Armadillos are New World placental mammals in the order Cingulata. The Chlamyphoridae and Dasypodidae are the only surviving families in the order, part of the superorder Xenarthra, along with the anteaters and sloths. Nine extinct genera and 21 extant species of armadillo have been described, some of which are distinguished by the number of bands on their armour. All species are native to the Americas. Armadillos are characterized by long sharp claws for digging, they can move quite quickly. The average length of an armadillo is about 75 cm, including tail; the giant armadillo grows up to 150 cm and weighs up to 54 kg, while the pink fairy armadillo has a length of only 13–15 cm. When threatened by a predator, Tolypeutes species roll up into a ball; the word armadillo means "little armoured one" in Spanish. The Aztecs called them Nahuatl for "turtle-rabbit": āyōtl and tōchtli; the Portuguese word for "armadillo" is tatu. Similar names are found in other European, languages. Family Dasypodidae Subfamily Dasypodinae Genus Dasypus Nine-banded armadillo or long-nosed armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus Seven-banded armadillo, Dasypus septemcinctus Southern long-nosed armadillo, Dasypus hybridus Llanos long-nosed armadillo, Dasypus sabanicola Greater long-nosed armadillo, Dasypus kappleri Hairy long-nosed armadillo, Dasypus pilosus Yepes's mulita, Dasypus yepesi †Beautiful armadillo, Dasypus bellus Genus †StegotheriumFamily Chlamyphoridae Subfamily Chlamyphorinae Genus Calyptophractus Greater fairy armadillo, Calyptophractus retusus Genus Chlamyphorus Pink fairy armadillo, Chlamyphorus truncatus Subfamily Euphractinae Genus Chaetophractus Screaming hairy armadillo, Chaetophractus vellerosus Big hairy armadillo, Chaetophractus villosus Andean hairy armadillo, Chaetophractus nationi Genus †Macroeuphractus Genus †Paleuphractus Genus †Proeuphractus Genus †Doellotatus Genus †Peltephilus †Horned armadillo, Peltephilus ferox Genus Euphractus Six-banded armadillo, Euphractus sexcinctus Genus Zaedyus Pichi, Zaedyus pichiy Subfamily Tolypeutinae Genus †Kuntinaru Genus Cabassous Northern naked-tailed armadillo, Cabassous centralis Chacoan naked-tailed armadillo, Cabassous chacoensis Southern naked-tailed armadillo, Cabassous unicinctus Greater naked-tailed armadillo, Cabassous tatouay Genus Priodontes Giant armadillo, Priodontes maximus Genus Tolypeutes Southern three-banded armadillo, Tolypeutes matacus Brazilian three-banded armadillo, Tolypeutes tricinctus† indicates extinct taxon Below is a recent simplified phylogeny of the xenarthran families, which includes armadillos, based on Slater et al. and Delsuc et al..
The dagger symbol, "†", denotes extinct groups. Recent genetic research suggests that an extinct group of giant armoured mammals, the glyptodonts, should be included within the lineage of armadillos, having diverged some 35 million years ago, much more than assumed. Like all of the Xenarthra lineages, armadillos originated in South America. Due to the continent's former isolation, they were confined there for most of the Cenozoic; the recent formation of the Isthmus of Panama allowed a few members of the family to migrate northward into southern North America by the early Pleistocene, as part of the Great American Interchange. Today, all extant armadillo species are still present in South America, they are diverse in Paraguay and surrounding areas. Many species are endangered. Some, including four species of Dasypus, are distributed over the Americas, whereas others, such as Yepes's mulita, are restricted to small ranges. Two species, the northern naked-tailed armadillo and nine-banded armadillo, are found in Central America.
Their range has expanded in North America over the last century due to a lack of natural predators. Armadillos are small to medium-sized mammals; the smallest species, the pink fairy armadillo, is chipmunk-sized at 85 g and 13–15 cm in total length. The largest species, the giant armadillo, can be the size of a small pig and weigh up to 54 kg, can be 150 cm long, they are prolific diggers. Many species use their sharp claws to dig for food, such as grubs, to dig dens; the nine-banded armadillo prefers to build burrows in moist soil near the creeks and arroyos around which it lives and feeds. The diets of different armadillo species vary, but consist of insects and other invertebrates; some species, feed entirely on ants and termites. Armadillos have poor eyesight, use their keen sense of smell to hunt for food, they use their claws for finding food, as well as for making their homes in burrows. They dig their burrows with their claws, making only a single corridor the width of the animal's body, they have five clawed toes on their hind feet, three to five toes with heavy digging claws on their fore feet.
