The Army of the Mughal Empire was the force by which the Mughal emperors established their empire in the 15th century and expanded it to its greatest extent at the beginning of the 18th century. Although its origins, like the Mughals themselves, were in the cavalry-based armies of central Asia, its essential form and structure was established by the empire's third emperor, Akbar; the army had no regimental structure and the soldiers were not directly recruited by the emperor. Instead, such as nobles or local leaders, would recruit their own troops, referred to as a mansab, contribute them to the army; the Mughals originated in Central Asia. Like many Central Asian armies, the mughal army was horse-oriented; the ranks and pay of the officers were based on the horses. Babur's army looked like an army of Afghan origin. Akbar introduced a new system called the mansabdari system. Emperors followed this system. Mughal emperors maintained a small standing army, they numbered only in thousands. Instead the officers called.
The Mughal Emperors maintained small standing armies. The emperor's own troops were called Ahadis, they were directly recruited by the Mughal emperor himself from the emperor's own blood relatives and tribesmen. They had their own pay roll and pay master, were better paid than regular hormen sowars, they were gentlemen soldiers on administrative duties in the palace. They included palace guards, the emperor's own body guards-shahiwalas, gatekeepers, they had their own horses. The emperor maintained a division of foot soldiers and had his own artillery brigade. Akbar introduced this unique system; the Mughal army had no regimental structure. In this system, a military officer worked for the government, responsible for recruiting and maintaining his quota of horsemen, his rank was based on the horsemen he provided, which ranged from 10, up to 5000. A prince had the rank of 25000; this was called the sowar system. An officer had to keep men and horses in a ratio of 1:2; the horses had to be verified and branded, Arabian horses were preferred.
The officer had to maintain his quota of horses and cots for transportation, as well as foot soldiers and artillery. Soldiers were given the option to be paid either in monthly/annual payments or jagir, but many chose jagir; the emperor allocated jagir for maintenance of the mansabs. The Mughal army had no real divisions, though it had four types of warriors: cavalry, infantry and navy; the cavalry held the primary role, the others were auxiliary. The cavalry was the most superior branch of the Mughal army; the horsemen recruited by mansabdars were high class people, were better paid than foot soldiers and artillery men. They had to possess at least two of good equipment, they used swords, shields, more guns. Their armour was made up of steel or leather, they wore the traditional dress of their tribes; the regular horseman was called a sowar. Mughal cavalry included elephants used by generals, they bore well good armour. They were used for transportation to carry heavy goods and heavy guns; some of rajput mansabdar provided camel cavalry also.
They were men from desert areas like Rajastan. The infantry was recruited either by the emperor himself; the emperor's own infantry was called Ahsam. They were ill-paid and ill-equipped, lacked discipline; this group included swordsmen, as well as servants and artisans. They used a wide variety of weapons like swords, lances, pistols, muskets, etc, they wore no armour. The artillery was an important branch of the Mughal army, it was used extensively by early Mughal rulers, like Babur, who used it to establish the Mughal Sultanate in the Indian subcontinent. Mughal artillery consisted of heavy cannons, light artillery and raketies. Heavy cannons were expensive and heavy for transportation, had to be dragged by elephants into the battlefield, they were somewhat risky to be used in the battlefield, since they exploded sometimes, killing the crew members. Light artillery was the most useful in the battle field, they were made up of bronze and drawn by horses. This included swivel guns born by camels, they were effective in battlefield.
But the cannons lost their importance as they proved to be much obsolete when compared to European cannons built of iron. The navy was the poorest branch of the Mughal military; the Empire did maintain warships, however they were small. The fleet consisted of transport ships; the Navy's main duty was controlling piracy, but they were used in war. Chela were slave soldiers in the Mughal army; as a counterpoise to the mercenaries in their employ, over whom they had a loose hold, commanders were in the habit of getting together, as the kernel of their force, a body of personal dependents or slaves, who had no one to look to except their master. Such troops were known by the Hindi name of chela, they were fed and lodged by their employer, had been brought up and trained by him, had no other home than his camp. They were recruited chiefly from children taken in war or bought from their parents during times of famine; the great majority were of Hindu origin, but all were made Mahomedans when received into the body of chelas.
