click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

The Old Gods and the New

"The Old Gods and the New" is the sixth episode of the second season of HBO's medieval fantasy television series Game of Thrones. The episode is written by Vanessa Taylor and directed by David Nutter, his directorial debut for the series; the episode's title refers to both the "Old Gods" of the North, the "New Gods," the prevalent religion in the rest of Westeros. This episode won a Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Makeup for a Single-Camera Series. Having taken Winterfell, Theon promises to Bran; when Ser Rodrik spits on Theon, Dagmer insists Theon need execute him. Despite the urgings of Bran and others, Theon decapitates Ser Rodrik. Osha seduces Theon in exchange for her freedom, allowing her, Hodor and Rickon to escape Winterfell; as Robb flirts with field nurse Talisa, Catelyn arrives. Discovering the nurse is Lady Talisa Maegyr from the Free City of Volantis and sensing Robb's attraction, Catelyn reminds him he is to marry Frey's daughter. Receiving news of Theon's betrayal and Ser Rodrik’s execution, Robb declares he will recapture Winterfell, but Roose Bolton advises he will lose what he has gained against the Lannisters.

Bolton proposes sending his bastard son with the forces left at his stronghold, the Dreadfort, Robb reluctantly agrees, demanding to execute Theon. Qhorin’s expedition captures a wildling watchpost, killing all but Ygritte, whom Jon finds himself unable to kill, she escapes. Jon is separated from the party. With night approaching, Ygritte convinces Jon to share body warmth. Myrcella Baratheon is sent to Dorne for her marriage alliance with House Martell. King Joffrey, struck in the face with manure, orders his guards to kill the crowd, igniting a riot. Tyrion slaps Joffrey and tries to take control. Sansa is nearly gang-raped by several men before being rescued by Sandor "The Hound" Clegane. Exasperated at his men’s incompetence, Tywin observes that Arya can read well, contradicting her false identity. Petyr Baelish arrives, Arya tries to conceal her face. Ser Amory Lorch catches Arya with stolen war orders concerning Robb, she manages to escape, implores Jaqen H'ghar to claim her second life. As Ser Amory enters Tywin's chambers to expose Arya, he drops dead with a poisoned dart in his neck.

The Spice King, one of Qarth's ruling Thirteen, rebuffs Daenerys’ entreaties for ships. Returning to Xaro’s mansion and her entourage discover that Qartheen guards, members of her khalasar, her handmaiden Irri have been killed and her dragons stolen; the dragons are ferried to a tower by a mysterious hooded figure. "The Old Gods and the New" is the second episode scripted by the season's new addition to the writing staff Vanessa Taylor, adapting the material taken from the following chapters of George R. R. Martin's original work A Clash of Kings: Arya VIII, Daenerys III, Tyrion IX, Bran VI, Jon VI; the opening scene with the ironborn taking Winterfell uses elements from three different chapters: Theon IV, V, VI. Some of the most significant changes from the books include Jon not letting Ygritte leave after refusing to execute her, the executions of Rodrik and Irri, Arya using her second wish to kill Amory Lorch instead of Weese, a cruel understeward who does not appear in the series; the Reed children have not been introduced yet: in the books they aid in Bran and Rickon's escape from Winterfell.

Furthermore, at this point the Qarth storyline is only loosely based on the source material, as the theft of Daenerys' dragons does not occur in the books. This episode features the introduction of Rose Leslie playing the Wildling woman Ygritte; the producers had seen her in Downton Abbey, where she had played Gwen Dawson, they had admired her ability to do Northern accents. The Scottish actress used a Yorkshire accent in Downton Abbey, she was trained in basic stage combat at the London Academy of Music and Dramatic Art and was eager to play the most physical aspects of her role. Two prominent recurring guests actors had their last appearance in the show. Winterfell's master-at-arms Rodrik Cassel and the Dothraki handmaiden Irri were killed, in both cases their deaths in the series was far earlier than their deaths in the original books. Acharia was surprised when she found out that Irri died, but felt that the death served a purpose making Daenerys more isolated. A scene depicting how Irri was strangled was filmed but was not included in the final montage.

