Arizona Coyotes

The Arizona Coyotes are a professional ice hockey team based in the Phoenix suburb of Glendale, Arizona. They compete in the National Hockey League as a member of the Pacific Division of the Western Conference; the Coyotes first played at America West Arena in downtown Phoenix, before moving to Glendale's Gila River Arena in 2003. In 2021, the Coyotes are scheduled to return to the Central Division when an expansion team in Seattle joins the league; the Coyotes were founded on December 1971, as the Winnipeg Jets of the World Hockey Association. After the WHA had ceased operations, they were one of four franchises absorbed into the National Hockey League and granted membership on June 22, 1979; the Jets moved to Phoenix on July 1, 1996, were renamed the Phoenix Coyotes. In 2014, the team was re-named to the present Arizona Coyotes; the Coyotes are owned by Alex Meruelo, who purchased the club in 2019. The team is known for its instability under prior ownership; the NHL took ownership of the Phoenix Coyotes franchise in 2009 after then-owner Jerry Moyes turned it over to the league after declaring bankruptcy and the league kept control of the team until 2013 when they were able to find ownership willing to keep the team in Arizona.

The Coyotes continue to be at odds with the city of Glendale and the use of Gila River Arena, but has signed a lease through the 2019–20 season. The team began play as the Winnipeg Jets, one of the founding franchises in the World Hockey Association; the Jets were the most successful team in the short-lived WHA, winning the Avco World Trophy, the league's championship trophy, three times and making the finals five out of the WHA's seven seasons. It became one of the four teams admitted to the NHL as part of a merger when the financially struggling WHA folded in 1979. However, the club was never able to translate its WHA success into the NHL after the merger; the merger's terms allowed the established NHL teams to reclaim most of the players that had jumped to the upstart league, the Jets lost most of their best players in the ensuing reclamation draft. As a result, they finished last in the NHL during their first two seasons, including a nine-win season in 1980–81, still the worst in franchise history.

However, they recovered quickly, making the playoffs 11 times in the next 15 seasons. But the Jets only won two playoff series due to being in the same division as the powerful Edmonton Oilers and Calgary Flames; because of the way the playoffs were structured for much of their Winnipeg run, the team was all but assured of having to defeat either the Oilers or the Flames to reach the Conference Finals. In 1984–85, for instance, they finished with the fifth-best record in the NHL, only to be eliminated by the Oilers in the division finals. Two seasons they dispatched the Flames in the first round, only to be eliminated again by the Oilers in the division finals; the franchise would not win another playoff series for 25 years. The Jets ran into financial trouble. Winnipeg was the second-smallest market in the NHL for most of the Jets' existence, after the Quebec Nordiques moved to Denver in 1995 to become the Colorado Avalanche, it became the smallest market. In addition, the club's home arena, Winnipeg Arena, was one of the smallest in the league.

Despite strong fan support, several attempts to keep the team in Winnipeg fell through. In December 1995, Jerry Colangelo, owner of the National Basketball Association's Phoenix Suns. After the franchise considered "Mustangs", "Outlaws", "Wranglers" and "Freeze", a name-the-team contest yielded the nickname "Coyotes", which finished ahead of the second-place "Scorpions". In the summer the move occurred, Jets star Alexei Zhamnov left the team, while the team added established superstar Jeremy Roenick from the Chicago Blackhawks. Roenick teamed up with power wingers Keith Tkachuk and Rick Tocchet to form a dynamic 1–2–3 offensive punch that led the Coyotes through their first years in Arizona. Impressive were young players like Shane Doan, Oleg Tverdovsky and goaltender Nikolai Khabibulin, whom the fans nicknamed the "Bulin Wall". Another key addition to the squad was veteran forward Mike Gartner, who had joined from the Toronto Maple Leafs. Despite his experience and scoring his 700th career goal on December 15, 1997, Gartner battled injuries in the latter half of the 1997–98 season.

