SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Arctic Monkeys

Arctic Monkeys are an English rock band formed in Sheffield in 2002. The group consists of Alex Turner, Jamie Cook, Nick O'Malley, Matt Helders. Former band member Andy Nicholson left the band in 2006 shortly after their debut album was released, they have released six studio albums: Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not, Favourite Worst Nightmare, Suck It and See, AM, Tranquility Base Hotel & Casino. Their debut album is the fastest-selling debut album by a band in UK chart history, in 2013, Rolling Stone ranked it the 30th-greatest debut album; the band has won seven Brit Awards, winning both Best British Group and Best British Album three times, has been nominated for five Grammy Awards. They won the Mercury Prize in 2006 for their debut album, in addition to receiving nominations in 2007, 2013, 2018; the band have headlined at the Glastonbury Festival twice, in 2007 and again in 2013. Arctic Monkeys were heralded as one of the first bands to come to public attention via the Internet, with commentators suggesting they represented the possibility of a change in the way in which new bands are promoted and marketed.

The band began rehearsing at Yellow Arch Studios in Neepsend and played its first gig on 13 June 2003 at The Grapes in Sheffield city centre. After a few performances in 2003, the band began to record demos at 2fly studios in Sheffield. 18 songs were demoed in all and the collection, now known as Beneath the Boardwalk, was burned onto CDs to give away at gigs, which were promptly file-shared amongst fans. The name Beneath the Boardwalk originated; the first sender, wanting to classify the demos, named them after where he received them, the Boardwalk. As more demos were spread, they were all classified under this name; this has led to many people falsely believing that Beneath the Boardwalk was an early album, or that the early demos were all released under this title. The group did not mind the distribution, saying "we never made those demos to make money or anything. We were giving them away free anyway –, a better way for people to hear them."When asked about the popularity of the band's MySpace site in an interview with Prefix Magazine, the band said that they were unaware of what it was, that the site had been created by their fans.

The band began to grow in popularity across the north of England, receiving attention from BBC Radio and the British tabloid press. A local amateur photographer, Mark Bull, filmed the band's performances and made the music video "Fake Tales of San Francisco", releasing it on his website, alongside the contents of Beneath the Boardwalk – a collection of the band's songs which he named after a local music venue. In May 2005, Arctic Monkeys released the EP Five Minutes with Arctic Monkeys on their own'Bang Bang' label, featuring the songs "Fake Tales of San Francisco" and "From the Ritz to the Rubble"; this release was limited to 500 CDs and 1,000 7" records, but was available to download from the iTunes Music Store. Soon after, the band played at the Carling Stage of the Reading and Leeds Festivals, reserved for less known or unsigned bands, their appearance was hyped by much of the music press and the band was watched by an unusually large crowd. They were signed to Domino in June 2005; the band said they were attracted to the DIY ethic of Domino owner Laurence Bell, who ran the label from his flat and only signed bands that he liked personally.

The UK's Daily Star reported that this was followed in October by a £1 million publishing deal with EMI and a £725,000 contract with Epic Records for the United States. Arctic Monkeys denied this on their website, dubbing the newspaper "The Daily Stir". However, Domino had licensed the Australian and New Zealand publishing rights to EMI and the Japanese rights to independent label Hostess, their debut single "I Bet You Look Good on the Dancefloor", recorded at Chapel Studios in Lincolnshire, was released on 17 October 2005 and went straight to No. 1 on the UK Singles Chart, beating Sugababes and Robbie Williams. Two weeks previous to this, it made its first appearance on the cover of NME, their second single, "When the Sun Goes Down", released on 16 January 2006 went straight to No. 1 on the UK Singles Chart, selling 38,922 copies and taking over that position from Shayne Ward. The band's success with little marketing or advertising led some to suggest that it could signal a change in how new bands achieve recognition.

The band finished recording their debut album, Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not, at Chapel Studios in Lincolnshire in September 2005 with British record producer Jim Abbiss producing. Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not became the fastest selling debut album in UK chart history, selling 363,735 copies in the first week; this smashed the previous record of 306,631 copies held by Popstars by Hear'Say, sold more copies on its first day alone – 118,501 – than the rest of the Top 20 albums combined. The cover sleeve of Whatever People Say I Am, That's What I'm Not, showing Chris McClure, a friend of the band smoking a cigarette, was criticised by the head of the NHS in Scotland for "reinforcing the idea that smoking is okay"; the image on the CD itself is a shot of an ashtray full of cigarettes. The band's product manager denied the accusation, suggested the opposite – "You can see from the image smoking is not doing him the world of good."The record was released a month in the US on 21 February 2006 and entered at No. 24 on the Billboard album chart after it sold

R. W. Gray

Robert Gray is a Canadian writer and academic. From Prince Rupert, British Columbia, he was educated at the University of Victoria, the University of Manitoba and the University of Alberta, he taught screenwriting at the Vancouver Film School in the early 2000s, published two serialized novels, Tide Pool Sketches and Waterboys, in Xtra! West during this era, his debut short story collection Crisp was published in 2010, was shortlisted for the Danuta Gleed Literary Award in 2011. His second short story collection, followed in 2015, winning him the Thomas Head Raddall Award, he has published both poetry and short stories in Arc, Event, The Fiddlehead, Malahat Review and dANDelion. His poems "How this begins", "Flutter", "Bite" and "Outside the Café" appeared in John Barton and Billeh Nickerson's 2007 anthology Seminal: The Anthology of Canada's Gay Male Poets; as a screenwriter, he has written six short films. He has produced several short films for other directors, he is based in Fredericton, New Brunswick, where he teaches in the film studies department at the University of New Brunswick and is an organizer of the annual Fredericton 48-Hour Film Competition.