The actress revealed: "I think it's hard to be strangled onscreen because to an extent to make it look real, you have to be a bit strangled. So I had massive bruises on my neck the next day. I was proud. Battle scars." The episode's interior shots continued to be filmed at Belfast's The Paint Hall, while the scenes at Winterfell and Harrenhal were filmed at the sets built at Moneyglass and Banbridge, respectively. Iceland was used to depict the far north, the scenes from this episode were filmed at the glacier Svínafellsjökull in Vatnajökull National Park, close to Skaftafell. At Dubrovnik, the production used the seashore between Fort Bokar and Fort Lovrijenac to film Myrcella's departure, the Pile Gate's inner gateway for the riot scene, the inner terrace of Fort Lovrijenac for the refuge where the royal family hides from the mob, the Rector's Palace for the atrium of the Spice King in Qarth. In this location, the bust of the Croatian 16th century seaman Miho Pracat can be seen; the viewership of the episode's first airing held steady, obtaining 3.879 mill

Lisa and the Devil

Lisa and the Devil is a 1974 horror film directed by Mario Bava. The film was released in Spain as El diablo se lleva; the story involves a young American tourist who stays the night at the home of a family of Spanish aristocrats whose house is plagued by supernatural evil and dark secrets involving necrophilia. After the popularity of the film The Exorcist, scenes were added by producer Alfredo Leone and Lamberto Bava which gave the film an exorcism theme and re-released it as The House of Exorcism in the United States. Tourist Lisa Reiner wanders away from her tour group in Toledo to go shopping inside a store, where she encounters a man named Leandro, purchasing a dummy and a carousel Lisa attempts to buy. Due to his resemblance to the portrait of the devil in a fresco she has just seen, Lisa flees, only to be confronted by a mustachioed gentleman...who falls from a flight of stairs to his apparent death. When she fails to find back to the tour group, she takes refuge with a couple and their driver, who agree to help Lisa get to her hotel.

But their car breaks down in front of a crumbling mansion where Lisa discovers that Leandro works as the butler. The couple persuade Leandro to let them stay. Lisa attempts to flee, but the Countess' son Maximilian stops Lisa and agrees to let the three stay over the objections of his mother, a blind Countess; the obscure, mustachioed man continues to stalk Lisa as further mysteries unfold: the Countess and her son have a fourth guest in the mansion, a mysterious figure, held prisoner inside a secret room. The Countess, Maximilian and the mustachioed man claim that Lisa is "Elena", Maximilian's long-lost girlfriend, once frightened away by his jealous mother. Through a series of waking dreams, it is revealed that Elena was secretly sleeping with Carlos and that he was plotting to leave the jealous and reclusive Countess. After seeing Leandro preparing Carlos' body for burial juxtaposed with Carlos being alive, Lisa freaks out. Carlos attempts one last time to whisk Lisa away but Maximilian kills him.

Lisa faints. Leandro repairs the dummy; the driver is promptly killed by a mysterious figure after fixing the car. Leandro offers to cover up the crime to his employers so long; when the husband demands his wife leave with him, she runs over him, only to be brutally murdered by Maximilian. While Lisa is unconscious, Leandro dresses her like Elena, he gives a speech about how he is a demon, indebted to the Countess and her son. The mansion is cursed and the Countess, her son, the couple, their driver, Elena are forced to relive their deaths again and again, with dummies being procured by the demon to represent the players as they repeat the cycle of death. Lisa's arrival negated his inability to find a Lisa dummy to represent her in this latest incarnation. Lisa finds the Countess, who has discovered the young wife's corpse. Lisa intends to escape, but a defeated and browbeaten Maximilian has started to believe that Lisa is just like Elena, he takes her to his secret room, where Elena's corpse and ghost are revealed to be the mystery prisoner.

Maximilian drugs Lisa, strips her naked and rapes her, only to have the ghost of Elena laugh at him mid-rape and cause him to stop. Furious, he goes downstairs and confesses his crimes to his mother, who wants him to kill Lisa to keep anyone from finding out what he has done. Maximilian reveals to his mother his crimes: having murdered his stepfather to avenge his betrayal of the Countess and his stepson, Maximilian imprisoned Elena rather than risk allowing her to leave and inform the police. Maximilian kills his mother when he realizes that she will never let him leave her or allow him to have a relationship with Lisa. After doing so, Maximilian is shocked to find all of his victims waiting for him at a table; as his mother attempts to kill him, Maximilian jumps from a window but is impaled on the metal fence below. Leandro reveals himself behind the corpses making their appearance and says that Maximilian "accidentally slipped." Lisa wakes up the next morning, with the mansion in ruins. She finds the dummy representing Maximilian.

