The Art Gallery of Ontario is an art museum in Toronto, Canada. The museum is located in the Grange Park neighbourhood of downtown Toronto, on Dundas Street West between McCaul and Beverley Streets; the museum's building complex takes up 45,000 square metres of physical space, making it one of the largest art museums in North America. In addition to exhibition spaces, the museum houses an artist-in-residence office and studio, dining facilities, event spaces, gift shop and archives, theatre and lecture hall, research centre, a workshop; the institution was established in 1900 as the Art Museum of Toronto, formally incorporated in 1903. It was renamed to the Art Gallery of Toronto in 1919, before it adopted its present name, the Art Gallery of Ontario, in 1966; the museum acquired the Grange in 1911 and undertook several expansions to the north and west of the structure. The first series of expansions occurred in 1918, 1924, 1935, designed by Darling and Pearson. Since 1974, the gallery has undergone four major renovations.
These expansions occurred in 1974 and 1977 by John C. Parkin, 1993 by Barton Myers and KPMB Architects. From 2004 to 2008, the museum underwent another expansion by Frank Gehry; the museum complex saw further renovations in the 2010s by KPMB, Hariri Pontarini Architects. The museum's permanent collection includes over 98,000 works spanning the first century to the present day; the museum collection includes a number works from Canadian, First Nations, African and Oceanic artists. In addition to exhibits for its collection, the museum has organized and hosted a number of travelling art exhibitions; the museum was founded in 1900 as the Art Museum of Toronto by a group of private citizens and members of the Toronto Society of Arts. The institution's founders included George A. Cox, Lady Eaton, Sir Joseph W. Flavelle, J. W. L. Forster, E. F. B. Johnston, Sir William Mackenzie, Hart A. Massey, Prof. James Mavor, F. Nicholls, Sir Edmund Osler, Sir Henry M. Pellatt, George Agnew Reid, Byron Edmund Walker, Mrs. H. D. Warren, E.
R. Wood, Frank P. Wood; the museum's incorporation was confirmed by the Government of Ontario three years by legislation, An Act respecting the Art Museum of Toronto in 1903. The legislation provided the museum with expropriation powers in order to acquire land for the museum. Before the museum moved into a permanent location, it held exhibitions in rented spaces belonging to the Toronto Public Library near the intersection of Brunswick Avenue and College Street; the museum acquired the property it presently occupies shortly after the death of Harriet Boulton Smith in 1909, when she bequeathed her historic 1817 Georgian manor, The Grange, to the gallery upon her death. However, exhibitions continued to be held in the rented spaces at the Toronto Public Library branch until June 1913, when The Grange was formally opened as the art museum. In 1911, ownership of The Grange, the surrounding property was formally transferred to the museum after an agreement was signed with the Municipal government of Toronto to maintain the surrounding grounds as a municipal park.
In 1916, the museum drafted plans to construct a small portion of a new gallery building designed by Darling and Pearson in the Beaux-Arts style. Excavation of the new facility began in 1916; the first galleries adjacent to The Grange were opened in 1918. In the next year, the museum was renamed the Art Gallery of Toronto, in an effort to avoid confusion with the Royal Ontario Museum. In 1920, the museum allowed the Ontario College of Art to construct a building on the grounds; the museum was expanded again in 1924, with the opening of the museum's sculpture court, its two adjacent galleries, its main entrance on Dundas Street. The museum was expanded again in 1935 with the construction of two additional galleries. Portions of the 1935 expansions were financed by Eaton's. In 1965, the museum saw its collection of European and Canadian artworks expand, with the acquisition of 340 works from the Canadian National Exhibition. During the mid-1960s, the director of the museum, William Withrow, pushed to have the museum designated as a provincial museum, in an effort to gain further provincial funding for the institution.