He is a senior editor and film critic for the web magazine Numéro Cinq. Tide Pool Sketches Waterboys Crisp Entropic Tableware Alice & Huck Blink Objects Are Closer The Wall Zack & Luc R. W. Gray on IMDb Robert Gray faculty profile at the University of New Brunswick

Spectrum (horse)

Spectrum was an Irish-bred, British-trained Thoroughbred racehorse and sire. In a racing career which lasted from October 1994 until August 1996 he ran nine times and won four races; as a three-year-old in 1995 he won the Irish 2000 Guineas but was injured when starting second favourite for The Derby. Big John the bus driver took all odds down from 66/1 and was told by a good source that the horse was injured before it ran, he returned in autumn to win the Champion Stakes over ten furlongs at Newmarket. After a disappointing four-year-old season he was retired to stud where he became a successful sire of winners. Spectrum was a bay horse with a narrow white star and three white socks bred by Arnold Weinstock's Ballymacoll Stud in County Meath, Ireland, he was sired by Rainbow Quest who won the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe before becoming a successful breeding stallion. Rainbow Quest's other progeny included Quest for Fame, Raintrap and Millenary. Spectrum's dam River Dancer never raced but was an influential broodmare who produced the dams of Conduit and Petrushka.

During his racing career, Spectrum was owned by Arnold Weinstock in partnership with his son Simon. The colt was ridden in all of his races by John Reid. Spectrum never contested a maiden race, beginning his racing career in the Whatcombe Stakes over one mile on heavy ground at Newbury Racecourse on 22 October 1994. Starting the 8/11 favourite against four opponents, he took the lead two furlongs from the finish and won by ten lengths. On his three-year-old debut, Spectrum ran in the Tudor Stakes at Sandown Park Racecourse on 28 April in which he was opposed by Stiletto Blade, a colt who had finished second in the Royal Lodge Stakes. Starting at odds of 11/10 he took the lead in the last quarter mile and won by one and a half lengths from Sanoosea, with Stiletto Blade in third. Three weeks Spectrum was sent to Ireland and moved up in class for the Group One Irish 2000 Guineas over one mile at the Curragh, he was made the 100/30 second favourite behind Bahri, a colt who had finished third behind Pennekamp and Celtic Swing in the 2000 Guineas on 6 May.

Reid settled the colt just behind the leaders before moving up to take the lead inside the final quarter mile. Spectrum stayed on in the closing stages and won by a length from Adjareli, with Bahri in third. Chapple-Hyam described the winner as "a special horse" and announced that the colt would run next in The Derby. On 10 June 1995, Spectrum was one of fifteen colts to contest the 218th running of the Derby over one and a half miles at Epsom Downs Racecourse, he was the 5/1 second choice in the betting behind the 11/8 favourite Pennekamp. The colt was held up towards the rear of the field and turned into the straight in tenth place but was unable to make any progress and finished thirteenth behind Lammtarra, beaten more than thirty lengths, he returned from the race with a serious back injury: Chapple Hyam commented "It was touch and go whether he ran again". Spectrum was off the racecourse for more than three months before returning in the Prix du Prince d'Orange over 2000 metres at Longchamp Racecourse on 17 September.

He finished second of the five runners, beaten a neck by the Derby runner-up Tamure to whom he was conceding seven pounds. On 14 October, Spectrum contested the Group One Champion Stakes over ten furlongs at Newmarket Racecourse, he started the 5/1 fourth choice in the betting behind Bahri and Riyadian. Reid restrained the colt at the back of the eight runner field before moving forward inside the last quarter mile. Spectrum took the lead approaching the final furlong and produced what The Independent's correspondent described as "a scintillating burst of speed" to win by two lengths and a head from Riyadian and Montjoy. Spectrum remained in training as a four-year-old, but did not replicate his success of 1995. On his debut he was sent to France where he finished fourth to Valanour in the Prix Ganay over 2100m in April. In the following month he started favourite for the Lockinge Stakes over one mile at Newbury but was beaten into third place by Soviet Line and Charnwood Forest. After a three-month break he returned in Juddmonte International Stakes at York Racecourse and made no impression, finishing fifth of the six runners behind Halling Spectrum was retired from racing to become a breeding stallion and stood in Europe and South Africa.

He had some success as a sire of winners, including Golan, Tartan Bearer, Racinger Just James and Wild Iris. He has sired several good National Hunt horse including Glencove Marina, winner of the Champion Novice Hurdle