Arriva Trains Wales

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Arriva Trains Wales
Arriva Trains Wales logo.svg
Hugh llewelyn 175 003 (6453646265).jpg
Franchise(s) Wales & Borders
8 December 2003 –
13 October 2018
Main region(s) Wales
Other region(s) North West
West Midlands
South West
Fleet size 125 units
3 locomotive hauled sets
Stations operated 247[1]
Route km operated 1623.8
National Rail abbreviation AW
Parent company Arriva UK Trains

Arriva Trains Wales[2] (Welsh: Trenau Arriva Cymru) (ATW) is a British train operating company owned by Arriva UK Trains that operates the Wales & Borders franchise. It runs urban and inter-urban passenger services to all railway stations in Wales, including Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street, Newport, Swansea, Wrexham General and Holyhead, as well as to certain stations in England such as Hereford, Shrewsbury, Chester, Manchester Piccadilly and Birmingham New Street.

The company began operating in December 2003, taking over from Wales & Borders. Following the introduction of the Railways Act 2005 and Transport (Wales) Act 2006, responsibility for the franchise has been held by the devolved Welsh Government. Arriva Trains Wales' franchise is due to expire in October 2018, and the company did not bid to renew. It will be succeeded by KeolisAmey Wales.


In March 2000 the UK government announced plans to create a separate Wales & Borders franchise.[3] In October 2001 the two National Express operated franchises, Valley Lines and Wales & West, were reorganised, with Wales & Borders taking responsibility for most services in Wales as shown on its map.[4] The services from Birmingham New Street to Chester, Aberystwyth, and Pwllheli operated by Central Trains were also transferred.[5]

On 1 August 2003 the Strategic Rail Authority awarded Arriva the new franchise.[6] The new franchise was for fifteen years, with performance reviews every five years; Arriva Trains Wales took over the services operated by Wales & Borders on 7 December 2003.[7] The next five-yearly review period concluded on 31 March 2013.[8]

On 28 September 2003 the services from Birmingham New Street, Crewe and Manchester Piccadilly to Llandudno and Holyhead as well as those between Bidston and Wrexham Central and between Llandudno and Blaenau Ffestiniog, operated by First North Western, were transferred to the new Wales & Borders franchise.


Responsibility for the franchise was later devolved to the Welsh Government as a result of the Railways Act 2005 and the Transport (Wales) Act 2006,[9] and it works closely with Arriva Trains Wales to develop the railway network within Wales. This has included the introduction of direct services between North and South Wales,[10] and the reintroduction of passenger services on previously freight-only portions of the Vale of Glamorgan Line and Ebbw Vale Line.

ATW operates over a route length of 1691 km, with 253 DMU cars and 22 locomotive-hauled passenger carriages.

Its busiest Welsh stations are Cardiff Central, Cardiff Queen Street and Newport in South Wales, and Bangor (Gwynedd) and Wrexham General in North Wales.

ATW operates almost all services in Wales, with the exception of:


ATW passenger numbers from 2010 to 2017.[11][12]

In October 2006, ATW was ranked seventh best (out of 21 companies) with an above average 89.9% of trains 'on time' according to Network Rail statistics.[13] The latest figures released by NR (Network Rail) rate punctuality (Public Performance Measure) at 96.1% for period 7 of the 2013/14 financial year.[14] The MAA (Monthly Annual Average) figure for the 366 days up to 12 October 2013 is currently at 93.9%.[14]

In September 2017, a review on the conditions during a regular peak commute was published by 'Stu’s Reviews'. The review was publicised through national news networks such as Wales Online.[15] BBC Wales[16]

Welsh-language services[edit]

A bilingual station sign

The Welsh Language Act 1993 requires all public bodies to provide services to the public through the medium of Welsh as well as English. As a private company and not a public body, Arriva is not legally required to provide service in Welsh,[17] but it does conduct some business in Welsh. All stations in Wales where the Welsh and English names differ have both names displayed, with a few minor omissions.[17] ATW does not display Welsh names in the English stations which it manages, such as Chester (Welsh: Caer) or Hereford (Welsh: Henffordd), but includes the Welsh names in its printed timetables and other publicity material.[18] There are bilingual signs at Hereford, for example, warning against trespassing on the railway.