In 1966, the museum changed its name to the Art Gallery of Ontario, in order to reflect its new mandate to serve as the provincial art museum. In 1974, the museum expanded its gallery space; the museum was expanded again in 1993, which saw the 9,290.3 square metres of new space and 17,651.6 square metres of renovations—usable space, increasing the preexisting floorspace by 30 per cent. The expansion saw the renovation of 20 galleries, the construction of 30 galleries. In 1978, the museum's staff was unionized under the Ontario Public Service Employees Union. During the 1990s, the museum drafted plans that would have saw the development of a pedestrian mall from University Avenue to the art gallery. However, conflicting developments on adjacent properties, lack of support from the City of Toronto government, the eventual development of another renovation plan by Frank Gehry saw the museum's plans for a pedestrian mall abandoned in the early 2000. Under the direction of then-CEO Matthew Teitelbaum, the museum embarked on a C$254 million redevelopment plan by architect Frank Gehry in 2004, called Transformation AGO.
The project drew some criticism. As an expansion, rather than a new creation, concerns were raised that the structure would not look like a Gehry signature building, that the opportunity to build an new gallery on Toronto's waterfront, was being squandered. During the course of
Paris s'eveille - suivi d'autres compositions is a soundtrack album by Welsh multi-instrumentalist and composer John Cale. It was released in 1991 on Belgian independent label Les Disques du Crépuscule; the album represents the soundtrack from Olivier Assyas' film Paris s'eveille, featuring the Soldier String Quartet). Cale wrote "Sanctus" for the Randy Warshaw Dance Company in 1987, "Animals at Night" for the Ralph Lemon Dance Company in the same year, "Primary Motive" for Daniel Adams' film Primary Motive. "Booker T." was recorded live by The Velvet Underground at the Gymnasium club in New York in April 1967. The final song is a newly recorded version of "Antarctica Starts Here" from Cale's 1973 album Paris 1919. All tracks composed by John Cale, except "Booker T." by Cale, Sterling Morrison, Lou Reed and Maureen Tucker. String arrangements and orchestra conducted by Dave Soldier. "Paris s'eveille" − 17:07 "Sanctus" − 18:49 "First Etude" "Second Etude" "Third Etude" "Fourth Etude" "Animals at Night" − 4:46 "The Cowboy Laugs at the Round-up" − 5:04 "Primary Motive" − 7:20 "Factory Speech" "Strategy Session" "Closing Titles" "Booker T." − 3:07 "Antarctica Starts Here" − 3:20 Paris s'eveille - suivi d'autres compositions at Allmusic Paris s'eveille - suivi d'autres compositions at Discogs
III is the third studio album by American indie folk band the Lumineers. The album was released on September 13, 2019; as well as being the Lumineers' third album, the album title references that the album is presented in three chapters, each focusing on a different main character of the fictional Sparks family. Lumineers co-founder Jeremiah Fraites said "This collection of songs worked out in a beautiful way, I feel with this album we've hit our stride." In an interview with NPR, Fraites and Schultz both explained how their lives have been impacted by addiction, that this album was intended to chronicle the effects of addiction on family members and loved ones. "Schultz says he had a childhood friend in New Jersey who came apart as a teenager because of drug addiction. Both band members experienced this because Schultz's friend, Josh Fraites, was the brother of his future bandmate, Jeremiah." As of September 19, 2019, the Lumineers have released 10 music videos from the first 10 tracks of the album, chronicling the main characters and their journey living alongside addiction.
III debuted at number two on the US Billboard 200 with 86,000 album-equivalent units, including 73,000 pure album sales. It is the Lumineers' third top-two album in the US. All tracks are written by Jeremiah Fraites except where noted. Studio musicians Wesley Schultz − vocals, guitar Jeremiah Fraites − piano, tambourine, backing vocals, vibraphone, cymbal scrapes Byron Isaacs − bass, backing vocals Lauren Jacobson − violin, backing vocals Simone Felice − maraca, backing vocals David Baron − synths, harmonium Anneke Schaul-Yoder − cello