Artemis is the Greek goddess of the hunt, the wilderness, wild animals, the Moon, chastity. Artemis is the daughter of Zeus and Leto, the twin sister of Apollo, she was the patron and protector of young girls, was believed to bring disease upon women and relieve them of it. Artemis was worshipped as one of the primary goddesses of childbirth and midwifery along with Eileithyia. Much like Athena and Hestia, Artemis is sworn never to marry. Artemis was one of the most venerated of the Ancient Greek deities and her temple at Ephesus was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Artemis' symbols included a bow and arrow, a quiver and hunting knives and the deer and the cypress were sacred to her; the goddess Diana is her Roman equivalent worshipped on the Aventine Hill near Lake Nemi and in Campania. The name Artemis is of uncertain etymology, although various sources have been proposed. According to J. T. Jablonski, the name is Phrygian and could be "compared with the royal appellation Artemas of Xenophon.
According to Charles Anthon the primitive root of the name is of Persian origin from *arta, *art, *arte, all meaning "great, holy," thus Artemis "becomes identical with the great mother of Nature as she was worshipped at Ephesus". Anton Goebel "suggests the root στρατ or ῥατ, "to shake," and makes Artemis mean the thrower of the dart or the shooter"; the name may be related to Greek árktos "bear", supported by the bear cult the goddess had in Attica and the Neolithic remains at the Arkoudiotissa Cave, as well as the story of Callisto, about Artemis. It is believed that a precursor of Artemis was worshipped in Minoan Crete as the goddess of mountains and hunting, Britomartis. While connection with Anatolian names has been suggested, the earliest attested forms of the name Artemis are the Mycenaean Greek, a-te-mi-to /Artemitos/ and, a-ti-mi-te /Artimitei/, written in Linear B at Pylos. R. S. P. Beekes suggested. Artemis was venerated in Lydia as Artimus. Georgios Babiniotis, while accepting that the etymology is unknown states that the name is attested in Mycenean Greek and is of Pre-Greek origin.
Ancient Greek writers, by way of folk etymology, some modern scholars, have linked Artemis to ἄρταμος, artamos, i.e. "butcher" or, like Plato did in Cratylus, to ἀρτεμής, artemḗs, i.e. "safe", "unharmed", "uninjured", "pure", "the stainless maiden". Various conflicting accounts are given in Classical Greek mythology regarding the birth of Artemis and Apollo, her twin brother. However, in terms of parentage, all accounts agree that she was the daughter of Zeus and Leto and that she was the twin sister of Apollo. In some sources she is born at the same time as Apollo, in others, later. An account by Callimachus has it that Hera forbade Leto to give birth on either terra firma or on an island. Hera was angry with her husband Zeus because he had impregnated Leto but the island of Delos disobeyed Hera and Leto gave birth there. According to the Homeric Hymn to Artemis the island where Leto gave birth was Ortygia. In ancient Cretan history Leto was worshipped at Phaistos and, in Cretan mythology, Leto gave birth to Apollo and Artemis on the islands known today as Paximadia.
A scholium of Servius on Aeneid iii. 72 accounts for the island's archaic name Ortygia by asserting that Zeus transformed Leto into a quail in order to prevent Hera from finding out about his infidelity, Kenneth McLeish suggested further that in quail form Leto would have given birth with as few birth-pains as a mother quail suffers when it lays an egg. The myths differ as to whether Artemis was born first, or Apollo. Most stories depict Artemis as born first, becoming her mother's midwife upon the birth of her brother Apollo; the childhood of Artemis is not related in any surviving myth. The Iliad reduced the figure of the dread goddess to that of a girl, having been thrashed by Hera, climbs weeping into the lap of Zeus. A poem by Callimachus to the goddess "who amuses herself on mountains with archery" imagines some charming vignettes. Artemis, while sitting on the knee of her father, asked him to grant her ten wishes: to always remain a virgin to have many names to set her apart from her brother Phoebus to have a bow and arrow made by the Cyclopes to be the Phaesporia or Light Bringer to have a knee-length tunic so that she could hunt to have sixty "daughters of Okeanos", all nine years of age, to be her choir to have twenty Amnisides Nymphs as handmaidens to watch her dogs and bow while she rested to rule all the mountains any city to have the ability to help women in the pains of childbirth.
