Ardagh Hoard

The Ardagh Hoard, best known for the Ardagh Chalice, is a hoard of metalwork from the 8th and 9th centuries. Found in 1868 by 2 young local boys, Jim Quin and Paddy Flanagan, it is now on display in the National Museum of Ireland in Dublin, it consists of the chalice, a much plainer stemmed cup in copper-alloy, four brooches, three elaborate pseudo-penannular ones, one a true pennanular brooch of the thistle type. The chalice ranks with the Book of Kells as one of the finest known works of Insular art, indeed of Celtic art in general, is thought to have been made in the 8th century AD. Elaborate brooches the same as those worn by important laypeople, appear to have been worn by monastic clergy to fasten vestments of the period; the hoard was found in late September 1868 by two boys, Jim Quin and Paddy Flanagan, digging in a potato field on the south-western side of a rath called Reerasta, beside the village of Ardagh, County Limerick, Ireland. Paddy Flanagan is buried in the Pauper's Graveyard in Newcastle West.

Jim emigrated to Australia, spending his years in Melbourne. He is buried in Fawkner Memorial Park in the city following his death there in 1934; the chalice held the other items, covered by a slab of stone. The brooches found with the chalice show, it was sold to Catholic Bishop of Limerick, by Quin's mother. The chalice is a large, two-handled silver cup, decorated with gold, gilt bronze, lead pewter and enamel, assembled from 354 separate pieces; the main body of the chalice is formed from two hemispheres of sheet silver joined with a rivet hidden by a gilt-bronze band. The width across its rim is 7.5 inches wide. The names of the apostles are incised in a frieze around the bowl, below a girdle bearing inset gold wirework panels of animals and geometric interlace. Techniques used include hammering, lost-wax casting, filigree applique, cloisonné and enamel; the underside of the chalice is decorated. According to the art historian Lawrence Stone: "Here the Irish artist has shown a capacity for classical restraint by a deliberate decision to prevent the ornamentation from spreading so copiously as to blur the proportions... contrasting markedly with the lavish ornamental spread of the contemporary Tara Brooch and the still more elaborate systems of the period.

The bulk of the decoration consists of exquisitely drawn spiral or interlace patterns, given depth by the soldering of two layers of gold thread one on top of the other. At intervals are set cloisonné enamel bosses of blue and red, the complicated manufacture of which shows direct continuity with the Anglo-Saxon jewellers' craft of the preceding century, but apart from the extraordinary perfection of execution of this elaborate decoration, what gives to the Ardagh Chalice its outstanding position in Irish metalwork is the strictness of the relationship between the simple swelling lines of the cup and its base and the arrangement of the glittering studs and roundels that adorn its surface." The standard monograph is L. S. Gógan, The Ardagh Chalice; the chalice is similar to the only other major early Irish example to survive, the Derrynaflan Chalice, found in the neighbouring County Tipperary. That was found with a liturgical strainer. At that time the ruling dynasty in Tipperary and most of Munster were the Eóganachta, while their allies and possible cousins the Uí Fidgenti ruled in the Limerick area.

Although the early suggestion that the chalice was fabricated at Clonmacnoise and stolen from there by a Limerick Dane is circulated, this is unprovable. A Munster origin is just as if not more so given the 1980 discovery of the sister Derrynaflan Hoard. A Clonmacnoise origin is not mentioned at the National Museum of Ireland website; the chalice was featured on a £1 value definitive postage stamp issued by An Post between 1990 and 1995 as part of the series Irish Heritage and Treasures designed by Michael Craig. Two Gaelic Athletic Association trophies are modelled on the Chalice: the O'Duffy Cup and the Sam Maguire Cup. "NMI": Wallace, Patrick F. O'Floinn, Raghnall eds. Treasures of the National Museum of Ireland: Irish Antiquities ISBN 0-7171-2829-6 Stone, Lawrence. Sculpture in Britain: The Middle Ages, 1955, Penguin Books Begley, The Diocese of Limerick and Medieval. Dublin: Browne & Nolan. 1906. Bhreathnach, Edel, "The cultural and political milieu of the deposition and manufacture of the hoard discovered at Reerasta Rath, Ardagh, Co.

Limerick", in Mark Redknap and Purpose in Insular Art. Oxbow Books. 2001. Byrne, Francis J. Irish Kings and High-Kings. Four Courts Press. 2nd edition, 2001. Duffy, Seán, Medieval Ireland: An Encyclopedia. Routledge. 2005. Gógan, Liam S; the Ardagh Chalice. Dublin. 1932. The Ardagh Chalice at the National Museum of Ireland The Ardagh Chalice Ardagh Chalice LS Gogan Treasures of early Irish art, 1500 B. C. to 1500 A. D. an exhibition catalogue from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, which contains material on the Ardagh Hoard

Yuula Benivolski

Yuula Benivolski is a Russian photographer and video artist. Her work combines storytelling to revisit personal and collective histories, her work has been exhibited in Trinity Square Video, A Space Gallery, Museum of Jewish Montreal and Museum of Contemporary Art Villa Croce and her photographs published in The Globe and Mail, Canadian Art, C Magazine, Geist, NOW, Toronto Star and others. She had collaborated with Toronto video artist Geoffrey Pugen for Trinity Square Video, with Toronto musician Jennifer Castle for WhipperSnapper gallery. In 2011 she starred in a short film by Nicholas Pye titled The Encounter. In 2016 she was the artist in residence at Trinity Square Video where she produced work on the theme of Critical Ethics under the guidance of cheyanne turions. In 2016 she had started her own ASMR channel titled tingleheads where she makes ASMR videos out of artist books, zines and small artworks; these videos have been shown at A Space Gallery and Vancouver Art Book Fair. In 2018 she continues to collect stories for her self-published zine about first sexual experiences titled "First Fuck".

Benivolski's personal website Portfolio, bio, CV, news

A Night at the Velvet Lounge Made in Chicago 2007

A Night at the Velvet Lounge Made in Chicago 2007 is an album by American jazz saxophonist Fred Anderson which, despite its title, was recorded live in Poznań, Poland, at the second Made in Chicago Festival, released by Estrada Poznańska, a small Polish cultural arts agency. Anderson is accompanied by 8 Bold Souls drummer Dushun Mosley. In an article for the Chicago Reader Bill Meyer notes that "Mosley's shifts between relaxed swing and edgy funk keep his partners on their toes, the CD's high point comes when his lively calypso beat on'Gin and Bourbon Street' prompts Anderson to channel his inner Sonny Rollins." All compositions by Anderson / Bankhead / Mosley"Juke Box Jazz" - 16:09 "Clearing the Air / Me We" - 10:42 "Gin and Bourbon Street" - 9:07 "Africa" - 10:27 "Trying to Cath the Rabbit" - 12:51 "Funky Fred" - 8:34 "The Strut" - 9:21 Fred Anderson - tenor sax Harrison Bankhead - bass Dushun Mosley - drums