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Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial

Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial named the Custis-Lee Mansion, is a Greek revival style mansion located in Arlington, United States, once the home of Confederate Army General Robert E. Lee, it overlooks the Potomac River and the National Mall in Washington, D. C. During the American Civil War, the grounds of the mansion were selected as the site of Arlington National Cemetery, in part to ensure that Lee would never again be able to return to his home; the United States has since designated the mansion as a National Memorial. Although the United States Department of the Army controls Arlington National Cemetery, the National Park Service, a component of the United States Department of the Interior, administers Arlington House; the mansion was built on the orders of George Washington Parke Custis, the step-grandson and adopted son of George Washington and only grandson of Martha Custis Washington. Custis became a prominent resident of an area, known as Alexandria County, at the time a part of the District of Columbia.

Arlington House was built at a high point on a 1,100-acre estate that Custis's father, John Parke Custis, had purchased in 1778 and named "Mount Washington". The younger Custis decided to build his home on the property in 1802 following the death of Martha Washington and three years after the death of George Washington. After acquiring the property, Custis renamed it "Arlington" after the Custis family's homestead on the Eastern Shore of Virginia. Custis began constructing Arlington House on his land. Hiring George Hadfield as architect, he constructed a mansion exhibiting the first example of Greek Revival architecture in America. Custis intended the mansion to serve as a living memorial to George Washington and a place for his collection of George Washington artifacts, its design included elements similar to those of Mount Vernon. Construction began in 1803, eleven years after L'Enfant's Plan for the future "Federal City" had designated an area directly across the Potomac River to be the site of the "President's House" and the "Congress House".

Custis located the building on a prominent hill overlooking the Georgetown-Alexandria Turnpike, the Potomac River and the growing Washington City on the opposite side of the river. Using slave labor and materials on site, interrupted by the War of 1812, Custis completed the mansion's exterior in 1818; the north and south wings were completed in 1804. The large center section and the portico, presenting an imposing front 140 ft long, were finished 13 years later; the house has a summer and a winter. The most prominent features of the house are the 8 massive columns of the portico, each 5 feet in diameter. Guests at the house included such notable people as Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, who visited in 1824. At Arlington, Custis experimented with new methods of other agriculture; the property included Arlington Spring, a picnic ground on the banks of the Potomac that Custis built for private use but opened to the public operating it as a commercial enterprise. Custis married Mary Lee Fitzhugh.

Their only child to survive to adulthood was Mary Anna Randolph Custis. Robert E. Lee, whose mother was a cousin of Mrs. Custis visited Arlington and knew Mary Anna as they grew up. Two years after graduating from West Point, Lieutenant Lee married Mary Anna Custis at Arlington on June 30, 1831. For 30 years Arlington House was home to the Lees, they spent much of their married life traveling between United States Army duty stations and Arlington, where six of their seven children were born. They shared this home with Mary's parents. After their deaths, Mary's parents were buried not far from the house on land, now part of Arlington National Cemetery; the Custises extensively developed the Arlington estate. Much of the steep slope to the east of the house became a cultivated English landscape park, while a large flower garden with an arbor was constructed and planted south of the house. To the west of Arlington House, tall grass and low native plants led down a slope into a natural area of close-growing trees the Custises called "the Grove."

About 60 feet to the west of the flower garden, "the Grove" contained tall elm and oak trees which formed a canopy. An informal flower garden was maintained by the Custis daughters, it is not clear when "the Grove" began to be developed, but it was under way by at least 1853. Upon George Washington Parke Custis's death in 1857, he left the Arlington estate to Mary Custis Lee for her lifetime and thence to the Lees' eldest son, George Washington Custis Lee; the estate needed much repair and reorganization, Robert E. Lee, as executor of Custis's will, took a three-year leave of absence from the Army to begin the necessary agricultural and financial improvements; the will required the executor to free the slaves on the estate within five years of Custis's death. Robert E. Lee freed the slaves in December 1862. In April 1861, Virginia seceded from the United States. Robert E. Lee resigned his commission in the United States Army on April 20, 1861, joined the Confederate States Army. With Arlington House on high ground overlooking the capital, the governme

Spread Eagle, Wisconsin

Spread Eagle is an unincorporated community in Florence County, in the town of Florence, in the U. S. state of Wisconsin. It is part of the Iron MI -- WI Micropolitan Statistical Area; the community is located on U. S. Highway 141 and U. S. Highway 2, about six miles northwest of Iron Mountain, Michigan, it is near the south end of Railroad Lake of the Spread Eagle Chain of Lakes. The lake chain was named "Spread Eagle" because when seen from the sky, the chain resembles an eagle with wings spread. Spread Eagle has been noted on lists of unusual place names; the Spread Eagle Barrens State Natural Area is located nearby. The Badwater Ski-Ters Water Ski Show performs during the summer. Lorraine Seratti, Wisconsin businesswoman and state legislator, lived in Spread Eagle. Spread Eagle Chain of Lakes Association website Spread Eagle Barrens Badwater Ski-Ters Water Ski Show

D. Maria II National Theatre

The Queen Maria II National Theatre is a theatre in Lisbon, Portugal. The historical theatre is one of the most prestigious Portuguese venues and is located in the Rossio square, in the centre of the city; the theatre was built on the north side of Rossio square on the site of the old Estaus Palace, built around 1450 as a lodging for foreign dignitaries and noblemen visiting Lisbon. In the 16th century, when the Inquisition was installed in Portugal, the Estaus Palace became the seat of the Inquisition; the palace survived the 1755 Lisbon earthquake, but was destroyed by fire in 1836. Thanks to the intensive efforts of Romantic poet and dramatist Almeida Garrett, it was decided to replace the old palace by a modern theatre, dedicated to Queen Mary II of Portugal; the building was constructed between 1842 and 1846 to a Neoclassical design by Italian architect Fortunato Lodi. The Theatre building was as a Property of Public Interest in 1928, has been reclassified as National Monument since 2003.

