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Armin Otto Leuschner

Armin Otto Leuschner was an American astronomer and educator. Leuschner was raised in Germany, he returned to the US for university studies, graduating from the University of Michigan in 1888 with a degree in mathematics. He became the first graduate student at Lick Observatory, but due to conflicts with his advisor, Lick director Edward S. Holden, he left Lick before finishing his Ph. D. Leuschner subsequently returned to Germany and attended the University of Berlin, where in 1897 he earned his doctorate with a praised thesis on the orbits of comets, he returned to California as an associate professor in astronomy at UC Berkeley, where he remained for over half a century. He founded an observatory there for student instruction renamed in his honor Leuschner Observatory. Together with Lick director James E. Keeler, Leuschner shaped the combined graduate program at Berkeley and Lick into one of the nation's foremost centers of astronomical education. Leuschner's own research continued to focus on the orbits of comets.

More than five dozen students received their doctorates under Leuschner's guidance. In 1913 Leuschner became dean of the entire graduate school at Berkeley, was appointed head of all World War I related training at the University, he was a founding member of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, served a term as the president of the American Association of University Professors, chaired the International Astronomical Union's committee on comets and minor planets for two decades. Leuschner was one of the first astronomers to dispute Pluto as being Planet X as predicted by Lowell. By 1932 he was suggesting that Pluto had a mass less than the Earth, that the discovery of Pluto was an accidental by-product of the Lowell search. Awards James Craig Watson Medal Order of the North Star, Sweden Bruce Medal Rittenhouse Medal Halley Lecturer, University of Oxford Named after him Leuschner on the Moon Leuschner Observatory Main-belt asteroid 1361 Leuschneria Asteroid 718 Erida is named after his daughter Erida Leuschner.

Denies Planet Really Found Armin Otto Leuschner papers, 1875–1951 at The Bancroft Library National Academy of Sciences Biographical Memoir Portrait of Armin Otto Leuschner from the Lick Observatory Records Digital Archive, UC Santa Cruz Library's Digital Collections

USS Mobile Bay

USS Mobile Bay is a Ticonderoga class guided-missile cruiser serving in the United States Navy. She is named for the naval Battle of Mobile Bay during the American Civil War in 1864; the ship was ordered from Ingalls Shipbuilding on 15 January 1982. She was laid down on 6 June 1984, launched on 22 August 1985, commissioned on 21 February 1987. With guided missiles and rapid-fire cannons, Mobile Bay is capable of defeating threats in the air, on the sea, on shore, undersea, she carries the Tomahawk Land Attack Missile which played an integral part in the strikes on Iraqi targets during the opening stages of Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003. She carries two Seahawk LAMPS multi-purpose helicopters for anti-submarine warfare; the ship is capable of conducting Maritime Interdiction Operations, carries a trained boarding team. After commissioning, Mobile Bay joined the U. S. Atlantic Fleet, arriving at her Mayport, homeport in March 1987. Following a year of crew qualifications and systems trials, Mobile Bay embarked on her maiden deployment on 11 May 1989.

During this cruise, Mobile Bay earned her first two awards: the Sea Service Deployment Ribbon and the Armed Services Expeditionary Medal, for operations conducted in the Gulf of Oman. In June 1990, Mobile Bay shifted homeports from Florida to Yokosuka, Japan. Shortly thereafter, she deployed in August 1990 in support of Operation Desert Shield and Operation Desert Storm, becoming the first AEGIS cruiser to circumnavigate the globe. In the Persian Gulf, the ship distinguished herself by becoming the first Battle Force Anti-Air Warfare Commander to control a four-carrier Task Force. Mobile Bay launched 22 Tomahawk land-attack cruise missile strikes, performed as the Battle Force Anti-Surface Warfare Commander targeting Iraqi naval vessels and directing carrier-launched attack aircraft to destroy 38 Iraqi naval vessels resulting in the complete neutralization of the Iraqi Navy. In February 1991, the Tactical Information Coordinator aboard Mobile Bay, reported SPY-1 Radar acquisitions of what appeared to be SCUD missile launches that were detected over Saudi Arabia.

