click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan

The Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan is the unified armed forces of Kazakhstan. It consists of the Ground Forces and Air Defence Forces, Naval Forces, National Guard; the national defence policy aims are based on the Constitution of Kazakhstan. They guarantee the preservation of the independence and sovereignty of the state and the integrity of its land area, territorial waters and airspace and its constitutional order; the armed forces of Kazakhstan act under the authority of the Kazakhstan Ministry of Defence. The Military Balance 2013 reported the armed forces' strength as, it reported 31,000 paramilitary personnel. The branches and subordinate bodies of the armed forces include: Ministry of Defense Branches Ground Forces Air Defense Forces Kazakh Naval Forces Airborne Forces Kazakh Special Forces Rocket and Artillery Forces Territorial Troops Affiliated forces National Guard of Kazakhstan Civil Defense of the Committee of Emergencies Border Service of the National Security Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan State Security Service of Kazakhstan On May 7, 1992, the President of Kazakhstan took a number of actions regarding defence.

He signed a decree on the'establishment of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan', the transformation of the State Committee of Defence of the Republic of Kazakhstan into the Ministry of Defence, on the attribution of Sagadat Nurmagambetov the military rank of Colonel General, the appointment of General-Colonel Sagadat Nurmagambetov as Defence Minister of Kazakhstan. Mukhtar Altynbayev served as the Minister of Defence twice, most from December 2001 to 10 January 2007. On June 30, 1992, the Soviet Armed Forces' Turkestan Military District disbanded, following the collapse of the Soviet Union; the most powerful grouping of forces from the Turkestan Military District became the core of Kazakhstan's new military. Kazakhstan acquired all the units of the 40th Army and part of the 17th Army Corps, including 6 land force divisions, storage bases, the 14th and 35th air-landing brigades, 2 rocket brigades, 2 artillery regiments and a large amount of equipment, withdrawn from over the Urals after the signing of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.

On July 6, 2000, a Presidential Decree "On the structure of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan" changed the structure: The Armed Forces returned to a dual structure. The Airmobile Forces were created, the transition to the new military-territorial structure, established military districts, harmonized structure and deployment of troops. On August 7, Lieutenant-General A. B. Dzharbulov was appointed commander of the Southern Military District and Lieutenant-General E. Ertaev became commander of the Eastern Military District. In February 2001 a Presidential Decree divided the functions of the Ministry of Defence and General Staff. According to the decree, the head of the General Staff subordinates all kinds of aircraft and type of troops and military districts, while the Minister of Defence has a administrative and political functions. On March 30, Major General M. K. Sihimov was appointed commander of the Western Military Region. On October 12, M. Saparov was appointed to Chief of the General Staff and First Deputy of the Defence Minister.

V. B. Elamanov became commander of the Airmobile Forces. On December 8, a new Defense Minister was appointed: General K. Altynbayev, on December 27, Major General K. K. Akhmadiev was appointed commander of the Air Defense Forces. Key defense posts announced. Dzhulamanov commander of the Eastern Military District, Maj. Gen. Zhasuzakov commander of the Airmobile Forces, Major-General A. Shatskov commander of the Central Military District and K. Altynbayev given the title of Army General. Kazakhstan had its first military parade in its history at Otar Military Base on May 7, 2013, celebrating the Defender of the Fatherland Day as the national holiday for the first time ever. During the ceremony, the first woman was promoted to the rank of General. Today there are four regional commands: Regional Command Astana, Regional Command South at Taraz, Regional Command East at Semipalatinsk, Regional Command West at Aktobe, as well as the Air Defence Forces, the Airmobile Forces with four brigades, the Artillery and Missile Forces.

Kazakhstan is a founding member of CSTO and SCO. Kazakhstan has an Individual Partnership Action Plan with NATO & strategic cooperation with the Turkish Armed Forces; the 32nd Army had been serving in Kazakhstan for many years. The 32nd Army had been redesignated the 1st Army Corps the 40th Army, it came under Kazakh control in May 1992. On November 1, 1992, on the basis of units of the former Soviet 40th Army of the Turkestan Military District, the First Army Corps was created, with its headquarters in Semipalatinsk. At its base was established the Eastern Military District, retitled on 13 November 2003 as Regional Command East. Prior to its dissolution, the 40th Army consisted of the 78th Tank Division.

