Special routes of U.S. Route 412
Five special routes of U. S. Route 412 exist. U. S. Route 412 Alternate is a special route of U. S. Route 412 in eastern Oklahoma, it serves as a free bypass route to the toll Cherokee Turnpike, which carries US-412. It begins about 7 miles east of Chouteau near Locust Grove and ends about 12 miles west of West Siloam Springs near Kansas. Alternate US-412 was marked as "Scenic US-412" prior to 2012; this was one of only two scenic special routes in the country, the other being U. S. Route 40 Scenic in Maryland. Maps still marked the road as "Alternate US-412", however. Scenic US-412 was part of State Highway 11 and State Highway 33. US Route 412 Business is a business route of 2.65 miles in Arkansas. The route has its northern terminus. Posted as US 412B, the route runs through Hindsville, meeting AR 45 south before terminating at US 412 southeast of Hindsville, it was created in 2007 following completion of a 4 lane bypass around the east side of town. Major intersectionsThe entire route is in Madison County.
U. S. Route 412 Business is a business route of 5.48 miles in Arkansas. The route runs east through town as Main Street. US 412B has a junction with AR 74; the road continues east, forming a concurrency with Arkansas Highway 23 north for 0.5 miles before the two roads diverge. The highway continues another 1.87 miles before terminating at US 412 east of Huntsville. U. S. Route 412 Business is a business route in Jackson, overlapped with Tennessee State Route 20; the road runs from US 412 at Exit 79 on Interstate 40 along Hollywood Drive to North Parkway, joins an overlap with U. S. Route 70 in Tennessee at Whitehall Street, until it ends at the eastern terminus of another overlap with US 70/412, just southwest of Exit 87 on I-40. U. S. Route 412 Business is a business route and former section of mainline US 412 in Columbia, Tennessee; the route begins at the interchange with US 43 and the western terminus of its multiplex with US 412, as Hampshire Pike. Tennessee State Route 50 intersects the route from Williamsport Pike, joins the route in a concurrency until after they cross a bridge over Bigby Creek, TN 50 turns south onto James Campbell Boulevard West.
From there, the name of Hampshire Pike becomes West Seventh Street. From there the route runs along the north side of the historic Columbia Arsenal, several blocks after a railroad crossing it serves as the northern terminus of Tennessee State Route 243. Closer to downtown Columbia, the road becomes line with more historic sites along with some locally notable ones, such as the West Seventh Church of Christ and the Oakes and Nichols Funeral Home the NRHP-listed Robert Church House, across from that the headquarters for WKRM-AM/WKOM-FM; this is followed by the St. Peter's Episcopal Church across from the local Knights of Columbus chapter, the James K. Polk Home and Sisters' House across from the Maury County Visitor's Center. Entering the Columbia Commercial Historic District, West Seventh Street approaches Maury County Courthouse Square, but one block before that street circles around the courthouse, US BUS 412, joins a northbound multiplex with US 31. Beginning at Third Street, US 31/BUS 412 curves from straight north to northeast and after the intersection with Tennessee State Route 7 crosses a bridge over Duck River curves more towards the northeast as it becomes the Nashville Highway, a standard four-lane divided commercial strip.
US 412 Business ends at the northern terminus of US 43, while US 31 continues north along Tennessee State Route 6, as US 412/Tennessee State Route 99 continues east towards I-65
U.S. Route 64 in Arkansas
U. S. Route 64 is a U. S. highway running from Teec Nos Pos, Arizona east to Nags Head, North Carolina. In the U. S. state of Arkansas, the route runs 246.35 miles from the Oklahoma border in Fort Smith east to the Tennessee border in Memphis. The route passes through several cities and towns, including Fort Smith, Russellville, Conway and West Memphis. US 64 runs parallel to Interstate 40 until Conway. US 64 crosses Arkansas' western border over the Arkansas River, heading southeast into downtown Ft. Smith. Upon entry to Arkansas, the highway passes the Fort Smith National Historic Site, Ft. Smith Confederate Monument, Commercial Hotel and the West Garrison Avenue Historic District, all on the National Register of Historic Places; the highway turns northwest near the New Theatre, following the Arkansas and Missouri Railroad and concurring with US 71 Business onto 10th and 11th Streets. Westbound traffic runs on 10th St and eastbound traffic on 11th St past the Fort Smith Masonic Temple. Traffic converges onto Midland Boulevard.