These chelas were the only troops on which a man could place entire reliance as being ready to follow his fortunes in both foul and fair weather. Mughal weapons Tipu Sultan This article i
"A Head in the Polls" is the seventh episode in the second season of the American animated television series Futurama. It aired on the Fox network in the United States on December 12, 1999; the episode was directed by Bret Haaland. Claudia Schiffer makes a guest appearance as herself; the title is a pun on the common phrase "Ahead in the polls". The election race for President of Earth is with two identical clones as candidates. Leela, appalled by the apathy of the Planet Express crew, exhorts them to register to vote. Meanwhile, a mining disaster sends the price of titanium through the roof, Bender seizes the opportunity to make a quick buck by pawning his 40% titanium body; as a head with a pile of cash, Bender begins enjoying his new lifestyle. During a trip to the Hall of Presidents in the New New York Head Museum, Richard Nixon's head ruins Bender's illusions about the glamour of a life without a body; the next day Bender heads off to the pawn shop to retrieve his body. Nixon's head announces its candidacy for President of Earth, using Bender's body to escape a constitutional provision that "nobody can be elected more than twice".
Fry and Bender take off to Washington, D. C. to recover Bender's body. Directly confronting Nixon fails to recover Bender's body, so the crew infiltrates Nixon's room at the Watergate Hotel. Leela separates the sleeping head from the robot body, but Fry accidentally wakes Nixon. Confronting the intruders, Nixon begins ranting about his future plans for Earth. However, Bender records the conversation and knowing that the tape would ruin his election chances if released, Nixon trades the body for the tape. On Election Day, Nixon wins by a single vote, he regained the robot vote by replacing Bender's body with a giant war robot while Leela and Fry forgot to vote against him. The episode ends with Nixon on a rampage through Washington D. C. escorted by Secret Service agents into the White House. Nixon's head would continue to be president throughout the series and into the four direct-to-video feature films. However, he does not use the supersuit he had at the end of the episode again; the episode features the first appearance of the recurring Brain Slugs.
This episode is the first to feature the character of Richard Nixon's head. Although Nixon is remembered only as "Tricky Dick" the writers for this episode not only mocked his "ruthless drive" but showed his resilience and relevance; this episode showcases the show-within-a-show The Scary Door, a parody of The Twilight Zone featured in multiple episodes. At the beginning of this episode the classic Twilight Zone episode "Time Enough at Last" is spoofed. A sample from this episode was used in the Devin Townsend song "Bend It Like Bender!" from his album, Addicted. It features Bender saying "Game's over losers, I have all the money". "A Head in the Polls" at TV.com "A Head in the Polls" on IMDb A head in the Polls at The New York Times Movies A Head in the Polls at The Infosphere
Highland Hospital is a public hospital in Alameda County, California. It is operated by the Alameda Health System, it is a county hospital in Alameda County. It has been an adult Level I trauma center since August 3, 2017 and an adult Level II trauma center since 1985 and operates the most trafficked emergency department in the county. Highland Hospital is affiliated with the University of California, San Francisco and is home to the UCSF East Bay Surgery Program, their medical residency programs are among the most competitive and sought after in the nation. Alameda Health System History Highland Hospital was the location of The Waiting Room, a 2012 documentary film and social media project directed by Peter Nicks composed of vignettes of events, patients and staff at Highland, compressed as if the events occurred over one day. List of hospitals in California Official website Alameda Health System Homepage
Taste of Heaven was the second studio album by hard rock band Takara released in May 1995 on Long Island Records. Upon its release, the album was selling so well that Long Island Records brought the band to Germany for a promo tour. After one week in Germany they returned home to find that their new album had broken into the Billboard chart in Japan at number 96. "When Darkness Falls" "Days of Dawn" "Your Love" "December" "Last Mistake" "Taste of Heaven" "Sacred Pleasure" "2 Late" "Save Me" "Lonely Shade of Blue" "Again Your Love Is Mine" "Restless Heart" Jeff Scott Soto – lead vocals, acoustic guitar, percussion Carl Demarco – bass Neal Grusky – guitar Robert Duda – drums Bob Daisley – bass on tracks 3,4 Allmusic.com Official Website
Lady Bay is an area of West Bridgford, in Nottinghamshire, bounded by the River Trent to the north and the Grantham Canal to the south. It is within 2 miles of the centre of Nottingham, but is more suburban/semi-rural in its character. Trent Boulevard is the main thoroughfare running through the centre of Lady Bay, with several small shops, takeaways, Lady Bay Primary School and the Lady Bay public house fronting on to it. Holy Calzone, a pizza restaurant and craft beer bar occupies a former church. Another pub, the Poppy and Pint, can be found on Pierrepont Road; the area takes the form of a wedge of predominantly residential development, with recent increases in residential land values having driven out the last few remaining non-retail business premises. The parallel road layout intersecting the Boulevard dates back to the late 19th century. Lady Bay is on the flood plain of the River Trent and has benefited over the years from progressively upgraded flood defences. Between these flood defences and the River Trent is an area of statutory washlands known as The Hook.