In town, she runs into Leandro, presented with an "Elena" doll by the shop keeper. Leandro refuses the doll as Lisa boards her plane, intending to leave Spain; the entire plane turns out to be empty. She discovers the corpse of the women she met the previous night. Rushing to find the pilot, she discovers him to be Leandro. Lisa collapses, reverting to a dummy, as it is implied that Lisa was some form of reincarnation/dummy doppelganger of Elena and that Leandro has reclaimed her. Telly Savalas as Leandro Elke Sommer as Lisa Reiner/Elena Sylva Koscina as Sophia Lehar Alessio Orano as Maximilian Alida Valli as Countess Gabriele Tinti as George Kathy Leone as Lisa's Friend Eduardo Fajardo as Francis Lehar Franz von Treuberg as Shopkeeper Espartaco Santoni as CarloAdditional cast members for The House of Exorcism Robert Alda as Father Michael Carmen Silva as Anna Lisa and the Devil was the second film director Mario Bava made with producer Alfredo Leone, who gave Bava complete control to make any kind of film he wante

Mockingbird

Mockingbirds are a group of New World passerine birds from the family Mimidae. They are best known for the habit of some species mimicking the songs of other birds and the sounds of insects and amphibians loudly and in rapid succession. There are about 17 species in three genera; these do not appear to form a monophyletic lineage: Mimus and Nesomimus are quite related. Melanotis is more distinct because it seems to represent a ancient basal lineage of Mimidae; the only mockingbird found in North America is the northern mockingbird. The Greek word polyglottos means multiple languages. Mimus: Brown-backed mockingbird, Mimus dorsalis Bahama mockingbird, Mimus gundlachii Long-tailed mockingbird, Mimus longicaudatus Patagonian mockingbird, Mimus patagonicus Chilean mockingbird, Mimus thenca White-banded mockingbird, Mimus triurus Northern mockingbird, Mimus polyglottos Socorro mockingbird, Mimus graysoni Tropical mockingbird, Mimus gilvus Chalk-browed mockingbird, Mimus saturninusFormerly Nesomimus: Hood mockingbird, Mimus macdonaldi Galápagos mockingbird, Mimus parvulus Floreana mockingbird or Charles mockingbird, Mimus trifasciatus San Cristóbal mockingbird, Mimus melanotisMelanotis: Blue mockingbird, Melanotis caerulescens Blue-and-white mockingbird, Melanotis hypoleucus When the survey voyage of HMS Beagle visited the Galápagos Islands in September to October 1835, the naturalist Charles Darwin noticed that the mockingbirds Mimus thenca differed from island to island, were allied in appearance to mockingbirds on the South American mainland.

Nearly a year when writing up his notes on the return voyage he speculated that this, together with what he had been told about Galápagos tortoises, could undermine the doctrine of stability of species. This was his first recorded expression of his doubts about species being immutable, which led to his being convinced about the transmutation of species and hence evolution. Mockingbird videos and sound recordings on the Internet Bird Collection

Russian Village District

The Russian Village District comprises 15 folk architecture style houses and was built by Konstanty Stys, a Polish immigrant, others during the Great Depression. It is located at the intersection of South Mills Avenue and East Cucamonga Avenue in Claremont, California. Although the street addresses are in Claremont, portions of many of the parcels in the district lie within the city of Montclair in San Bernardino County; the historic district was listed in the National Register of Historic Places in 1978. Konstanty Stys immigrated to the United States and settled in Youngstown, Ohio, he became a steelworker and started a family. Stys and his family lived in Pomona, he moved to Claremont and found work in construction. He began building his houses; the local residents nicknamed these houses the "Russian Village", assuming that Stys came from Russia. Stys and the other people who built homes in the district had no formal training in the design and construction of houses. Only one house in the district was designed by a professional architect.