US 64 crosses the Arkansas River again near the American Doughboy Monument as it enters Van Buren on Broadway. US 64 passes the Van Buren Post Office before turning east onto Main Street northeast again becoming the Alma Highway. US 64 passes a former alignment, now designated as Oak St. After Oak St, US 64 crosses I-540 and continues east to Alma. US 64 follows Interstate 40 until Conway, while closely following the Arkansas River, the Union Pacific Railroad, the southern edge of the Ozark National Forest. US 64 continues through mountainous Franklin County, intersecting the Pig Trail Scenic Byway in Ozark; the route passes the Franklin County Courthouse, the Ozark Courthouse Square Historic District in Ozark before exiting town continuing east. Route 64 passes a significant connector road in Wiederkehr Village before entering Altus and entering Johnson County. US 64 runs through Coal Hill and Hartman before curving northeast and crossing over I-40; the route continues to home of the University of the Ozarks.
The route passes the Johnson County Courthouse, historic American Legion Hut, Clarksville Municipal Airport, Lake Dardanelle before again crossing over I-40 and entering Pope County. US 64 parallels Interstate 40, through Russellville and Morrilton. In Faulkner County, it converges with U. S. Route 65B through Conway heading south before diverging from US 65 Business and Interstate 40 by turning east onto Oak Street; the highway next approaches Vilonia, following a southerly bypass around the city that opened in October 2011 and rejoining its prior alignment west of the White County line and continuing to El Paso, where it intersects Arkansas Highway 5. US 64 travels east to Beebe, where it entered town via Center Street and joined with US 67 and US 167; this former route along Center Street has since been resigned U. S. Route 67B, as all three US highways have been relocated to a concurrent divided highway northwest of Beebe. US 64 runs along this divided highway past McRae and Searcy, where its original route took it north along Main Street east along Race Avenue.
This former route is now signed U. S Route 67B. US 64, 67, 167 were rerouted southeast of Searcy along Eastline Road, now signed Arkansas Highway 367. All three highways continue to run northeast along a divided highway running parallel to Eastline Road. US 64 diverges from US 67 & 167 on the northeast side of Bald Knob, where its former route took it downtown along Highway Avenue, now signed Arkansas Highway 367. US 64 turns east toward the White River and Woodruff County, while the divided US 67 diverges northeast, US 167 diverges north. US 64 continues east through Augusta and McCrory, intersecting with US Route 49 at Fair Oaks and bypassing Wynne while in Cross County, proceeding into Crittenden County through Earle and Crawfordsville, until joining with Interstate 55 at Marion, its former route continued east along Military Road, turning south onto the Great River Road, converging with US Route 63, which has since been rerouted along Interstate 55. The former route is signed Arkansas Highway 77.
US 64 continues south to West Memphis, where its former route entered the city from the north via Missouri Street, turning east onto Broadway. Its current route turns east north of West Memphis as Interstates 55 and 40 converge, before entering Tennessee along the Interstate 55 bridge; each August, a large yard sale similar to the Highway 127 Corridor Sale takes place along 160 mi of US 64 in Arkansas, in locations stretching from Fort Smith to Beebe. Special routes of U. S. Route 64, six special routes of US 64 exist in Arkansas
Arkansas Highway 22
Highway 22 is an east–west state highway in the Arkansas River Valley. The highway runs 75.60 miles from US 64/US 71B east to Highway 7 in Dardanelle. The highway is one of the original 1926 state highways, is maintained by the Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department; the route begins in Fort Smith at US 64/US 71B. It runs east, crossing I-540/US 71. AR 22 intersects AR 96 east of the installation; the route next enters Charleston. County Line High School is located on this highway near Branch. Caulksville brings a junction with AR 23, meetings with AR 109, AR 288, AR 309 occur in Paris. AR 22/AR 109/AR 288 run together until Subiaco, when the route loses AR 288 but crosses AR 197. AR 22 loses AR 109 at Midway, running alone to Dardanelle; the route terminates at AR 7 after a brief concurrency with AR 155. The road itself is straight and in reasonably good repair. Passing can be safely accomplished in several stretches of Highway 22 despite a lack of constructed passing areas; the route was one of the original 1926 Arkansas state highways.