These tracks were reported over Data Systems Administration and Anti-Air Warfare Coordination and Reporting voice networks and were confirmed to be valid targets by Patriot Batteries who engaged these SCUDs. In May 1991, Mobile Bay was ordered to Subic Bay, Republic of the Philippines, to participate in Operation Fiery Vigil, the evacuation of thousands of people displaced by the volcanic eruption of Mt. Pinatubo. In December 1991, Mobile Bay began work-ups for a spring 1992 Persian Gulf deployment. On 15 April 1992, Mobile Bay once again set sail for the Persian Gulf. En route, the ship and crew visited Sydney, Australia, to represent the U. S. Navy at the 50th Anniversary celebration of the Battle of Coral Sea. Sailing through the Straits of Hormuz in late May 1992, the ship began duties as the Persian Gulf Anti-Air Warfare Commander. Mobile Bay played a vital role in Operation Southern Watch, the enforcement of the U. N.-mandated "No Fly Zone" over Southern Iraq. Returning to Japan in October, Mobile Bay participated in ANNUALEX-92, a major naval exercise involving units of the U. S. Navy and the Japanese Maritime Self Defense Force.

Mobile Bay served as the Anti-Air Warfare Commander for a joint U. S. - Japanese flotilla. After participating in SPRING TRAINING-93 off the coast of Australia, she made an historic visit to the Russian seaport of Vladivostok in September 1993. Accompanying her was the USS Bunker Hill. Mobile Bay was deployed to East Timor as part of the Australian-led INTERFET peacekeeping taskforce from 20 September to 5 October 1999; as the most capable air defense vessel available, the ship was placed in charge of air defence, although the U. S. requests for screening Mobile Bay necessitated a considerable degree of effort by other ships of the force. In March 2003 Mobile Bay was assigned to Cruiser-Destroyer Group 5. Mobile Bay operated in support of the 2003 invasion of Iraq from 17 June to 17 December 2004; the ship was awarded the Iraq Campaign Medal. In 2006, the cruiser was deployed to the Western Pacific, where she served as the Air Defense Commander for the Abraham Lincoln Carrier Strike Group. On 16 February 2007, Mobile Bay was awarded the 2006 Battle "E" award.

The ship completed a 10-month overhaul in early 2010. On 8 April 2011, the ship was given a failing grade of "unsatisfactory" in her INSURV inspection for problems with the ship's propulsion, operations and communications. A remedial inspection was scheduled and passed in June 2011; the ship returned from back to back deployments as the Air Defense Commander for John C Stennis Strike Group. She was awarded the 2012 Battle Spokane Award for her service. Stevens, David. Strength Through Diversity: The combined naval role in Operation Stabilise. Working Papers. 20. Canberra: Sea Power Centre - Australia. ISBN 978-0-642-29676-4. ISSN 1834-7231. Archived from the original on 10 September 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2010. Official Navy web site USS Mobile Bay webpage This article includes information collected from the Naval Vessel Register, which, as a U. S. government publication, is in the public domain

Andru Branch

Andru Branch is a Canadian reggae musician. He is the lead singer-songwriter of the reggae band Andru Halfway Tree, he was nominated for a Juno Award for his debut 1998 album. Branch was born Andru Reginald Arnold Branch on June 27, 1968, in New Brunswick. Branch was signed to independent Jamaican record label Kingston Muzik in 1996. Branch recorded and mixed his 1998 debut album What If I Told You at Kingston Muzik Studio in Kingston, Jamaica, its title was taken from a popular saying favoured by Andru's late mother. The album was distributed with modified artwork in Europe and the United States by Tabou 1 Records and features Earl "Chinna" Smith and members of Bob Marley's backing band "The Wailers". Branch was nominated for a Juno Award at the Juno Awards of 2000 for this release in the category Best Reggae Recording, his second album The Only Constant was released in January 2008 and features Squidly Cole and Chris Meredith of Ziggy Marley's band along with Alvin "Seeco" Patterson from The Wailers.

