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Armed Forces of the Republic of the Congo

The Armed Forces of the Republic of the Congo less formally denoted as the Forces armées congolaises or its acronym FAC, are the military forces of the Republic of the Congo. They consist of the Congolese Army, the Congolese Air Force, the Congolese Marine, the Congolese National Gendarmerie; the dissolution of French Equatorial Africa in 1958, France's impending military withdrawal from the Congo in August 1960, provided the impetuous for the formation of the FAC. The FAC and state paramilitary agencies are headed by an Armed Forces Chief of General Staff appointed by the President of the Republic of the Congo. Major General Guy Blanchard Okoï has served as chief of staff since 2012; the Congolese military was created on January 16, 1961, reflected the nature of the colonial security forces, which recruited among the country's northern ethnic groups and were staffed by junior Bakongo officers and a handful of French senior commissioned officers. President Alphonse Massamba-Débat, who seized power in 1963, expelled all the French personnel and sidelined the military in favor of independent political militias, which were trained by Cuban troops.

The militias and the Congo's civil defense corps were integrated with the FAC as the Armée Nationale Populaire. Under the People's Republic of the Congo, the FAC was again reorganized, with Mbochi career soldiers making up the bulk of the new officer corps. A second major setback occurred during the 1990s, when mass desertions led to many FAC officers and enlisted troops joining regional militias; the FAC was reformed for the third time after the Second Congo War, incorporating many former rebels and militia combatants. On 5 February 2012, there were munitions explosions at a tank regiment barracks located in Brazzaville's fifth arrondissement, Ouenze; some 206 people were reported killed. There are five military barracks in the city, after the explosion officials said the government had promised to move all munitions out of the capital. Tanks are older examples from the USSR. T-54/55 – 25 Type 59 – 15 Type 63 – 8 PT-76 – 3 ordered in 1971 from the Soviet Union and delivered in 1972 T-34/85 Mamba APC BTR-152 BTR-50 BTR-60 – 30 WZ551 ZFB-05 – 14 ZSU-23-4 – 8 BM-21 Grad – 6 AKM AK-47 FN FAL DShK RPK RPD RP-46 MAT-49 Walther PP TT pistol RPG-7 37 mm automatic air defense gun M1939 57 mm AZP S-60 The Navy has around 800 personnel.

In October 2007, the US Navy provided some training to Congolese Navy personnel in Pointe Noire, a port city, the second largest settlement in the country. As of 2016 it was commanded by Rear Admiral Andre Bouagnabea-Moundanza; as of 2019 the Navy operates a single Mil Mi-14 helicopter. After achieving independence from France in 1960, the Congolese Air Force was started with equipment such as the Douglas C-47s, Broussards and Bell 47Gs, these were followed by Nord Noratlas tactical transports and Sud Alouette helicopter. In the 1970s the air force switched to Soviet equipment; this included five Ilyushin IL-14 and six turboprop Antonov An-24 transports and an An-26 in return for providing bases for Cuban MiG-17 operations over Angola. These fighters and a few MiG-15UTI combat trainers were transferred to the FAC. In 1990 these fighter were replaced by 16 USSR supplied MiG-21MF/bis Fishbeds plus a couple of MiG-21US trainers. Together with a Soviet training mission which stayed until late 1991, during that time there were numerous accidents that involved both Soviet and Congolese personnel.

After the Soviets left there was only limited funding for MiG operations and they were withdrawn. Six Mi-8 helicopters were delivered from Ukraine in mid-1997 before the Cobra rebel takeover. In 1990, the Air Force was reformed into its present state. Most fighter aircraft it possessed were scrapped in 2001. France and China provided most training to the Air Force in recent times. See the article Congolese Air Force for current inventory; this article incorporates public domain material from the CIA World Factbook document "2003 edition"

