Baazigar is a 1993 Indian crime thriller film directed by Abbas–Mustan starring Shah Rukh Khan and Kajol in the lead roles. It is a contemporary thriller about a young man; the story is inspired from a 1991 British movie A Kiss Before Dying. This was Shah Rukh Khan's breakthrough role as Kajol's first commercial success. Actress Shilpa Shetty was supposed to debut with Gaata Rahe Mera Dil, but it remained unreleased, this became her debut film. Baazigar was the first film in which Shah Rukh Khan played the role of an anti-hero and the first which earned Khan a Filmfare Award for Best Actor; this movie was offered to Armaan Kohli and Salman Khan to play the lead role, but they all rejected it as the role had negative shades. Baazigar was a major commercial success upon release, the first film of the famous Shahrukh Khan-Kajol pair. In addition to box office success, the film's soundtrack album composed by Anu Malik was a success, selling 10 million units; the film brought actors Shah Rukh Khan and Shilpa Shetty, composer Anu Malik, to the limelight.
It was remade in Telugu as Vetagadu with Rajasekhar, in Tamil as Samrat and in Kannada as Nagarahavu with Upendra. Ajay Sharma is a young boy who seeks revenge for his father's death, a result of the actions of his trusted employee Madan Chopra. Chopra has two daughters. Ajay finds a way to cozy up to Seema in a plan to take revenge upon her father. Chopra meets Vicky Malhotra, who charms both Priya; this way, he manages to date both Priya using different identities. Testing Seema over their love and Seema write suicide notes when her father arranges her marriage with someone else, he tells her he was testing her and rips his own note while keeping hers. He takes her to the registrar office under the pretense of marrying her, pushes her off the roof, murdering her. Chopra hastily has the case closed to prevent further embarrassment in society once the suicide note is discovered. Priya suspects. With covert help of her college friend and police inspector Karan Saxena, she investigates secretly. Ravi, a college friend of Seema, who likes her, finds a photo of Seema and Ajay together at a birthday party.
When Ajay finds out about this, he murders Ravi and forces him to sign a suicide note which makes it seem as if Ravi is Seema's murderer. Thus the investigation is halted a second time. Ajay wins Chopra's confidence, he has a flashback remembering his late father Mr. Sharma, who discovered that his project manager Madan Chopra was embezzling money, had him thrown in jail. After Madan completes his jail term, he asks for Sharma decides to re-employ him. However, unbeknownst to anyone, Chopra has returned to exact revenge; when Sharma has to go on a business trip, he hands the power of attorney over to Chopra, who uses the opportunity to become the company's de facto owner. When Sharma learns of this, it is too late and his family is ejected from their home. More tragedy strikes when Sharma's newborn daughter dies of fever and Sharma too dies of a heart attack, while his wife goes insane. Heartbroken, Ajay vows to make Chopra pay. Ajay's only mission in life now is the fall down of Chopra Seema's friend Anjali discovers a photo of Ajay from college days.
Vicky and Priya get engaged. Anjali phones the Chopra residence during Ajay's engagement party to warn them that Ajay and Vicky look the same. Ajay intercepts and kills Anjali, throwing her body in the river. A man and his dog find the body soon after, Priya and Inspector Karan realize that the murderer is still alive. History repeats itself with Chopra handing over the power of attorney to "Vicky". Ajay decides to hasten his plans on learning that Priya and Karan are hell-bent on finding the killer, his plan hits a glitch when he and Priya run into the real Vicky Malhotra, Ajay's friend, whose identity he had taken. Priya becomes suspicious. After returning from his business trip, Chopra is shocked to find that the company is run by the Sharma group. Ajay kicks Chopra out after humiliating him. Priya rushes to Ajay's home in Panvel, she is shocked to see a marriage locket with photos of him with her sister. Ajay comes home, where she confronts him with his misdeeds, he tells her his story and Priya realizes that it is her father, at fault.
