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Sheila Jasanoff

Sheila Sen Jasanoff is an Indian American academic and significant contributor to the field of Science and Technology Studies. Born in India, Jasanoff attended Radcliffe College, where she studied mathematics as an undergraduate, receiving her bachelor's degree in 1964, she studied linguistics, receiving her M. A. at the University of Bonn. She returned to Harvard to complete a Ph. D. in linguistics in 1973, a J. D. at Harvard Law School in 1976. She practiced environmental law in Boston from 1976 to 1978, she and her husband accepted positions at Cornell University, where she became a pioneer in the newly emerging field of Science and Technology Studies. In 1998, Jasanoff joined the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University as a professor of public policy. In 2002, she became Pforzheimer Professor of Science and Technology Studies. Jasanoff founded and directs the Program on Science and Society at the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, her research focuses on the state in contemporary democratic societies.

Her work is relevant to science & technology studies, comparative politics and society, political and legal anthropology and policy analysis. Jasanoff's research has considerable empirical breadth, spanning the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, India, as well as emerging global regimes in areas such as climate and biotechnology. One line of Jasanoff's work demonstrates how the political culture of different democratic societies influences how they assess evidence and expertise in policymaking, her first book, Controlling Chemicals, examines the regulation of toxic substances in the United States and the United Kingdom. The book showed how the routines of decision making in these countries reflected different conceptions of what counts as evidence and of how expertise should operate in a policy context. In Designs on Nature: Science and Democracy in Europe and the United States, she has shown how different societies employ different modes of public reasoning when making decisions involving science and technology.

These differences, which in part reflect distinct "civic epistemologies," are embedded in institutions and shape how policy issues are framed and processed by the bureaucratic machinery of modern states. Jasanoff has contributed to scholarship on the interaction of science and law. Science at the Bar, for example, reached beyond the prevailing diagnoses of structural incompatibilities between science and law to explore how these embedded institutions interact and, to a certain extent, mutually constitute each other; the concept of regulatory science, conducted for the purposes of meeting mandated standards, the "boundary" drawing activities of science advisory committees are analyzed in The Fifth Branch. More she has explored the "rise of the statistical victim" in toxic torts, as the law with its individualistic orientation has encountered, sought ways to accommodate, the statistical vision of such fields as epidemiology. In her work on science and law, as well as her research on science in the state, she takes an approach that links ideas from constitutional law, political theory, science studies to consider the "constitutional" role of science in modern democratic states.

Jasanoff has considered the politics of science not only in a comparative but in a global context. Examples include her work on the transnational aspects of the Bhopal disaster. Jasanoff has contributed to building Science and Technology Studies as a field. Prior to moving to Harvard, she was the founding chair of the Department of Science & Technology Studies at Cornell University, she is the founder of the Science & Democracy Network, a group of scholars interested in the study of science and the state in democratic societies that has met annually since 2002. Her research has been recognized with many awards, including the Bernal Prize from the Society for Social Studies of Science, a Guggenheim Fellowship, the Albert O. Hirschman Prize from the Social Science Research Council, she is married to Jay H. Jasanoff, has two children, Maya Jasanoff, a professor in the Department of History at Harvard, Alan Jasanoff, a professor in the Department of Biological Engineering at MIT Personal Website Harvard Bio Society for Social Studies of Science Science & Democracy Network Sheila Jasanoff, Program on Science and Society at Harvard Kennedy School

Saatse

Saatse is a village in Setomaa Parish, Võru County in southeastern Estonia. It has a population of 89. Saatse and its neighbouring villages are notable as part of Estonia that although not an enclave, before 2008 wasn't reachable by road without passing through Russian territory for several hundred metres, through an area known as the Saatse Boot. In 2008 a new Matsuri–Sesniki road was opened, making it possible to reach the area without passing through the Saatse Boot. However, this is a 15 -- 20 km detour. Saatse was earlier known as Gorki; the present name Saatse has been derived from a Russian village name Zatšerenje, turned into Satseri and Saatse. It an area inhabited by Seto people, who follow Orthodox traditions, there is a Seto museum; the museum is a subsidiary of the Seto Talumuuseum at Värska, was founded in 1974, has 20,000 exhibits including collections of agricultural implements and machinery, fishing equipment, pottery. The oldest buildings in the village are the Holy Paraskeva Orthodox Church.

The current stone building replaced a wooden structure from 1673 and was constructed in 1801. It had a 22-metre-high wooden belfry added in 1839, was extended in length in 1884