The Only Constant is straight-up roots-reggae, brimming with lush horns, placid backbeats and spiritual proclamations". Andru's traditional roots-reggae style is wide-ranging, varying from African high-life to suggestions of country influence and has been described by Exclaim! Magazine as "some of the rootsiest bottom-heavy music to come out of the Great White North", he performed at Jamaica's 1998 Reggae Sunsplash Festival and as a percussionist, has backed musicians Brinsley Forde, Gregory Isaacs, Glen Washington, Vybz Kartel and Sean Paul. Studio One's original Soul Vendors bassist Brian "Bassie" Atkinson joined Andru Branch & Halfway Tree in 2002 and the band is making new reggae music. Andru developed a profound love for reggae music while growing up in multicultural Toronto, where he was mentored by Tony "Raffa" White and Bernie Pitters before moving to Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 2000. Andru Branch graduated from Lawrence Park Collegiate and received a "Sound & Music Recording Diploma" from Recording Arts Canada.

Andru Branch: What If I Told You Andru Branch: The Only Constant Andru Branch & Halfway Tree: My Jamaican Weed – Single Andru Branch: Rocksteady – Single Andru Branch & Halfway Tree: Step Into The Light Andru Branch: Happy Day – Single Andru Branch & Halfway Tree: Step Into The Dub Confrontation.

Harry Kim (Star Trek)

Ensign Harry S. L. Kim is a fictional character who appeared in each of the seven seasons of the American television series Star Trek: Voyager. Portrayed by Garrett Wang, he is the Operations Officer aboard the Starfleet starship USS Voyager. There was some difficulty in casting the part prior to the start of the series in 1995, with a reported lack of young Asian actors to choose from; the character first appeared in the pilot episode of the series, "Caretaker". The character continued to appear throughout the series in a main cast role, with his final appearance in the finale, "Endgame". In that episode, an alternative future version of the character is seen as a Starfleet Captain, he is shown as being naive in romantic situations, but gifted. The character finds the ship's first possible route home, in one alternative future, he manages to develop a transwarp drive which allows him and Chakotay to travel home in a matter of hours but kills the rest of the crew; the producers had considered.

Wang subsequently reprised the role of Harry Kim for the fan-made Star Trek: Renegades. Reviewers said that Kim represented one of the elements of multiculturalism in the crew of Voyager, which represented a proxy family for Kim; the storylines featuring Kim had the character captured by aliens, something, described as a typical Voyager storyline by critics. "Timeless" has been ranked as the best episode to feature Kim, the third best of the series, but holodeck episodes featuring Kim have been listed by Io9 as some of the worst of their type in the franchise. The character went through more than one name prior to casting, with it being called Jay Osaka at one point; the series bible for Star Trek: Voyager described Kim as being a sheltered individual who had sought to repay the love of his parents through fulfilling their expectations for him at Starfleet Academy. Winrich Kolbe, the director of the Voyager pilot "Caretaker", was involved in the casting process and found Kim difficult as there wasn't a great number of young Asian actors to choose from.

He said that the role was an "inexperienced, naive character", that the actor cast as Kim would need to fight to stay in the forefront of episodes. At the time of the casting, Garrett Wang had only been acting for about a year and a half, after he was cast in the role he was described by Kolbe as a "young, up-and-coming actor, but he needs to learn, that's going to take some time. He's one of the actors who has to work hard on his craft in order to keep up with the others." The naivety of the character was emphasized in the media reports, with TV Guide describing the character prior to the launch of the series as "green-around-the-gills". Wang was enthusiastic about his new role, describing Kim's background by saying that "I had a stellar Starfleet Academy career and am the rookie on the bridge. I'm an Asian-American. There's the professional competence, but the inner fear,'Oh my God, are these britches too big for me?' His heritage is one of focus, of Zen and martial arts". Of the casting, he said that "My goal now is to do the best job possible playing Harry Kim and to begin repaying my parents for the unaccountable financial support they have given me throughout the years."