Ajay introduces her to his mother. Madan shoots Ajay in the arm and has his goons beat him up; when his mother tries to intervene, Madan injures her. He stops. Madan stabs Ajay with a metal rod, laughs. Ajay stabs him in return, killing him, he collapses in his mother's arms. In his last words, he says. Priya and Karan watch despondently as Ajay dies in his mother's arms at peace. Shahrukh Khan as Ajay Sharma/Vicky Malhotra Kajol as Priya Chopra Shilpa Shetty as Seema Chopra Raakhee Gulzar as Shobha, Ajay's mother Dalip Tahil as Madan Chopra Siddharth Ray as Inspector Karan Saxena Johnny Lever as Babu Lal, the head servant Anant Mahadevan as Vishwanath Sharma, Ajay's father Resham Tipnis as Anjali Sinha, Seema's friend Dinesh Hingoo as Bajodia Seth Manmauji Taalia as the servant Adi Irani as the real Vicky Malhotra Master Sumeet as Young Ajay Sharad Sankla as Charlie (a guy in party
Jaani Dushman: Ek Anokhi Kahani
Jaani Dushman is an Indian Hindi dark fantasy-action film directed and produced by Rajkumar Kohli making it his last film as director. The film features an ensemble cast. Divya and Karan Saxena are in plan to marry. Karan has Vivek who he looks after as if he was his own brother. Divya and Vivek hang out with quite a few young people of their own age, Vijay, Ashok, Abdul, Rashmi and Priti. Two male members named Rajesh and Madan try to rape Divya, get a sound thrashing from Karan. After apologizing, these two members decide to avenge their humiliation. Soon after Karan leaves for a business trip abroad. Divya, begins to have premonitions of a past life and learns she was the lover of Kapil, a snake with magical powers, in a previous life, their love life was shattered by an angry sage who cursed them with separation until the 21st century. Divya, called Vasundhara in her previous life, dies after this curse, is reborn as Divya, she and Kapil reunite, however she is left torn as to. Rajesh under the pretext of inviting Divya to Atul's party, impersonates the voices of the male members of their gang and tricks her into coming to an abandoned fort.
Divya and they rape her to such an extent that Divya kills herself. Divya's friends arrive and she curses them thinking that all of her friends were involved in the rape; the rest of the friends are unaware of anything and are innocent. Kapil comes back to life to get revenge from everyone in the group; as a result, Madan is killed on the same day as Divya and Rajesh is killed on his wedding night by Divya's ghost. This is followed by Victor being run over by Kapil on a motorbike and Abdul being electrocuted to death. Atul & his friends with the help of their college principal Joseph, a professor of parapsychology summon Divya's ghost and they try to reason with her explaining they had nothing to with her rape and death, however she refuses to believe their innocence. Therefore, principal Joseph gives the group of friends a necklace and assures them that they cannot be harmed when they are wearing the necklace. Atul doesn't believe in any of this. However, when he is attacked by Kapil, he realizes he survived because the necklace was stuck on his hand.
However Atul is badly injured by Kapil and he goes into a coma. Divya enters Prem's body and kills Ashok. Prem is thus accused of committing murder and he is sentenced to be hanged by the court. Vijay is pushed off a gym roof. Vivek, calls his big brother Karan. Karan arrives to rescue Vivek. Karan is arrested after Vivek accuses Karan of stabbing him. Atul tries to save Vivek. Atul gets stabbed by Kapil while trying to save Vivek. Kapil chases Vivek. Atul, unable to save Vivek's life, goes to the same priest, who gave the lockets. Atul asks the priest to save Vivek's life. Atul dies due to blood loss from his injuries. Karan shows up to stop Kapil from killing Vivek. Karan gets killed by Kapil. Principal Joseph resurrects Karan with outerworld powers, granting him supernatural powers like Kapil. Karan kills Kapil. Vivek turns out to be the only survivor along with his brother Karan. Kapil and Vasundhra reunite in heaven. Raj Babbar as Principal Joseph Sunny Deol as Karan Saxena Suniel Shetty as Vijay Aditya Pancholi as Ashok Kejrawal Akshay Kumar as Atul Arshad Warsi as Abdul Manisha Koirala as Divya/Vasundra Armaan Kohli as Kapil Sharad Kapoor as Victor Sonu Nigam as Vivek Saxena Siddharth Ray as Madan Rajat Bedi as Rajesh Rambha as Nita Kiran Rathod as Rashmi Sharma Pinky Campbell as Preeti Aftab Shivdasani as Prem Srivastav Amrish Puri as Maharaj Johnny Lever as Parwana Vivek's Servant Upasana Singh as Niki Vivek's Maid Aman Verma as TV show host Shahbaaz Khan as Preeti's fiancé, Raju Oberoi Jaspal Bhatti as Raju's coach Gavin Packard as referee Dinesh Hingoo as man in a car with his family Atul Agnihotri as a man driving a car Raza Murad as Preeti's Father Kiran Kumar as Inspector Mohan Kapur as Vivek's friend's Neighbour's Assistant's Driver's Helper This film received negative reviews from critics.