Tarlac City

Tarlac City the City of Tarlac, is a 1st class city and capital of the province of Tarlac, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 342,493 people; the city was proclaimed as a urbanized city by the former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, but the decision was opposed by the provincial government. The city is situated along the Tarlac River. To its north is Gerona and Santa Ignacia, west is San Jose, south is Capas and Concepcion and eastern boundaries are Victoria and La Paz. Tarlac City is located about 63 kilometres from the regional center San Fernando, 125 kilometres from Manila. Tarlac City is 24 metres above sea level on some parts but reaching 50 metres on large western portions. Tarlac City was a part of what is now Porac, Pampanga. Parts of Tarlac City are claimed to be among the few portions of land in the province, not created by ancient eruptions from Mount Pinatubo. Tarlac City is politically subdivided into 76 barangays. In the 2015 census, the population of Tarlac City was 342,493 people, with a density of 1,200 inhabitants per square kilometre or 3,100 inhabitants per square mile.

Being at the meeting point of both Kapampangan and Pangasinan languages and ethnicities, both languages are predominantly spoken in the city and environs. Ilocano and Tagalog are used by a few city dwellers those with Ilocano and/or Tagalog ethnicity/ancestry with the latter language serving as a medium for inter-ethnic communications. According to statistics compiled by the Philippine government, the most dominant religion in the city is Christianity; the majority of Christians are Roman Catholics followed by a large concentration of Iglesia ni Cristo. Other Christian groups belong to various Protestant denominations. There are some being non-Christian such as etc.. Tarlac City is the usual bus stop for commuters traveling from the South to the Ilocos Region and Cordillera provinces. Bus companies that take a route through the city include Inc.. Dagupan Bus Company, Philippine Rabbit, Victory Liner, Five Star, First North Luzon Transit, Genesis, Viron Transit and many others. Many of the bus companies' rest stops can be found along MacArthur Highway including Siesta and Motorway.

The MacArthur Highway goes from the southern to the northern end of the city. There are a series of roads leading to Pangasinan as well as Baguio City. Most buses passing through the town of Camiling onwards to Pangasinan take the Romulo Highway which forks from MacArthur Highway along Barangay San Roque. Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway connects with Tarlac-Pangasinan-La Union Expressway within the capital of the province; the 2 expressways serves as an alternate route for motorists going to the other parts of Northern Luzon area such as Pangasinan, La Union and Baguio while in the Marcos Highway via TPLEX and Kennon Road from McArthur Highway. In the future, SCTEx and TPLEx connects with the proposed Central Luzon Link Expressway. CLLEx serves as a future alternate route of motorists from Tarlac to Nueva Ecija and Cagayan Valley region. There are several shopping malls established within the city. To name a few, there is the SM City Tarlac, the first SM Supermall in the Tarlac Province, located along McArthur Highway in San Roque.

The Malatarlak Festival, celebrated every January in Tarlac City, is one of the most remarkable festivals in the province. In 2011, the City Mayor changed the name of the festival to Melting Pot Festival, but it is still remembered by its former name; the festival is a commemoration to the first people who built civilization in the province, the Aetas. The names and themes of the festivals in Tarlac City have changed over the years depending on the City's leadership. For the current administration, the local fiesta or festival has been called Kaisa Festival derived from the word Magkaisa or "Come together as one". Angeles City, Pampanga Cabanatuan City, Nueva Ecija Taguig City, Metro Manila Baguio City, Benguet Bauan, Batangas Tarlac Province Official Portal Philippine Statistics Authority

Dustin (comic strip)

Dustin is a daily comic strip created by Steve Kelley, editorial cartoonist for the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Jeff Parker, editorial cartoonist for Florida Today. It is carried by King Features Syndicate and debuted on January 4, 2010. Dustin won the National Cartoonists Society Reuben Award for Best Newspaper Comic Strip in 2010, again in 2017. Focusing on the present boomerang generation and post-2008 recession period, it deals with varying topics from everyday life and social commentary. Dustin was planned as a collaboration between Kelley and Steve Breen, Kelley's successor as the staff editorial cartoonist of the San Diego Union Tribune after Kelley was fired from that position in 2001. Breen decided not to proceed with Dustin, leading to a 2008 lawsuit by Kelley against the owners of the Union Tribune, alleging that Breen had been improperly pressured not to collaborate with Kelley. At its outset Dustin was carried in more than 100 newspapers nationwide, by October 2010 it had expanded to 300.

