The National (golf)
The Quicken Loans National was a professional golf tournament on the PGA Tour in the Washington, D. C. area held in late June or during the Fourth of July weekend, although in 2015 it ran from July 30 to August 2. It benefited the Tiger Woods Foundation; the first edition in 2007 was held July 5–8 at the Blue Course of the Congressional Country Club in Bethesda, northwest of Washington. The event returned to Congressional in 2008 and 2009 and was held midway between the U. S. Open and The Open Championship to ensure a strong field of competitors; the National was part of the Open Qualifying Series that gave non-exempt players a chance to compete in The Open. The event was announced on March 7, 2007, to replace The International, which tour officials had abruptly cancelled four weeks earlier on February 8; the Quicken Loans National was a standard 72-hole stroke play event, did not use the modified Stableford scoring system used by The International in Colorado. The D. C. area hosted a regular tour event for over a quarter century.
It was played at Congressional from 1980 to 1986 moved to the nearby TPC at Avenel in 1987. Renamed the Booz Allen Classic, it returned to Congressional in 2005, to give Avenel time to undergo renovations, which did not occur. Congressional agreed to host the event for the first two years, after opting out of hosting the 2009 U. S. Amateur, agreed to host the event in 2009 as well; the Aronimink Golf Club in Newtown Square, hosted the 2010 and 2011 events, due to Congressional being reconfigured for the 2011 U. S. Open; the tournament was played at Congressional from 2012 to 2014 and returned in 2016. It was played in Virginia at Robert Trent Jones Golf Club in Gainesville in August 2015 and was played at TPC Potomac at Avenel Farm in Potomac in 2017. Other courses that were considered for the new tournament were in the Kansas City, Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Portland areas. Possible sites for the 2010 and 2011 events were the TPC at Robert Trent Jones Golf Club. CBS Sports and Golf Channel carry the Quicken Loans National on television.
After the 2017 tournament, the Quicken Loans sponsorship deal ended leaving The National with no sponsor for 2018, scheduled for June 28 to July 1. The PGA Tour announced that it would be buying out the remaining two years of its contract with Congressional Country Club to host the 2018 and 2020 editions. Despite a lack of title sponsor and host course, PGA Tour commissioner Jay Monahan confirmed that the event would occur in 2018, stating, "We made the commitment. Our players are going to be showing up there and we're going to be playing for that amount of money." On May 30, less than a month before the event, Quicken Loans agreed to sponsor for a fifth consecutive year. On July 10, 2018, it was announced that the Detroit Golf Club would host the Rocket Mortgage Classic in 2019, replacing The National; the National was one of a few tournaments given "invitational" status by the PGA Tour, it had a reduced field of only 120 players. Other tournaments with invitational status include the Arnold Palmer Invitational, the RBC Heritage, the Fort Worth Invitational, the Memorial Tournament.
Invitational tournaments had smaller fields, had more freedom than full-field open tournaments in determining which players were eligible to participate in their event, as invitational tournaments were not required to fill their fields using the PGA Tour Priority Ranking System. Furthermore, unlike full-field open tournaments, invitational tournaments did not offer open qualifying; the Los Angeles Open was converted to an invitational and starting in 2020 will inherit the National's format. The field consisted of 120 players invited using the following criteria: Quicken Loans National winners from past five years The Players Championship and major championship winners in the last five years The Tour Championship and World Golf Championships winners in the past three years Arnold Palmer Invitational and Memorial Tournament winners in the past three years Tournament winner in past 12 months Prior year U. S. Amateur winner Current PGA Tour members who were playing members on last named U. S. Ryder Cup team, European Ryder Cup team, U.