Ronjita Kulkarni of Rediff.com rated the film 1.5/10 saying "The performances are half-hearted and the characters half-baked". He called the film "unoriginal and disappointing". Akshay Kumar was the only with watchable performances, Sunil Shetty was average & Sunny Deol was wasted in this movie because he did less scenes than his previous movies; the film grossed Rs 19 crores in its four weeks run at the box office. Jaani Dushman: Ek Anokhi Kahani on IMDb
Tumhari Paakhi is an Indian soap opera created by Sumeet Hukamchand Mittal and produced under their production banner Shashi Sumeet Productions based on novel Naba Bidhan by Saratchandra Chattopadhyay. The series aired on Life OK which will be premiered on 11 November 2013 to 21 November 2014; the show stars Shraddha Arya. Anshuman, owner of Rathore Mansion in Shimla, was married by his father to his friend's daughter, Paakhi in his childhood. Tension between the two families resulted in them moving away to a different city and Paakhi did not go to her in-laws' house. Anshuman married a girl of his choice when he came of age, but she died in a car accident leaving him with a son, Ayan. Time passes and Anshuman decides to marry Tanya, the daughter of a rich businessman, for the sake of a business deal, but when the news of his first wife is exposed, he unwillingly has to take Paakhi in to save his image in the business world. As Anshuman wants to marry Tanya, he and his sister, try to taunt and bully Paakhi into agreeing to a divorce, but Paakhi, brought up with a traditional value system, doesn't bend.
With time Anshuman begins falling in love with her. When Paakhi realises that it was Anshuman and not just Lavanya who wanted her to go, not wanting him to be blamed for their divorce, she calls the media and announces that she is the one who wants the divorce to get a part of Rathore property as alimony. Anshuman by this point is trapped in his promise to Tanya's father; as Paakhi prepares to leave Rathore Mansion, her brother-in-law Girish convinces her Anshuman is in love with her and not with Tanya. He tells her to not leave as this would shatter Anshuman who would be deserted one more time by a woman he loved, first being his mother and Ayan's mother. Paakhi asks for a week's challenge in exchange for the divorce; the challenge is. Tanya wins the challenge, but Anshuman says that he still cannot ask Paakhi to leave as she has become like a real mother to Ayan, it is revealed that Tanya cheated in the challenge by taking money from Ayan's piggy bank, that she brainwashed Ayan to believe that Anshuman had killed his first wife so he would side with her.
Exposed, Tanya fails. Anshuman declares his love for Paakhi. For revenge, Tanya creates circumstances leading Anshuman to believe that Paakhi is cheating on him, a sensitive issue for him as his mother had left their family for another man, he humiliates Paakhi, which causes her to leave. Anshuman realizes that he writes to her to come back. Paakhi writes back saying she can't live with him after this incident with a man who didn't trust and respect her. Anshuman visits her village to convince her to return. There she meets Devki, Anshuman's long-lost mother, banished by his father, accusing her of cheating, it turns out. She reunites her with her son, who helps him atone and ask forgiveness from Paakhi again. Paakhi agrees to return to Shimla with him to restart their life. Paakhi's dreams and happiness are destroyed when Anshuman is killed by his younger, look-alike brother, Aryaman. Paakhi stops grieving and grows stronger as she realises she has to look after her husband's business and Ayan. Anshuman's cousin Veer Pratap Singh helps Paakhi and she marries him under pressure by her family.
