The Internet Archive launched the Wayback Machine in October 2001. It was set up by Brewster Kahle and Bruce Gilliat, and is maintained with content from Alexa Internet, the service enables users to see archived versions of web pages across time, which the archive calls a three dimensional index. Since 1996, the Wayback Machine has been archiving cached pages of websites onto its large cluster of Linux nodes and it revisits sites every few weeks or months and archives a new version. Sites can be captured on the fly by visitors who enter the sites URL into a search box, the intent is to capture and archive content that otherwise would be lost whenever a site is changed or closed down. The overall vision of the machines creators is to archive the entire Internet, the name Wayback Machine was chosen as a reference to the WABAC machine, a time-traveling device used by the characters Mr. Peabody and Sherman in The Rocky and Bullwinkle Show, an animated cartoon. These crawlers respect the robots exclusion standard for websites whose owners opt for them not to appear in search results or be cached, to overcome inconsistencies in partially cached websites, Archive-It.
Information had been kept on digital tape for five years, with Kahle occasionally allowing researchers, when the archive reached its fifth anniversary, it was unveiled and opened to the public in a ceremony at the University of California, Berkeley. Snapshots usually become more than six months after they are archived or, in some cases, even later. The frequency of snapshots is variable, so not all tracked website updates are recorded, Sometimes there are intervals of several weeks or years between snapshots. After August 2008 sites had to be listed on the Open Directory in order to be included. As of 2009, the Wayback Machine contained approximately three petabytes of data and was growing at a rate of 100 terabytes each month, the growth rate reported in 2003 was 12 terabytes/month, the data is stored on PetaBox rack systems manufactured by Capricorn Technologies. In 2009, the Internet Archive migrated its customized storage architecture to Sun Open Storage, in 2011 a new, improved version of the Wayback Machine, with an updated interface and fresher index of archived content, was made available for public testing.
The index driving the classic Wayback Machine only has a bit of material past 2008. In January 2013, the company announced a ground-breaking milestone of 240 billion URLs, in October 2013, the company announced the Save a Page feature which allows any Internet user to archive the contents of a URL. This became a threat of abuse by the service for hosting malicious binaries, as of December 2014, the Wayback Machine contained almost nine petabytes of data and was growing at a rate of about 20 terabytes each week. Between October 2013 and March 2015 the websites global Alexa rank changed from 162 to 208, in a 2009 case, Netbula, LLC v. Chordiant Software Inc. defendant Chordiant filed a motion to compel Netbula to disable the robots. Netbula objected to the motion on the ground that defendants were asking to alter Netbulas website, in an October 2004 case, Telewizja Polska USA, Inc. v. Echostar Satellite, No.02 C3293,65 Fed. 673, a litigant attempted to use the Wayback Machine archives as a source of admissible evidence, Telewizja Polska is the provider of TVP Polonia and EchoStar operates the Dish Network
Economy of Greenland
The economy of Greenland can be characterized as small and vulnerable. Unemployment nonetheless remains high, with the rest of the economy dependent upon demand for exports of shrimp, except for an abortive royal colony established under Major Claus Paarss between 1728 and 1730, colonial Greenland was administered by companies under royal charter until 1908. Early hopes of mineral or agricultural wealth were dashed, and open trade proved a failure owing to other better quality, lower priced goods. Kale and other herbs were successfully introduced, but repeated attempts to cultivate wheat or clover failed throughout Greenland, during the years before World War I, the KGHs independence was curtailed and the company folded into the Ministry of the Interior. Climate change apparent since the 1920s disrupted traditional Kalaallit life by producing milder weather that reduced the seal populations. After World War II, reforms were enacted by the Danish Greenland Commission composed of Greenland Provincial Council members.
The report outlined a program to end the KGH model and establish a welfare state on the Danish model. The KGH monopolies were ended in 1950, Greenland was made a part of the Danish Kingdom in 1953. The program was intended to reduce costs, improve access to education and health care, and provide workers for modernized cod fisheries, Greenland left the European Economic Community in February 1985, principally due to EEC policies on fishing and sealskin. Most EU laws do not apply to Greenland, owing to its connection with Denmark, in the same year, Greenland exercised its new control over the Royal Greenland Trading Company to reestablish it as KNI. Over the next few decades, divisions of the conglomerate were slowly spun off, the Greenland economy is extremely dependent on exports of fish and on support from the Danish Government, which supplies about half of government revenues. The public sector, including publicly owned enterprises and the municipalities, the largest employers in Greenland are the various levels of administration, including the central government in Denmark, the Greenland Home Rule Government, and the municipalities.