S. Presidents Cup team, International Presidents Cup team Top 125 from prior year FedEx Cup points list Top 10 from the current FedEx Cup points list 8 sponsors exemptions – 2 from Web.com Tour finals, 2 members not otherwise exempt, 4 unrestricted Remaining positions filled from current year FedEx Cup point list Official website Coverage on the PGA Tour's official site
Rory McIlroy, is a professional golfer from Northern Ireland, a member of both the European and PGA Tours. He was world number one in the Official World Golf Ranking for 95 weeks, he is a four-time major champion, winning the 2011 U. S Open, 2012 PGA Championship, 2014 Open Championship, 2014 PGA Championship. Along with Jack Nicklaus, Tiger Woods, Jordan Spieth, he is one of four players to win three majors by the age of 25. McIlroy had a successful amateur career, topping the World Amateur Golf Ranking for one week as a 17-year-old in 2007; that year, he turned professional and soon established himself on the European Tour. He had his first win on the European Tour in 2009, on the PGA Tour in 2010. In 2011 at the age of 22, he became the youngest player to reach €10 million in career earnings on the European Tour. In 2012, he became the youngest player to reach $10 million in career earnings on the PGA Tour. McIlroy has represented Europe, Great Britain & Ireland, Ireland as both an amateur and a professional.
At the Ryder Cup, he played for Europe against the United States in 2010, 2012, 2014, 2016, 2018, with Europe winning in 2010, 2012, 2014, 2018. For his individual and team achievements he has twice been named RTÉ Sports Person of the Year, in 2011 and 2014. Born in Holywood, County Down, Northern Ireland, McIlroy is the only child of Rosie and Gerry McIlroy, he attended St. Patrick's Primary School and Sullivan Upper School, he was introduced to golf at an exceptionally young age by his father. Gerry McIlroy is a fine golfer himself, he asked his father every day to take him to Holywood Golf Club. Family lore relates that he received a new golf club as a present, being shown the correct grip by his father taking the club to bed with him that night, with his hands holding the club properly. McIlroy became the youngest member at the club at age seven. A video on golf technique produced by champion Nick Faldo was his early favourite. McIlroy's father held down several jobs to earn additional income for his son's golf development.
His mother worked extra shifts at the local 3M plant. McIlroy's first significant international victory came in the World Championship for the 9–10 age group bracket at the Doral Golf Resort & Spa in Miami, Florida, he learned his early golf at the Holywood Golf Club. He started his early training with Michael Bannon the Golf Professional of Holywood Golf Club, his current coach and dedicated mentor. At the age of 15, McIlroy was a member of Europe's winning 2004 Junior Ryder Cup team. In 2005, McIlroy became the youngest-ever winner of both the West of Ireland Championship and the Irish Close Championship, he retained the West of Ireland Championship in 2006 and followed that up with back-to-back wins at the Irish Close Championship. In August 2006, he won the European Amateur at Biella Golf Club, near Milan, with the score of 274. In late 2004, at age 15, he signed a letter of intent to play collegiate golf at East Tennessee State University, but after his wins in 2005, he decided to forgo the golf scholarship and continue to play amateur golf in Europe.
McIlroy shot a bogey-free opening round of 3-under-par 68 at the 2007 Open Championship at Carnoustie, his first major championship entry. He was the highest finishing amateur, winning the silver medal. In July 2005, at age 16, McIlroy shot a new competitive course record score of 61 on the Dunluce links of Royal Portrush Golf Club. In October 2006, McIlroy represented Ireland in the Eisenhower Trophy, the Amateur World Team Championship. On 6 February 2007, he became the second man to top the World Amateur Golf Ranking, though he lost the top spot after just one week. McIlroy was part of the Great Britain & Ireland team at the 2007 Walker Cup, held at the Royal County Down Golf Club. On the first day of the event he was paired with Jonathan Caldwell for morning foursomes, the match was halved. In the afternoon he faced Billy Horschel in singles. On the second day McIlroy and Caldwell lost in morning foursomes by the score of 2 & 1. In the afternoon he faced Horschel in singles again, this time he won by the score of 1 up.
McIlroy's overall record was in Win-Loss-Tie format. The United States came out victorious by a score of 12½ to 11½. McIlroy made his first appearance in a European Tour event a few days after turning 16, when he took part in the 2005 British Masters, he made the cut on the European Tour for the first time as a 17-year-old at the 2007 Dubai Desert Classic, where he had to forego prize money of over €7,600 due to his amateur status. At the 2007 Open Championship, held at Carnoustie, McIlroy was awarded The Silver Medal as the leading amateur. McIlroy turned professional on 18 September 2007, the day before the Quinn Direct British Masters, he signed with International Sports Management. At the Quinn Direct British Masters, McIlroy shot 290, he finished in 3rd place at the Alfred Dunhill Links Championship in October. The next week, he secured his card for 2008 by finishing in a tie for 4th place at the Open de Madrid Valle Romano, he became the youngest Affiliate Member in the history of The European Tour to earn a tour card.
