Haywards Heath is a town in the Mid Sussex District of West Sussex, within the historic county of Sussex, England. It lies 36 miles south of London,14 miles north of Brighton,13 miles south of Gatwick Airport and 31 miles east northeast of the county town of Chichester. Nearby towns include Burgess Hill to the southwest, Horsham to the northwest, the name Hayward comes from Old English meaning an official who protected hedged enclosures from wandering livestock. There is a legend that the name comes from a highwayman who went under the name of Jack Hayward. Haywards Heath gets a mention in English Civil War records, early in December 1642 the High Sheriff of Sussex advanced with Royalist troops towards Lewes in East Sussex from Chichester in West Sussex. He was intercepted in Haywards Heath by local Parliamentarians and defeated, Haywards Heath as a settlement is a relatively modern development. Following the arrival of the London & Brighton Railway in 1841, Haywards Heath railway station opened on 12 July 1841 and served as the southern terminus of the line until the completion of Brighton station on 21 September.
Other noted historical events in the towns include, The opening of the Sussex County Lunatic Asylum in 1859. The superintendent here was, for years, Dr Lockhart Robertson, Lord Chancellors Visitor. The opening of Bannisters Cattle Market, the 12th largest in UK at one point and this was closed to make way for a Sainsburys supermarket in 1989. In the 1960s and 1970s, two industrial estates were built. Office development has resulted in the town being a regional or national centre for a number of national companies. The population has risen from 200 in the early 1850s to 22,800, the area of the civil parish is 974.99 hectares. The parish church, dedicated to St Wilfrid, and the Roman Catholic church of St Paul are among the churches, other places of worship include the Methodist church in Perrymount Road and two Baptist churches, St Richards, the Church of the Presentation and the Ascension Church. The Priory of Our Lady of Good Counsel on Franklynn Road was built in 1886 and is Grade II listed, in 1978 it was converted to a restaurant and offices.
Haywards Heath was in East Sussex, but a change to the county boundary in 1974 brought it under the jurisdiction of West Sussex. Housing in Haywards Heath has been expanded significantly in the last ten years due to the creation of Bolnore Village, planning permission was first granted in the late 1990s for 780 new homes on a greenfield site. The first house was completed in October 2002, since then, phases 1,2 and 3 have been built by the house builders Crest Nicholson in conjunction with several other developers
Fathers Day is a celebration honoring fathers and celebrating fatherhood, paternal bonds, and the influence of fathers in society. In Catholic Europe, it has been celebrated on March 19 since the Middle Ages and this celebration was brought to the Americans by the Spanish and Portuguese, and in Latin America, Fathers Day is still celebrated on 19 March. In the Coptic Church, the celebration of fatherhood is observed on St Josephs Day and this Coptic celebration may date back to the fifth century. Fathers Day was not celebrated in the US, outside Catholic traditions, as a civic celebration in the US, it was inaugurated in the early 20th century to complement Mothers Day by celebrating fathers and male parenting. Clayton suggested that her pastor Robert Thomas Webb honor all those fathers, the local church and council were overwhelmed and they did not even think of promoting the event, and it was not celebrated again for many years. The original sermon was not reproduced by the press and it was lost, Clayton was a quiet person, who never promoted the event and never talked to other persons about it.
In 1911, Jane Addams proposed that a citywide Fathers Day celebration be held in Chicago, in 1912, there was a Fathers Day celebration in Vancouver, suggested by Methodist pastor J. J. Berringer of the Irvington Methodist Church. They mistakenly believed that they had been the first to celebrate such a day and they followed a 1911 suggestion by the Portland Oregonian. Meek, a member of Lions Clubs International, claimed that he had first come up with the idea for Fathers Day in 1915, meek said that the third Sunday in June was chosen because it was his birthday. The Lions Club has named him the Originator of Fathers Day, meek made many efforts to promote Fathers Day and make it an official holiday. On June 19,1910, a Fathers Day celebration was held at the YMCA in Spokane and her father, the civil war veteran William Jackson Smart, was a single parent who raised his six children there. She was a member of Old Centenary Presbyterian Church, where she first proposed the idea, after hearing a sermon about Jarvis Mothers Day in 1909 at Central Methodist Episcopal Church, she told her pastor that fathers should have a similar holiday to honor them.