AR 22 ran from Fort Smith to Dardanelle along a routing similar to the modern-day routing of AR 22. Three original segments of Highway 22 remain intact and are listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the New Blaine segment was listed in 2003, the Barling segment was listed in May 2007, the Yell County segment was listed in 2008. All three listings are contained within the Arkansas Highway History and Architecture Multiple Property Submission, which preserves history from Arkansas's highway building era between 1910 and 1965; the Old Arkansas 22, Barling Segment is a historic section of roadway in Arkansas. Now named Mayo Drive, it consists of a 0.5-mile stretch of concrete pavement, two lanes wide, in the northwestern part of the city. It extends north from the current alignment of Highway 22 until it reaches a sharp curve, where the pavement narrows before continuing westward to rejoin the highway; this stretch of pavement was constructed in 1928 by the Koss Construction Company, is longest section of surviving pavement of the early alignment of Highway 22.
Old Arkansas Highway 22 is a historic roadway section in Arkansas. It consists of an S-shaped section asphalt, 1.5 miles in length, built in 1930 by Cook & Ransom and the Schultz Construction Company to carry Highway 22. This section was bypassed by the present alignment in the 1960s, it is now designated as part of Arkansas Highway 197, the AR 197 Loop, Rainbow Loop, continues to provide the primary access to the town center. One surviving element of the original alignment survives in Yell County west of Dardanelle; this segment was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2008. List of state highways in Arkansas *National Register of Historic Places listings in Logan County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Sebastian County, Arkansas National Register of Historic Places listings in Yell County, Arkansas Media related to Arkansas Highway 22 at Wikimedia Commons
Booneville is a city in Logan County, United States and the county seat of the southern district. Located in the Arkansas River Valley between the Ouachita and Ozark Mountains, the city is one of the oldest in western Arkansas; the city's economy was first based upon the railroad and Arkansas State Tuberculosis Sanatorium, but has evolved into a diverse economy of small businesses and light industry as the early drivers have disappeared. Booneville's population was 3,990 at the 2010 census. Booneville supports a community center, a senior citizens center, a community hospital, a municipal airport and new school facilities. Hunting, camping and other outdoors activities are available in nearby national forests and state parks; the city was founded in 1828 when Walter Cauthron, an early explorer of the Arkansas Territory, built a log cabin and store along the Petit Jean River. Intending to name the community "Bonneville" for friend Benjamin Bonneville, the name was changed. Another theory is that the name was to honor Daniel Boone, a friend of the Logan family for which the county is named.
The Arkansas State Tuberculosis Sanatorium was established in 1909 about three miles south of Booneville. Once established, the sanatorium was the relocation center for all white Arkansans with tuberculosis. By the time the facility was closed in 1973, it had treated over 70,000 patients; the main hospital, named the Nyberg Building after Leo E. Nyberg, a former sanatorium patient and state legislator who sponsored the bill funding the construction, was completed in 1941; the facility became known worldwide as one of the most successful and modern hospitals for the treatment of tuberculosis of its day. The sanatorium complex was self-sustaining, with dormitories, staff entertainment buildings, a chapel, dairy, water treatment plant, independent telephone system, a fire department. At the height of its use, the complex employed nearly 300 staff members. At one point, the total population of the center was greater than that of Booneville, in the valley below. With the introduction of more effective drug therapy, the patient population began to decline.
The sanatorium was closed in 1973. The campus is used as the Booneville Human Development Center, a state-run residential program for adults with mild and moderate intellectual disability and other developmental disabilities. On March 23, 2008, Easter Sunday, a series of explosions destroyed the Cargill Meat Solutions plant, which employed 800 people, making it by far the town's largest employer. Cargill exploded when 88,000 pounds of anhydrous ammonia and 100,000 pounds of carbon dioxide were ignited by sparks from a welder, causing the evacuation of at least 1,000 of Booneville's 4,000 residents, leaving nearly 800 people without a job; because of this tragic event, the town's population drastically dropped in size and went into what many people began calling the “small-town recession.” On May 2, 2008 Cargill announced. Booneville is located at 35°8′23″N 93°55′17″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 4.1 square miles, all land. Booneville is near Blue Mountain Lake, a lake popular for fishing and swimming.
Five United States Army Corps of Engineers recreation areas are available for public lake access. At the east end of the lake, the Blue Mountain Wildlife Demonstration Area is a world-class bird dog field area; this area hosts visitors interested in hiking and mountain bike riding. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,117 people, 1,619 households, 1,109 families residing in the city; the population density was 1,010.0 people per square mile. There were 1,863 housing units at an average density of 457.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.62% White, 0.05% Black or African American, 1.12% Native American, 0.27% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, 1.72% from two or more races. 0.87% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,619 households out of which 34.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.3% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.5% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.01. In the city, the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, 17.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,627, the median income for a family was $31,012. Males had a median income of $25,238 versus $20,092 for females; the per capita income for the city was $13,076. About 13.1% of families and 18.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under age 18 and 23.9% of those age 65 or over. From its early days, Booneville has supported education. In 1874, as a response to needs for higher learning in western Arkansas, the Fort Smith District of the Methodist Episcopal Church, authorized the establishment of the Fort Smith District High School in Booneville, forty miles to the west.