On the 2007 European Tour season, he earned €277,255 and finished in 95th place on the Order of Merit list. He was the highest ranked associate member. Before his season started, Tiger Woods invited McIlroy to play in the 2007 Target World Challenge, held in December, the
Golfweek is a high-end weekly golfing magazine, published in Orlando, United States. The magazine was launched in 1975 by Charley Stine and was named Florida Golfweek Magazine, his son Tom Stine was editor of the magazine from 1980 to 1994. Stine sold the publication to Turnstile Publishing Company, based in Orlando, Florida, in 1990 and it has since become its flagship publication out of the five magazines it publishes; the magazine is adept in its coverage of the "Best Golf Courses" in the United States by state and are used by websites on many golf courses and resorts around the US as being on the Golfweek list. As of 2002, Eric Beckson was the president of Turnstile Publishing; the magazine publishes specific publications catering for this such as Golfweek's Guide to America's Best Classic and Modern Golf Courses and tips guides such as Golfweek's 101 Winning Golf Tips: Expert Shotmaking Advice from the Co-Author of the Bestselling The Plane Truth for Golfers. Numerous experts are employed to write columns for the magazine, some of which write or have written for Golf Digest etc.
In, 2016, it became owned by Inc.. Official website
A country club is a owned club with a membership quota and admittance by invitation or sponsorship, that offers both a variety of recreational sports and facilities for dining and entertaining. Typical athletic offerings are golf and swimming. A country club is most located in city outskirts or suburbs, is distinguished from an urban athletic club by having substantial grounds for outdoor activities and a major focus on golf. Country clubs first appeared in the US in the early 1880s. Country clubs had a profound effect on expanding suburbanization and are considered to be the precursor to gated community development. Country clubs can be exclusive organizations. In small towns, membership in the country club is not as exclusive or expensive as in larger cities where there is competition for a limited number of memberships. In addition to the fees, some clubs have additional requirements to join. For example, membership can be limited to those. Country clubs were founded by upper-class elites between 1880 and 1930.
By 1907, country clubs were claimed to be “the essence of American upper-class.” The number of country clubs increased exponentially with industrialization, the rise in incomes, suburbanization in the 1920s. During the 1920s, country clubs acted as community social centers; when people lost most of their income and net worth during the Great Depression, the number of country clubs decreased drastically for lack of membership funding. Many country clubs were "restricted" and refused to admit members of minority racial groups as well those of specific faiths, such as Jews and Catholics. In a 1990 landmark ruling at Shoal Creek Golf and Country Club, the PGA refused to hold tournaments at private clubs that practiced racial discrimination; this new regulation led to the admittance of blacks at private clubs. The incident at Shoal Creek is comparable to the 1966 NCAA Basketball Tournament, which led to the end of racial discrimination in college basketball. Beginning in the 1960s civil rights lawsuits forced clubs to drop exclusionary policies, but de facto discrimination still occurs in cases until protest or legal remedies are brought to bear.
The Philadelphia Cricket Club is the oldest country club in the United States devoted to playing games, Country Club Of Salisbury is one of the oldest country clubs in the U. S. In the United Kingdom, most exclusive country clubs are golf clubs, play a smaller role in their communities than American country clubs. Country clubs exist including athletic-based clubs and golf clubs. Examples are the Breakfast Point Country Club and Cumberland Grove Country Club in Sydney, the Castle Hill Country Club, the Gold Coast Polo & Country Club, Elanora Country Club, the Sanctuary Cove's Country Club. In Japan all golf clubs are called "Country Clubs" by their owners. See Japan Golf Tour. Private ski area Gentlemen's club, a men's social club Gymkhana, an Indian and South Asian equivalent Jewish country club
The United States of America known as the United States or America, is a country composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, various possessions. At 3.8 million square miles, the United States is the world's third or fourth largest country by total area and is smaller than the entire continent of Europe's 3.9 million square miles. With a population of over 327 million people, the U. S. is the third most populous country. The capital is Washington, D. C. and the largest city by population is New York City. Forty-eight states and the capital's federal district are contiguous in North America between Canada and Mexico; the State of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east and across the Bering Strait from Russia to the west. The State of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean; the U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea, stretching across nine official time zones. The diverse geography and wildlife of the United States make it one of the world's 17 megadiverse countries.