Aneurin Owen

Aneurin Owen was a Welsh historical scholar. Aneurin Owen was a son of William Owen by Sarah Elizabeth. While he was still a child his father took the additional name of Pughe on inheriting some property at Nantglyn in Denbighshire; the family moved there from London. Owen was for a short time at Friars School, but was educated by his father. Aneurin made his home at Tanygyrt, near Nantglyn, in 1820 married Jane Lloyd of Nantglyn. With the passing of the Tithe Commutation Act 1836, he was appointed one of the assistant tithe commissioners for England and Wales. On the death of Colonel Thomas Francis Wade in 1847, he was made an assistant poor-law commissioner, but found the duties too heavy, he was appointed, under the Enclosures Act 1815, a commissioner for the inclosure of commonable lands. Owen was one of a committee of five appointed at the Abergavenny Eisteddfod to consider the reform of Welsh orthography, in 1832 won a silver medal at the Beaumaris Eisteddfod for the best Welsh essay on Agriculture.

Owen died on 17 July 1851 at Trosyparc, near Denbigh. When the government decided in 1822 to publish an edition of the old British historians, the Welsh portion of the work was entrusted to John Humffreys Parry. On Parry's death in 1825 his duties came to Owen, who became the adviser of the Public Record Office on Welsh matters, his work falls under two heads – the publication of the ancient Welsh laws, the accumulation of material for an edition of the Brut y Tywysogion. These tasks were carried on concurrently during the period 1830–40, it distinguished for the first time the three versions of the original Law of Hywel. The edition of the Brut y Tywysogion did not appear in Owen's lifetime; the short portion which ends at 1066 was edited by him for the Monumenta Historica Britannica, but the bulk of his material remained unpublished, went to the Public Record Office on his death in 1851. When in 1860 the Rolls Series edition of Brut y Tywysogion appeared, under the editorship of John Williams, the reviewer in Archaeologia Cambrensis asserted that the text and the translation were the work of Owen, not mentioned in the book.

In 1863 Owen's transcript and translation of the so-called Gwentian Brut, with the introduction he had prepared for the Monumenta, a letter on the Welsh chronicles to Henry Petrie, were printed as an extra volume by the Cambrian Archaeological Association. Attribution This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Lee, Sidney, ed.. "Owen, Aneurin". Dictionary of National Biography. 42. London: Smith, Elder & Co

Mahendra Gaur

Mahendra Gaur is an Indian lawyer. Mahendra Gaur born on 26 January 1956 at Nasirabad spent his early years in Jodhpur, Udaipur for education. In 1967 he was selected for National Merit Scholarship and sponsored to Vidya Bhawan Public School, Udaipur for schooling. In 1971 he enrolled for engineering in Malaviya Regional Engineering College and graduated in 1976 with a degree in Mechanical Engineering. Mahendra Gaur joined Indian Oil Corporation Limited in February 1977, he underwent one year training on "Utilization of Fuels and Lubricants in I. C. Engines and Industrial Machinery at Indian Institution of Petroleum, Dehradun as sponsored candidate from Indian Oil, he worked as Lubricant Technologist at Mumbai, Rajkot, Ahemdabad offices of Indian Oil. In 1989, he was sponsored by Indian Oil and Department of Personnel and Training, Government of India to National Management Program conducted by Management Development Institute, Gurgaon; the National Management Program was coordinated by P. Chidambaram.

The National Management Program was supported by the three Indian Institute of Management, Ahemdabad and Kolkata and XLRI Jamshedpur. On successful completion of NMP, he was awarded PGDM at a convocation ceremony attended by Manmohan Singh as chief guest. In 1993, while working for Indian Oil at Jaipur he discovered that two-wheeler owners were cheated by petrol pump dealers in the name of "single oil" and "double oil"; the recommended dosage of 2T Oil in two-wheeler is 20ml/liter of Petrol, but the petrol pump dealers used to charge for 30 ml in the name of single oil but deliver 20 ml to the vehicle owners. In the name of "double oil" the consumer was given 40 ml, but charged for 60 ml. Mahendra Gaur fought a prolonged battle within Indian Oil, with the State Government of Rajasthan, Government of India to get relief to the two- and three-wheeler consumers, he forced the Government Departments Transport Department to deal with the Petrol Pump Dealers who were issuing Fake PUC Certificates.