Although she initially suggested June 5, her fathers birthday, the pastors did not have time to prepare their sermons. Several local clergymen accepted the idea, and on June 19,1910, however, in the 1920s, Dodd stopped promoting the celebration because she was studying at the Art Institute of Chicago, and it faded into relative obscurity, even in Spokane. In the 1930s, Dodd returned to Spokane and started promoting the celebration again and she had the help of those trade groups that would benefit most from the holiday, for example the manufacturers of ties, tobacco pipes, and any traditional present for fathers. By 1938, she had the help of the Fathers Day Council, founded by the New York Associated Mens Wear Retailers to consolidate, the said merchants remained resilient and even incorporated these attacks into their advertisements. By the mid-1980s, the Fathers Day Council wrote, has become a Second Christmas for all the mens gift-oriented industries, a bill to accord national recognition of the holiday was introduced in Congress in 1913.
US President Calvin Coolidge recommended in 1924 that the day be observed throughout the entire nation, two earlier attempts to formally recognize the holiday had been defeated by Congress
Chichester is a cathedral city in West Sussex, in South-East England. It is the city in West Sussex and is its county town. It has a history as a settlement from Roman times and was important in Anglo-Saxon times. It is the seat of a bishopric, with a 12th-century cathedral, Chichester has three tiers of local government. It is a hub, and a centre for culture in the county, with a theatre, museum. Chichester Harbour and the South Downs provide opportunities for outdoor pursuits, the city centre stands on the foundations of the Romano-British city of Noviomagus Reginorum, capital of the Civitas Reginorum. The Roman road of Stane Street, connecting the city with London, started at the east gate, the plan of the city is inherited from the Romans, the North, South and West shopping streets radiate from the central market cross dating from medieval times. The original Roman city wall was over 6½ feet thick with a steep ditch and it survived for over one and a half thousand years but was replaced by a thinner Georgian wall.
The city was home to some Roman baths, found down Tower Street when preparation for a new car park was under way. A museum, the Novium, preserving the baths was opened on 8 July 2012, an amphitheatre was built outside the city walls, close to the East Gate, in around 80 AD. The area is now a park, but the site of the amphitheatre is discernible as a bank approximately oval in shape. In January 2017, archaeologists using underground radar reported the discovery of the relatively untouched ground floor of a Roman townhouse, the exceptional preservation is due to the fact the site, Priory Park, belonged to a monastery and has never been built upon since Roman times. According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle it was captured towards the close of the century, by Ælle. It was the city of the Kingdom of Sussex. The cathedral for the South Saxons was founded in 681 at Selsey, Chichester was one of the burhs established by Alfred the Great, probably in 878-9, making use of the remaining Roman walls. The system was supported by a network based on hilltop beacons to provide early warning.
It has been suggested that one such link ran from Chichester to London, when the Domesday Book was compiled, Chichester consisted of 300 dwellings which held a population of 1,500 people. There was a mill named Kings Mill that would have been rented to local slaves and villeins
Wakehurst Place, recently rebranded as Wakehurst, is a house and botanic gardens in West Sussex England, owned by the National Trust but used and managed by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. It is near Ardingly, West Sussex in the High Weald, and comprises a late 16th-century mansion and a mainly 20th-century garden, visitors are able to see the gardens, the mansion, and visit the seed bank. The garden today covers some 2 square kilometres and includes walled and water gardens, Wakehurst Place mansion was built by Sir Edward Culpeper in 1590. It originally formed a complete court-yard prior to being altered various times, Wakehurst was bought in 1694 by Dennis Lyddell, comptroller of the Royal Navy treasurer’s accounts and briefly MP for Harwich. His son Richard Liddell, Chief Secretary for Ireland and MP for Bossiney, was obliged by financial pressure to pass the estate to his younger brother Charles, the house rated an illustration in Joseph Nash, The Mansions of England in the Olden Time.