Paleo-Indians migrated from Siberia to the North American mainland at least 12,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century; the United States emerged from the thirteen British colonies established along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the colonies following the French and Indian War led to the American Revolution, which began in 1775, the subsequent Declaration of Independence in 1776; the war ended in 1783 with the United States becoming the first country to gain independence from a European power. The current constitution was adopted in 1788, with the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, being ratified in 1791 to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties; the United States embarked on a vigorous expansion across North America throughout the 19th century, acquiring new territories, displacing Native American tribes, admitting new states until it spanned the continent by 1848. During the second half of the 19th century, the Civil War led to the abolition of slavery.
By the end of the century, the United States had extended into the Pacific Ocean, its economy, driven in large part by the Industrial Revolution, began to soar. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the country's status as a global military power; the United States emerged from World War II as a global superpower, the first country to develop nuclear weapons, the only country to use them in warfare, a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. Sweeping civil rights legislation, notably the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Fair Housing Act of 1968, outlawed discrimination based on race or color. During the Cold War, the United States and the Soviet Union competed in the Space Race, culminating with the 1969 U. S. Moon landing; the end of the Cold War and the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the world's sole superpower. The United States is the world's oldest surviving federation, it is a representative democracy.
The United States is a founding member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States, other international organizations. The United States is a developed country, with the world's largest economy by nominal GDP and second-largest economy by PPP, accounting for a quarter of global GDP; the U. S. economy is post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge-based activities, although the manufacturing sector remains the second-largest in the world. The United States is the world's largest importer and the second largest exporter of goods, by value. Although its population is only 4.3% of the world total, the U. S. holds 31% of the total wealth in the world, the largest share of global wealth concentrated in a single country. Despite wide income and wealth disparities, the United States continues to rank high in measures of socioeconomic performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP, worker productivity.
The United States is the foremost military power in the world, making up a third of global military spending, is a leading political and scientific force internationally. In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a world map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America in honor of the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci; the first documentary evidence of the phrase "United States of America" is from a letter dated January 2, 1776, written by Stephen Moylan, Esq. to George Washington's aide-de-camp and Muster-Master General of the Continental Army, Lt. Col. Joseph Reed. Moylan expressed his wish to go "with full and ample powers from the United States of America to Spain" to seek assistance in the revolutionary war effort; the first known publication of the phrase "United States of America" was in an anonymous essay in The Virginia Gazette newspaper in Williamsburg, Virginia, on April 6, 1776. The second draft of the Articles of Confederation, prepared by John Dickinson and completed by June 17, 1776, at the latest, declared "The name of this Confederation shall be the'United States of America'".
The final version of the Articles sent to the states for ratification in late 1777 contains the sentence "The Stile of this Confederacy shall be'The United States of America'". In June 1776, Thomas Jefferson wrote the phrase "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA" in all capitalized letters in the headline of his "original Rough draught" of the Declaration of Independence; this draft of the document did not surface unti
Philadelphia Cricket Club
The Philadelphia Cricket Club, founded in 1854, is the oldest country club in the United States. It has two locations: Chestnut Hill and Flourtown, Pennsylvania. Founded on the 10th of February 1854, the Philadelphia Cricket Club is the oldest country club in the United States; as the name indicates, the Club was formed by a group of young men of English ancestry who had played the game of cricket as students at the University of Pennsylvania. With the wish to continue to play together after their graduation, they formed the Club under the leadership of William Roach Wister. For the first 30 years of the club's existence the club did not own any grounds and thus played cricket on any grounds available, such as at Camden, New Jersey. In 1883, the Club “came home” to Chestnut Hill due to the generosity of a benefactor, Henry H. Houston. Houston arranged for them to settle down at the Club's present location on West Willow Grove Avenue in the St. Martins section of Chestnut Hill; the Philadelphia Cricket Club has two locations: one 40°03′52″N 75°12′31″W in Chestnut Hill, Philadelphia where the main offices are located, along with the tennis and squash facilities and the eight-lane, twenty-five meter swimming pool.