Local church members donated building materials and labor. The school, located on South College Street, was to be supported by student tuition fees. Students came from towns all over western Arkansas to board with Booneville families and attend a school that offered an advanced
Arkansas Highway System
The Arkansas Highway System is made up of all the highways designated as Interstates, U. S. Highways and State Highways in the US state of Arkansas; the system is maintained by the Arkansas Department of Transportation, known as the Arkansas State Highway Department until 1977 and the Arkansas State Highway and Transportation Department from 1977 to 2017. The system contains 16,442.90 miles of Interstates, U. S. Routes, state highways, special routes; the shortest members are unsigned state highways Arkansas Highway 806 and Arkansas Highway 885, both 0.09 miles in length. The longest route is U. S. Route 67. Travel in Arkansas has come from humble beginnings. In the late nineteenth century, travelers would follow dirt paths riddled with potholes, ruts. Bicycles would stick in mud puddles. Trains never became popular in Arkansas, instead travelers would use horse and buggy to get around the rural parts of state, bicycles within cities. Across the nation, many cyclists began demanding better roads to use for travel, these road enthusiasts formed groups to advance their cause.
A group of Arkansas cyclists held a good roads convention in Little Rock just before the turn of the century. Arkansas automobile salesmen picked up on the notion that better roads would help their business as well, became the driving force behind the Arkansas good roads movement; the enterprising salesmen increased the movement's breadth by expanding their scope outside of city streets to farm to market routes, a move that enticed farmers to support the cause. The combination of money from Little Rock salesmen and the large number of farmers in the state made the good roads movement a formidable alliance. At this time, the roads were maintained by a state law that mandated all healthy men of middle age contribute five days of road work annually. Another convention in 1907 formed road districts. Although the need for improvement was obvious, the citizens had trouble finding funding for their goals. In December 1913, Arkansas formed the "Dollarway", the name of a concrete road with asphalt concrete topping.
It was opened near Pine Bluff. By 1914, a segment of 23 miles was opened, the longest paved stretch in the United States. Today, the route is covered by Highway 365, although some original concrete segments are still visible, the Dollarway Road portion has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Now that Arkansas had discovered a durable paving system, concrete topped with asphalt of "Dollarway pavement", they could replace the often-broken macadam roads. Dollarway was a more economical choice, as macadam would need replacing; the next problem facing Arkansas was that "road improvement districts" established in 1907. These districts lacked central organization, there was limited communication among districts, they were often headed by novices, were heavily in debt. In 1913, the Arkansas Highway Commission was ordered with the task of organizing the state's road system. In 1915, the Commission was charged with misappropriating funds for officials to use on automobiles and gasoline, making the financial situation worse.
The Alexander Road law of 1915 allowed those close to a route to form their own districts and subsequently contract out the work themselves. This resulted in wild variations of how the same road was paved from district to district and from county to county. In 1917, the Arkansas General Assembly enacted Act 105, designating all public roads as state roads eligible to receive federal aid in response to the Federal Aid Road Act of 1916; the Act had a limited scope, small appropriation limits, implementation was delayed nationwide due to World War I. The Federal Aid Highway Act of 1921, was passed in an effort to remedy the deficiencies of the 1917 legislation, it allowed for funds to be allocated for a state highway system, as long as a central highway authority meeting certain requirements was in charge of disbursing funds, not the case in Arkansas at the time. The Arkansas legislature was slow to create an authority capable of meeting the Federal Aid Act's requirements, opting instead to stay with the district approach, which cost the state millions of dollars in funds.
During this period, district leaders were caught charging exorbitant taxes for road projects, where districts overlapped, bankrupting farmers. The federal government decided to withhold money from states without a unified highway authority; when the General Assembly again tried to create one, the local county judges blocked the legislation. Since Arkansas was not in compliance with the Federal Aid Act of 1921, the state was declared ineligible for federal funds in 1923. Upon withdrawal of federal money in 1923, Governor Thomas McRae called a special session of the General Assembly to solve the problem; the result was Act 5 known as the Harrelson Road Law. The most significant provision of the law created a state highway system, the roads within it were eligible for federal funding to be disbursed by the Commission; the Commission gained significant influence over construction by having the ability to disburse federal aid to projects meeting its standards. The law consolidated all construction and maintenance activities on public roads under the Highway Commission supervision, ensuring roads were built to Commission standards.
