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Aristagoras

Aristagoras, d. 497/496 BC, was the leader of the Ionian city of Miletus in the late 6th century BC and early 5th century BC and a key player during the early years of the Ionian Revolt against the Persian Achaemenid Empire. He was the son-in-law of Histiaeus, inherited the tyranny of Miletus from him. By the time extant history hears of him, Aristagoras is serving as deputy governor of Miletus, a polis on the western coast of Anatolia around 500 BC, he was the son of Molpagoras, previous tyrant of an independent Miletus, brother-in-law of Histiaeus, whom the Persians had set up as tyrant, but never quite trusted. After general Megabazus presented his complaints about Histiaeus to Darius I of Persia, the latter summoned Histiaeus to his court and detained him at Susa, the main reason being that he wanted a trustworthy advisor. On the recommendation of Histiaeus, the Achaemenids appointed Aristagoras as the new ruler of Miletus. Aristagoras ruled Miletus; the assignment was put forward as temporary.

Everyone knew that he was being kept under observation away from his troops. Aristagoras was the main orchestrator of the Ionian Revolt on secret instruction by Histiaeus, when the latter learned of Persian plans to interfere directly in Miletus. Aristagoras took advantage of Greek dissatisfaction with Persian rule to incite an alliance of the Greek poleis of Ionia. Soliciting assistance from the states of mainland Greece he failed to obtain the help of a major state, Sparta, he did obtain the half-hearted assistance of Athens. Their attack on the satrapy of Lydia having been defeated, they withdrew, abandoning Aristagoras to his fate. In the last months of the failing revolt, the Persians were reconquering rebel country city by city. Choosing not to remain and make a stand alone, Aristagoras led a colony to Thrace, where he had negotiated a franchise to settle from the Thracians. No sooner did he arrive than he and all his men were massacred in a surprise attack by the Thracians, for reasons unspecified by Herodotus, whether loyal to the Great King, or influenced by the Scythians, who hated the Ionians for their rescue of the Great King, or just because they changed their minds about the number of Hellenes they would allow in their country.

The revolt gained momentum but began to fail again. When all was nearly lost, the Great King allowed Histiaeus to convince him that he could settle the conflict and now should be sent back to Miletus. Aristagoras was gone. According to Herodotus, they never met again. Histiaeus never succeeded in reaching Miletus. Reporting first to Sardis, undoubtedly still recovering from fire, whether with or without the Great King's complicity, he was interrogated concerning his true loyalties. Histiaeus swore complete ignorance of the events of the revolt and unquestionable loyalty to the Persians, he admitted nothing, but the satrap, was not in the least deceived. He said, "I will tell thee how the case stands, Histaeus: this shoe is of thy stitching. Seeing that the jig was up, Histiaeus escaped that night and took ship at the coast at Ephesus, he had no trouble raising troops and finding ships, but he found that he was not trusted by the revolutionaries. Miletus would not have him back, he became a soldier of fortune in the Aegean until he was executed by Artaphernes.

The Ionian revolt was settled in 494/493 BC. The Persians went on to plot the conquest of Greece under the pretext of a punitive campaign against Athens. Certain exiled citizens of Naxos came to Miletus to seek refuge, they asked Aristagoras to supply them with troops, so that they could regain control of their homeland. Aristagoras considered that if he was able to supply troops to the Naxians he could become ruler of Naxos. So he agreed to assist the Naxians, he explained that he did not have enough troops of his own, but that Artaphernes, Darius’ brother and the Persian satrap of Lydia, who commanded a large army and navy on the coast of Asia, could help supply troops. The Naxians supplied him with money. Aristagoras suggested that Artaphernes attack Naxos and restore the exiles; the Persians would gain control of the island. He explained to Artaphernes that Naxos “was a fine and fertile island, close to the Ionian coast, rich both in treasures and slaves.” It was the gateway to the Cyclades, which the Persians did not yet rule.

Aristagoras promised that he would both give Artaphernes a bonus sum. He tempted Artaphernes by adding that capturing the island would place other poleis of the Cyclades under his control, they would serve as bases for an invasion of Euboea. After securing the permission of Susa, Artaphernes promised 200 ships; the following spring and the Naxian exiles sailed with the fleet. For the success of the invasion, Aristagoras quarrelled with the Persian admiral Megabates, he interfered in the discipline of the latter over the ship captains to save a friend from harsh punishment for an infraction. Aristagoras saved his friend but lost the friendship and loyalty of the Persian admiral, who expected to be in overall command; the schism was irreparable, being the first incident of the subsequent Ionian revolt. Megabates sabotaged the entire operation by secretly informing the Naxians that they were about to be attacked, taking away the element of surprise. Naxos had enough time to prepare for a siege. Four months the siege still held, the Persians were out of supplies and had only limited funds remaining.