In several papers, Dustin was the replacement strip for Cathy, which ended its run in papers on October 3, 2010. Among the papers that carried Dustin from the beginning was the New York Daily News, but due to a recent cutback in the paper's comic section Dustin, along with several other strips, was jettisoned from the paper. Dustin Kudlick, the titular character of the comic strip. A 23-year-old college graduate who has failed to find regular employment in the current economy after graduating and thus moved back home to live with his parents, he is trapped in a cycle of dead-end temp jobs and grueling manual labor shown putting in long hours at a car wash or asking his supervisor at the temp agency for more career-enhancing assignments that might help him break out of the cycle of wage slavery. He deals with trouble in developing relationships with women, is a budding inventor. Despite his dysfunctional family atmosphere, Dustin remains stoic, a heroic everyman and inspiration to the reader, as he endures and strives, trying to find financial stability, a sense of vocation, acceptance from his family, happiness itself.

Ed Kudlick, Dustin's father, is an bitter lawyer who despises Dustin's apparent laziness. Ed is never supportive in any way, always seeks to crush Dustin's attempts to find meaning and useful employment, ceaselessly mocking his son and putting him down. Helen Kudlick, Dustin's mother, is a radio advice talk-show host of "Here's Helen," who endures one airheaded marijuana-advocate caller named Carl with some of his crazy questions. Always keeping faith that her son will do well even though she does have a shopaholic problem over shoes. Megan Kudlick, Dustin's teenaged sister, seven years younger than her brother resides in the house. A bit of an overachiever, she tends to follow their father's example in insulting and undercutting Dustin at every possible turn, showing how poor parenting can poison the next generation as well, but at times they do share moments of true sibling bonding, she encourages him to keep trying. Simone Fontenot, the salty owner of TurboTemps, a one-woman employment agency.

Simone provides Dustin with temporary job assignments and unending criticism and always mispronounces his last name. Kevin Fitch, Dustin's best friend, who works but is less ambitious and intelligent than Dustin is. Hayden, a precocious seven-year-old kid and next-door neighbor living with his single mother who balances between wisdom and antagonism for Dustin, his Big Brother. Official site

Apertura 2017 Copa MX Final

The Apertura 2017 Copa MX Final was the final of the Apertura 2017 Copa MX, the eleventh edition of the Copa MX under its current format and 78th overall organized by the Mexican Football Federation, the governing body of association football in Mexico. The final was contested in a single leg format between Pachuca; the match was hosted by Monterrey at Estadio BBVA Bancomer in the Monterrey suburb of Guadalupe on 21 December 2017. The winners will earn a spot to face the winners of the Clausura 2018 in the 2018 Supercopa MX. Due to the tournament's regulations, the higher seed among both finalists during the group stage will host the final, thus Estadio BBVA Bancomer will host the final; the venue which opened on 2 August 2015 is the newest venue in Liga MX and has been home to Monterrey since the Apertura 2015 season. The venue has hosted two Liga MX finals, the Clausura 2016 and the Apertura 2017. Monterrey has won the tournament once while Pachuca has won it twice in the Amateur era but never in the Professional era.

Pachuca won the inaugural tournament in 1908 defeating Reforma 4–0 in the final. Before reaching this final, the last time Monterrey reached a reached a final of any kind was eleven days earlier where they lost to their arch-rivals UANL in the Apertura 2017 final. Pachuca last reached a final of any kind eight months earlier when they defeated UANL 2–1 on aggregate to capture the 2016–17 CONCACAF Champions League; these two clubs last faced each other in a final the previous year when Pachuca won 2–1 on aggregate after a late equalizer in the 93rd minute in the Clausura 2016 Liga MX Final. Monterrey drew one and scored eight goals during group stage, as they were seeded third, they eliminated UdeG on penalty kicks in the Round of 16, Santos Laguna in the quarterfinals and América on penalty kicks in the semifinals. Pachuca drew one and scored four goals, as they were seeded fifth, they eliminated Zacatepec in the Round of 16, Tijuana in the quarterfinals and Atlante in the semifinals. Note: In all results below, the score of the finalist is given first

