Piraeus 2018/2019 Hellenic Cup, with Olympiacos Piraeus 2015/16 Hellenic Championship - Main period: M.

V. P. 2014/15 Hellenic Championship - Main period: League All stars squad 2012/13 Hellenic Championship - 4th day: M. V. P 2014/15 Hellenic Championship - 21st day: M. V. P 2016/17 Hellenic Championship - 12th day: M. V. P 2017/18 CEV Women's Challenge Cup: Best blocker profile at profile at CEV web site at Olympiacos Women's Volleyball team at Olympiacos official web site Olympiacos Women's Volleyball team roster at CEV web site Hellenic Women National Team - caps profile at

BBC African Footballer of the Year

The BBC African Footballer of the Year is an annual award given to the best African footballer of the year as voted by the BBC radio listeners. Voting is done via online. A sports award, the inaugural winner was Ghana's Abedi Pele in 1992; the only non-footballers to win the award was track and field athlete Frankie Fredericks in 1993, long-distance track and road running athlete Haile Gebrselassie in 1998. The Zambia national football team were posthumous winners of the award in 1994, following the plane crash in the Atlantic Ocean a year previous; the award became centred around football from 2001 onwards, Cameroon's Patrick M'Boma was the last person to win it as a sports award. Nigeria's Nwankwo Kanu and Jay-Jay Okocha, as well as the Ivory Coast's Yaya Touré and Egypt's Mohamed Salah are the only players to win the award more than once, with two wins. African Footballer of the Year BBC African Footballer of the Year at BBC Programmes

Francis Hobler Jnr

Francis Hobler Jnr was a respected attorney and author. He was the son of Charlotte Elizabeth Claudon. Solicitor to the Licensed Victualler's Protection Society, he was Secretary of the Numismatic Society of London and an active member of the Camden Society. A resident of London, Francis Hobler was referred to as Francis Hobler Jnr. given that his father a respected attorney, practised law under the name of Francis Hobler. During his career, Francis Hobler was mentioned in the newspapers of the day; some items that feature cases undertaken by Francis include:'Guildhall. Charge of Assault Against Sir W. White' in the News of the World, 6 April 1851, pg 7.'Bow-Street' in the Daily News, 11 April 1851, page 7.'Charge of Robbery Against Bank Clerk in London' in the Manchester Guardian, 15 April 1851, pg 7.'Dononhue and Smith' in the Daily News, 16 June 1851, pg 7.'Charge of Stealing Meat' in the News of the World, 7 September 1851, pg 7.'Singular Case' in the News of the World, 19 October 1851, pg 5.'Bankrupts to Surrender in Basinghall Street' in the News of the World', 23 November 1851, pg 8.'Queen V. Henry Dimsdale and Others' in the News of the World, 28 November 1851, pg 7.'Serious Charge Against A Publican' in the News of the World, 30 November 1851, pg 4.'Charge of Fraud' in the News of the World, 30 November 1851, pg 7.'Embellishment to the Amount of £500' in the News of the World, 14 December 1851, pg 5.'Charge of Robbing an Employer' in the News of the World, 21 December 1851, pg 7.'Yesterday's Police - Clerkenwell - Extensive Robbery of Plate - the ticket-of-leave system' in the Weekly Dispatch, 10 February 1856, pg 16.'The Police Courts - Clerkenwell' in the Daily News, 11 February 1856, pg 7.

One his most famous cases was the trial of Benjamin Courvoisier in 1840. Benjamin along with theft charges was accused of the murder of Lord William Russell. Francis, as prosecutor, was successful and Benjamin was executed 6 July 1840; as an author, Francis is best known for the following works: Francis. Comprising printed reports of the Court of Common Council and its committees, interleaved with illustrations and printed and manuscript ephemera relating to the visit, including an autograph of the Queen. Compiled by Francis Hobler in 1838. Hobler, Francis. To, added the original text and commentary by F. Hobler, he is buried beside his father and mother in London's Highgate Cemetery, England