Arseny Roginsky

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Arseny Borisovich Roginsky
Arseni Roginski 04-2012.jpg
Arseny Roginsky at the Memorial society
29 April 2012
Native name Арсений Борисович Рогинский
Born (1946-03-30)30 March 1946
Velsk, Arkhangelsk Oblast, RSFSR, USSR
Died 18 December 2017(2017-12-18) (aged 71)
Israel
Nationality Russian
Citizenship  Soviet Union (1946–1991) →  Russia (1991–2017)
Alma mater University of Tartu
Spouse(s) Natalya Frumkina
Awards Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Poland Knight's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Poland Officer's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, Second Class
Scientific career
Fields history
Institutions
Website www.memo.ru/d/2647.html

Arseny Borisovich Roginsky (Russian: Арсе́ний Бори́сович Роги́нский; 30 March 1946 – 18 December 2017)[1] was a Soviet dissident[2] and Russian historian. He was one of the founders of the International Historical and Civil Rights Society Memorial,[3] its head since 1998.[4][5]

Biography[edit]

He was born in Velsk to a family of a repressed engineer from Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg), in his place of exile.

In 1968, he graduated from the History and Philology Faculty at the University of Tartu, where he studied under the cultural historian Yuri Lotman.[1][6]

From 1968 to 1981, Roginsky lived in Leningrad and worked as a bibliographer at the Saltykov-Shchedrin Public Library, then as a teacher of Russian language and literature in evening schools. As a scientist, he studied the twentieth-century history of Russia, particularly the 1920s and the history of the destruction of the Socialist Revolutionary Party, and subsequent political repression in the Soviet Union.

From 1975 to 1981, he was an editor of samizdat collections of historical works, Memory, being published abroad from 1978.

On 4 February 1977, a search was conducted in Roginsky’s apartment. On 16 June 1977, he was given a warning according to the decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of 25 December 1972. After another search conducted on 6 March 1979, at the request of the KGB he was fired from the school where he worked. To avoid charges of "parasitism", from 1979 to 1981 Arseny Roginsky was registered as a literary secretary of writer Natalia Dolinina and professor Jacob Lurie.

In April 1981, Roginsky was urged to emigrate from the Soviet Union, but he did not.

On 12 August 1981, Roginsky was arrested on Article 196—"the forgery and the production and sale of forged documents", and accused of transferring materials abroad to anti-Soviet publications such as, Pamyat, a historical journal.[7] As his final statement in the court, he gave a speech, "The situation of a historian in the Soviet Union" (published by the Russkaya Mysl newspaper). He served the time of his punishment in full, was released in 1985, and was fully rehabilitated in 1992.[8]

In 1988–1989, he became one of the founders of the Historical and Educational, Human Rights and Humanitarian Society Memorial and chairman of its board from 1998.