Most of these positions are in the capital Nuuk, the second-largest sector by employment is Greenlands fishing industry. The commercial fishing fleet consists of approximately 5,000 dinghies,300 cutters, while cod was formerly the main catch, today the industry centers on cold-water shrimp and Greenland halibut. The fish processing industry is almost entirely centered on Royal Greenland and seal hunting were once traditional mainstays of Greenlands economy. Greenlanders still kill an estimated 170,000 seals a year and 175 whales a year, ranking them second, both whaling and sealing have become controversial, limiting the potential market for their products. Reindeer or caribou are found in the northwest of the island, while muskoxen are found in the northeast, because the muskoxens natural range favors the protected Northeast Greenland National Park, it is a less common object of hunting than in the past. Polar bear and reindeer hunting in Greenland still occur but are regulated to avoid endangering the populations, the third major chain is the Brugsen association of cooperatives
Hotel Arctic (Greenland)
Hotel Arctic is the worlds most northerly 4-star hotel, with a 5 star conference centre. Right on the edge of the Ilulissat Icefjord - a wonder of the world which is on the UNESCO World Heritage Site list, the main hotel building is located about 100 metres from the coast and the Igloo´s right on the edge. Owned by Air Greenland, the hotel was built shortly after the airport was opened in 1984 to accommodate the passengers, Hotel Arctic has 76 rooms and 9 suites. In addition the hotel has 5 Aluminium Igloos built right on the edge of the coast, the Restaurant Ulo serves Greenlandic cuisine and is recognized as one of the very best in the whole country. The restaurant work hard to serve as local food as possible. Ingredients such as musk-ox, Greenland halibut, Arctic hare, wolffish, sea urchins and much more are on the menu daily. Herbs are collected in the fells, sheep sorrel, knot weed, mountain sorrel, northern marsh yellowcress, common mouse ear, knotted pearlwort, additional food and beverage options are Café Ferdinand and the Ice Bar.
In summer buffets are served on the terrace, with views to the City of Ilullsat, the hotel has 5-star conference facilities is amongst the leading conference centres in Scandinavia and the North. Facilities for up to 120 people, from the conference room, you look out onto the colossal icebergs. Green environment - From September 1,2013, the hotel is 100 percent CO2 neutral. Roots in the community - Hotel Arctic is an important workplace in Ilulissat, all year round, there are 60 employees and in the peak season this figure increases to about 70. And young people are trained as cooks, receptionists and tourism assistants, located to the north of the town of Ilulissat, Greenland, on the road to Ilulissat Airport. It is located 2.7 km north of the mouth of Ilulissat Icefjord, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
Uummannaq Fjord is a large fjord system in the northern part of western Greenland, the largest after Kangertittivaq fjord in eastern Greenland. It has a roughly south-east to west-north-west orientation, emptying into the Baffin Bay in the northwest, with the exception of the southwestern coast formed by the Nuussuaq Peninsula, Uummannaq fjord has a developed coastline, with many bays and peninsulas. South to north, Ikerasak Fjord − the innermost part of the fjord at the base of Nuussuaq Peninsula, store Gletscher flowing from the Greenland Ice Sheet empties into Ikerasak Fjord. Qaraassap Imaa − a tributary emptying into Ikerasak Fjord from the north. Lille Gletscher flowing from the ice sheet empties into Qaraasaap Imaa, sermillip Kangerlua − a tributary fjord with several inlets of its own, emptying into the main arm of Uummannaq Fjord from the east, to the southeast of Salliaruseq Island. From the south, it is bounded by Drygalski Peninsula, from the north, it is bounded by the Itillarssuup Qaqaa peninsula.