Paakhi adopts a troubled teenaged girl named Priya, thrown out by her father. Veer and Paakhi realise that she will never be able to get a divorce. Paakhi lives with her kids here on. Shraddha Arya as Paakhi Shekhawat, Anshuman's first wife/widow, Veer's wife Mohammed Iqbal Khan as Anshuman Rathore, Paakhi's first husband/Aryamann Rathore, Anshuman's younger brother Varun Badola as Veer Pratap Singh, Anshuman and Lavanya's cousin, Paakhi's 2nd husband Geetanjali Singh as "Deepika" Sachin Shroff as Girish, Lavanya's husband Rukhsar Rehman as Lavanya Rathore, Anshuman's younger sister Divyam Dama as Ayaan Rathore and his second wife's son, Paakhi's step son Madhura Naik as Tanya Rana, Anshuman's ex-fiancee Vijay Kalvani as Ashok Tej Sapru as Mr. Rana, Tanya's father Priyanka Bhole as Veer's sister, Anshuman and Lavanya's cousin Pushkar Goggiaa as Prithvi Indraneil Sengupta as Rohan, Paakhi's ex-boyfriend Rishi Khurana as Paakhi's brother Dolly Minhas as Girish's aunt Vijayendra Kumeria as Vikram Parakh Madan as Suman Anita Raj as Anuja/Devki Rathore, Anshuman and Lavanya's biological mother Unknown as Anshuman's second wife, Ayaan's mother Jasmine Avasia as Priya Singh and Veer's adopted daughter
Divya Bharti was an Indian film actress, who starred in a number of Hindi and Telugu motion pictures in the early 1990s. She is regarded as one of the most popular Indian actresses of her time. Bharti aspired to a career in films at a young age, started to get offers at age 14, while she was doing some modelling assignments. After several unsuccessful attempts, she made her debut with a lead role in the successful Telugu drama Bobbili Raja, aged 16. After featuring in a number of high-grossing Telugu films, she progressed to Bollywood films in 1992 with the action thriller Vishwatma. Bharti went on to have commercial success alongside acclaimed actors such as Govinda and Rishi Kapoor in films like Shola Aur Shabnam and Deewana, respectively, she acted in 14 Hindi films between 1992 and 1993, to date an unbroken record in Hindi cinema. Although a teenager, Bharti played adult roles in all her films. Bharti died on 5 April 1993, aged 19, from head injuries sustained after falling off the balcony of her fifth-floor apartment at Versova, Mumbai.
Bharti was born in Bombay to Om Prakash Bharti, an insurance officer, his wife, Meeta Bharti. She had a younger brother named Kunal and one half-sister Poonam, the child of Bharti's father's first marriage. Actress Kainaat Arora is her second cousin, she spoke Hindi and Marathi fluently. In her early years, Bharti was known for her doll-like looks. Bharti studied at Maneckji Cooper High School in Mumbai, she completed 9th standard before pursuing an acting career. In 1988, Bharti was discovered by filmmaker Nandu Tolani. Upon seeing her, Tolani insisted on signing her for one of his films. At that time, Bharti was in the ninth standard, she was scheduled to make her screen debut in Gunahon Ka Devta in 1988, but her role was cancelled. Kirti Kumar noticed Bharti at a video library, thus was eager to sign her for his project Radha Ka Sangam opposite Govinda, as he was searching for a new face. Weeks Kumar met with Dilip Shankar and managed to release Bharti from her contract. After taking dancing and acting lessons for months to prepare for her role, Bharti was dropped and replaced by Juhi Chawla.