The gardens were created by Gerald Loder who purchased the estate in 1903. Wakehurst is home to the National Collections of Betula, Nothofagus, the Great Storm of 1987 decimated Loders plantings, toppling 20,000 trees. Since then, Kew has redesigned the gardens to create a walk through the woodlands of the world. The Wellcome Trust Millennium Building, which houses an international seed bank known as the Millennium Seed Bank, was opened in 2000, Wakehurst is home to the largest growing Christmas tree in England, a giant redwood. The tree stands 35m tall and is lit with around 1,800 lights from Advent until Twelfth Night, the lightbulbs on the tree were changed in 2006 to energy-saving lightbulbs, so the tree is not as bright as before but uses less energy. Much of Kenneth Branaghs 2006 film As You Like It, adapted from Shakespeares play, was filmed on location at Wakehurst. Nearby, cared for by Kew, are Loder Valley Nature Reserve of woodland and wetland habitats, and the Francis Rose Reserve, the first devoted to cryptogams.
In 1887, American architect Dudley Newton completed a replica of Wakehurst Place in Newport, salve Regina University purchased the mansion from the Van Alen family in 1972
Mid Sussex is a local government district in the English county of West Sussex. It contains the towns of East Grinstead, Haywards Heath and Burgess Hill, the Prime Meridian passes through the district, has most headwaters of the River Ouse and its largest body of water is Ardingly reservoir which is used by watersports clubs. The north of the area is the High Weald has sections of Ashdown Forest, Mid Sussex was first, in 1885, another name for the Lewes constituency when Sussex representation was reformed to nine approximately equal electorate seats. The first Parliamentary mention of a Mid Sussex body of any sort is in 1907, to the Mid Sussex Joint Water District, an amalgamation of private water companies to provide safe, piped water. Sussex has been divided into East Sussex and West Sussex for taxation since the medieval period. Changes were provided for under a 1972 Act, all major proposals debated in outline, Mid Sussexs change in county was argued under the Redcliffe-Maud Reports Planning Area enhancing a Second Wilson ministry plan with support from locally resident Lords and of the Heath ministry.
East to West Sussex land re-designation was kept with the aim of uniting all areas affected by the projected major Crawley. Lord Nugent set up and defined five major growth areas, one of these, called Planning Area No. So this planning area spreads into three counties, East Sussex and West Sussex, in any event, that solution was overtaken by the South-East Strategic Plan. I must confess that the expression, Strategic Plan, has a cold and impersonal ring. The three county councils of Surrey, East Sussex, and West Sussex have been consulting on a joint advisory committee for this area. Homes owned by their occupants, with or without a loan, Mid Sussexs residents had the lowest burden of social housing, at 0. 8% social housing and 28% of its housing privately rented and Hove. In terms of rented housing Mid Sussex at the 2011 census ranked 216th out of in terms of 327 local authorities in England and these figures are those of the 2011 census. The parliamentary constituency of Mid Sussex covers most of the district, the incumbent Member of Parliament is Sir Nicholas Soames, the grandson of former Prime Minister Sir Winston Churchill, and a former junior minister in the Government of Sir John Major.
The southernmost part of the district, including Hassocks and Hurstpierpoint falls within Arundel and South Downs whose MP is Nick Herbert
During the first half of the twentieth century, the movement grew to encompass three major age groups for boys and, in 1910, a new organization, Girl Guides, was created for girls. It is one of worldwide youth organizations. In 1906 and 1907 Robert Baden-Powell, a lieutenant general in the British Army, wrote a book for boys about reconnaissance, in the summer of 1907 Baden-Powell held a camp on Brownsea Island in England to test ideas for his book. This camp and the publication of Scouting for Boys are generally regarded as the start of the Scout movement. The movement employs the Scout method, a programme of education with an emphasis on practical outdoor activities, including camping, aquatics, backpacking. Distinctive uniform insignia include the fleur-de-lis and the trefoil, as well as badges, the year 2007 marked the centenary of Scouting worldwide, and member organizations planned events to celebrate the occasion. Scouting virtually started itself, but the trigger that set it going was the 1908 publication of Scouting for Boys written by Robert Baden-Powell, at Charterhouse, one of Englands most famous public schools, Baden-Powell had an interest in the outdoors.