The expedition was considered a f

The Exploding Hearts

The Exploding Hearts were an influential American punk rock and power pop band formed in Portland, United States, in 2001. The band was composed of vocalist/guitarist Adam Cox, bassist Matt Fitzgerald, guitarist Terry Six, drummer Jeremy Gage. Shortly after the release of their debut studio album, Guitar Romantic, Cox and Gage were killed in a car accident on July 20, 2003, after which the band ceased to exist; the band rose to prominence in the US Pacific Northwest scene shortly after they formed in 2001. The band drew influences from early British punk bands such as The Undertones, The Clash, The Jam, The Boys and The Only Ones, as well as power pop acts like Nick Lowe; the Exploding Hearts led a revival of 1970s-era power pop and new wave in the Seattle and Portland area along with bands like The Briefs and the Epoxies on the then-Seattle-based Dirtnap Records. Their combination of punk rock and power pop influenced melodies and their energetic live shows brought them attention on the West Coast and from magazines such as Maximumrocknroll and Shredding Paper, which featured them on their covers.

They released their debut studio album, Guitar Romantic, in April 2003. On July 20, 2003, the band was headed home to Portland on Interstate 5 after having played at the Bottom of the Hill in San Francisco, it is believed that Fitzgerald, driving, fell asleep and lost control of their van near Eugene, Oregon. Cox, 23, Gage, 21, were thrown from the vehicle and pronounced dead at the scene and Fitzgerald, 20, died at a hospital. Guitarist Terry Six, 21, manager Rachell Ramos, 35, sustained only minor injuries; the band disbanded in the aftermath of the accident. A compilation album was released by Dirtnap Records in 2006. In 2009, their song "Modern Kicks" was listed as the 290th greatest song of the decade, their album Guitar Romantic deemed the 60th best album of the decade by Pitchfork Media. Terry Six joined former members of the Portland-based band The Riffs, Gabe Lageson, Colin Jarrell, Alan Mansfieldwent, established the Portland-based power pop band, The Nice Boys, they released a 7" single on Discourage Records entitled "You Won't See Me Anymore" b/w "Lipstick Love" and a S/T full-length album on Birdman Records.

Guitar Romantic: The LP was released on Screaming Apple Records with an initial pressing of 1000. The CD was released on Dirtnap Records on March 24, 2003 with an initial pressing of 2300. Shattered: This Dirtnap Records CD is a compilation of all of the Hearts' singles, including their unreleased final recordings. There is a five-song video collection of live performances from the band's second to final show at the Bottom of the Hill in San Francisco. " Teenage Faces": Single release on Vinyl Warning Records with an initial press of 200 white and 300 black vinyl. The b-side is "Your Shadow". A second pressing of 500 on black vinyl was made; the planned third pressing was canceled after the accident. "Modern Kicks": The single version is different from the version on the full-length album. The single was released on Pelado Records in 200 mixed colors; the b-side is "Busy Signals" " I'm a Pretender": Was released on Pelado Records Dirtnap Across the Northwest: This Dirtnap Records label compilation featured The Exploding Hearts' cover of FU2's song "Sniffin' Glue."

Original Demo: Unreleased three song demo recorded with original drummer Matt Bunza. Contains as yet unreleased versions of “So Bored” and “Black and Blue.” The band's cover of the Paul Collins' Beat’s “Walkin out on Love” was recorded as part of this. The Pink Demo: Unreleased five song demo, recorded with engineer Pat Kearns. Most of these songs were released on Shattered, although the demo does contain an as yet unreleased version of “Still Crazy.”Their song "Your Shadow" is featured in the EA skateboarding video game Skate. A documentary film is in production and is scheduled for a 2019 release; the Exploding Hearts discography at MusicBrainz Article on the Exploding Hearts history Exploding Hearts interview from MRR No. 240 The Seattle Times news story on the van crash that took the lives of three members of the band Looking back at the influence of the Exploding Hearts on Portland and the US national music scene

Baryi Kalimullin

Baryi Gibatovich Kalimullin was a Russian architect and social activist. He is credited with helping to build Bashkir State University. In 1935-51 Head of sector of urban planning in the trust "Bashprogor". In 1951-1963 Senior Research Fellow, Institute of History and Literature BF USSR. Since 1966 Head of the Department of Architecture at the Kazan State University of Architecture and Engineering. In 1971-87 at the Ufa Oil Institute, where he initiated at the Faculty of Civil Engineering in 1977 and opened a specialty "Architecture". Kalimullin was a founder of scientific research in the field of urban development in the country, Bashkir folk architecture, planning villages, he was one of the organizers and the first president of the Union of Architects of the Republic of Bashkortostan, leading the group for about 30 years. His research interests included urban planning, history of the region, art, he published a total of ten monographs, including "Landmarks Bashkiria", "City Salavat", "Caravanserai Orenburg", "City Sterlitamak", "Issues of planning and development of Ufa", "Planning and construction Bashkir villages", "Bashkir folk architecture"

Christmas tree (aviation)

A "Christmas tree" was a type of alert area constructed by the United States Air Force for the Strategic Air Command during the Cold War. Oftentimes, bombers or tanker aircraft were stationed next to a readiness crew building known as "mole hole" facilities; the alert apron known as an alert ramp, received the name "Christmas tree", because in planform it resembled a tree of the same name. Before the development of the Boeing B-52 Stratofortress, aircraft such as the Convair B-36 Peacemaker, Boeing B-50 Superfortress and Boeing B-47 Stratojet were parked on alert aprons at right angles. Due to the size of the aircraft, this created a problem in launching aircraft efficiently in the event of an emergency scramble, requiring a different solution to be devised. To fix this, aircraft were repositioned on designed alert aprons arranged in herringbone configurations, which allowed the planes to pull out onto the runway as as possible; this meant that the aircraft would be positioned at 45 degrees in relation to an alert apron center-line leading to a short taxiway and onto the nearest runway.