Though the reasons remain unclear, it was speculated that Kumar's possessiveness over Bharti and her childish nature were the cause of her replacement. Bharti's career was stalled until D. Ramanaidu, Telugu film producer, offered her Bobbili Raja opposite his son Daggubati Venkatesh. Without hoping for success after experiencing many failures in Bollywood, she commenced shooting in Andhra Pradesh for her screen debut; the film became a colossal hit. Bobbili Raja remains to this day one of the most popular Telugu movies; that same year, Bharti acted in Nila Penne opposite Anand. The film was financially unsuccessful. With more hits in the Telugu cinema, Bharti established herself as one of the most popular Telugu actresses. In box office ratings, she figured next to Vijayshanti. In 1991, Bharti had back-to-back hits, including Rowdy Alludu and Assembly Rowdy, opposite actors Chiranjeevi and Mohan Babu; that year, Bharti began filming A. Kodandarami Reddy's action romance Dharma Kshetram under Sri Rajeev Productions.
Bharti got to work with Telugu film actor Nandamuri Balakrishna. While Bharti celebrated her success in Andhra Pradesh, Bollywood's top directors were eager to sign the Telugu superstar for their upcoming films. Bharti's first Bollywood film was Vishwatma opposite Sunny Deol, directed by Rajiv Rai, was released on 2 January 1992; the film was an average grosser at the box office and gained Bharti wider recognition from the public as well as film critics. Notably, the music of the film was successful the song "Saat Samundar", which became a favourite, put Bharti in the limelight of Bollywood. A week Bharti's next film, Lawrence D'Souza's romantic drama Dil Ka Kya Kasoor, alongside Prithvi released; the film was not a box office success. After the box office failure of the film, she was quoted as saying, "I wanted to prove myself, but I've fallen flat on my face. Now, I have to begin my climb all over again. Yet, I'm positive that one day, success will be mine.". In March 1992, David Dhawan's Shola Aur Shabnam was released.
It was popular with critics and was a box office hit in India, marking Bharti's first major hit in Bollywood. It gave a big boost to Govinda's career and launched David Dhawan as an established director. Shortly thereafter, Bharti achieved further success in Raj Kanwar's Filmfare- award-winning love story Deewana starred veteran actor Rishi Kapoor and newcomer Shahrukh Khan, regarded as one of the biggest blockbuster hits of 1992, her performance in Deewana was appreciated./ She received a Lux Face of the Year title. Critics reported that Bharti belonged to a new breed of Hindi film actors who broke away from character stereotypes. Bharti and Shahrukh Khan won the Filmfare Award for Lux New Face of the Year and Filmfare Award for Best Male Debut respectively. By July 1992, Bharti's work in Deewana was said to have earned her more recognition, she had several other releases that year, among them Jaan Se Pyaara, which featured Bharti alongside Govinda once again, Geet opposite Avinash Wadhawan, Dushman Zamana alongside Armaan Kohli and Balwaan which marked the debut of Sunil Shetty.
The latter being a low budget film, achieved moderate success. In October, Hema Malini's Dil Aashna Hai, which once again featured her opposite Shahrukh Khan was released, which didn't do as we
Raaj Tilak is a 1984 Hindi-language Indian feature film directed by Rajkumar Kohli, starring Raaj Kumar, Sunil Dutt, Kamal Haasan, Hema Malini, Ranjeeta Kaur, Reena Roy, Yogeeta Bali, Pran, Raj Kiran and Ajit. Raaj Tilak is an action packed drama, featuring Raaj Kumar, Sunil Dutt, Kamal Haasan, Hema Malini, Ranjeeta Kaur, Reena Roy, Yogeeta Bali, Pran, Raj Kiran and Ajit; the local King has many enemies including Bhavani Singh and Ranjeet. But the King always has the help of Samadh Khan, the King's brother-in-law, Arjun Singh. Now the King's newborn son is abducted by Jalal Khan and Samadh Khan is branded a traitor. Jalal turns the prince to a local gypsy band; the queen is devastated over the disappearance of her son, but Arjun offers his son for her, but Bhavani finds out this move and switches his son with Arjun's son. Years now the Prince, Shamsher Singh is like Bhavani and has all bad habits, he soon imprisons his own mother and inflicts all kinds of atrocities on common people. Arjun is imprisoned.