Itillarsuup Kangerlua − a long fjord, emptying into the main arm of Uummannaq Fjord from the east. From the southwest, it is bounded by the Itillarsuup Qaqaa peninsula, from the northeast, it abuts the inner envelope of the island of Greenland, with Kangilleq and Sermeq Sillarleq glaciers emptying into it. From the north, it is bounded by the long Ukkusissat Peninsula, appat Island lies at the mouth of the fjord, separated from the Ukkusissat peninsula by the Torsukattak Strait, an extension of Itillarsuup Kangerlua. Perlerfiup Kangerlua − a long fjord, emptying into the northeastern part of the Uummannaq Fjord. From the south it is bounded by the Ukkusissat Peninsula, from the north it is bounded by the Perlerfiup Nunaa peninsula.500 years. During the early phases of Greenlandic exploration, the fjord was known as Jacobs Bight, Illorsuit and Saattut are small island settlements, whereas Ukkusissat lies on the mainland in the inner parts of the fjord. The northeastern coastline of Nuussuaq Peninsula is sparsely inhabited or uninhabited in the south, with Qaarsut, sigguup Nunaa peninsula and adjacent lands between the mouth of the fjord and Upernavik Archipelago in the north are uninhabited.
Volcanic development in the Nuussuaq Basin, West Greenland
Transport or transportation is the movement of people and goods from one location to another. Modes of transport include air, road, cable, the field can be divided into infrastructure and operations. Transport is important because it enables trade between people, which is essential for the development of civilizations, terminals may be used both for interchange of passengers and cargo and for maintenance. Vehicles traveling on these networks may include automobiles, buses, trucks, helicopters, operations deal with the way the vehicles are operated, and the procedures set for this purpose including financing and policies. In the transport industry and ownership of infrastructure can be public or private, depending on the country. Passenger transport may be public, where operators provide scheduled services, freight transport has become focused on containerization, although bulk transport is used for large volumes of durable items. Transport plays an important part in growth and globalization, but most types cause air pollution.
While it is subsidized by governments, good planning of transport is essential to make traffic flow. A mode of transport is a solution that makes use of a type of vehicle, infrastructure. The transport of a person or of cargo may involve one mode or several of the modes, each mode has its own advantages and disadvantages, and will be chosen for a trip on the basis of cost and route. Human powered transport, a form of transportation, is the transport of people and/or goods using human muscle-power. Modern technology has allowed machines to enhance human power, human-powered vehicles have been developed for difficult environments, such as snow and water, by watercraft rowing and skiing, even the air can be entered with human-powered aircraft. Animal-powered transport is the use of working animals for the movement of people, humans may ride some of the animals directly, use them as pack animals for carrying goods, or harness them, alone or in teams, to pull sleds or wheeled vehicles. A fixed-wing aircraft, commonly called airplane, is a craft where movement of the air in relation to the wings is used to generate lift.
The term is used to distinguish this from rotary-wing aircraft, where the movement of the lift surfaces relative to the air generates lift, a gyroplane is both fixed-wing and rotary-wing. Fixed-wing aircraft range from small trainers and recreational aircraft to large airliners, two things necessary for aircraft are air flow over the wings for lift and an area for landing. The majority of aircraft need an airport with the infrastructure to receive maintenance, restocking and for the loading and unloading of crew and passengers. While the vast majority of land and take off on land, some are capable of take off and landing on ice, snow
Air Greenland A/S, known as Greenlandair, is the flag carrier airline of Greenland, a subsidiary of the SAS Group, owned by the SAS Group, the Greenlandic Government and the Danish Government. Flights to heliports in the settlements are operated on contract with the government of Greenland. The majority of operations were based on helicopters until the newly established Greenland Home Rule began investing in a network of short takeoff and landing airfields. The reliability of connections improved as the airport network expanded in the 1990s. In the 21st century, it competes with Air Iceland for international connections, in 1962, interests in the firm were acquired by the Provincial Council and the Royal Greenland Trade Department. The first flights serving the American bases in Greenland operated lightweight DHC-3 Otters, after a crash in 1961, Grønlandsfly used PBY Catalina water planes and DHC-6 Twin Otters on domestic routes. One of the Catalinas crashed in 1962, in 1965, the Douglas DC-4 became the lines first larger airplane.
During the 1970s, Grønlandsfly upgraded its DC-4 to the newer DC-6, by 1972, it opened up service to east Greenland with a helicopter based in Tasiilaq, and established Greenlandair Charter. Mining at Maamorilik in the Uummannaq Fjord required still more helicopters, Grønlandsfly picked up a Danish government contract to fly reconnaissance missions regarding the sea ice around Greenland. By the end of 1979, the number of Grønlandsfly passengers served annually exceeded 60,000 and that year, the airlines first international route was opened, running between Greenlands capital Nuuk and the town of Iqaluit in northern Canada. The decade saw the train and hire its first native Kalaallit pilots. To service the enlarged network, Grønlandsfly began acquiring DHC-7s, planes particularly suited to the severe weather conditions in Greenland. The first was delivered on 29 September 1979, followed by more over the next decade and these planes remain in active service, serving every airport except Nerlerit Inaat near Ittoqqortoormiit, whose operation is handled by Air Iceland under contract with Greenland Home Rule.