In 2001 on his complaint the State Government initiated an inquiry which revealed that 80,000 Fake Pollution Under Control Certificates were issued. The transport commissioner cancelled licences of 5-dealers and Indian Oil fined Rs. 5000.00 each on the dealers and suspended licence for 15 days. The Government of India introduced the Right to Information Act, 2005. Mahendra Gaur was among the first applicants who went into pursuit of information under the Act. There was general reluctance among the Government Officers to give File Noting, he vociferously argued in favour of disclosure of file noting. He was one of the first applicants to get file noting from Cabinet Secretariat. In June 2006 he succeeded in compelling the Central Information Commission to issue directives to Department of Personnel to remove offensive information about file noting from its web site. Mahendra Gaur was the first person to get file noting from Government Department in Rajasthan. Mahendra Gaur has been in the forefront in getting the Right to Information Act, 2005 implemented in Delhi High Court, Rajasthan High Court and Bar Council of Rajasthan and the office of President of India In 2009, Bar Council of Rajasthan enrolled Mahendra Gaur as Advocate.

He combines rare combination of Management into Legal Profession. In 2009 when no one after Jaipur Indian Fire was ready to take up cudgels with the Government, he lodged FIR against Indian Oil and the Police Officers responsible for delay in investigating the criminal angle against Jaipur Fire. Mahendra Gaur represented widows of Indian Oil Fire in their quest for just and fair compensation and justice for their slain husbands, he is presently on a mission to introduce judicial reforms in Rajasthan High Court. Rajasthan High Court had a poor record of using Internet. Through a sustained campaign Mahendra Gaur introduced fundamental changes in the working of Rajasthan High Court. Mahendra Gaur compelled Rajasthan High Court to upload it on Internet. In the matter of 2009 Jaipur fire Mahendra Gaur has been appointed counsel by the Rajasthan State Legal Services Authority to represent the widows of Indian Oil Officers and other victims who lost their husband in the Fire Tragedy. In 2012–13, Mahendra Gaur has filed 7 public-interest litigation in Rajasthan High Court concerning Special Bench to hear and fast track cases related to Corruption, Conflict of Interest of Judges posted in the same High Court where they practised as Advocates, Filling up vacancies of Medical Teachers in Government Medical Colleges, Against Dual Pricing of Petroleum Products, Implementation of RTI Act, in Rajasthan High Court, Installation of CCTV in Courts, Strict compliance of Roster Rules and Guidelines.

India Today – CIC File Noting – Times of India RTI – CBI-CIC – CIC – Price Rise DNA – Widow's Case DNA -IOC Case Hindustan Times The Tribune Daily News Rajasthan High Court Rajasthan Patrika

Floyd Morris

Floyd Emerson Morris is a former Jamaican politician from the People's National Party. He was the 11th President of the Senate of Jamaica. Morris, who began losing his sight during high school and lost it six years became the first blind member of the Senate when he was appointed in 1998. Floyd Morris was born on 23 July 1969 in Bailey's Vale, near Saint Mary Parish, Jamaica, his father, Lloyd Morris, was a fireman, his mother, Jemita Pryce, was a dressmaker. Morris has three sisters. Morris began to lose his sight in high school, due to glaucoma. Attempts to treat the glaucoma with medication and laser treatments were unsuccessful, six years after he began to lose his sight, he became blind. Morris' worsening eyesight left him unable to complete schoolwork, Morris left St. Mary High School after grade 11 to become a poultry farmer. Morris' mother, Jemita Pryce, was a strong supporter of the People's National Party. Much of her work came from government contracts from the area's Member of Parliament, Horace Clarke, when the PNP party fell out of power, her work dried up.

When the PNP regained power in 1989, Clarke gave Morris enough money to expand his farm from 30 chickens to 200. In order to protect his business from failing should the PNP lose power again, Morris made sure that some of the farm's staff were members of the rival Jamaica Labour Party; the farm expanded to 27 acres, including vegetables. In 1991 Morris traveled to Kingston to seek assistance from the Jamaica Society for the Blind. Morris learned Braille through the Society, decided to complete his high school studies and go to college. After being rejected by Campion College, a Kingston high school, Morris enrolled at Mico Evening College. After two years at Mico, Morris was accepted by University of the West Indies. Morris received a Bachelor of Arts in Mass Communication from UWI, would return to get a Master of Philosophy in Government degree and pursue a Doctorate in the same field. In his last year of undergraduate studies at UWI, Prime Minister P. J. Patterson visited the university to give a speech.