The climax shows whether the real prince surfaces now for revenge, or will he continue as gypsy without knowing his true heritage?. Raaj Kumar... Samadh Khan Sunil Dutt... Jai Singh Dharmendra... Zohravar Singh Hema Malini... Roopa Kamal Haasan... Suraj Ranjeeta Kaur... Sapna Reena Roy... Madhumati Yogeeta Bali... Najma Sarika... Gypsy Pran... Arjun Singh Ajit... Bhavani Singh Raza Murad... Jalal Khan Raj Kiran... Shamsher Singh Ranjeet Rajeev Anand... Shyam Singh Madan Puri... Ranjeet Urmila Bhatt... Durga Singh Mohan Choti... Horse carriage driver Bob Christo... Combatant in arena Rajan Haksar... Palace guard Jankidas... Arena announcer Dev Kumar... Head of gypsy tribe Sulochana Latkar... Mrs. Bhavani Singh Om Prakash... Sardar Zuberi Jagdish Raj... King's assailant Ashalata Wabgaonkar "Aa Gaye Ek Nahi Do Nahi Nahi Te" - Sadhana Sargam, Anuradha Paudwal, Alka Yagnik, Kishore Kumar "Julm Ho Gaya Re Julam Ho Gaya" - Kishore Kumar, Alka Yagnik, Sadhana Sargam "Devta Re Mera Pyar Pukare" - Asha Bhosle "Ajooba Ajooba Ajooba Husn Tera Hai Ek Ajooba" - Suresh Wadkar, Asha Bhosle "Lafz-E-Mohabbat" - Asha Bhosle, Shabbir Kumar Director Rajkumar Kohli's films always created huge curiosity as he is a multi starrer specialist.
Raaj Tilak too became a Success at the Box-Office. Raaj Tilak on IMDb Raj Tilak at jointscene
Maharashtra is a state in the western peninsular region of India occupying a substantial portion of the Deccan plateau. It is third-largest state by area in India. Spread over 307,713 km2, it is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, the Indian states of Karnataka and Goa to the south and Chhattisgarh to the east and Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the north west, Madhya Pradesh to the north, it is the world's second-most populous subnational entity. It was formed by merging the western and south-western parts of the Bombay State and Vidarbha, the north-western parts of the Hyderabad State and splitting Saurashtra by the States Reorganisation Act, it has over 112 million inhabitants and its capital, has a population around 18 million making it the most populous urban area in India. Nagpur hosts the winter session of the state legislature. Pune is known as'Oxford of the East' due to the presence of several well-known educational institutions; the Godavari and the Krishna are the two major rivers in the state.
The Narmada and Tapi Rivers flow near Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat. Maharashtra is the third-most urbanized state of India. Prior to Indian independence, Maharashtra was chronologically ruled by the Satavahana dynasty, Rashtrakuta dynasty, Western Chalukyas, Deccan sultanates and Marathas, the British. Ruins, tombs and places of worship left by these rulers are dotted around the state, they include the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of the Ellora caves. The numerous forts are associated with the life of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj. Maharashtra is the wealthiest state by all major economic parameters and the most industrialized state in India; the state continues to be the single largest contributor to the national economy with a share of 15% in the country's gross domestic product. Maharashtra accounts for 17% of the industrial output of the country and 16% of the country's service sector output; the economy of Maharashtra is the largest state economy in India with ₹27.96 lakh crore in GDP and a per capita GDP of ₹180,000.
