Arne Emil Jacobsen, Hon. FAIA 11 February 1902 – 24 March 1971) was a Danish architect and designer, he is remembered for his contribution to architectural Functionalism as well as for the worldwide success he enjoyed with simple but effective chair designs. Arne Jacobsen was born on 11 February 1902 in Copenhagen to upper-middle-class Jewish parents, his father Johan was a wholesale trader in snap fasteners. His mother Pouline was a bank teller, he first hoped to become a painter, but was dissuaded by his mother, who encouraged him to opt instead for the more secure domain of architecture. After a spell as an apprentice mason, Jacobsen was admitted to the Architecture School at the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts where from 1924 to 1927 he studied under Kay Fisker and Kaj Gottlob, both leading architects and designers. Still a student, in 1925 Jacobsen participated in the Paris Art Deco fair, Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes, where he won a silver medal for a chair design.
On that trip, he was struck by the pioneering aesthetic of Le Corbusier's L'Esprit Nouveau pavilion. Before leaving the Academy, Jacobsen travelled to Germany, where he became acquainted with the rationalist architecture of Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius, their work influenced his early designs including his graduation project, an art gallery, which won him a gold medal. After completing architecture school, he first worked at city architect Poul Holsøe's architectural practice. In 1929, in collaboration with Flemming Lassen, he won a Danish Architect's Association competition for designing the "House of the Future", built full scale at the subsequent exhibition in Copenhagen's Forum, it was a spiral-shaped, flat-roofed house in glass and concrete, incorporating a private garage, a boathouse and a helicopter pad. Other striking features were windows that rolled down like car windows, a conveyor tube for the mail and a kitchen stocked with ready-made meals. A Dodge Cabriolet Coupé was parked in the garage, there was a Chris Craft in the boathouse and an Autogyro on the roof.
Jacobsen became recognised as an ultra-modern architect. The year after winning the "House of the Future" award, Arne Jacobsen set up his own office, he designed the functionalist Rothenborg House, which he planned in every detail, a characteristic of many of his works. Soon afterwards, he won a competition from Gentofte Municipality for the design of a seaside resort complex in Klampenborg on the Øresund coast just north of Copenhagen; the various components of the resort became his major public breakthrough in Denmark, further establishing him as a leading national proponent of the International Modern Style. In 1932, the first item, the Bellevue Sea Bath, was completed. Jacobsen designed everything from the characteristic blue-striped lifeguard towers and changing cabins to the tickets, season cards and the uniforms of the employees; the focal point of the area was supposed to have been a lookout tower, more than a hundred metres high with a revolving restaurant at the top but it was abandoned after huge local protests.
Still, it is reflected in the overall arrangement of buildings in the area which all follow lines that extend from their missing centre. In 1934, came the Bellavista residential development, built in concrete and glass, with smooth surfaces and open floor planning, free of any excesses or ornaments. Completing the white trilogy in 1937, the Bellevue Theatre featured a retractable roof allowing open-air performances; these early works show the influence of the White Cubist architecture Jacobsen had encountered in Germany at the Weissenhof Estate in Stuttgart. The cluster of white buildings at Bellevue includes the Skovshoved Filling Station. In their day, these projects were described as "The dream of the modern lifestyle". Despite considerable public opposition to his avant-garde style, Jacobsen went on to build Stelling House on Gammeltorv, one of Copenhagen's most historic squares. Although the modernistic style is rather restrained and was seen as a model example of building in a historic setting, it caused virulent protests in its day.
One newspaper wrote that Jacobsen ought to be "banned from architecture for life". When, together with Erik Møller, he won a competition for the design of Århus City Hall it was with yet another controversial design, it was deemed too anti-monumental. In the end Jacobsen had to add a tower as well as marble cladding. Still, it is considered one of his most important buildings, it consists of three offset volumes. During World War II, scarcity of building materials and Nazi racial laws against Jewish citizens made assignments difficult to obtain. In 1943, due to his Jewish background, Arne Jacobsen had to flee his office and go into exile to escape the Nazis' planned deportation of Jewish Danes to concentration camps. Along with other Jewish Danes and with the help of the Danish resistance, he fled Denmark, rowing a small boat across Øresund to neighboring Sweden where he would stay for the next two years, his architectural work was limited to a summer house for two doctors. Instead he spent his time designing fabrics and wallpaper.