He was compiler of the 1989 book, Memories of Peasant Tolstoyans, the 1910–1930s[9] translated into English in 1993.[10]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Roginsky, Arseny; Superfin, Gabriel (1967). Русская и славянская филология. Сборник материалов XXII научной студенческой конференции [Russian and Slavic philology. The collection of materials of XVII scientific student conference] (in Russian). Tartu. 
  • Roginskij, Arsenij; Feigelson, Kristian (January–March 1982). "Ma dernière dèclaration" [My final declaration]. Cahiers du Monde russe et soviétique (in French). 23 (1): 123–134. JSTOR 20169949. 
  • Roginsky, Arseny Gromova, Tamara [Арсений Рогинский, Тамара Громова], eds. (1989). Воспоминания крестьян-толстовцев, 1910–1930-е годы [Memories of peasant Tolstoyans, the 1910–1930s] (in Russian). Moscow: Kniga. 
  • Borisov, Vadim; Roginsky, Arseny [Вадим Борисов, Арсений Рогинский], eds. (1990). О Достоевском. Творчество Достоевского в русской мысли 1881–1931 годов [On Dostoevsky. Dostoyevsky's writings in Russian thought 1881–1931] (in Russian). Moscow: Kniga. ISBN 5212004098. 
  • Roginsky, Arseny; Edgerton, William, eds. (1993). Memoirs of peasant Tolstoyans in Soviet Russia. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0253319110. 
  • Petrov, Nikita; Roginsky, Arseny [Никита Петров, Арсений Рогинский] (1997). "Польская операция НКВД 1937–1938 гг." [The Polish operation of the NKVD, 1937–1938]. In Guryanov, Alexander [Александр Гурьянов]. Репрессии против поляков и польских граждан [Repression against the Poles and Polish citizens] (in Russian). Moscow: Звенья. p. 22. 
  • Roginsky, Arseniy; Daniel, Alexander [Арсений Рогинский, Александр Даниэль] (2001). "Нужна сеть, а не иерархия" [Net, not hierarchy is needed]. Правозащитник (in Russian) (30): 105–109. 
  • Eremina, Larisa; Roginsky, Arseny [Лариса Еремина, Арсений Рогинский] (2002). Расстрельные списки: Москва, 1937–1941: "Коммунарка", Бутово: книга памяти жертв политических репрессий [Shot lists: Moscow, 1937–1941: "Kommunarka", Butovo: the book for commemoration of political repression victims] (in Russian). Moscow: Memorial. ISBN 5787000595. 
  • Eremina, Larisa; Roginsky, Arseny [Лариса Еремина, Арсений Рогинский] (2005). Расстрельные списки: Москва, 1935–1953: Донское кладбище (Донской крематорий): книга памяти жертв политических репрессий [Shot lists: Moscow, 1935–1953: the Donskoye cemetery (the Donskoy crematorium): the book for commemoration of political repression victims] (in Russian). Moscow: Memorial. ISBN 5787000811. 
  • Petrov, Nikita; Roginskii, Arsenii (2003). "The "Polish operation" of the NKVD, 1937–1938". In McLoughlin, Barry; McDermott, Kevin. Stalin’s terror. High politics and mass repression in the Soviet Union. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 153–172. ISBN 1403901198. 
  • Roginskij, Arsenij; Rudolph, Jörg; Drauschke, Frank; Kaminsky, Anne (2008). Erschossen in Moskau…: Die deutschen Opfer des Stalinismus auf dem Moskauer Friedhof Donskoje 1950–1953 [Shot in Moscow…: German victims of Stalinism at the Donskoje Moscow cemetery 1950–1953] (in German). Berlin: Metropol-Verlag; Auflage. ISBN 3938690143. 
  • Roginsky, Arseny (2008). "Чем Сталин жив?" [Why is Stalin alive?]. Kontinent (in Russian) (138). 
  • Roginskij, Arsenij (2009). "Nach der Verurteilung" [After conviction]. In Karner, Stefan. Stalins letzte Opfer: verschleppte und erschossene Österreicher in Moskau, 1950–1953 [Stalin's last victim: abducted and shot dead Austrians in Moscow, 1950–1953] (in German). Wien: Böhlau Verlag. pp. 97–140. ISBN 320578281X. 
  • Roginskij, Arsenij (2009). "Fragmentierte Erinnerung : Stalin und der Stalinismus im heutigen Russland" [Fragmented memories: Stalin and Stalinism in present-day Russia] (PDF). Osteuropa (in German). 59 (1): 37–44. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 April 2016. 
  • Roginskij, Arsenij (2011). "Erinnerung und Freiheit : Die Stalinismus-Diskussion in der UdSSR und Russland" [Remembrance and freedom: discussion about Stalinism in the USSR and Russia]. Osteuropa (in German). 61 (4): 55–70. 

Awards[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Video[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Luxmoore, Matthew (23 December 2017). "Arseny Roginsky, Russian Human Rights Leader, Is Dead at 71". The New York Times. nytimes.com. Retrieved 25 December 2017.
  2. ^ Buckley, Neil (26 April 2011). "Stalin's horrors still throw Russia into turmoil". Financial Times. 
  3. ^ Glasser, Susan (1 June 2004). "Putin talk worries independent groups". The Washington Post. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  4. ^ Shevtsova, Lilia (2010). Lonely power: why Russia has failed to become the West and the West is weary of Russia. Carnegie Endowment. p. 301. ISBN 0870032984. 
  5. ^ Parfitt, Tom (31 March 2015). "Proportion of Russians who respect Stalin is growing, poll suggests". The Telegraph. 
  6. ^ Remnick, David (1994). Lenin's Tomb: The Last Days of the Soviet Empire. New York: Vintage Books. ISBN 0679751254. p. 107. "Roginsky took his university degree in Tartu .... The most influential teacher there – and Roginsky's mentor – was the cultural historian Yuri Lotman."
  7. ^ Adler, Nanci (2004). The Gulag survivor: beyond the Soviet system. Transaction Publishers. p. 226. ISBN 0765805855. 
  8. ^ "Арсений Борисович Рогинский" [Arseny Borisovich Roginsky] (in Russian). Права человека в России. Retrieved 15 November 2015. 
  9. ^ Roginsky, Arseny; Gromova, Tamara [Арсений Рогинский, Тамара Громова], eds. (1989). Воспоминания крестьян-толстовцев, 1910–1930-е годы [Memories of peasant Tolstoyans, the 1910–1930s] (in Russian). Moscow: Kniga. 
  10. ^ Roginsky, Arseny; Edgerton, William, eds. (1993). Memoirs of peasant Tolstoyans in Soviet Russia. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0253319110. 
  11. ^ "Teenetemärkide kavalerid. Nimi: Arsini Roginski"
  12. ^ Rej. 60/2005: Postanowienie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 24 marca 2005 r. o nadaniu orderów
  13. ^ M.P. 2010 nr 40 poz. 581 Postanowienie Prezydenta Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej z dnia 6 kwietnia 2010 r. o nadaniu orderów
  14. ^ Memorial-Vorsitzender Roginski erhält Verdienstkreuz: "In der Laudatio wird Roginskis „langjähriger Kampf für Wahrheit, vorurteilsfreie Aufklärung und Erinnerung, sein mutiger Einsatz für Freiheit und Menschenrechte sowie sein engagiertes Eintreten für die Belange der Zivilgesellschaft als Mitglied des Petersburger Dialogs“ hervorgehoben"