The Art Students League of New York is an art school located on West 57th Street in Manhattan, New York City, New York. The League has been known for its broad appeal to both amateurs and professional artists and for over 130 years has maintained a tradition of offering reasonably priced classes on a flexible schedule to accommodate students from all walks of life. Although artists may study full-time, there have never been any degree programs or grades, this informal attitude pervades the culture of the school. From the 19th century to the present, the League has counted among its attendees and instructors many important artists, contributed to numerous influential schools and movements in the art world; the League maintains a significant permanent collection of student and faculty work, publishes an online journal of writing on art-related topics, called LINEA. The journal's name refers to the school's motto Nulla Dies Sine Linea or "No Day Without a Line", traditionally attributed to the Greek painter Apelles by the historian Pliny the Elder, who recorded that Apelles would not let a day pass without at least drawing a line to practice his art.
Founded in 1875, the League's creation came about in response to both an anticipated gap in the program of the National Academy of Design's program of classes for that year, to longer-term desires for more variety and flexibility in education for artists. The breakaway group of students included many women, was housed in rented rooms at 16th Street and Fifth Avenue; when the Academy resumed a more typical—but liberalized—program in 1877, there was some feeling that the League had served its purpose, but its students voted to continue its program, it was incorporated the following year. Influential board members from this formative period included painter Thomas Eakins and sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens. Membership continued to increase, forcing the League to relocate to larger spaces; the League participated in the founding of the American Fine Arts Society in 1889, together with the Society of American Artists and the Architectural League, among others. The American Fine Arts Building at 215 West 57th Street, constructed as their joint headquarters, has continued to house the League since 1892.
Designed in the French Renaissance style by one of the founders of the AFAS, architect Henry Hardenbergh, the building is a designated New York City Landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. In the late 1890s and early 1900s an increasing number of women artists came to study and work at the League many of them taking on key roles. Among them were Wilhelmina Weber Furlong and her husband Thomas Furlong; the avant-garde couple served the league in executive and administrative roles and as student members throughout the American modernism movement. Alice Van Vechten Brown, who would develop some of the first art programs in American higher education studied with the league until prolonged family illness sent her home; the painter Edith Dimock, a student from 1895 to 1899, described her classes at the Art Students League: In a room innocent of ventilation, the job was to draw Venus and her colleagues. We were not allowed to hitch bodies to the heads——yet; the dead white plaster of Paris was a perfect inducer of eye-strain, was called "The Antique."
One was supposed to work from "The Antique" for two years. The advantage of "The Antique" was that all these gods and athletes were such excellent models: there never was the twitch of an iron-bound muscle. Venus never batted her hard-boiled egg eye, the Discus-thrower never wearied, they were cheap models and did not have to be paid union rates. In his official biography, My Adventures as an Illustrator, Norman Rockwell recounts his time studying at the school as a young man, providing insight into its operation in the early 1900s; the League's popularity persisted into the 1920s and 1930s under the hand of instructors like painter Thomas Hart Benton, who counted among his students there the young Jackson Pollock and other avant-garde artists who would rise to prominence in the 1940s. In the years after World War II, the G. I. Bill played an important role in the continuing history of the League by enabling returning veterans to attend classes; the League continued to be a formative influence on innovative artists, being an early stop in the careers of Abstract expressionists, Pop Artists and scores of others including Lee Bontecou, Helen Frankenthaler, Al Held, Eva Hesse, Roy Lichtenstein, Donald Judd, Knox Martin, Robert Rauschenberg, James Rosenquist, Cy Twombly and many others vitally active in the art world.