Armadillos have numerous cheek teeth which are not divided into premolars and molars, but have no incisors or canines. The dentition of the nine-banded armadillo is P 7/7, M 1/1 = 32. In common with other xenarthrans, armadillos, in general, have low body temperatures of 33–36 °C (
Rudaw Media Network known as Rudaw, is a media group in Iraqi Kurdistan. It publishes in Kurdish, English and Turkish. Rudaw Media Network owns a weekly newspaper in the Sorani dialect with a circulation of 3,000, a Kurmanci-language version published in Europe, a website in Kurdish, English and Turkish and a satellite TV station; the network is funded and supported by Rudaw Company and aims to impart news and information about Kurdistan and the Middle East. Rudaw Media Network was temporarily banned in Syrian Kurdistan due to its partisan news and alleged smear campaigns against the Kurdish political parties which oppose the Kurdistan Democratic Party, a ruling political party led by the Barzani family members. Turkey removed three television channels based in northern Iraq, including Kurdish news agency Rudaw, from its TurkSat satellite over broadcasting violations during the Kurdish Regional Government's referendum in September 2017. On 28 October 2017, the office of audio visual media of the Iraqi government's Media and Communications Commission issued a decree, ordering the shutdown of Rudaw TV broadcast, prevention of its crews and seizure of their equipment across Iraq.
The decree says that grounds for this move is that Rudaw is not licensed in Baghdad, for programs "that incite violence and hate and target social peace and security". Rudaw is based in the capital city of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq; the company has correspondents in various parts of the Middle East and the U. S. Rudaw publishes in Kurmanji as well as in English. An online platform that covers Kurdish issues in both Kurdish dialects; the website publishes news and information in English and Arabic. A radio news channel that broadcasts on shortwave across the Middle East. Audiences all over the world can listen to a live stream online. Published on a weekly basis, with hard copies sold in the Kurdistan Region and Europe. In the Kurdistan edition, stories of interest to the local population are covered; the European edition features issues of interest to the Kurdish diaspora. A Kurdish news channel that broadcasts to the Middle East, Africa, Pacific and the U. S; this newly launched channel can be received on Hot Bird satellites.
The World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers recognized Rudaw for extending its reach to 100 million in social media in 2017. Majeed Gly, a Kurdish correspondent for Rudaw Media Network, was awarded the Ricardo Ortega Memorial Prize for broadcast media on Wednesday night by the United Nations Correspondents Association at its headquarters in New York. A number of international and Kurdish sources have described Rudaw as a "propaganda machine" of the ruling Kurdistan Democratic Party Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani. Media related to Rudaw Media Network at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Reisbach is a small town, belonging to the district of Saarlouis in the Bundesland Saarland. The village was formed on April 1, 1937, when the two townships of Reisweiler and Labach were joint together as "Reisbach". Reisweiler was first mentioned as "Radisville" in 1154; the Germanic name "Radi" means "father of the town council", together with the "-ville" suffix meaning "farmland", yields the meaning of "Reisweiler" as "Radi's Farmland". The first written documentation about Labach stems from the 13th century, when it was known under the name "Loupach" or "Loupbach"; the name is composed from "Loup" meaning "foliage" and "Bach" meaning "creek". The name of the consolidated village thus means "Radi's Creek". Since January 1, 1974, Reisbach has formed the community of Saarwellingen, together with Saarwellingen and Schwarzenholz with a combined 14,000 inhabitants. In 1212, Count Heinrich of Zweibrücken gave his ownership of the villages Reisweiler and Labach to Fraulautern Abbey; the knights Marsilius and Reiner and their relative Marsilius von Lisdorf donated their stake in the patronage to the church of Reisweiler in 1237.
Labach belonged to the lordship of Schwarzenholz, thus Fraulautern Abbey, until 1792, when the French Revolution changed everything. It ended the ownership of the Grafschaft Saarbrücken and the Lord of Hagen over Reisweiler; the coat of arms resembles the rulerships over the two villages: The base is the coat of arms of the Lords of Saarbrücken, the diagonal bar, while the red and gold colors stem from the coat of arms of the Lords of Zweibrücken. The two fields formed by the diagonal bar stand for the two villages which form Reisbach: the upper field for Labach, with the crossed circle of Fraulautern Abbey. Reisbach was given the right to bear a coat of arms on May 11, 1964
Lawrenceville is an unincorporated community in central German Township, Clark County, United States. It is part of Ohio Metropolitan Statistical Area; the population was 302 at the 2000 census. In 2005, the residents of Lawrenceville voted to dissolve the corporation, ending Lawrenceville's village status. Lawrenceville was known as Noblesville, under the latter name was platted in 1843; when a post office was established in the community, the original name was changed, there being another post office in the state with a similar name. A post office called Lawrenceville was established in 1875, remained in operation until 1901; the name "Lawrenceville" honors U. S. Rep. William Lawrence, a Republican former judge whose congressional district included the community in the 1870s. Lawrenceville is located at 39°58′55″N 83°52′29″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village had a total area of 0.1 square miles, all of it land. As of the census of 2000, there were 302 people, 109 households, 86 families residing in the village.
The population density was 2,243.2 people per square mile. There were 119 housing units at an average density of 883.9/sq mi. The racial makeup of the village was 95.36% White, 0.99% African American, 3.64% from two or more races. There were 109 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.5% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.1% were non-families. 16.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.12. In the village the population was spread out with 29.1% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 30.5% from 25 to 44, 23.5% from 45 to 64, 9.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 106.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 107.8 males. The median income for a household in the village was $50,000, the median income for a family was $53,750.