The pilot of Voyager was broadcast on January 16, 1995. Wang had gone along with the writing on the show until towards the end of the second season when he asked the production writers if he could have some action scenes and a romance, he had realised at the time that he was the only member of the main cast without a stunt double as he had never had an action scene that required one. This resulted in the Brannon Braga penned "Non Sequitur", to which Wang said to Rick Berman that there wasn't a need to give him all his requests in a single episode. Following that, he became more involved in suggestions for character direction, but the writers avoided giving Kim more of a comedic element similar to The Doctor and Neelix. Wang described himself as someone who tells jokes and makes impersonations on sets and was disappointed at not being able to utilise this nature; the producers at one point had planned to permanently kill off Harry Kim during season three, but after Wang was included in the People list of sexiest people alive 1997, the plan was abandoned.

By season five of Voyager, certain characters were seen by the production staff as being under-utilised, Kim amongst them. This led to episodes placing Kim and Tuvok in central positions, including the episode "Timeless" for the character of Kim. Wang was pleased with the episode, felt that being able to act as the two different versions of Kim showed "a great dichotomy". Following the end of the show in 2001, Wang had felt that the character should have been promoted during the course of the series, but was told by producers that "someone's got to be the ensign". Kim was born in 2349. After graduating from Starfleet Academy in 2370, his first assignment was as the Operations Officer aboard USS Voyager as seen in "Caretaker". Kim became friends with Tom Paris after he was assigned to the vessel for the mission which saw Voyager sent to track down a Maquis vessel in the Badlands. During this mission, the ship is sent some 70,000 light years into the Delta Quadrant, where Kim and B'Elanna Torres are abducted to an Ocampan medical facility.

Both infected by an unknown ailment, they are rescued by and cured on Voyager on their escape from the underground city. At the time of the stranding of the ship, Kim was engaged to be married, but Kim was encouraged to date other crew members by Paris. In "Eye of the Needle", Kim found the ship's first c


Brintonia is a monotypic genus of flowering plants in the sunflower family, containing the single species Brintonia discoidea, named for Jeremiah Bernard Brinton. It is known as the rayless mock goldenrod, it is native to the southeastern United States, where it is distributed in Alabama, Georgia and Mississippi. Brintonia discoidea is a perennial herb growing up to 1.5 meters tall from a thick rhizome. The erect, unbranched stem is hairy; the alternately arranged leaves have rough-haired serrated blades up to 10 centimeters long on winged petioles. The inflorescence is a wide array of several flower heads; each head contains up to 20 disc florets with bright green tubes and whitish or pinkish corollas and pinkish anthers. The fruit is a ribbed cypsela with a pappus of many purple-tipped bristles; the plant occurs on the Gulf Coastal Plain in swampy habitat. It is sometimes still treated as a species of Solidago, but DNA evidence and several aspects of its morphology support its separation from that genus

Choromytilus meridionalis

Choromytilus meridionalis, the black mussel, is a species of bivalve. It is a marine mollusc in the family Mytilidae; this species is found only around the southern African coast, from central Namibia to Port Elizabeth, from the low intertidal to about 10m. This animal grows up to 150 mm in length, it is a shiny black mussel which grows clustered in sandy areas. It is narrower and blacker than the Mediterranean mussel, Mytilus galloprovincialis, with which it is confused; the black mussel is a filter feeder that eats floating scraps of phytoplankton. It is threatened by the invasion of the fast-growing and hardy Mediterranean mussel, which outcompetes it for space