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Newbery Medal

The John Newbery Medal shortened to the Newbery, is a literary award given by the Association for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association, to the author of "the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children". The Newbery and the Caldecott Medal are considered the two most prestigious awards for children's literature in the United States. Books selected are carried by bookstores and libraries, the authors are interviewed on television, master's and doctoral theses are written on them. Named for John Newbery, an 18th-century English publisher of juvenile books, the winner of the Newbery is selected at the ALA's Midwinter Conference by a fifteen-person committee; the Newbery was proposed by Frederic G. Melcher in 1921, making it the first children's book award in the world; the physical bronze medal was designed by Rene Paul Chambellan and is given to the winning author at the next ALA annual conference. Since its founding there have been several changes to the composition of the selection committee, while the physical medal remains the same.

Besides the Newbery Medal, the committee awards a variable number of citations to leading contenders, called Newbery Honors or Newbery Honor Books. As few as zero and as many as eight have been named, but from 1938 the number of Honors or runners-up has been one to five. To be eligible, a book must be written by a United States citizen or resident and must be published first or in the United States in English during the preceding year. Six authors have won two Newbery Medals each, several have won both a Medal and Honor, while a larger number of authors have won multiple Honors, with Laura Ingalls Wilder having won five Honors without winning the Medal; the Newbery Medal was established on June 22, 1921, at the annual conference of the American Library Association. Proposed by Publishers Weekly editor Frederick Melcher, the proposal was well received by the children's librarians present and approved by the ALA Executive Board; the award was administered by the ALA from the start, but Melcher provided funds that paid for the design and production of the medal.

The Newbery Medal was inaugurated in 1922, considering books published in 1921. According to The Newbery and Caldecott Awards Melcher and the ALA Board agreed to establish the award for several reasons that related to children's librarians, they wanted to encourage quality, creative children's books and to demonstrate to the public that children's books deserve recognition and praise. In 1932 the committee felt it was important to encourage new writers in the field, so a rule was made that an author would win a second Newbery only if the vote was unanimous; the rule was in place until 1958. Joseph Krumgold became the first winner of a second Newbery in 1960. Another change, in 1963, made. Several more revisions and clarifications were added in the 1980s. In 1971, the term Newbery Honor was introduced. Runners-up had been identified annually with a few exceptions only during the 1920s; the physical medal was designed by Rene Paul Chambellan and depicts an author giving his work to a boy and a girl to read on one side and on the other side the inscription, "For the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children".

The bronze medal retains the name "Children's Librarians' Section", the original group responsible for awarding the medal, despite the sponsoring committee having changed names four times and now including both school and public librarians. Each winning illustrator gets their own copy of the medal with their name engraved on it; the Association for Library Service to Children is responsible for the award. As Barbara Elleman explained in The Newbery and Caldecott Awards, the original Newbery was based on votes by a selected jury of Children's Librarian Section officers. Books were first nominated by any librarian the jury voted for one favorite. Hendrik van Loon's non-fiction history book The Story of Mankind won with 163 votes out of 212. In 1924 the process was changed, instead of using popular vote it was decided that a special award committee would be formed to select the winner; the award committee was made up of the Children's Librarian Section executive board, their book evaluation committee and three members at large.

In 1929 it was changed again to the four officers, the chairs of the standing committees and the ex-president. Nominations were still taken from members at large. In 1937 the American Library Association added the Caldecott Award, for "the artist of the most distinguished American picture book for children published in the United States"; that year an award committee selected the Honor books for both awards. In 1978 the rules were changed and two committees were formed of fifteen people each, one for each award. A new committee is formed every year, with "eight elected, six appointed, one appointed Chair"; the Newbery Medal was named for eighteenth-century British bookseller John Newbery. It is awarded annually by the Association for Library Service to Children, a division of the American Library Association, to the author of the most distinguished contribution to American literature for children. Committee members are chosen to represent a wide variety of libraries and book reviewers, they read the books on their own time meet twice a year for closed discussions.

Any book that qualifies is eligible. The Newbery is given to the "author of the most distinguished contribution to American literature for chil

My Superhero

My Superhero was an American ska punk band formed in Anaheim, who were active from 1994 to 2003. My Superhero formed in 1994 and released their debut album entitled SKAteboard Music in 1995 under their own independent label Sick Little Monkey Music. In 1997, the band released their most successful album, Solid State 14, which received positive reviews from such prestigious publications such as The Los Angeles Times and AllMusic, the latter having been quoted as saying "t's unusual to find a debut effort from a punk-ska band that sounds this good". In 1998, My Superhero re-recorded SKAteboard Music, releasing it on Vegas Records, before signing to Risk Records to re-release Solid State 14, which helped them find success on the national commercial radio charts; the following year, the band worked with producer Thom Wilson to release their third album entitled Station One under Risk Records. They spent the next 2 years touring nationally alongside bands including Reel Big Fish, The Aquabats, The Hippos, Fenix TX and Frenzal Rhomb, as well as touring as part of the 1999 and 2000 Warped Tour.

My Superhero received regular exposure on KUCI's pioneering Ska Parade radio show, managing to tie the record held by Long Beach's One Eye Open for the most on-air live performances. In April 2000, the band attracted minor controversy through an article published by the OC Weekly which revealed numerous homophobic comments frontman Brian Gilmore had posted on My Superhero's own eGroups message board, among them his beliefs that gay men were pedophiles and several uses of the word "fag"; when pressed for comment, the band's manager stated that "the real haters" were people who took issue with Gilmore's comments, claiming "that's hatred on their part", though called the event "unfortunate" and added that Gilmore felt "apologetic". In 2000, My Superhero attempted to play as a power pop trio. In 2002, they recruited a fourth member and recorded their final release, the Send Gas EP; the group disbanded after front man Brian Gilmore got married. My Superhero's final performance was at Gilmore's wedding in 2004.

On September 17, 2011, the four original members of My Superhero played a reunion show at The Glasshouse in Pomona, headlining a concert organized by Tazy Phyllipz and the Ska Parade. A while on November 5, the band again reunited at The Glasshouse to open for The Aquabats, the first time the two groups have played together since 1998. With all the recent success of the reunion shows, they have decided to stick it out and continue with shows, practice more songs of the past. SKAteboard Music Solid State 14 Station One Send Gas EP Brian Gilmore - vocals, bass Chris Clawson - drums Huey Huynh - guitar Mike Berault - keyboards, accordion Dan Park - bass James Salomone - bass Ean Brown - guitar Chris Bivens - drums Tim Bivens - drums