Males had a median income of $38,333 versus $19,688 for females. The per capita income for the village was $19,105. About 3.7% of families and 3.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under the age of eighteen and 20.0% of those sixty five or over
New Labour, New Life for Britain was a political manifesto published in 1996 by the British Labour Party. The party had rebranded itself as New Labour under Tony Blair; the manifesto set out the party's new "Third Way" centrist approach to policy, with subsequent success at the 1997 general election. The 1997 general election produced the biggest Labour majority in the history of the party's existence, they won 418 seats, with a majority of 179. They delivered on the main aims of the manifesto including introducing a minimum wage, increasing National Health Service spending and reducing class sizes in schools; the Conservatives' rule was over after eighteen years. This election was the start of a Labour government following an 18-year spell in opposition and continued with another landslide victory in 2001 and a third consecutive victory in 2005. In 2010, they became the official opposition with 258 seats; the new Leader of the Labour Party, Ed Miliband abandoned the New Labour branding in 2010 after being elected, moving the party's political stance further to the left.
He resigned as leader in 2015, was succeeded by Jeremy Corbyn at the September 2015 Labour Leadership election, who has further distanced the party from the New Labour brand. During the 1997 campaign, a pledge card with five specific pledges was issued and detailed in the manifesto too; the pledges were: Cut class sizes to 30 or under for 5, 6 and 7-year-olds by using money from the assisted places scheme. Fast-track punishment for persistent young offenders by halving the time from arrest to sentencing. Cut NHS waiting lists by treating an extra 100,000 patients as a first step by releasing £100,000,000 saved from NHS red tape. Get 250,000 under-25s off benefits and into work by using money from a windfall levy on the privatised utilities. No rise in income tax rates, cut VAT on heating to 5% and inflation and interest rates as low as possible. Our Society, Your Life Individual Learning Accounts Freedom of Information Act 2000 Human Rights Act 1998 National Minimum Wage Act 1998 Regional development agencies Devolution UK Trident programme Windfall Tax Total ban on the use of landmines
John Kelly Fitzpatrick was a regionalist American painter from Alabama. John Kelly Fitzpatrick was born in 1888 in Alabama, his father, Phillips Fitzpatrick, was a physician, his mother was Jane Lovedy Fitzpatrick. His paternal grandfather, Benjamin Fitzpatrick, served as the Governor of Alabama from 1841 to 1845, he attended the Stark University School in Montgomery and went to the University of Alabama to study journalism for two years, until he dropped out. He spent a semester at the Art Institute of Chicago in Chicago, but dropped out again. In 1918, he served in France during the First World War. In 1929, he spent a few months at the Académie Julian in France. In other words, his formal education was limited, as he never managed to receive a degree from an institution of higher education; as a regionalist painter, he is best known for his paintings of rural Alabama his home county of Elmore County, Alabama. He was inspired by French painters like Paul Cézanne, Vincent van Gogh, Henri Matisse.
In the French tradition, he painted out in the open, near lakes or creeks in the Alabama countryside. Together with a group of artists known as the Morningview Painters, he founded the Alabama Art League in the late 1920s; this led to the establishment of the Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts in Montgomery, Alabama in 1930. He helped develop its permanent collection; some of his work is still exhibited there. He taught painting and served as director of the Montgomery Museum Art School. In 1938 and 1939, he was commissioned by the federal government as part of the Public Works of Art Project to produce paintings, including murals inside the newly constructed post offices in the towns of Ozark, Alabama titled Early Industry of Dale County and in Phenix City, Alabama titled Cotton. In 1933, he co-founded the Dixie Art Colony with Sallie B. Carmichael and her daughter Warree Carmichael LeBron; the idea was to establish an artist colony to train burgeoning artists in the South. From 1937, they met at a small cabin on Lake Jordan.
Frank W. Applebee, the Chair of the School of Art and Architecture at Auburn University and a painter, joined the colony, as did Genevieve Southerland, Anne Wilson Goldthwaite and Lamar Dodd; the colony last met in 1948. The John Kelly Fitzpatrick Gallery is in the City Administration Building in Alabama. Additionally, some of his paintings can be found in the Montgomery Museum of Fine Arts and the Alabama Department of Archives and History in Montgomery as well as the Johnson Collection in Spartanburg, South Carolina and the Ogden Museum of Southern Art in New Orleans, Louisiana, he died of a heart attack on April 18, 1953. He was buried in the Wetumpka City Cemetery; the Sugar Cane Mill. Monday Morning. Oat Fields. Jug Factory. Mules to Market. Harvest. Creek Indian Corn Dance. Hillbilly Barn Dance. Minuet. Swinging on the Grapevine. John Kelly Fitzpatrick: Retrospective Exhibition. A Symphony of Color: The World of Kelly Fitzpatrick. Dixie Art Colony Foundation