In 1968, Lisa M. Specht was elected first female president of "The League"; the League's unique importance in the larger art world dwindled somewhat during the 1960s because of higher academia's emergence as an important presence in contemporary art education, due to a shift in the art world towards minimalism, conceptual art, a more impersonal and indirect approach to art making. As of 2010, the League remains an important part of New York City art life; the League continues to attract a wide variety of young artists. From 1906 until 1922, again after the end of World War II from 1947 until 1979, the League operated a summer school of painting at Woodstock, New York. In 1995, the League's facilities expanded to include the Vytlacil campus in Sparkill, New York, nam
El Wali Amidane is a Sahrawi human rights activist and an outspoken opponent of the Moroccan invasion of the territory of Western Sahara. He is known for his imprisonment and subsequent torture received in response to his activities on behalf of Saharawi human rights. In May 2005, Amidane started his activities in the movement behind the Independence Intifada. For this, he was one of the first Saharawi human rights defenders to be arrested that year, he is member of the Saharawi organisation Collectif des Défenseurs Sahraouis des droits de l'homme. In 2006, few months after his release, Amidane's home was attacked by armed group of special forces of the Moroccan police. El Wali and his sister Elkouria Amidane were tortured, his sister was subsequently released, while El Wali Amidane was sentenced to five years imprisonment. Amidane undertook several hunger strikes while in jail. While in jail, his family's home in Western Sahara was stormed on numerous occasions, while his family was subjected to beatings
Frank in the River is a 24-page comic story by Jim Woodring. Like all Frank stories, Frank in the River is wordless and the story is conveyed in pantomime, it was published by Tundra in 1992 in a special full-color issue of Tantalizing Stories, Tantalizing Stories Presents Frank in the River, features Woodring's signature character, Frank. The special issue included a shorter full-color story by Mark Martin featuring his character Montgomery Wart. While trespassing inside an elaborate ornamental garden, Frank accidentally knocks over a huge statue, destroying it and part of a wall. Receiving a bill for the damages, he takes a job cleaning the inside and grounds of a large building which seems to be a palace. While he is cleaning he notices a red cistern in the center of one of the palace rooms. At the end of the day he is fed a meal of gruel by Manhog, a palace employee; the next morning a swarm of strange monsters clamber out of a nearby river and onto the palace grounds. Frank runs out to do battle with them, by the end of the day has killed them all.
He buries their corpses in a hole. Cleaning up after the battle, he peeks in the cistern and finds a small figurine which resembles the statue he knocked over. At dinner Frank finds that Manhog has chopped up the remains of the monsters he killed and cooked them into a nauseating porridge. Rejecting the food, Frank goes to bed; that night Frank is awakened by a light turning on. Getting up, he sees Manhog moving around, surreptitiously follows him down a long flight of stairs to an underground canal. Frank's attempts to find out what Manhog is up to are thwarted when he unexpectedly encounters a stop sign, which causes him to tear back towards his room in a panic. After catching his breath he looks in the cistern again, finds a different figurine shaped like one of the monsters he fought earlier. Getting an idea, Frank makes a figurine that puts it in the cistern. Soon a small squad of Frank clones emerge from the river; the real Frank, pleased with himself, sits back and smokes a pipe, while Manhog is dismayed by the approaching clones.
Manhog looks in the cistern and finds the Frank figurine, which he smashes on the ground in anger. Down in the mess hall the Frank clones wait expectantly for food. Manhog again serves up his same monster carcass porridge. Unlike the real Frank, the clones hungrily lap it up; when one of the clones bites down on a hard object in his porridge, all the clones are alarmed to see that it is the figurine of the destroyed statue. They chase Manhog back into the kitchen, where they are appalled to see evidence of the carnage that went into making their meal; the Frank clones seize both Manhog and the remaining monster carcasses and drag them into the river, where they all disappear. The real Frank, observing the scene from a telescope, is happy, he puts it back in the red cistern. Having earned lots of money from the work he has been doing, he quits his job and goes to repay the owner of the garden, but the owner pats him on the head and allows him to keep the money. Frank goes to a real estate agent and buys himself a house, from which he can look out and see the place where he toiled.
Frank in the River is reprinted in the book collections Frank Volume 1 and The Frank Book, both published by Fantagraphics Books. Frank in the River was the first full-color Frank story by Woodring, is still his longest color story to date, its intense, luminous hues won Woodring the 1993 Harvey Award for Best Colorist, while the special issue it appeared in won the award for Best Single Issue or Story. Woodring and the story were each nominated for an Eisner Award, for Best Painter and Best Short Story respectively; the logic of cause and effect behind the sequence of events in Frank in the River is notoriously difficult to figure out. Woodring once released a limited facsimile edition of the complete rough draft of the story, "with a caption under each panel explaining just what is going on."