Two aircraft would be positioned on either side of the center-line four deep on either side, with one additional aircraft being positioned directly aligned on the center-line farthest back. The success of this formation led to the adoption of the setup for the Boeing KC-97 Stratofreighter and KB-50 Superfortress aerial refueling aircraft; as newer bomber and aircraft entered the SAC inventory, the "Christmas tree" aprons would be used by the B-47 Stratojet, B-52 Stratofortress, Convair B-58 Hustler, General Dynamics FB-111, Rockwell B-1 Lancer, Boeing KC-135 Stratotanker and McDonnell Douglas KC-10 Extender aircraft. During an alert, flight crews and ground crews would run out of the alert facility, i.e. the "mole hole," either to their awaiting planes or to alert vehicles that they would drive to said aircraft. This latter option was critical for crews of the last three aircraft on the ramp that were located several hundred yards from the alert facility. During an alert sortie, there was no specific departure order.

At this point, the aircraft would perform an "elephant walk" to the duty runway, located close to the Christmas tree, due to the need to launch the aircraft as as possible in response to a probable inbound enemy attack. If the aircraft were to be launched as as possible a Minimum Interval Takeoff would be performed, in order to lessen the chance that the aircraft would be caught on the ground in the event of a nuclear strike. Although it is unknown how much each "Christmas tree" cost to construct and maintain, the Christmas tree at the former Loring Air Force Base, Maine is estimated to have cost $400,000 when it was constructed between 1959 and 1960. Although Strategic Air Command was disestablished in 1992, "Christmas tree" aprons and their associated "mole holes" continue to exist on numerous Air Force Global Strike Command, Air Combat Command, Air Mobility Command, Air Education and Training Command, Air Force Reserve Command and Air National Guard bases, as well as two active Army Air Fields and several civilian and joint civil-military airports that were SAC installations for all or part of the 1950s through the 1990s.

Strategic Air Command facilities

Thinking with Time Machine

Thinking with Time Machine is a single-player mod for Portal 2 developed by Ruslan Rybka known as Stridemann, released by SignHead Studio. It was released to Steam on April 18, 2014, for Microsoft Windows, OS X, Linux systems, available to users who own Portal 2 on Steam. Like in Portal, Thinking with Time Machine gives the player the Portal gun, puts them in the same environments and with many of the same testing elements. However, the player now has a device known as the "time machine"; the device allows the player to record their movements, summon a double who performs those motions. Most of Portal 2's testing elements are included in the mod, new elements are shown through an instruction board. For example, it teaches the player that crouching down as a clone will let the character jump on her later. If the clone stops crouching when the character on it, they are pushed up a little and can jump higher. Alice O'Connor of Rock, Shotgun said of Thinking with Time Machine "For those lacking in some of the social niceties, it’s the closest we’ll get to playing Portal 2 co-op.”

Thinking with Time Machine on Steam

Wonhee Anne Joh

Wonhee Anne Joh is an author, theologian and lecturer whose influence in the disciplines of religion, women's equality, the Asian American experience has created a great deal of thought and positive discourse. Joh is a Professor of Theology and Culture at Garrett-Evangelical Theological Seminary in Evanston, Illinois, she is serving as an invited affiliate faculty in Depts. of Religious Studies and Asian American Studies Program and faculty member of Religion and Global Politics Group at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. Joh describes her teaching philosophy to include "As a teacher, I believe that transformative praxis begins with each of us in our everyday lives. Theological reflection is crucial because the meaning of our lives is understood through the prism of religious experience. Therefore, theological reflection must be bold and imaginative as well as grounded in the material reality of history of peoples' lives." Joh's renowned book Heart of the Cross: A Postcolonial Christology Westminster John Knox Press, Kentucky, is a theological masterpiece.

"Utilizing the Korean concept of jeong, Joh constructs a theology, feminist and love-centered, while acknowledging the cross as source of pain and suffering. Joh's innovative vision is a call for political love, stronger than powers of oppression." "Wonhee Anne Joh's book, Heart of The Cross contributes to the conversation not only with postcolonial theory but with other theories such as post-structuralism and liberationist feminist hermeneutics. In this book, Joh investigates the specific theological category, Christology, by drawing on her Asian/Korean American experience." Heart of the Cross: A Postcolonial Christology. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2006 Terror and Mourning: A Postcolonial Theology of Hope. Under contract and forthcoming with Fordham University Press. Engaging the United States as a Military Empire: Critical Studies of Christianity from Asian/Asian North American Perspectives. Ed. Anne Joh and Nami Kim. New York, NY: Palgrave, 2016. Korean Christian LGBT: A Critical Approach.

Ed. Anne Joh and Nami Kim. Forthcoming