When the war ended in 1945, Jacobsen resumed his architectural career. The country was in urgent need of both housing and new public buildings but the primary need was for spartan buildings which could be built without delay. After some years Jacobsen got his career back on track and with projects such as the Allehusene complex from 1952 and his Søholm terraced houses from 1955, he embarked on a more experimental phase, he lived there until his death. Rødovre Town Hall, built
Health forecasting is a new health care discipline initiated by the Met Office when Dr William Bird, a GP, became its first Clinical Director in 2002. It is the subject of an innovative project run jointly by the Met Office and the National Health Service in the United Kingdom; the natural environment affects human health. There are many cases in which the weather has a direct or indirect effect on the health of an individual; these include: Heat, which can cause up to a 30% increase in mortality amongst the elderly and young. Prevention can save lives. Cold, which contributes to 30–40 thousand deaths each winter. Prevention consists of keeping active, eating well, dressing up appropriately hat and coat when outside and keeping the indoor temperature at 21C. Thunderstorms, which can cause asthma epidemics if they occur during high levels of either pollen or fungal spores in the summer. Low boundary layers, which may increase the way viruses are transmitted by increasing the amount of stagnant air.
Health forecasts help patients know when and where there is a risk of illness. Through this understanding, preventative action can be taken and health care capacity managed to reduce illness and death; the main strand of the Health Forecasting project is forecasting the risk of exacerbation for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. COPD Health Forecasts are used to drive the provision of anticipatory care to people with COPD, helping them achieve their potential for independence and wellbeing; the service is being run in around 30 Primary Care Trusts with over 20,000 patient registered to receive alerts. In many areas alerts are provided by an automated interactive telephone. Evidence from several evaluations of the service have shown around a 20% reduction in COPD related emergency admissions for practices using the service. On 26 February 2007, the project won in the Innovative Service Award category at the Health and Social Care Awards 2006; the Health and Social Care Awards are run annually in partnership between the Department of Health and the NHS Institute for Innovation and Improvement and are the most important opportunity within the NHS and social care to identify and reward excellence in the provision of care at the front line.
The specific award recognises an innovative, new or improved service, benefiting the delivery of health care for patients and carers. in 2011 Shanghai Meteorological Service and Shanghai Municipal Public Health Bureau jointly launched a health meteorological service that includes health forecasting for conditions such as colds, asthma, COPD and a heat health warning service. This will be developed based on a considerable amount of research to provide a service to improve healthcare in Shanghai. Met Office: Health
Ibrahim Qashoush was a Syrian man, credited as the author of the protest anthem "Yalla Erhal Ya Bashar". The song "Yalla Erhal Ya Bashar" was a viral video popular in mid-2011 during the protests in the city of Hama, in the early phase of the Syrian Civil War. During the 2011 Syrian uprising, Qashoush was acclaimed for singing and authoring songs mocking president of Syria Bashar al-Assad and the ruling Ba'ath Party; the protest anthem "Yalla Erhal Ya Bashar", or "Come on, leave", was attributed to him. On 3 July 2011, a man reported to be Qashoush was found dead in the Orontes River, his throat cut and his vocal cords ripped out. After the murder, fellow protesters hailed Qashoush as the "nightingale of the revolution". In December 2016, James Harkin reported in GQ Magazine that the creator of "Yalla Erhal Ya Bashar" was not Qashoush but one Abdul Rahman Farhood, who had since fled Syria for Europe. According to Harkin's sources, Qashoush had been a security guard killed by rebels as a supposed regime informer, the rebels had pressured his family to keep quiet about it after Qashoush had been identified as the song's creator