In 1981, Grønlandsfly opened its first route to Iceland, linking Reykjavík Airport to its hub at Kangerlussuaq via Kulusuk. In 1986, a route to Keflavík allowed the company to break SASs monopoly on flights between Greenland and Denmark via a Keflavík-Copenhagen leg operated by Icelandair, by 1989, the airline employed more than 400 Greenlanders and carried more than 100,000 passengers annually. The company saw its activity curtailed as the mines at Ivittuut and Maamorilik closed operation, with the purchase of a fifth Dash 7, Grønlandsfly was – for the first time since its inception – able to provide plane services to all major towns in Greenland. Grønlandsfly purchased its first jet aircraft, a Boeing 757–200 which began operation in May 1998, the airliner was named Kunuunnguaq in honour of the Greenlandic explorer and ethnologist Knud Rasmussen, whose bust decorates in the terminal of Kangerlussuaq hub. The airliner allowed the company to run the profitable Kangerlussuaq–Copenhagen route directly, thus, in 1999, the airline served 282,000 passengers, nearly triple the number at the end of the previous decade
Inuit are a group of culturally similar indigenous peoples inhabiting the Arctic regions of Greenland and Alaska. Inuit is a noun, the singular is Inuk. The Inuit languages are part of the Eskimo-Aleut family, Inuit Sign Language is a critically endangered language isolate spoken in Nunavut. In the United States and Canada, the term Eskimo was commonly used to describe the Inuit and Alaskas Yupik, Inuit is not accepted as a term for the Yupik, and Eskimo is the only term that includes Yupik, Iñupiat and Inuit. However, aboriginal peoples in Canada and Greenlandic Inuit view Eskimo as pejorative, in Canada, sections 25 and 35 of the Constitution Act of 1982 classified the Inuit as a distinctive group of Aboriginal Canadians who are not included under either the First Nations or the Métis. These areas are known in Inuktitut as the Inuit Nunangat, in the United States, the Iñupiat live primarily on the Alaska North Slope and on Little Diomede Island. The Greenlandic Inuit are descendants of migrations from Canada.
In the 21st century they are citizens of Denmark, although not of the European Union, Inuit are the descendants of what anthropologists call the Thule culture, who emerged from western Alaska around 1000 CE. They had split from the related Aleut group about 4,000 years ago and from northeastern Siberian migrants, possibly related to the Chukchi language group and they spread eastwards across the Arctic. They displaced the related Dorset culture, the last major Paleo-Eskimo culture, Inuit legends speak of the Tuniit as giants, people who were taller and stronger than the Inuit. Less frequently, the legends refer to the Dorset as dwarfs, researchers believe that the Dorset culture lacked the dogs, larger weapons and other technologies of the Inuit society, which gave the latter an advantage. By 1300, Inuit migrants had reached west Greenland, where they settled, faced with population pressures from the Thule and other surrounding groups, such as the Algonquian and Siouan to the south, the Tuniit gradually receded.
They were thought to have become extinct as a people by about 1400 or 1500. But, in the mid-1950s, researcher Henry B. Collins determined that, based on the ruins found at Native Point, the Sadlermiut population survived up until winter 1902–03, when exposure to new infectious diseases brought by contact with Europeans led to their extinction as a people. In the early 21st century, mitochondrial DNA research has supported the theory of continuity between the Tuniit and the Sadlermiut peoples and it provided evidence that a population displacement did not occur within the Aleutian Islands between the Dorset and Thule transition. In contrast to other Tuniit populations, the Aleut and Sadlermiut benefited from both geographical isolation and their ability to adopt certain Thule technologies, in Canada and Greenland, Inuit circulated almost exclusively north of the Arctic tree line, the effective southern border of Inuit society. The most southern officially recognized Inuit community in the world is Rigolet in Nunatsiavut, south of Nunatsiavut, the descendants of the southern Labrador Inuit in NunatuKavut continued their traditional transhumant semi-nomadic way of life until the mid-1900s.