The Coyotes did not renew his contract and he retired at the end of the season. After arriving in Phoenix, the team posted six consecutive.500 or better seasons, making the playoffs in every year but one. The one time they did not make the playoffs, in 2000–01, they became the first team to earn 90 points and miss the playoffs; the Coyotes' original home, America West Arena, was suboptimal for hockey. Although considered a state-of-the-art arena when built for the Phoenix Suns, unlike most modern arenas, it was not designed with a hockey rink in mind; the floor was just large enough to fit a standard NHL rink, forcing the Coyotes to hastily re-engineer it to accommodate the 200-foot rink. The configuration left a portion of one end of the upper deck hanging over the boards and ice, obscuring a third of the rink and one goal from several sections; as a result, listed capacity had to be cut down from over 18,000 seats to just over 16,000 – the second-smallest in the league at the time – after the first season.

Richard Burke bought-out Steven Gluckstern in 1998, but was unable to attract more investors to alleviate


In combinatorics and order-theoretic mathematics, a multitree may describe either of two equivalent structures: a directed acyclic graph in which the set of vertices reachable from any vertex induces a tree, or a ordered set that does not have four items a, b, c, d forming a diamond suborder with a ≤ b ≤ d and a ≤ c ≤ d but with b and c incomparable to each other. In computational complexity theory, multitrees have been called unambiguous graphs or mangroves. Multitrees may be used to represent multiple overlapping taxonomies over the same ground set. If a family tree may contain multiple marriages from one family to another, but does not contain marriages between any two blood relatives it forms a multitree. In a directed acyclic graph, if the set of vertices reachable from any vertex induces a tree, or equivalently if there is at most one directed path between any two vertices in either direction its reachability relation is a diamond-free partial order. Conversely, in a partial order, if it is diamond-free its transitive reduction identify a directed acyclic graph in which the set of vertices reachable from any vertex induces a tree A diamond-free family of sets is a family F of sets whose inclusion ordering forms a diamond-free poset.

If D denotes the largest possible diamond-free family of subsets of an n-element set it is known that 2 ≤ lim n → ∞ D / ≤ 2 3 11 and it is conjectured that the limit is 2. A polytree, a directed acyclic graph formed by assigning an orientation to each edge of an undirected tree, may be viewed as a special case of a multitree; the set of all vertices connected to any vertex in a multitree forms an arborescence. The word "multitree" has been used to refer to a series-parallel partial order, or to other structures formed by combining multiple trees

Faurecia (Saline Plant)

Automotive Components Holdings, LLC located in Saline, Michigan was an automotive parts manufacturing plant that specialized in the manufacture of plastics, trim pieces, instrument panels, door panels and other various internal plastic parts. On June 1, 2012, Faurecia, a French automotive parts supplier, began operations at the plant; the facility is located on Michigan Avenue just outside Saline. Outgoing freight service to various railroads in Toledo, Ohio is provided by the Ann Arbor Railroad; as a "primary customer," the plant receives 13.2 kv electrical service from DTE Energy via a dedicated substation on the west side of the property. The plant first opened its doors in 1966 when Ford Motor Company relocated it from nearby Brooklyn, Michigan to Saline; the plant specialized early on in trim manufacture. In 2000 the plant began a series of ownership changes; the first of, Visteon Corporation in 2000. Visteon became an independent, publicly traded company. In 2005 Visteon struck a deal with its former parent company to transfer ownership of Saline, several of their facilities, back to Ford Motor Company in an effort to avoid bankruptcy.

The new company was called Automotive Components Holdings, LLC. ACH was owned by Ford Motor Company and its primary mission was to sell or close the plant by December 2008; the workers of the plant are represented by the Saline Local 892 chapter of the UAW. On November 15, 2007, ACH announced that it had reached a tentative agreement to sell the plant to Johnson Controls pending the ability of Johnson Controls to reach a competitive labor agreement with the plant's employees; as of September 2008, Johnson Controls no longer had any plans to purchase the plant. Johnson Controls did not buy the Saline Plant. Ford employees were taken from the GIN pool getting rid of the GIN pool and placing all remaining Ford employees into the Saline Plant. Ford Motor Company began negotiations for possible sale of the Saline plant but continued to operate and support Saline. On May 3, 2012, Faurecia announced its intention to buy the plant, gained control two months later. Plans were announced for an official dedication of the plant on July 17, 2012.

It announced plans to "reconfigure and upgrade" the plant over "the next few years." Faurecia Automotive Components Holdings Ford Motor Company Visteon Corporation UAW Local 892 Official Website