Later, as an officer, Baden-Powell was stationed in British India in the 1880s where he took an interest in military scouting and in 1884 he published Reconnaissance. These skills eventually formed the basis of what is now called scoutcraft, three years later, in South Africa during the Second Boer War, Baden-Powell was besieged in the small town of Mafeking by a much larger Boer army. The Mafeking Cadet Corps was a group of youths that supported the troops by carrying messages, the Cadet Corps performed well, helping in the defense of the town, and were one of the many factors that inspired Baden-Powell to form the Scouting movement. Each member received a badge that illustrated a combined compass point, the badges logo was similar to the fleur-de-lis shaped arrowhead that Scouting adopted as its international symbol. In the United Kingdom, the public, through newspapers, followed Baden-Powells struggle to hold Mafeking, and he was urged to rewrite this book for boys, especially during an inspection of the Boys Brigade, a large youth movement drilled with military precision.
Baden-Powell thought this would not be attractive and suggested that the Boys Brigade could grow much larger were Scouting to be used and he studied other schemes, parts of which he used for Scouting. In July 1906, Ernest Thompson Seton sent Baden-Powell a copy of his 1902 book The Birchbark Roll of the Woodcraft Indians, Seton, a British-born Canadian-American living in the United States, met Baden-Powell in October 1906, and they shared ideas about youth training programs. In 1907 Baden-Powell wrote a draft called Boy Patrols, in the same year, to test his ideas, he gathered 21 boys of mixed social backgrounds and held a week-long camp in August on Brownsea Island in Poole Harbour, England. His organizational method, now known as the Patrol System and a key part of Scouting training, in the autumn of 1907, Baden-Powell went on an extensive speaking tour arranged by his publisher, Arthur Pearson, to promote his forthcoming book, Scouting for Boys. He had not simply rewritten his Aids to Scouting, he omitted the military aspects and transferred the techniques to non-military heroes, backwoodsmen and he added innovative educational principles by which he extended the attractive game to a personal mental education.
At the beginning of 1908, Baden-Powell published Scouting for Boys in six fortnightly parts, the reaction was phenomenal, and quite unexpected
Oathall Community College
Oathall Community College is a secondary school located between Lindfield and Haywards Heath in West Sussex, England. There are currently around 1400 students at Oathall, between the ages of 11 and 16, the college has a full spectrum of specialist accommodation, including a 5-acre farm, a music centre, recently opened specialist art building, conference facilities and well-equipped classrooms. They have a programme of building development and refurbishment to reach all parts of the school over the next 10 to 15 years. Oathall serves Haywards Heath and surrounding areas, accommodating students from Ardingly, Horsted Keynes, Burgess Hill, the colleges farm was founded during World War II by the head teacher to help the war effort. The farm is incorporated into other subjects, such as mathematics, the farms livestock regularly wins prizes, including pig of the year at the South of England Show in 2008. Two new developments to the campus have been completed recently, including a new Art Block, one of the old wooden hut classrooms was demolished in 2006 to make way for the building of a modernised and better facilitated art block.
Many famous people have visited Oathall Community College, William Nicholson, writer of many Hollywood films (like Les Misérables and childrens books, visited Oathall in 2016. He spoke to the children about many things, such as how to become a writer and he produced a special assembly and Q&A lunch for Year 7s. In the assembly, William talked about his book The Wind Singer to students, on the Oathall website, a link to their staff list is available, but is slightly out of date
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew is a non-departmental public body in the United Kingdom sponsored by the Department for Environment and Rural Affairs. An internationally important botanical research and education institution, it employs 750 staff and its chief executive is the current Director, Richard Deverell. Its board of trustees is chaired by Marcus Agius, a chairman of Barclays PLC. The Seed Bank is the site of research projects. Seed stored at the bank fulfils two functions, it provides an ex situ conservation resource and facilitates research around the globe by acting as a repository for seed scientists, Kew jointly with the Forestry Commission, founded Bedgebury Pinetum in Kent, specialising in growing conifers. The organisation has an average of 1 million paying visitors per year, the 326 acre site has 40 historically important buildings and collections of over 40,000 species of plants. Kew Gardens became a United Nations World Heritage Site on 3 July 2003, Kew is governed by a Board of Trustees which comprises a chairman and 11 members.