Arriva Trains Wales has introduced bilingual display screens and announcements in at least 46 stations.[19]

In 2004, ATW introduced a Welsh-language telephone line.[19] Its website was named the "Best Website of The Year in the Technology Wales Awards 2004".[20]


A summary of ATW services is shown below (most stations with only a limited service are not shown):[21]

  • Route 1 are express/stopping services between the Midlands and North/Mid Wales.
  • Route 2 are mainline long-distance services between South Wales and North Wales/Manchester.
  • Route 3 are express/stopping services along the South Wales Coast Line to Cardiff and Swansea.
  • Route 4 are express/stopping services along the North Wales Coast Line to Crewe and Manchester.
  • Route 5 is a network of commuter lines operating in and around Cardiff.
Routes Details Stock Used
1 Birmingham International to Shrewsbury, Aberystwyth, Pwllheli, Chester & Holyhead; Heart of Wales Line Principal stations served by all trains are Birmingham International, Birmingham New Street, Smethwick Galton Bridge, Wolverhampton, Telford Central, Wellington and Shrewsbury. Then continuing to Shrewsbury with 1tp2h extending to Holyhead via Wrexham General and Chester, 1tp2h to Aberystwyth and Pwllheli. The Heart of Wales Line runs from Craven Arms-Swansea, although most southbound services originate from Shrewsbury, some extend from Swansea-Cardiff Central. Cambrian Line uses Class 158. Heart of Wales line uses Class 153 & Class 150 or Class 175 on rare occasions.
2 Swansea/Llanelli/Cardiff Central to Holyhead, Carmarthen, Pembroke Dock, Milford Haven, Fishguard Harbour & Manchester Piccadilly, Crewe Principal stations served by all trains are Cardiff Central, Newport, Abergavenny, Hereford, Ludlow and Shrewsbury. All mainline services in South Wales, serving Newport, Cardiff, Swansea, Carmarthen, Pembroke, Fishguard and Milford Haven then continuing from Shrewsbury with 1tp2h extending to Holyhead via Wrexham General and Chester, 1tph continuing to Manchester Piccadilly via Crewe, Wilmslow and Stockport. Class 175 or Class 158 when 175 are unavailable.
3 Cardiff to Swansea, Carmarthen, Pembroke Dock, Milford Haven, Fishguard Harbour & Ebbw Vale; Maesteg-Cheltenham Spa, Gloucester All express and local services in South Wales, serving Newport, Cardiff, Swansea, Carmarthen, Pembroke, Fishguard, Milford Haven, Ebbw Vale & Maesteg. Class 150, Class 153, Class 158 & Class 175.
4 Holyhead to Manchester, Chester and Crewe; Llandudno to Manchester Airport; The Conwy Valley Line; Borderlands line Holyhead, Bangor, Llandudno, Llandudno Junction, Colwyn Bay, Rhyl, Prestatyn, Flint, Shotton, Chester, Crewe or Manchester Piccadilly/Manchester Airport via Warrington Bank Quay. The Borderlands Line runs from Wrexham Central-Bidston, where passengers can change for Merseyrail services to Birkenhead & Liverpool Lime Street. The Conwy Valley Line runs from Llandudno through Snowdonia National Park, terminating at Blaenau Ffestiniog. Services to Crewe & Manchester use Class 175 or Class 158 & Class 150 when 175 are unavailable. Borderlands & Conwy Valley Lines uses Class 150.
5 Valleys & Cardiff Local Routes Operating out of Cardiff Central and Cardiff Queen Street providing commuter services, incorporating several lines, Butetown Branch Line between Queen Street & Cardiff Bay, Cardiff City Line to Radyr, Coryton Line, Vale of Glamorgan Line to Bridgend, Merthyr Line to both Merthyr Tydfil & Aberdare, Rhondda Line to Treherbert and the Rhymney Line to Rhymney. Class 150, Class 153, Class 143 & Class 142.


North Wales[edit]

Services along the North Wales Coast Line terminate at Holyhead and Llandudno. Llandudno services run every hour to Manchester Piccadilly via Chester and Warrington Bank Quay. Holyhead services run every hour, to Shrewsbury via Chester and Wrexham General, then alternately to Birmingham International or Cardiff Central. Request stations west of Llandudno Junction (Conwy, Penmaenmawr, Llanfairfechan, Llanfairpwll, Bodorgan, Ty Croes, Rhosneigr and Valley) are generally served by alternate trains. The Conwy Valley Line is operated by a single train running between Llandudno and Blaenau Ffestiniog, with six return journeys a day. The private Ffestiniog Railway operates connecting services between Blaenau Ffestiniog and Minffordd near Porthmadog.