There is a nine-hole golf course there as well. The second location 40°06′31″N 75°13′25″W is ten minutes away in Whitemarsh Township, near Flourtown, which holds two 18-hole golf courses; when the Golf Association of Philadelphia was organized in 1897, the Club was one of four founding members with Merion, Philadelphia Country Club and Aronimink. Both the Wissahickon and Militia Hill courses have been recognized for their outstanding layouts and course conditions over the years.. St. Martin's Course The original nine-hole course was built in 1895 by famed architect Willie Tucker and was replaced by a new eighteen-hole course in 1897; the old eighteen-hole course, known as St. Martins and now playing as a nine-hole layout, hosted the United States Open Championship in 1907 and 1910; the 1907 winner was Alec Ross, brother of famed architect Donald Ross, who chalked up a remarkable score of 302 for 72 holes. It was during this championship that the first hole-in-one in U. S. Open competition was achieved by Jack Hobens.
The 1910 Open victory went to Alex Smith. Entered that year was Cricket Club’s own professional, Scottish-born Willie Anderson, one of four golfers who have won the U. S. Open four times. Anderson remains the only person to win in three consecutive years; this course is named "St. Martins" after St. Martins in the Fields. In 2015 the St Martins' Course was sold to the club by the Woodward Family as part of an open space initiative. Hosted the World Hickory Championship in 2016 & the National Hickory Championship in 2017 on the St Martins Course. U. S. Open Champions and Scores Course Scorecard Wissahickon Course A large tract of land was purchased in 1920, because the Club did not own the grounds on which the St. Martins golf course was built, it was A. W. Tillinghast who recommended the Flourtown site and who designed the new course, which opened in 1922; the Wissahickon course is one of the few remaining courses designed by Tillinghast that has had minimal changes over the past 80 years. The name "Wissahickon" comes from the Lenape word for "Catfish Stream."
The Wissahickon Creek runs adjacent to the course. Lorraine Run, which dumps into the Wissahickon Creek, runs through the Wissahickon Course. An abandoned Reading Railroad track runs along the 6th and 11th holes. On June 18, 2013, construction was started on a complete restoration of the Wissahickon course, led by designer Keith Foster and Director of Grounds Dan Meersman. Since the completion of the 2014 renovation, "Wissahickon" has hosted the 2014 Philadelphia Open, the 2015 PGA Professional National Championship, the 2016 Constellation Senior Players Championship, will host the 2020 U. S. Amateur Four-Ball; the course is dedicated to A. W. Tillinghast, a long-time member of the Philadelphia Cricket Club and a Philadelphia native. Course Scorecard Militia Hill Course In 1999, the Board of Governors made a decision to begin the development of a third golf course located on land acquired in the original purchase of the Flourtown property nearly eighty years before. After submissions by several top designers, the Club selected Michael Hurdzan and Dana Fry, who had designed a number of rated courses throughout the United States and Canada.