The modern Marathi language developed from the Maharashtri Prakrit, the word Marhatta is found in the Jain Maharashtri literature. The terms Maharashtra, Maharashtri and Maratha may have derived from the same root. However, their exact etymology is uncertain; the most accepted theory among the linguistic scholars is that the words Maratha and Maharashtra derived from a combination of Maha and rashtrika, the name of a tribe or dynasty of petty chiefs ruling in the Deccan region. Another theory is that the term is derived from Maha and ratha / rathi, which refers to a skilful northern fighting force that migrated southward into the area. An alternative theory states that the term derives from Rashtra. However, this theory is somewhat controversial among modern scholars who believe it to be the Sanskritised interpretation of writers. Chalcolithic sites belonging to the Jorwe culture have been discovered throughout the state. Maharashtra was ruled by the Maurya Empire in the fourth and third centuries BCE.
Around 230 BCE, Maharashtra came under the rule of the Satavahana dynasty for 400 years. The greatest ruler of the Satavahana dynasty was Gautamiputra Satakarni. In 90 CE, son of the Satavahana king Satakarni, the "Lord of Dakshinapatha, wielder of the unchecked wheel of Sovereignty", made Junnar, 30 miles north of Pune, the capital of his kingdom; the state was ruled by Western Satraps, Gupta Empire, Gurjara-Pratihara, Kadambas, Chalukya Empire, Rashtrakuta Dynasty, Western Chalukya before the Yadava rule. The Buddhist Ajanta Caves in present-day Aurangabad display influences from the Satavahana and Vakataka style; the caves were excavated during this period. The Chalukya dynasty ruled from the sixth to the eighth centuries CE, the two prominent rulers were Pulakeshin II, who defeated the north Indian Emperor Harsha, Vikramaditya II, who defeated the Arab invaders in the eighth century; the Rashtrakuta dynasty ruled Maharashtra from the eighth to the tenth century. The Arab traveller Sulaiman described the ruler of the Rashtrakuta Dynasty as "one of the four great kings of the world".
Shilahara dynasty began as vassals of the Rashtrakuta dynasty which ruled the Deccan plateau between the eighth and tenth centuries. From the early 11th century to the 12th century, the Deccan Plateau, which includes a significant part of Maharashtra, was dominated by the Western Chalukya Empire and the Chola dynasty. Several battles were fought between the Western Chalukya empire and the Chola dynasty in the Deccan Plateau during the reigns of Raja Raja Chola I, Rajendra Chola I, Jayasimha II, Someshvara I, Vikramaditya VI. In the early 14th century, the Yadava Dynasty, which ruled most of present-day Maharashtra, was overthrown by the Delhi Sultanate ruler Ala-ud-din Khalji. Muhammad bin Tughluq conquered parts of the Deccan, temporarily shifted his capital from Delhi to Daulatabad in Maharashtra. After the collapse of the Tughluqs in 1347, the local Bahmani Sultanate of Gulbarga took over, governing the region for the next 150 years. After the break-up of the Bahamani sultanate in 1518, Maharashtra split into five Deccan Sultanates: Nizamshah of Ahmednagar, Adilshah of Bijapur, Qutubshah of Golkonda, Bidarshah of Bidar and Imadshah of Elichpur.
These kingdoms fought with each other. United, they decisively defeated the
LOC Kargil is 2003 Indian historical war drama film based on the Kargil War fought between India and Pakistan and directed by J. P. Dutta under his J. P. Films Banner. Featuring a large number of Bollywood stars and music composed by Aadesh Shrivastava and Anu Malik, with the former composing the score and the latter composing the songs; the film recorded as average returns at the box-office. Upon release LOC received a mixed response commercially. With a running time of 255 minutes, it is one of the longest Indian films made and fifth in terms of running time; the film is based on Operation Vijay and Battle of Tololing around the Line of Control. The film opens with a dramatic shot of an Indian soldier's wireless set chirping frantic commands from one of the army bases, calling a patrol to report in while the radio operator lies dead in the snow. After frantic attempts from battalions to locate their lost patrols, the Indian Army HQ in Jammu and Kashmir decides to deploy more troops. Lts. Saurabh Kalia and Amit Bharadhwaj are sent on reconnaissance patrols along the Line of Control.