The building is the best representative of Neoclassical architecture of Palladian influence in Lisbon. The main feature of the façade is a portico with six Ionic columns reused from the Saint Francis Convent of Lisbon and a triangular pediment; the tympanum of the pediment is decorated with a sculpted relief showing the Muses. The pediment is topped by a statue of Renaissance playwright Gil Vicente, considered the founder of Portuguese theatre; some of Gil Vicente's plays had been censured by the Portuguese Inquisition in the late 16th century. The interior of the theatre was decorated by many important 19th-century Portuguese artists, but much of this decoration was lost in a fire in 1964; the theatre had to be renovated and was reinaugurated only in 1978. Official website General Bureau for National Buildings and Monuments

Postage stamps and postal history of the Cocos (Keeling) Islands

The postage stamps and postal history of the Cocos Islands is linked to those of the two British colonies and of Australia to which the Indian Ocean archipelago was successively attached. A postal agency existed there between 1933 and 1937, permanently since 1952; the archipelago has issued postage stamps since June 1963 and had postal independence from 1979 to 1993. Between 1963 and 1979 with the Australian Post Office and since 1 January 1994 with Australia Post, the Cocos Islands' and Australia's stamps are valid in both these territories. According to Stanley Gibbons catalogue, the Australian Post Office issued 31 stamps between 1963 and 1979, compared to 264 by the local authority between 1979 and 1993. During the ten first years of postal responsibility, Australia Post issued 112 stamps. During World War I, the Battle of Cocos opposed the German Kaiserliche Marine and the Royal Australian Navy for the control of Cocos telegraphic post, that permitted communications between the United Kingdom and the Pacific Ocean Dominions.

A postal agency was opened in the Cocos between 1 April 1933 and 1 March 1937. Postage stamps of the Straits Settlements were available successively picturing Kings George V and George VI; the Cocos were administered from the Settlements. During World War II, the British forces defended the islands' telecommunication devices against the Japanese advance; the postal agency reopened on 2 September 1952 with stamps of Singapore. In 1955, with the independence of Singapore being prepared, the United Kingdom gave control of the Cocos Islands to Australia; the Australian legislation was introduced, including the postage system and the currency, the Australian pound replacing the Malaya and British Borneo dollar. However the post office was considered a non official one: the local postmaster was paid with a commission depending of his financial results. On 11 June 1963, the Australian Post Office issued six stamps bearing the mention "COCOS ISLANDS", that appeared on all the islands' stamps until late 1993, illustrated with subjects linked to the islands' life and geography.

The series was engraved by E. Jones. On 14 February 1966, the Australian decimalisation imposed the use of stamps of Australian alone, whose denominations were in Australian dollar and cents; the new definitive series for Cocos Islands in the new currency was issued on 9 July 1969. The twelve stamps pictured local flora, they were replaced on 29 March 1976 by a new twelve stamp series about the ships of the Cocos history. In the late 1970s, Australia bought the Clunie-Ross family's property of the islands and gave a large autonomy to the inhabitants; the post service became independent from Australia and issued its two first postage stamps on 1 September 1979 picturing the flag of Australia and the atoll landscape on the 20 cents, the Statutory Council on the 50 cents. Stamps of Australia were no more valid in the islands; the philatelic program was printed by printers in Melbourne. Topics were linked to the archipelago and its patriotism: fauna and flora and maritime history for the first ones, Australian flag and events of the Royal family for the second.

Following the example of Christmas Island in March 1993, the postal service of the Cocos Islands was transferred from the local authority to Australia Post. Cocos Islands stamps issued since 1994 and bearing the mention "COCOS ISLANDS AUSTRALIA" are valid in Australia and the stamps of Australia are on the archipelago too. One or two annual issues have been issued since 1994, only about local topics, a large part about fauna. "Cocos Islands", Commonwealth Stamp Catalogue. Australia, Stanley Gibbons, 4th edition, 2007, ISBN 978-0-85259-666-1, pages 112-117

Sam Denoff

Samuel Denoff was an American screenwriter and television producer. Denoff was born to a Jewish family in Brooklyn, New York, the son of Esther and Harry Denoff, a salesman. With his long-time collaborator Bill Persky he wrote and created the television show That Girl starring Marlo Thomas, their writing collaboration on episodes of The Dick Van Dyke Show resulted in some of the show's most popular episodes. Denoff wrote for the 1976 Danny Thomas situation comedy The Practice. Denoff married twice, his first wife was Bernice Levey. His second wife was dancer Sharon Shore with whom he had two children, Melissa Denoff and Matthew Denoff. Denoff died from complications of Alzheimer's disease at his home in the Brentwood section of Los Angeles, at the age of 83. Sam Denoff on IMDb Sam Denoff interview at the Archive of American Television

Weightlifting at the 1928 Summer Olympics – Men's 60 kg

The men's featherweight event was part of the weightlifting programme at the 1928 Summer Olympics. The weight class was the lightest contested, allowed weightlifters of up to 60 kilograms; the competition was held on Saturday, 28 July 1928. These were the standing world and Olympic records prior to the 1928 Summer Olympics. A five lift competition. All four Olympic records were improved in this competition. Hans Wölpert and Giuseppe Conca in press and Franz Andrysek in clean and jerk equalized the standing world records. Pierino Gabetti and Hans Wölpert equalized the standing world record in the three lifts while Franz Andrysek set a new world record with 287.5 kilograms. All figures in kilograms. Olympic Report Wudarski, Pawel. "Wyniki Igrzysk Olimpijskich". Retrieved 28 March 2008