The Club named the new course ‘Militia Hill’ in honor of the adjacent Militia Hill section of Fort Washington State Park, occupied during the American Revolution by the Pennsylvania Militia just before moving on to their legendary winter encampment at Valley Forge. Like the Wissahickon Course, a train track runs through the middle of the golf course. Although this line is active, golfers pass through a tunnel twice each round; the course is dedicated to Willie Anderson, a member of the World Golf Hall of Fame, who at one point, early in the 20th century, was the head golf professional at the club. Course Scorecard The cricket team was disbanded in 1924 as the Club's other sports became more prevalent, it was revived in 1998. The Club is now one of the hosts of the annual Philadelphia International Cricket Festival. Eight singles courts & two doubles courts round out PCC's squash program. Julieanne Ha
The Lenape called the Leni Lenape, Lenni Lenape and Delaware people, are an indigenous people of the Northeastern Woodlands, who live in Canada and the United States. Their historical territory included present-day New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania along the Delaware River watershed, New York City, western Long Island, the Lower Hudson Valley. Today, Lenape people belong to the Delaware Delaware Tribe of Indians in Oklahoma; the Lenape have a matrilineal clan system and were matrilocal. During the decades of the 18th century, most Lenape were pushed out of their homeland by expanding European colonies, their dire situation was exacerbated by losses from intertribal conflicts. The divisions and troubles of the American Revolutionary War and United States' independence pushed them farther west. In the 1860s, the United States government sent most Lenape remaining in the eastern United States to the Indian Territory under the Indian removal policy. In the 21st century, most Lenape now reside in Oklahoma, with some communities living in Wisconsin and Ontario.
The name Lenni Lenape Leni Lenape and Lenni Lenapi, comes from their autonym, which may mean "genuine, real, original," and Lenape, meaning "Indian" or "man". Alternately, lënu may be translated as "man."The Lenape, when first encountered by Europeans, were a loose association of related peoples who spoke similar languages and shared familial bonds in an area known as Lenapehoking, the Lenape traditional territory, which spanned what is now eastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey, southern New York, eastern Delaware. The tribe's common name Delaware is not of Native American origin. English colonists named the Delaware River for the first governor of the Province of Virginia, Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, whose title was derived from French; the English began to call the Lenape the Delaware Indians because of where they lived. Swedes settled in the area, early Swedish sources listed the Lenape as the Renappi. Traditional Lenape lands, the Lenapehoking, was a large territory that encompassed the Delaware Valley of eastern Pennsylvania and New Jersey from the north bank Lehigh River along the west bank Delaware south into Delaware and the Delaware Bay.
Their lands extended west from western Long Island and New York Bay, across the Lower Hudson Valley in New York into the lower Catskills and a sliver of the upper edge of the North Branch Susquehanna River. On the west side, the Lenape lived in numerous small towns along the rivers and streams that fed the waterways, shared the hunting territory of the Schuylkill River watershed with the rival Iroquoian Susquehannock; the Unami and Munsee languages belong to the Eastern Algonquian language group. Although the Unami and Munsee speakers people are related, they consider themselves as distinct, as they used different words and lived on opposite sides of the Kitatinny Mountains of modern New Jersey. Today, only elders speak the language although some young Lenape youth and adults learn the ancient language; the German and English-speaking Moravian missionary John Heckewelder wrote: "The Monsey tong is quite different though came out of one parent language."William Penn, who first met the Lenape in 1682, stated that the Unami used the following words: "mother" was anna, "brother" was isseemus, "friend" was netap.
Penn instructed his fellow Englishmen: "If one asks them for anything they have not, they will answer, mattá ne hattá, which to translate is,'not I have,' instead of'I have not.'"According to the Moravian missionary David Zeisberger, the Unami word for "food" is May-hoe-me-chink. The Unami word for "hill" is Ah-choo. Sometimes the languages shared words, such as "corn,", Xash-queem, or "wolf,", too-may. In contemporary Unami orthography, "food" is michëwakàn, "hill" is ahchu, "corn" is xàskwim, "wolf" is tëme. At the time of first European contact, a Lenape person would have identified with his or her immediate family and clan, and/or village unit. Next with more distant neighbors who spoke the same dialect. Among many Algonquian peoples along the East Coast, the Lenape were considered the "grandfathers" from whom other Algonquian-speaking peoples originated. Lenape has three phratries, each of which had twelve clans; these are: Wolf, Took-seat Turtle, Poke-koo-un'go Turkey, Pul-la'-ook Lenape kinship system has matrilineal clans, that is, children belong to their mother's clan, from which they gain social status and identity.
The mother's eldest brother was more significant as a mentor to the male children than was their father, of another clan. Hereditary leadership passed through the maternal line, women elders could remove leaders of whom they disapproved. Agricultural land was managed by women and allotted according to the subsistence needs of their extended families. Families were matrilocal. By 1682, when William Penn arrived to his America