Services on the Borderlands Line run from Wrexham Central to Bidston on the Wirral Peninsula, crossing the North Wales Coast Line at Shotton. This line connects with main-line services at Wrexham General; with North Wales Coast line services at Shotton; and with electrified lines operated by Merseyrail at Bidston. It may be converted to electric operation in the future.[22]

Mid Wales[edit]

Cambrian Line services consist of trains from Aberystwyth to Shrewsbury, Birmingham New Street and Birmingham International every two hours. Services from Pwllheli join this train at Machynlleth. Services are operated exclusively by Class 158 Express Sprinters, as they are the only units fitted with the necessary equipment for the ERTMS system used on the line.

The single-track nature of this line, coupled with the busy terminus at Birmingham New Street, meant that delays could result in partial cancellation of services on this line. From December 2008, most services have been extended to the less busy Birmingham International station, giving more flexibility in making up any lost time; this was also intended to help international students at Aberystwyth University gain easier access to an airport.[23] The Heart of Wales Line has services from Swansea to Shrewsbury via Llanelli and Llandrindod four or five times a day. It is marketed by Arriva Trains Wales as a scenic, rural line, with special rover tickets available.[24][25]

South Wales[edit]

As of February 2017, ATW operates an hourly long-distance service from Carmarthen to Manchester Piccadilly via Cardiff Central and the Welsh Marches Line. Some off-peak services terminate at or originate from Cardiff Central, and continue to or come from Milford Haven every two hours. There is also one service per day from Fishguard Harbour to Manchester Piccadilly, but not in the other direction.

ATW also operates a service every two hours from Cardiff Central to Holyhead via Wrexham General, other branches of the West Wales Line as served by trains from Swansea and Cardiff Central. Trains operate a shuttle service between Swansea and Cardiff Central (known as Swanline), calling at more minor stations than the Great Western Railway InterCity services do.

ATW also operates the Heart of Wales line between Shrewsbury and Swansea via Llandrindod, with four trains per day in each direction. Special trains extending into South East Wales operate to Builth Road during the Royal Welsh Show annually in July.

Cardiff and Valleys[edit]

Arriva Trains Wales refurbished 142077 at Penarth
Arriva Trains Wales 142077 at Penarth
The refurbished interior of an Arriva Trains Wales Class 142
The interior of an Arriva Trains Wales Class 142
Arriva Trains Wales refurbished 150258 at Cardiff Queen Street
Arriva Trains Wales 150258 at Cardiff Queen Street
The refurbished interior of an Arriva Trains Wales Class 150
The interior of an Arriva Trains Wales Class 150

The Valley Lines network, previously operated as a separate franchise, is a collection of urban lines in Cardiff and the surrounding area, including the South Wales Valleys and the Vale of Glamorgan. Arriva Trains Wales also operates a service from Maesteg to Cheltenham Spa. Stations in the valleys north of Cardiff have experienced strong passenger growth, as a result of which there is now a half-hourly service on the fringes of the network (Pontypridd-Treherbert, Abercynon-Aberdare, Abercynon-Merthyr Tydfil and in the future Bargoed to Rhymney). Service frequency growth at the fringes is a significant problem because of often lengthy single-track sections. Between the larger towns and Cardiff, these services combine to provide at least a train every 15 minutes, with six trains per hour between Pontypridd and Cardiff, and four trains per hour between Bargoed and Cardiff. Stations on the Treherbert and Rhymney branch lines have been lengthened to accommodate six-car trains to cope with future growth demand for commuting into and out of the capital.

On 6 February 2008, the Ebbw Valley Railway was partially re-opened to passenger services for the first time in over 40 years. It provides an hourly service from Ebbw Vale Town railway station (opened 17 May 2015) to Cardiff Central calling at Ebbw Vale Parkway, Llanhilleth, Newbridge, Crosskeys, Risca and Pontymister, and Rogerstone and Cardiff Central. One year after opening, the line had carried 573,442 passengers, beating all targets set by the Welsh Assembly Government. Saturday trains run as four-car formations instead of the standard two. Extra carriages are also added during school holidays when demand is high.[26] Possible developments on the line also include restoring the service between Ebbw Vale and Newport; the proposal awaits Network Rail and Welsh Government approval. If implemented it would provide an hourly service between Newport and Ebbw Vale.