Fanatic (album)

Fanatic is the fifteenth studio album by American rock band Heart, released October 2, 2012 through Legacy Recordings. The album was recorded in hotel rooms and studios up and down the West Coast, with Grammy-winning producer Ben Mink, who had produced Red Velvet Car, back at the helm. Ann and Nancy Wilson drew from their own lives and personal experiences as inspiration for their music. "Dear Old America" comes from memories of a military household and is written from the point of view of their father, a Marine Corps officer, returning from war. "Rock Deep" hearkens back to the city where Dreamboat Annie was written and "Walkin' Good" captures the joy of finding new life in a new love. Fanatic just missed the Top 10 of the US Rock Albums Chart, peaking at No 12; the album peaked at No. 24 on the Billboard 200 becoming Heart's 12th Top 25 album, selling around 16,000 copies in its first week. This album has no RIAA certification. All tracks are written by Nancy Wilson and Ben Mink. Note The Japanese edition features 2 bonus live tracks, but none of the three Best Buy Limited Edition bonus tracks.

Ann Wilson - lead and backing vocals, flute Nancy Wilson - acoustic and electric guitars, mandolin and backing vocals Ben Mink - acoustic and electric guitars, banjo, viola and programming, string arrangements, producer Ric Markmann - bass Ben Smith - drums and percussion Sarah McLachlan - lead and backing vocals on "Walkin' Good" David Leonard - engineer, mixing at Studio X, Seattle Alex Williams, Geoff Neal, Sam Hofstedt, David Eaman - assistant engineers Craig Waddell - mastering at Gotham City Studios

Swiss cheese

Swiss cheese is a generic name in North America for several related varieties of cheese of North American manufacture, which resemble Emmental cheese, a yellow, medium-hard cheese that originated in the area around Emmental, in Switzerland. Some types of Swiss cheese have a distinctive appearance, as the blocks of the cheese are riddled with holes known as "eyes". Swiss cheese without eyes is known as "blind". Three types of bacteria are used in the production of Emmental cheese: Streptococcus salivarius subspecies thermophilus and Propionibacterium. In a late stage of cheese production, the propionibacteria consume the lactic acid excreted by the other bacteria and release acetate, propionic acid, carbon dioxide gas; the carbon dioxide forms the bubbles that develop the "eyes". The acetate and propionic acid give Swiss its sweet flavor. A hypothesis proposed by Swiss researchers in 2015 notes that particulate matter may play a role in the holes' development and that modern sanitation eliminated debris such as hay dust in the milk played a role in reduced hole size in Swiss cheeses, or "blind cheese".

The holes were seen as a sign of imperfection and cheese makers tried to avoid them by pressing during production. In modern times, the holes have become an identifier of the cheese. In general, the larger the eyes in a Swiss cheese, the more pronounced its flavor because a longer fermentation period gives the bacteria more time to act; this poses a problem, because cheese with large eyes does not slice well and comes apart in mechanical slicers. As a result, industry regulators have limited the eye size by which Swiss cheese receives the Grade A stamp. In 2014, 297.8 million pounds of Swiss cheese was produced in the United States. Baby Swiss and Lacy Swiss are two varieties of American Swiss cheeses. Both have a mild flavor. Baby Swiss is made from whole milk, Lacy Swiss is made from low fat milk. Baby Swiss was developed in the mid-1960s outside of Charm, Ohio, by the Guggisberg Cheese Company, owned by Alfred Guggisberg. Ch. = Choline. Source: Nutritiondata.self.com Swiss Cheese Niche microbewiki.kenyon.edu Making Swiss Cheese biology.clc.uc.edu