The law modified the number of commissioners, how they were appointed, term limits. The state highway system was first created on October 10, 1923 by the Commission
Ozark is a city in Franklin County, United States and one of the county's two seats of government. The community is located along the Arkansas River in the Arkansas River Valley on the southern edge of the Ozark Mountains; as of the 2010 census it had a population of 3,684. Incorporated in 1850, Ozark is adjacent to much of Arkansas wine country, contains a bridge to cross the Arkansas River for travelers heading to points south; the city is located on Arkansas Highway 23, nicknamed the Pig Trail Scenic Byway, known for its steep drops, sharp curves and scenic mountain views. The city is contained within the Fort Smith metropolitan area; the name Aux Arcs simplified to "Ozark", was given to this bend of the river by the French explorers when they were mapping out this land. Native Americans roamed the area before Arkansas was a territory; the Cherokee and Osage lived in this area that would become attractive to settlers. The Ozark area was frequented by French fur trappers and served as a landmark during European exploration of the area.
It was these adventurous souls who gave the area and the rolling mountains that rise there their name, Aux Arcs. Included in the Louisiana Purchase of 1803, the vicinity became a stopping and crossing point along the Arkansas River; the modern settlement of Ozark was established here in the 1830s, an important road grew connecting Ozark to Fayetteville, following the route of today's Pig Trail Scenic Byway to connect Northwest Arkansas with the river. Ozark played a role on the Trail of Tears. Steamboats would stop here in times of low water and Native Americans camped in Ozark before moving to Oklahoma on foot; the waterfront is a designated stop on the trail of tears route. Ozark's population grew to about 100 people during the Civil War and served as a Confederate base after the battles of Pea Ridge and Prairie Grove in 1862. In April 1863, Brigadier General William L. Cabell led 900 men from Ozark on an expedition that ended at the Battle of Fayetteville. Ozark became the scene of fighting that year and again in 1864, where many skirmishes were fought in the vicinity.
A monument on the grounds of the Franklin County Courthouse pays tribute to an officer killed just north of town. Although Ozark prospered over the years, it remained a small city on the river; the name "Ozark" comes from Aux Arcs, the name given to the area and the mountains that rise there by early French settlers. Ozark, was the first community to be incorporated with that name. Ozark is located east of the center of Franklin County at 35°29′34″N 93°50′14″W, on the north side of the Arkansas River, it is 48 miles west of Russellville and 38 miles east of Fort Smith. The city limits extend north to Interstate 40, which has access from Exits 35 and 37. U. S. Route 64 passes through the center of Ozark, providing a local east-west route parallel to I-40. Arkansas Highway 23 leads north as the Pig Trail Scenic Byway into the Ozarks 28 miles to Brashears, while to the south AR 23 crosses the Arkansas River and leads 28 miles to Booneville. According to the United States Census Bureau, Ozark has a total area of 7.3 square miles, of which 7.3 square miles is land and 0.04 square miles, or 0.52%, is water.
Ozark is the point. The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Ozark has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps; as of the census of 2000, there were 3,525 people, 1,453 households, 940 families residing in the city. The population density was 491.6 people per square mile. There were 1,607 housing units at an average density of 224.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 96.48% White, 0.14% Black or African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 1.08% from other races, 1.25% from two or more races. 2.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 1,453 households out of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.2% were married couples living together, 13.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.3% were non-families. 31.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older.
The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.91. In the city, the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, 21.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.6 males. The median income for a household in the city was $26,057, the median income for a family was $31,537. Males had a median income of $25,409 versus $17,353 for females; the per capita income for the city was $12,583. About 17.9% of families and 21.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 24.9% of those under age 18 and 19.8% of those age 65 or over. Public education for elementary and secondary school students is provided by the two school districts: Ozark School District leading to graduation at Ozark High School. Mulberry–Pleasant View Bi-County School District leading to graduation at Mulberry High School via Millsap Intermediate School and Pleasant View Junior High both located in Ozark.
Ozark is the home of Arkansas Tech University–Ozark Campus, a two-year satellite campus of Arkansas Tech University in Russellville, Arkansas. Arkansas Tech-Ozark is one of the region's leading providers of career and technical education, offeri