In July 2012 the Department for Transport announced that the Cardiff Valley Lines would be electrified, although no timescale has been given. This will entail replacement of the life-expired Pacer railbuses by new or cascaded stock.[27]

Welsh Marches and Border[edit]

Services between Chester and Newport form part of other ATW services already mentioned, such as Holyhead to Cardiff Central, or Milford Haven to Manchester Piccadilly. Coming north, after calling at Shrewsbury (for connections to Mid-Wales), trains for North Wales go to Chester via Wrexham General, and trains for Manchester go to Crewe.

Premier Service[edit]

A weekday Premier Service between Holyhead and Cardiff was introduced on 15 December 2008. This is run under contract to the Welsh Government.[28] Wrexham & Shropshire[29] and Grand Central[28] expressed an interest in operating the service, but the contract was awarded to Arriva Trains Wales.[28] At the time of the launch it was known as Y Gerallt Gymro (Gerald of Wales)[28] but today it is referred to as the Premier Service.[30]

It departs Holyhead at 05:34, returning from Cardiff departing at 17:16. It features first-class accommodation and a full dining car with a travelling chef. Normal standard-class fares are valid on the train. First class attracts a supplement and includes a complementary breakfast on the morning service and a three-course meal on the evening service. This is the only ATW service to offer first-class accommodation.[citation needed]

It originally ran via Crewe but from September 2012 was rerouted via Wrexham General, requiring the train to change direction at Chester in addition to having its evening departure moved from 16:15.[31]

In December 2014, the Premier Service was renamed to be the Business Class Service in an attempt by Arriva Trains Wales to make the service more appealing to those travelling to and from Cardiff to work. Ticket prices remain the same and are still sold as first class, and the restaurant service remains although tablecloths and antimacassars have been removed to promote a more work-like environment.[32]

Special services[edit]

For special events such as football or rugby matches, ATW operates additional services to the venue. Wales & Borders had arranged in the past a stopping service to Edinburgh Waverley. Numerous other services have been operated. ATW usually operates shuttle services to Newport on match days. When rugby international matches are held at the Millennium Stadium, ATW often runs an extra Holyhead to Cardiff service using the Premier Service rolling stock.[citation needed] In April 2015, ATW were highly criticised and issued an apology for their continual poor performance when dealing with the Judgement Day rugby matches at the Millennium Stadium. Passengers were left queuing for hours due to the lack of services and lack of carriages available, some had to abandon their journeys for other means such as taxi and van hire. A spokesman for the company said “I want to assure all customers that every single train in Wales was out [on Saturday].” He added that the event differed to international rugby events, because the majority of those travelling to the matches travelled from south and south west Wales, placing huge pressure on specific routes.[33]

Past services[edit]

Arriva Trains Wales used to operate services from Manchester Piccadilly, Pembroke Dock, Carmarthen and Swansea to London Waterloo, Brighton, Portsmouth Harbour, Plymouth and Penzance via Cardiff, Bristol and Westbury. Services south of Cardiff are now operated by Great Western Railway, while a Bristol Temple Meads to London Waterloo service is run by South Western Railway

Rejected services[edit]

ATW applied to reinstate a direct Aberystwyth to London Marylebone service serving all stations to Birmingham International and additionally calling at Leamington Spa and Bicester North.[34] Two off-peak trains would have operated each day, while a further service would have been added on Saturdays in high summer. Rolling stock would have been Class 158 Sprinters.

There were worries that, if ATW were granted this service, it would push Wrexham General to London Marylebone operator Wrexham & Shropshire out of business, with Wrexham & Shropshire Managing Director, Andy Hamilton, saying "We believe that this proposal – if approved – would push the date of profitability of WSMR by at least a year. As a result of this our owning group would be unable to sustain additional and continuing losses and the WSMR service would cease to exist."[35] The application was rejected by the Office of Rail Regulation in March 2010 due to concerns about the financial viability of the service and the potentially high level of revenue abstraction from other operators.[36] Wrexham & Shropshire ceased to operate a year later.[37]

Stations served[edit]

Major stations in Wales[edit]

Stations in England[edit]

Managed by Arriva Trains Wales[edit]

Managed by other companies[edit]

Rolling stock[edit]

57314 at Crewe in March 2009
67003 at Holyhead in August 2012

Arriva Trains Wales services are operated by diesel trains only, as there are currently no electrified railway lines in Wales. As of March 2008, Arriva Trains Wales operates a fleet of 123 diesel multiple units. It also owns some Mark 3 coaching stock, used for locomotive-hauled express services between Holyhead and Cardiff, and has occasionally used hired-in locomotives to run extra services for sporting events.