Morris criticized the Prime Minister's education policies during the answer session. Realizing that he had an interest in politics, Morris joined the People's National Party Youth Organisation. Through this organization, Morris traveled to the 1997 World Youth Congress in Cuba, where he attracted attention as a skilled public speaker; when he returned, he began giving speeches in support of the PNP as part of the 1997 general election. After the PNP won the election, Horace Clarke and other PNP members lobbied the Prime Minister to name Morris as a senator. Morris was first appointed to the Jamaican Senate by Prime Minister P. J. Patterson in 1998, becoming its first blind member, he served in the Senate until 2007. When the governing People's National Party lost the 2007 general election it lost several Senate seats including Morris'. From 2001 to 2007, he served as the Minister of State in the Ministry of Labour and Social Security, under Ministers Danny Buchanan and Horace Dalley, he regained his Senate seat in 2012, following the 2011 general election, which saw the People's National Party regain the majority.

Morris was appointed president of the Senate on 17 May 2013, after being nominated for the position by the Senate's Leader of Government Business and seconded by the leader of Opposition Business. He replaced Reverend Stanley Redwood. Morris is a member of the Seventh-day Adventist Church, he is married to Shelly-Ann Gayle. The couple was married in July 2011 at the University of the West Indies Chapel, he is the host of a two-hour weekly radio broadcast "Seeing From A Different Perspective", which focuses on disability and societal issues. He received his Doctor of Philosophy degree from the University of the West Indies in 2017. Morris has written an autobiography called, "By Faith, Not By Sight-The Autobiography of Jamaica's First Blind Senator". ^ A Sources differ. The Jamaica Observer says age 14, while Adventist News Network says age 17. Both sources agree that his blindness progressed over a period of six years

River Dove, Suffolk

The River Dove is a river in the county of Suffolk. It is a tributary of the River Waveney starting near Bacton going through Eye to the Waveney; the Dove rises as several minor streams in the parish of Bacton at around 63 metres above sea level. It descends to the west of the village and flows north, before turning east to pass through the village of Finningham where it passes under the Stowmarket to Norwich railway. At Thorndon it merges with another stream and its course turns north; the river skirts the eastern edge of the village of Eye, running alongside the former Eye Priory. Below Eye, it forms the western boundary of the parish of Hoxne in a meandering course to the west of Hoxne village. Here it is joined by Gold Brook, before emptying into the River Waveney at the county boundary with Norfolk; the stream known as Gold Brook flows around 8 kilometres north from the parish of Southolt through Redlingfield to Hoxne before emptying into the River Dove. As it enters Hoxne it is crossed by Goldbrook Bridge on the road to Cross Street.

It is here. Whilst hiding under the bridge, a newly-wed couple saw his spurs glistening in the light and after capture by the Danes placed a curse on all bridal couples who should cross the bridge. Up to the 19th century it is said that wedding parties would avoid the bridge rather than take the risk. According to the same legend, Edmund was killed on the hill above the bridge; the river passes alongside the town of Eye, known for its important medieval castle. The name "Eye" is believed to derive from an old word for "island", as in medieval times the River Dove, its tributaries and marshland would flood and render it an island; the area around the river still floods frequently. The river is the subject of a 1909 work by Alfred Munnings entitled A Suffolk Pastoral, the River Dove with a distant clover field

1999–2000 FIS Alpine Ski World Cup

The 34th World Cup season began in October 1999 and concluded at the World Cup finals in March 2000. The overall winners were both of Austria. Maier set a new record for total points in one season, with 2000; this would not be eclipsed. See complete table see complete table In Men's Downhill World Cup 1999/2000 the all results count. See complete table In Men's Super G World Cup 1999/2000 all results count. Hermann Maier won his third Super G World Cup in a row. Austrian athletes won six races out of seven. See complete table In Men's Giant Slalom World Cup 1999/2000 all results count. Austrian athletes won eight races out of nine. See complete table In Men's Slalom World Cup 1999/2000 the all results count. See complete table In Men's Combined World Cup 1999/2000 both results count. Kjetil André Aamodt won his fourth Combined World Cup. FIS-ski.com - World Cup standings - 2000