Lt. Kalia's patrol is wiped out while Lt. Bharadhwaj's patrol suffers heavy casualties but manages to return to their base. Pakistani forces begin shelling across the LoC, targeting National Highway 1A; the Indian Army decides to deploy more troops but suffer a rude shock when company and battalion-sized patrols are beaten back by the Pakistani intruders who have occupied peaks around the Mushkoh Valley, Dras and Batalik. After these terrible reverses, the decision is taken to go ahead with maximum mobilisation and move the army's best fighting units into the area of operations. However, orders from Delhi are that Indian soldiers are barred from crossing the LoC during their operations. Most mobilised battalions are unaware about the nature and size of the threat, thus the rationale behind maximum mobilisation is questioned by all the battalion commanders; the first unit deployed is the 1st battalion, 11 Gorkha Rifles who are specialists in high-altitude warfare. 1/11 GR's commanding officer is Col. Lalit Rai, the battalion has the charismatic and brave Lt. Manoj Pandey leading one of its platoons.
Subsequently, the 18th battalion, The Grenadiers, in the Kashmir Valley guarding against terrorist infiltration, are deployed in Kargil. The battalion is led by Col. Khushal Thakur, among the officers and soldiers are men like Lt. Col. R. Vishwanathan, Maj. Rajesh Adhikari, Lt. Balwan Singh, Capt. Sachin Nimbalkar, Grens. Yogendra Singh Yadav. 18 Grenadiers are followed by the 17th battalion, Jat Regiment led by Col. Umesh Singh Bawa with Capt. Anuj Nayyar leading one of its units. 17 Jat is followed by the 13th battalion, Jammu & Kashmir Rifles commanded by Lt. Col. Y. K Joshi with Capt. Vikram Batra leading one of its units. Other battalions are subsequently inducted into the theatre of conflict; the Indian Air Force launches photographic reconnaissance missions in order to identify the intruders. The first assault is by the 1/11 GR advance platoon, led by Lt. Pandey, who first capture Yaldar village and link up with a beleaguered and mauled company from the 3rd battalion, Punjab Regiment. JCOs from 3 Punjab reveal that earlier patrols from 3 Punjab and 16 Grenadiers had gone missing in the Kukarthang sector.
Lt. Pandey's platoon follow the patrol paths and launch an attack on Kukarthang post, a heavily defended enemy position supported by mortar units and artillery batteries on the Pakistani side of the LoC; the Gorkhas capture Kukarthang after taking 9 casualties. It is revealed that the size of the infiltration was much larger than thought. Indian Army planners believe that 3,000 members of the Pakistan Army's Northern Light Infantry are involved; the second battle is at the strategic Tololing mountain which sits astride National Highway 1D, the main supply route for the entire northern Kashmir sector including Siachen and Leh. 18 Grenadiers link up with a beaten 16 Grenadiers and get first hand knowledge of the situation. A company from 18 Grenadiers, led by Maj. Adhikari, attacks Tololing; the company is held up midway due to heavy fog. Intense enemy shelling occurs, they try to move up the mountain but are pushed down by heavy small arms fire from intruders who are well entrenched atop the feature.
Subsequent attacks from the Indians are stifled by stiff resistance, in the absence of artillery support, Maj. Adhikari and Lt. Col. Vishwanathan are killed. 18 Grenadiers make a total of 4 attempts to recapture Tololing but are beaten back. Meanwhile, a unit from 17 Jat led by Maj. Deepak Rampal capture a Pakistani mortar position, they subsequently suffer casualties. Col. Bawa tasks them to capture Pt. 4850. 18 Grenadiers are relieved by the 2nd battalion, Rajputana Rifles, commanded by Col. Ravindranath, which moves in with an artillery battery of 110 mm field artillery and acclimatised troops, they launch a multi-pronged attack with artillery support which ends in success but at a heavy cost, with Capt. Vijayant Thapar, Maj. Padmapani Acharya and Maj. Vivek Gupta killed. All this happens. Meanwhile, the Indian Air Force launches combat bombs enemy positions. 13 JAK Rif is blooded at R