ATW inherited a fleet of Class 142, 143, 150, 153, 158 and 175s from Wales & Borders. The Class 175s were a common-user fleet, with 11 required by First TransPennine Express each day.

In the early years of the franchise, ATW operated locomotive-hauled services using Mark 2 carriages on services from Cardiff Central to Rhymney and Fishguard Harbour hauled by English Welsh & Scottish Class 37s and FiftyFund Class 50s, and from Crewe and Manchester Piccadilly to Holyhead hauled by Freightliner Class 47s and Virgin Trains Class 57s.[39] ATW built up a fleet of 20 Mark 2 carriages to operate these; all had been withdrawn by 2007, most of them being stored at Long Marston.[40]

ATW received 12 Class 150s cascaded from First ScotRail[41] and another from One in 2004/05. In December 2006 another eight were transferred from First Great Western, notionally to provide stock for the Borderlands Line and Ebbw Valley Railway services. Following the delivery of new stock to First TransPennine Express in 2006, all of the Class 175s became available to ATW, resulting in 16 Class 158s being released for transfer to other operators.

In 2006, heritage unit 121032 was purchased by ATW for use on the Cardiff Bay Shuttle. The unit was overhauled by LNWR, Crewe,[42] entering service with ATW on 17 August 2006. In 2013, the unit suffered an engine failure. This could not be rectified, meaning that the unit was withdrawn. It was then used as a source of spare parts by sister company Chiltern Railways.

In November 2007, another 9 Class 150s were transferred from Central Trains. From February 2008, 5 Class 150s (150278-282) were subleased to First Great Western. This was later reduced to 4 and then 2, the last returning in 2011.

In December 2008, the loco-hauled Holyhead to Cardiff Premier Service was inaugurated. It was hauled by Class 57s on hire from Virgin Trains, initially in top-and-tail formation and later singularly, hauling three standard class MK2s and a MK3 first/buffet. 4 Class 57s were repainted at Cardiff Canton and six Mark 2s were refreshed at Eastleigh Works. Class 67s took over from the Class 57s in March 2012, and MK3s refurbished by Pullman Rail from the Mark 2s in October 2012.[43][44] From October 2011 until August 2012, 150280 was subleased to National Express East Anglia/Abellio Greater Anglia. In December 2014, a further MK3 set will be introduced on services from Manchester Piccadilly-Holyhead/Llandudno.[45][46][47]

All units, bar the 175s, are currently being refurbished in the new Arriva moquette and the new two tone, dark WAG livery.[citation needed]

Current fleet[edit]

Class Image Type Top Speed Number Routes Operated Built
mph kph
67 Alstom General Motors Class 67 No 67003 (7786994576).jpg Loco 125 200 3 Premier Service:
  • Holyhead–Cardiff Central
  • Holyhead (Llandudno)–Manchester Piccadilly

Mark 3 BR Mk.IIIa RFM No.M10249 (6801455869).jpg Coach 12 1975–88
Arriva Trains Wales DVT at Cardiff Central by Jeremy Segrott.jpg DVT 3 1988
142 Pacer Class142 Danescourt Up3.jpg DMU 75 121 15 Valley Lines & Cardiff Local Routes 1985–87
143 Pacer Abertawe - Arriva 143616.JPG DMU 75 121 15 Valley Lines & Cardiff Local Routes 1985–86
ATW 2017 143.png
150/2 Sprinter Arriva Trains Wales Class 150, 150250, Hope railway station (geograph 4032749).jpg DMU 75 121 36[48]
  • Cardiff Local Routes
  • Heart of Wales/West Wales Lines
  • Regional services between South and West Wales, North West and South West England