The Nunatukavummuit people usually moved among islands and bays on a seasonal basis and they did not establish stationary communities
Tunulliarfik Fjord is a fjord near Qaqortoq in the Kujalleq municipality in southern Greenland. It is the section of Skovfjord. In times of the Norse settlement in southern Greenland, it was known as Eiriksfjord, the fjord head at approximately 61°14′40″N 45°30′35″W is formed by the estuary of a river flowing from the glacial outflow lake in Johan Dahl Land. At approximately 61°04′00″N 45°26′30″W, south of the Narsarsuaq settlement, the fjord is joined by its tributary Qooroq Fjord from the northeast, changing direction from southern into southwestern. Bounded by long peninsulas and low-lying islands from the southeast and the northwest, the Narsaq Sound, between the peninsula forming the northern shore of Tunulliarfik Fjord and Tuttutooq and Illutaliq islands, connects with neighbouring Bredefjord and Nordre Sermilik to the north. There are several settlements near the shores of the long Tunulliarfik Fjord. Narsarsuaq and Qassiarsuk are located on the sides of the fjord near its head. Further south, the settlement of Igaliku occupies the isthmus of a peninsula bounding the fjord from the south, at the far end of Narsaq Peninsula bounding the upper reaches of the fjord from the north the town of Narsaq occupies a wide lowland with arable ground.
There are no settlements in the reaches of the fjord. Narsaq is a port of call for the Arctic Umiaq Line coastal ship in the summer season and Qassiarsuk can be reached by boat
Aasiaat or Ausiait, formerly Egedesminde, is a town in the Qaasuitsup municipality in western Greenland, located in the heart of Aasiaat Archipelago at the southern end of Disko Bay. With a population of 3,102 as of 2014, it is Greenlands fifth-largest town, the exact explanation for this is yet to be determined because of the lack of historical facts of the origin of the name. The most common assumption is that when the town was founded as a mere settlement, like in the rest of Greenland, spiders are rarely seen in the town in modern times. Aasiaat is sometimes referred to as the Town of the Whales, since marine mammals such as whales, archaeological projects in the region have suggested human habitation in the region that includes Aasiaat as far back as the 5th millennium BC. The earliest modern settlers dated to around 1200, these were probably subsistence hunters and these inhabitants hunted harp seals and capelin near Sydøst Bay in the spring. In the summer, they moved to Nassuttooq for reindeer and halibut, during autumn, the people of Disko Bay returned home to hunt small harp seals.
In the winter, the bay froze over, and they hunted narwhals and these early people designed and built their own kayaks and umiaks when the water freed up, in the winter, they used dogsleds. The settlement that would become Aasiaat was founded in 1759 by Niels Egede, son of Hans Egede, named Egedesminde Colony after him, it was located north of Nordre Strømfjord, and was 125 km south of Aasiaats current location. The town was moved to its current site in 1763, most villagers were whalers, and the smallpox germs they carried to the region ravaged the native population, especially during the 1770s. Aasiaat saw much growth in the first half of the 20th century, on May 3,1940, a treaty signed in Godhavn allowed American relief airplanes bound for the British Isles to use Greenlandic and Scottish airspace. A result of World War II was the fact that Denmark, under the control of Nazi Germany, could not freely send supplies to Greenland, supplies were stored near Aasiaat, and were transferred to other towns of the region, such as Uummannaq and Sisimiut.
Aasiaat has grown much since the war, a weather station was constructed in 1942 by the Americans. Cod, a popular fish since the 1930s, were caught. Other businesses sprang up, accommodating to the resources and climate of the region and this boom reached its peak in the 1950s, when a power plant and telecommunications station were installed. In 1998, a new landing strip was opened to the public, almost 4,800 people live in Aasiaat and its neighboring settlement, Kangaatsiaq. The largest island of the Aasiaat Archipelago is Saqqarliup Nunaa, which is uninhabited, on the western tip of the island is the abandoned village of Manermiut. As of 2013 the total population of the archipelago is spread among three settlements, The town of Aasiaat, is located on the island just northwest of Saqqarliup Nunaa. The settlement of Akunnaaq is located on the island just northeast of Saqqarliup Nunaa,23 km east-north-east of Aasiaat
Maniitsoq, formerly Sukkertoppen, is a town in Maniitsoq Island, western Greenland located in the Qeqqata municipality. With 2,670 inhabitants as of 2013, it is the sixth-largest town in Greenland, archaeological finds indicate that the area has been settled for more than 4,000 years. The modern town was founded as New or Nye-Sukkertoppen in 1782 by Danish colonists relocating from the original Sukkertoppen, in time, the original name was taken up again. In the 19th century, the served as a major trading post for the Royal Greenland Trading Departments trade in reindeer hides. Maniitsoq Municipality was a municipality of Greenland. It is now part of Qeqqata Municipality, there are advanced plans for an Alcoa aluminium smelting plant either at Maniitsoq or Sisimiut. The plant would provide employment for 600–700 people, or more than 1 percent of the population of Greenland, Maniitsoq is served by Air Greenland with flights to Nuuk and Sisimiut. Maniitsoq is a port of call for the Arctic Umiaq ferry, with 2,670 inhabitants as of 2013, Maniitsoq has experienced a decline in population over a long period of time.