The homes were built of local field stones from the alluvial plains around Claremont, as well as salvaged and recycled materials including the sides from railroad cars, items taken from the wreckage from the 1933 Long Beach earthquake, materials from wrecking yardsMany of Stys's friends were unemployed during the Great Depression and several lost their homes. Stys sold off portions of his land for low prices asking for no down payment, helped them build inexpensive houses out of salvaged and recycled materials. House at 290 South Mills Avenue; this house was constructed in 1927. The original interior was 700 square feet; the house is wood frame and the exterior is made of the local field stones. The interior framing of studs and joists are made up of used materials, some of the wood was painted and some had existing square-head nails. House at 305 South Mills Avenue; the parcel is located on the corner of East Cucamonga Avenue. The house and garage were built in 1937 and were the office and workshop of the Lay-Mor block company owned by Konstanty Stys and Merle Mead.

The buildings are made of the Lay-Mor blocks. House at 306 South Mills Avenue; the parcel that house sits on is within the city of Montclair. This is the first house built in, it was built by Konstanty Stys as his own house. Stys began building on this parcel in 1923; the first structure was the garage, where his family lived while he built the main house. The main house was completed in 1925; the exterior of the house is made up wood stone. Stys landscaped the yard with stone walkways and walls. House at 315 South Mills Avenue; the house was built in 1935 by Mead. The exterior is made of pavement blocks and stucco. House at 316 South Mills Avenue; the parcel that this house sits on is within the city of Montclair. This house was built in 1932 by Raymond Yerkes. During the two years that this house was under construction, Yerkes was living in Pomona. Yerkes was helped by another neighbor, Merle Mead; the house was built of stone as well as concrete forms from construction sites of Pomona College. A railroad tie was used to support the large window in the living room.

In 1938, the garage was converted into a studio. The interior walls and cupboards of the studio were made of wood recovered from a railroad car. House and apartment at 330 and 336 South Mills Avenue; this parcel lies within the city of Montclair. This house was built in 1933 by Stys for Floyd Underwood; this house is the only one in the district designed by an architect. Peter Ficker, the architect, owed. In lieu of payment, Ficker designed the house. Stys misread the plans, started building the house in the wrong part of the lot. Underwood sold the house to Stys; the house has exteriors of stone. The interior doors were salvaged from the demolition of the Raymond Hotel in Pasadena. Stys rented the house out before selling it to Erle Bunker in 1938The apartment was built over the garage by Bunker in the early 1940s. House at 333 South Mills Avenue. Stys began construction of this house gave it to his niece and her husband, Clarence Michael, as a wedding gift. Michael continued construction of the house and completed it in 1933.

The exterior of the house is stone, with railroad ties used as supports in the windows. House at 339 South Mills Avenue; this house was built in 1939 by nephew by marriage of Stys. The Michaels first lived next door in a smaller house at 333 S. Mills Ave; the exterior was made of stone, the tiles for the roof came from a school in Placentia, damaged in the 1933 Long Beach earthquake, the interior walls and framing came from salvage and wrecking yards. Houses at 343, 345, 353 South Mills Avenue; these three interconnected houses were built by Stys in 1936 for use by an extended family. The center house at 345 S. Mills Ave is two stories; the exterior is red sandstone salvaged from the old courthouse in Los Angeles. The supports for the staircase in the center house are made of telephone poles. House at 350 South Mills Avenue; the parcel lies within the city of Montclair. This house is in an ` H' shape. There is a second story on the leg at the rear of the house; the exterior walls were made of concrete blocks recovered from street repairs.

The local highway department crews delivered these blocks to Stys at Stys's request. The interior walls were made of wood salvaged from wrecking yards; the tiles for the roof came the school in Pl

Saint Mary of Sorrows Roman Catholic Church

Saint Mary of Sorrows Roman Catholic Church, is located at 938 Genesee Street, New York in the city's east side. The building is a City of Buffalo landmark and former Catholic parish church within the Diocese of Buffalo. Construction of the church began in 1886 and was completed in 1891; the church was built for a German congregation in a rhenish romanesque revival style with the floor plan laid out as a Latin cross. The church's main tower rises 235 ft high. In 1985, the church was shuttered and the Catholic Diocese considered demolishing it; the building underwent renovations from 1986–1996 which included a new roof, repairs to bell tower, façade cleaning, life safety systems. The building contains the King Center Charter School. Four classrooms were built in the sanctuary space with the chancel and altar being left intact. King Center Charter School Skyscraperpage entry