This meadowland provides a recreational area for local residents. The Hook was declared a Local Nature Reserve in December 2009. A'Friends' group has been established and volunteers work to manage and maintain the site. To the west corner of Lady Bay lies Lady Bay Bridge, a railway bridge built by the Midland Railway Company circa 1880 serving their line to Melton Mowbray and beyond to London. With the closure of this line in 1969 the bridge was converted to road use in 1979. To the east of Lady Bay is the Holme Pierrepont National Watersports Centre. To the south, beyond the Grantham Canal, lies West Bridgford itself. In 1941 a German Luftwaffe bomber dropped a line of bombs across Lady Bay, leading to new houses being built in the 1950-60s on bomb sites in streets of otherwise pre-war housing; the two'Pinders Ponds' to the east of Lady Bay are alleged to be as a result of flooded bomb craters. The remains of a disused public air raid shelter is on the corner of Lady Bay Rutland Road. Lady Bay has an active Church of England parish church, with the Vicar being shared with the adjacent Holme Pierrepont and Adbolton Parish since 2006.
All Hallows church on Pierrepont Road was established in 1898 and the present building was designed by William Richard Gleave and dates from 1901. It was made the church of the new Lady Bay parish in 1950. In Sons and Lovers, D. H. Lawrence describes a visit to a house on Holme Road. Lady Bay has a large number of urban foxes. Nottingham City Transport■ 11: Nottingham → Railway Station → Meadows → Trent Bridge → Lady Bay■ 11C: Nottingham → Railway Station → Meadows → Trent Bridge → Lady Bay → Water Sports Centre CT4N ■ 22: Gamston → West Bridgford → Ruddington → Clifton → Silverdale → Lady Bay■ 23: Gamston → Lady Bay → Silverdale → Clifton → Ruddington → West Bridgford Lady Bay The Lady Bay community web site All Hallows Church web site Friends of the Hook web site
Fanny Marguerite Judith Ardant is a French actress. She has appeared in more than eighty motion pictures since 1976. Ardant won the César Award for Best Actress in 1997 for her performance in Pédale douce. Ardant was born in Maine-et-Loire, France, to a military attaché father, she grew up in Monaco until age 17, when she moved to Aix-en-Provence to study at the Institut d'études politiques d'Aix-en-Provence. In her early twenties, her interest turned to acting and in 1974 she made her first appearance on stage. Ardant has three daughters: Lumir, from a relationship with French actor Dominique Leverd, was born in 1975. By the early 1980s, Ardant was a major film star, gaining international recognition for her role opposite Gérard Depardieu in La Femme d'à côté; the film, directed by François Truffaut, brought Ardant her first César Award nomination for best actress in 1982 and in 1984 she was nominated again for Vivement dimanche!. She became Truffaut's partner, giving birth to their daughter, Joséphine Truffaut, on 28 September 1983.
Her youthful beauty brought popularity but over time her sophistication and acting skills made her one of France's most admired actresses. She proved her versatility, playing a comedic role in Pédale douce for which she won the 1997 César Award for Best Actress. Fluent in English and Italian, Ardant has starred in several British films, her most recent English-language film was the 2002 Franco Zeffirelli production Callas Forever, in which she portrayed opera diva Maria Callas. It opened the 14th Annual Palm Springs International Film Festival on 9 January 2003. In 2003, Ardant received the Stanislavsky Award at the 25th Moscow International Film Festival. In 2009, she became a screenwriter, with Cendres et sang, she took part in a rare performance of Sardou's La Haine on 19 July 2009 at the Festival de Radio France et Montpellier Languedoc Roussillon, with Gérard Depardieu, the concert broadcast on France Musique. In 2010, she directed a short feature, Absent Chimeras, in which she stars, she made this short film in order to raise public awareness to the plight of Romani people in Europe, a cause she defends.
In 2011, she starred in the music video for Elle me dit, the first French single by Lebanese singer Mika, appeared in the play based on Joan Didion's 2005 novel The Year of Magical Thinking in the Théâtre de l'Atelier, Paris. In 2013, she made a cameo appearance as herself in The Great Beauty. In 2018, Ardant starred in the Swiss drama film Shock Waves – Diary of My Mind by Ursula Meier, it was screened in the Panorama section at the 68th Berlin International Film Festival. In 2019, Ardant directed the opera Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk at the Greek National Opera. Ardant once expressed admiration for Renato Curcio, ex-leader of the militant Red Brigades, saying that it was good of him to adhere to his principles, she discovered that it would be difficult to attend a film festival in Venice, as her declaration had created much scandal in Italy. The Governor of Veneto said, she pleaded for forgiveness from victims of terrorism. In September 2009, Ardant signed a petition in support of director Roman Polanski, calling for his release after he was arrested in Switzerland in relation to his 1977 charge for drugging and raping a 13-year-old girl.