153 Super Sprinter Abertawe - Arriva 153303.JPG DMU 75 121 8
  • Cardiff Local Routes
  • Heart of Wales/West Wales Lines
  • Regional services between South and West Wales, North West and South West England

158/0 Express Sprinter Arriva Trains Wales Class 158, 158818, Ruabon railway station (geograph 4024571).jpg DMU 90 140 24
  • Birmingham International–Aberystwyth
  • Regional services between South and North Wales, North West and South West England

Class 158 arriva trains wales diagram.PNG
175/0 & 175/1 Coradia Arriva Trains Wales Class 175, 175109, Shotton Low Level railway station (geograph 3800345).jpg DMU 100 161 27 Regional services between North West England, North and South Wales 1999–01

Future fleet[edit]

In July 2017, it was announced that Arriva Trains Wales would take delivery of five dual mode Class 769 units.[49]

Class Image Type Top Speed Number Routes Operated Built
mph km/h
769 Flex 319447 Bedford.jpg BMU TBC TBC 5 TBA 2018[nb 1]

Past fleet[edit]

Class Image Type Top Speed Notes Built Withdrawn
mph kph
121 BubbleatCQB.JPG DMU 70 112 121032 operated on the Butetown Branch Line from 2006–13 1958–60 2013
57/3 Hugh llewelyn 57 315 (5568444203).jpg Loco 95 153

1964-1967 (rebuilt 1998-2004) 2012
Mark 2 Mk 2F TSO 6035 at Carlisle.JPG Coach 100 160
  • Arriva Trains Wales purchased 20 Mark 2 coaches, fourteen were withdrawn by 2007
  • Six were refurbished in 2008 for use on Premier Service, but were replaced in late 2012

1972–75 2007/12


Arriva Trains Wales' fleet is stabled at three depots.

Future franchise[edit]

The Invitation to Tender for the next franchise was issued in September 2017 and the contract will be awarded in June 2018. The new franchise will start in October 2018.[50][51] In October 2016, Abellio, Arriva, Keolis/Amey and MTR Corporation were shortlisted to bid.[52] Arriva withdrew from the tendering process in October 2017.[53][54] Abellio followed in February 2018 after its partner Carillion entered liquidation in January.[55]

On 23 May, it was announced that KeolisAmey would run the next Wales and Borders franchise, running for 15 years when the company takes over from Arriva Trains Wales. However, full details will not be released until June/July 2018.[56]