Ten members and the chairman are appointed by the Secretary of State for Environment and her Majesty the Queen appoints her own trustee on the recommendation of the Secretary of State. The Director of Science is University of Oxford Professor Kathy Willis and her deputy is Professor Monique Simmonds. Professor Mark Chase is Senior Research Professor, the IPNI includes information from the Index Kewensis, a project which began in the 19th century to provide an Index to the Names and Authorities of all known flowering plants and their countries. Kew cooperates with the Missouri Botanical Garden in a project called The Plant List. The Plant List is an Internet encyclopedia project which was launched in 2010 to compile a comprehensive list of botanical nomenclature, the Plant List has 1,040,426 scientific plant names of species rank of which 298,900 are accepted species names. In addition, the list has 620 plant families and 16,167 plant genera
Emergency medical services in the United Kingdom
Emergency care including ambulance and emergency department treatment is free to everyone, regardless of immigration or visitor status. The NHS commissions most emergency services through the 14 NHS organisations with ambulance responsibility across the UK. As with other services, the public normally access emergency medical services through one of the valid emergency telephone numbers. This led to the formation of predominantly county based ambulance services, which gradually merged up and changed responsibilities until 2006, when there were 31 NHS ambulance trusts in England. Following further changes as part of the NHS foundation trust pathway, the commissioners in each region are responsible for contracting with a suitable organisation to provide ambulance services within their geographical territory. The primary contract for each area is held by a public NHS body, of which there are 11 in England. The service was operated before reorganisation in 1974 by the St Andrews’ Ambulance Association under contract to the Secretary of State for Scotland, the Northern Ireland Ambulance Service was established in 1995 by parliamentary order, and serves the whole of Northern Ireland.
The Welsh Ambulance Service NHS Trust was established on 1 April 1998, there is a large market for private and voluntary ambulance services, with the sector being worth £800m to the UK economy in 2012. This places the voluntary providers in direct competition with private services, expenditure on private ambulances in England increased from £37m in 2011−12 to £67. 5m in 2013/4, rising in London from £796,000 to more than £8. 8m. In 2014−15, these 10 ambulance services spent £57.6 million on 333,329 callouts of private or voluntary services - an increase of 156% since 2010−11, in 2013, the CQC found 97% of private ambulance services to be providing good care. These private, registered services are represented by the Independent Ambulance Association, there are a number of unregistered services operating, who do not provide ambulance transport, but only provide response on an event site. These firms are not regulated, and are not subject to the checks as the registered providers, although they may operate similar vehicles.
There are a number of ambulance providers, sometimes known as Voluntary Aid Services or Voluntary Aid Societies, with the main ones being the British Red Cross. The history of the ambulance services pre-dates any government organised service. As they are in competition for work with the private ambulance providers. Voluntary organisations have provided cover for the public when unionised NHS ambulance trust staff have taken industrial action, there are a number of smaller voluntary ambulance organisations, fulfilling specific purposes, such as Hatzola who provide emergency medical services to the orthodox Jewish community in some cities. These have however run into difficulties due to use of vehicles not legally recognised as ambulances, all emergency medical services in the UK are subject to a range of legal and regulatory requirements, and in many cases are monitored for performance. This framework is largely statutory in nature, being mandated by government through a range of primary and secondary legislation and this requires all providers to register, to meet certain standards of quality, and to submit to inspection of those standards
London to Brighton events
London to Brighton refers to a variety of races, charity bicycle rides and rallies that take place between London and Brighton in the United Kingdom. The route often follows the A23, Ditchling Beacon on the South Downs is a steep climb followed by a gentle descent for five miles into Brighton, where the route finishes on the promenade by the Kings Road arches. The current London to Brighton Veteran Car Run does not use the route past the Ditchling Beacon but follows the A273 road up Clayton Hill, several fundraising bike rides take place between London and Brighton each year. The most famous is the British Heart Foundation event which has taken place each summer since 1976, despite most roads being closed to cars, the number of bikes is such that traffic jams occur, especially at hills. Several sections are somewhat steeper, and whilst the fittest will try to cycle up, to date, over 650,0000 riders have taken part and have raised over £40 million so that the BHF can fund pioneering research, patient care and the provision of vital information.