Frank Jean Seator was a Liberian striker who spent most of his football career in Asia. He died on 12 February 2013 at the Firestone Medical Hospital in Liberia. Seator played with Espérance in Tunisia, as well as clubs in Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Sweden. In 2005, Seator played with Perak FA in Malaysia, became a popular player with the fans, he scored 69 goals in a half seasons. He played for Indonesian side Persis Solo. Seator was a long-time member of the Liberia national football team, he was a member of the 2002 African Cup of Nations Liberia squad. He was part of the Liberian squad qualifying for the 2008 African Cup of Nations. Seator signs for Esperance BBC Sport, 30 November 2002 Frank Seator Dispels Rumors of Expulsion LiberianSoccer.com, 12 November 2002
HD 136118 b is a brown dwarf located 171 light-years away in the constellation of Serpens Cauda. This object had a minimum mass of 11.9 times that of Jupiter. Due to its high mass the planet is to be hot and glowing faintly; the lower limit on its mass is only less than the deuterium burning threshold that some astronomers use to distinguish between planets and brown dwarfs. Depending on the inclination of its orbit, the true mass could be above this limit; the orbit of the object is located at the average distance of 1.45 astronomical units from the parent star, taking 40 months to complete one eccentric orbit. On November 25, 2009, its inclination was calculated to be 163.1° and its true mass 42 times that of Jupiter, classifying this as a brown dwarf. "Notes for planet HD 136118 b". The Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 2008-08-20. "HD 136118". Exoplanets. Archived from the original on 2009-11-25. Retrieved 2008-08-20
Somersville Towne Center is a regional shopping mall located in Antioch, California. Named County East Mall until 2004, the 501,259 square feet mall is managed by Urban Retail Properties. Opened in 1966, it is strategically positioned in one of the fastest growing areas of the San Francisco Bay area, east Contra Costa County. Along with high population growth, east Contra Costa County is experiencing sizable household income increases. Somersville Towne Center is the only enclosed regional mall in east Contra Costa County yet is the second regional mall in the south east portion of Antioch, its closest neighbor-mall is The Streets of Brentwood outdoor shopping mall in nearby Brentwood, which opened in 2008. The mall is anchored by Macy's. County East Mall was opened in 1966 as an open-air mall with Sears, W. T. Grant as the original anchor tenants. In the mid-1970s, JCPenney replaced Grant's as the mall's third anchor. A major overhaul in the late-1980s transformed the mall into an enclosed shopping center with Gottschalks added as a fourth anchor tenant.
JCPenney closed on January 25, 1997, was occupied for several years by a furniture retailer until the 97,000 square feet building was gutted in 2003 and replaced by the larger Macy's anchor in 2004. Further expansion brought in Marshalls as a fifth anchor in March 2008. In August 2008, Mervyns announced it would close several underperforming stores, including the Somersville Towne Center location, which closed in December of that year. Gottschalks closed due to bankruptcy in 2009. In late 2012, it was announced that a trampoline park was slated to take a portion of the former Gottschalks. A major overhaul completed in 1989 transformed County East Mall from an open-air shopping mall to an enclosed shopping center; the mall's most recent renovation was in 2004, including the opening of the Macy's anchor tenant in a new two-story building and a cosmetic makeover of the mall's interior. The new construction and makeover, which included new paint, new landscaping, new flooring, improvements to the mall's entrances, cost a reported US$20 million.
The mall changed names from County East Mall to Somersville Towne Center at this time. In 2013, Factory 2-U opened a Fallas Paredes store in the former Mervyns. A year the mall was sold by Macerich to Time Equities, with Spinoso Group as leasing agent. In 2015, Smart & Final opened up in the mall as a replacement for Marshalls, which closed in 2013. In December 2016, the first half of the former Gottschalks was replaced by a 24 Hour Fitness super sports club; the second half remains vacant. In November 2018, Hibbett Sports opened up in the mall, replacing Hot Topic & Zumiez which closed in 2013 & Summer 2018 respectively. On August 6, 2019, it was announced that Sears will be closing this location as part of a plan to close 26 stores nationwide; the store closed in October 2019. On January 8, 2020, it was announced that Macy's would be closing this location in Spring 2020 as part of a plan to close 29 stores nationwide; this will leave Fallas as the only anchor tenant left. Http://www.contracostatimes.com/contra-costa-times/ci_25394674/antiochs-somersville-towne-center-acquired-by-new-york Somersville Towne Center website