  1. ^ Class 319/4 units were initially built between 1987 and 1988


  1. ^ "Our Company". Arriva Trains Wales. Retrieved 28 April 2017. 
  2. ^ Companies House extract company no 4337645 Arriva Trains Wales/Trenau Arriva Cymru Limited
  3. ^ The Wales and Borders Franchise House of Commons Select Committee on Welsh Affairs Third Report 17 March 2004
  4. ^ "Route map" (PDF). Wales & Borders. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 June 2003. 
  5. ^ "More than just a new name for Wales & West in Wales". Wales & Borders. Archived from the original on 21 October 2001. 
  6. ^ "SRA Announces Preferred Bidder for New Integrated Wales Franchise" (Press release). Strategic Rail Authority. 1 August 2003. 
  7. ^ "Passenger Franchise Information: Arriva Trains Wales". ATOC. 2008. Archived from the original on 5 March 2008. 
  8. ^ Rail Franchising Timetable. Department for Transport. 1 July 2012.
  9. ^ "Transport: Rail". Welsh Government. 3 October 2012. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  10. ^ Hulme, Chris. "North Wales Railway Notice Board – That new Arriva Timetable". Archived from the original on 14 October 2007. Retrieved 26 March 2008. 
  11. ^ "ATW Key stats". 
  12. ^ "ORR Passenger rail usage by TOC". 
  13. ^ Public Performance Measure. Network Rail.
  14. ^ a b "Rail performance results period 7". Network Rail. 
  15. ^ The shocking but all too common scenes filmed on one Welsh train journey Wales Online September 2017
  16. ^ Arriva Trains Wales reports 'huge rise' in commuters BBC News September 2017
  17. ^ a b Clark, Rhodri (5 January 2005). "Train firm's web site hits the buffers over Welsh language". Western Mail. Cardiff. Retrieved 15 April 2008. 
  18. ^ "Welsh signs would be on wrong track". Hereford Times. 8 January 2004. Archived from the original on 18 April 2012. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  19. ^ a b "Rail company launches Welsh language phone line" (Press release). Arriva Trains Wales. 10 June 2004. Archived from the original on 2013-10-25. Retrieved 23 June 2013. 
  20. ^ "Arriva Trains Wales secures top internet communications award" (Press release). Imaginet. 28 May 2004. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  21. ^ Timetables. Arriva Trains Wales.
  22. ^ "Provisional North Wales Regional Transport Plan (Appendix 2- Railway Development in North Wales" (PDF). Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  23. ^ 2008 timetable alteration summary Archived 7 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine..
  24. ^ "The Heart of Wales Line". Arriva Trains Wales. Archived from the original on 21 October 2013. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  25. ^ "Discover Wales and the Borders by Train – Your Guide to Arriva Trains Wales' Rovers and Rangers". Arriva Trains Wales. Retrieved 25 August 2008. 
  26. ^ "Ebbw Valley rail link marks first successful year". South Wales Argus. Newport. 10 February 2009. Archived from the original on 13 February 2009. Retrieved 24 March 2009. 
  27. ^ "Rail electrification to Swansea and south Wales valleys". BBC News. 16 July 2012. 
  28. ^ a b c d Clark, Rhodri (15 December 2008). "Cost of subsidised rail service a secret". Western Mail. Cardiff. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  29. ^ Clark, Rhodri (26 April 2008). "Trains carry true taste of Wales". Western Mail. Cardiff. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  30. ^ "North-South Wales Premier Service". Arriva Trains Wales. Retrieved 20 October 2013. 
  31. ^ "All Change for the Premier Service". North Wales Coast Railway Notice Board. 20 September 2012.
  32. ^ "First class to be retained on controversial North to South Wales train after U-turn". Daily Post. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  33. ^ "Train company apologises after rugby fans left fuming over Judgement Day services". 
  34. ^ "Arriva Trains Wales Announces Plans for Direct Aberystwyth – London Services" (PDF). Railtalk Magazine. January 2009. p. 50. Retrieved 24 October 2012. 
  35. ^ "DB Regio to cease funding WSMR if Arriva runs in to London". Rail Magazine (630). Peterborough. 4 November 2009. 
  36. ^ "Aberystwyth to London direct rail route rejected". BBC News. 1 March 2010. Retrieved 1 March 2010. 
  37. ^ "Wrexham-Shropshire-London direct rail link to end". BBC News. 26 January 2011. 
  38. ^ Geographically on the English side of the Border
  39. ^ Rail 37 Galleries
  40. ^ Rail (Peterborough) Issue 562. 28 March 2007. p. 45.
  41. ^ Class 150
  42. ^ Rail (Peterborough) Issue 544. 19 July 2006. p. 23
  43. ^ Changeover day North Wales Coast Railway Notice Board 26 March 2012
  44. ^ Gerald's Big Day...happens! North Wales Coast Railway Notice Board 15 October 2012
  45. ^ Green light for extra services between England and Wales Department for Transport 16 July 2014
  46. ^ New North Wales to Manchester train services launced in £1.2 million deal Daily Post 16 July 2014
  47. ^ 'Irish Mancurian' is Go North Wales Coast Railway Notice Board 21 July 2014
  48. ^ "Fleet - Class 150 - Arriva Trains Wales". Porterbrook. Archived from the original on 2018-07-11. Retrieved 2018-07-11. 
  49. ^ "Class 319 Flex electro-diesel multiple units for Wales". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  50. ^ "DfT Rail Franchise Schedule" (PDF). 
  51. ^
  52. ^ Wales & Borders bidders asked to propose Metro options Railway Gazette International 13 October 2016
  53. ^ Arriva pulls out of Wales & Borders franchise contest International Railway Journal 30 October 2017
  54. ^ Arriva Trains Wales drops out of Welsh rail franchise bid BBC News 30 October 2017
  55. ^ Gerrard, Bradley (23 February 2018). "Abellio pulls out of rail bid after Carillion collapse". The Telegraph. Retrieved 25 February 2018. 
  56. ^ Wales' trains to be run by European firms KeolisAmey BBC News 23 May 2018

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Wales & Borders
Wales & Borders franchise
Operator of Wales & Borders franchise
2003 - 2018
Succeeded by
KeolisAmey Wales
Wales & Borders franchise