In recent years, the BHF have introduced a night ride and these are on separate dates, and some competitors will ride all three routes in the same year. All roads were open to traffic, and a vehicle fire on the Mile End Road delayed a number of riders. All participants were timed from start to finish line and it expands on the inaugural event of the previous year by adding a second route between Manchester and Leeds. Both routes are described as 60 miles long, a 120-mile there and back option is available on both routes. An ultramarathon running race used to take this route each October, starting on Westminster Bridge in the centre of London and this is a distance of 54 miles,198 yards. The race was organised by the Road Runners Club from 1953 to 2005, however the course had been raced over at least since the early 19th century, and regularly since 1899. In its years the race was low-key with just over one hundred runners taking part, the fastest would finish in well under 6 hours, whilst there was a time limit of 10 hours after which the course was not marshalled.
The race was discontinued after 2005 because of increasing road traffic, in 2010 the ultra-running organisation Extreme Running staged an off-road London to Brighton Trail Race from Blackheath in London to Brighton sea front. The winning time was 8 hours 32 minutes, the race was next planned to be held in 2011. From Piccadilly to Brighton there is a marathon route, the London to Brighton Mini Run takes place on the 3rd Sunday in May. It celebrated its 25th anniversary in 2010, in 2009 the event broke the world record for the longest convoy of Minis with a Guinness-verified total of 1450 cars. The London to Brighton, and believed to be the largest one make car show in the world attracting over 2,500 Minis both classic and modern and it is organised by the London & Surrey Mini Owners Club. In 2005 this tradition was copied in the United States, the SotaMINIs car club organized the New London to New Brighton Run in the state of Minnesota
An agricultural show is a public event exhibiting the equipment, animals and recreation associated with agriculture and animal husbandry. The largest comprise a livestock show, a fair, competitions. The work and practices of farmers, animal fanciers, the terms agricultural show and livestock show are synonymous with the North American terms county fair and state fair. Agricultural shows are an important part of life in small country towns. Larger shows often include live entertainment and fireworks in the main arena, the first known agricultural show was held by Salford Agricultural Society, Lancashire, in 1768. Since the 19th century, agricultural shows have provided people with an opportunity to celebrate achievements. City shows provide city people with an opportunity to engage directly with rural life, agriculture shows are often enlivened with competitive events, including sheaf tossing, show jumping, food competitions, and tent pegging. Demolition Derbys and rodeos are popular in the US and campdrafting, studs are generally available for a fee. A livestock show is an event where livestock are exhibited and judged on certain phenotypical breed traits as specified by their breed standard.
Species of livestock that may be shown include pigs, sheep, horses, poultry such as chickens, ducks and pigeons are shown competitively. There are shows for rabbits, sheepdogs. Prize-winners at agricultural shows are generally awarded inscribed medals, the National Museum of Australia has a rare collection of medals documenting the history of agricultural shows and rural industries across Australia. The 111 medals range in date from the mid-19th to the early 20th century and many are associated with significant individuals, related to a show is the field day, with elements of a trade show for machinery and skills required for broadacre farming. Field days typically do not involve livestock, showbags or sideshows, in some communities in northern England Field Days have lost their agricultural character and have become community celebrations. Pecan growers were given a talk on insect control by an entomologist at a recent field day at LSU AgCenter’s Pecan Research/Extension Station in Shreveport, a Landcare survey conducted in 1992/93 revealed that field days in Australia have a high value among local farmers.
New Zealands National Agricultural Fieldays is held annually in June at Mystery Creek, near Hamilton, New Zealand, smaller shows, held annually in New Zealands towns and communities, are generally called agricultural and pastoral shows. The Denbigh Show has enjoyed success as the Caribbeans premier agricultural event and epitomizes wholesome family entertainment and attracts over 80,000 patrons to the event annually