The town has lost almost 15% of its population relative to 1990 levels, migrants from the smaller settlements such as rapidly depopulating Kangaamiut choose to migrate to Sisimiut, the capital in Nuuk, and sometimes to Denmark, rather than Maniitsoq. Kangerlussuaq and Sisimiut are the settlement in the Qeqqata municipality exhibiting stable growth patterns over the last two decades. A100 km wide circular region with unusual features is believed to be the results of a massive asteroid or comet impact about three billion years ago. The region is centered about 55 km south-east of Maniitsoq at coordinates 65°15′N 51°50′W, during the 3 billion years following the impact, the crater has eroded down, and the features now exposed were buried 20 to 25 km below the surface at the time the event occurred. This erosion processes is the reason that very few remaining craters are visible on Earth, according to the study, the inferred scale, strain rates and temperatures necessary to create the Maniitsoq structure rule out a terrestrial origin.
Maniitsoq is twinned with, Denmark
Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country in Central Europe, situated between the Baltic Sea in the north and two mountain ranges in the south. Bordered by Germany to the west, the Czech Republic and Slovakia to the south and Belarus to the east, the total area of Poland is 312,679 square kilometres, making it the 69th largest country in the world and the 9th largest in Europe. With a population of over 38.5 million people, Poland is the 34th most populous country in the world, the 8th most populous country in Europe, Poland is a unitary state divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, and its capital and largest city is Warsaw. Other metropolises include Kraków, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk and Szczecin, the establishment of a Polish state can be traced back to 966, when Mieszko I, ruler of a territory roughly coextensive with that of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented a political association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin.
This union formed the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, one of the largest and most populous countries of 16th and 17th century Europe, Poland regained its independence in 1918 at the end of World War I, reconstituting much of its historical territory as the Second Polish Republic. In September 1939, World War II started with the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, followed thereafter by invasion by the Soviet Union. More than six million Polish citizens died in the war, after the war, Polands borders were shifted westwards under the terms of the Potsdam Conference. With the backing of the Soviet Union, a communist puppet government was formed, and after a referendum in 1946. During the Revolutions of 1989 Polands Communist government was overthrown and Poland adopted a new constitution establishing itself as a democracy, informally called the Third Polish Republic. Since the early 1990s, when the transition to a primarily market-based economy began, Poland has achieved a high ranking on the Human Development Index.
Poland is a country, which was categorised by the World Bank as having a high-income economy. Furthermore, it is visited by approximately 16 million tourists every year, Poland is the eighth largest economy in the European Union and was the 6th fastest growing economy on the continent between 2010 and 2015. According to the Global Peace Index for 2014, Poland is ranked 19th in the list of the safest countries in the world to live in. The origin of the name Poland derives from a West Slavic tribe of Polans that inhabited the Warta River basin of the historic Greater Poland region in the 8th century, the origin of the name Polanie itself derives from the western Slavic word pole. In some foreign languages such as Hungarian, Lithuanian and Turkish the exonym for Poland is Lechites, historians have postulated that throughout Late Antiquity, many distinct ethnic groups populated the regions of what is now Poland. The most famous archaeological find from the prehistory and protohistory of Poland is the Biskupin fortified settlement, dating from the Lusatian culture of the early Iron Age, the Slavic groups who would form Poland migrated to these areas in the second half of the 5th century AD.
With the Baptism of Poland the Polish rulers accepted Christianity and the authority of the Roman Church