Artemis believed that she had been chosen by the Fates to be a midwife since she had assisted her mother in the delivery of her twin brother, Apollo. All of her companions remained virgins, Artemis guarded her own chastity, her symbols included the golden bow and arrow, the hunting dog, the stag, the Moon. Callimachus tells how Artemis spent her girlhood seeking out the things that she would need to be a huntress, how she obtained her bow and arrows from the isle of Lipara, where Hephaestus and the Cyclopes worked. Oceanus' daughters were filled with fear, but the young Artemis bravely approached and asked for bow and arrows. Callimachus tells how Artemis visited Pan, the god of the forest, who gave her seve
Espinar Province is one of thirteen provinces in the Cusco Region in the southern highlands of Peru. Some of the highest mountains of the province are listed below: The province is divided into eight districts, each of, headed by a mayor; the districts, with their capitals in parenthesis, are: Alto Pichigua Condoroma Coporaque Espinar Ocoruro Pallpata Pichigua Suykutambo On 21 May 2012, agricultural leadership in Espinar Province announced a strike against the planned expansion of Tintaya mine, a copper mine owned by the Swiss corporation Xstrata. The leaders' demands included higher environmental standards, more money for area development, independent oversight of the mine. Strikers occupied the roads to the mine over the following week. In response, President Ollanta Humala declared a state of emergency in the province, suspending constitutional rights, deployed police commandos against the strikers. Two civilians were killed in the resulting clashes, seventy police officers were injured. On 30 May, provincial mayor Oscar Mollohuanca was arrested by the national government and accused of inciting protests against an expansion of a copper mine owned by Xstrata.
He was conditionally released on 13 July. The people in the province are indigenous citizens of Quechua descent. Quechua is the language which the majority of the population learnt to speak in childhood, 30.75% of the residents started speaking in Spanish. K'anamarka Mawk'allaqta Mullu Q'awa Qillqa Taqrachullu
Growing Pains is the debut studio album from the English alternative rock band Dinosaur Pile-Up. The album was released for CD, vinyl and digital download on 4 October 2011 on the Friends vs Records label; the whole album was recorded by lead singer and guitarist Matt Bigland in a homemade studio in Bridlington between late 2009 and early 2010. Around this time, Steve Wilson and Tom Dornford-May left the band to pursue other projects; this meant whilst Matt was recording Growing Pains he had to bring in new members Harry Johns and Mike Shiels. The album was released 4 October 2010. In September 2009, an early version of "All Around the World" was featured in the video game Colin McRae: Dirt 2; the reviews for Growing Pains have been moderate to favorable. NME rated Growing Pains a 7/10, saying that "DP-U don’t give the most fleeting of shits about anything remotely modern. Having said that, seeing as most of the attention focused on them thus far has focused on their being either grunge revivalists or Nirvana copyists, it’s worth making clear that ‘Growing Pains’ is better than either description suggests.
Sure, there’s more than a hint of the Cobain in the ragged guitars and self-centred lyrical conceits, but rather than just aping Nirvana they instead share similar influences – Pixies and Melvins – as well as update the mid-’90s college rock sound that Archers Of Loaf, Guided By Voices and Built To Spill made their own."The Guardian gave the album 4/5 stars, saying, "Growing Pains is part Nirvana with the confrontation dialled down, part Foo Fighters with the punkishness turned up. It's great, rowdy fun and nothing gets in the way of the tunes: Never That Together keeps teasing the listener with a brief lift from the Beatles' Please Please Me, former singles Mona Lisa, My Rock'n'Roll and Traynor should have been hits."AddictMusic.com gave the album 3/5 stars and have stated, "On the album there is only one track that leaves the relentless guitar chugging behind and opts for a softer direction – ‘Hey You’. It is a shame because ‘Hey You’ is beautiful, shows the guys do have musical talent.
More it shows they are not afraid to deviate from their archetypal sound, yet for some reason they choose not to". The review lists'Birds and Planes','Never That Together' and'Maybe Its You' as favorites and says, "Dinosaur Pile-Up have huge potential and they are ones to look out for in the future, but ‘Growing Pains’ is just a little too repetitive to make it more than just another alt-rock album." All songs composed by Matt Bigland. Matt Bigland – Vocals, Guitar Mike Sheils – Drums Jim Cratchley – Bass,Vocals