Sir Arthur Stanley Eddington was an English astronomer and mathematician. He was a philosopher of science and a populariser of science; the Eddington limit, the natural limit to the luminosity of stars, or the radiation generated by accretion onto a compact object, is named in his honour. Around 1920, he anticipated the discovery and mechanism of nuclear fusion processes in stars, in his paper "The Internal Constitution of the Stars". At that time, the source of stellar energy was a complete mystery. Eddington wrote a number of articles that announced and explained Einstein's theory of general relativity to the English-speaking world. World War I had severed many lines of scientific communication, new developments in German science were not well known in England, he conducted an expedition to observe the solar eclipse of 29 May 1919 that provided one of the earliest confirmations of general relativity, he became known for his popular expositions and interpretations of the theory. Eddington was born 28 December 1882 in Kendal, England, the son of Quaker parents, Arthur Henry Eddington, headmaster of the Quaker School, Sarah Ann Shout.
His father taught at a Quaker training college in Lancashire before moving to Kendal to become headmaster of Stramongate School. He died in the typhoid epidemic which swept England in 1884, his mother was left to bring up her two children with little income. The family moved to Weston-super-Mare where at first Stanley was educated at home before spending three years at a preparatory school; the family lived at a house called 42 Walliscote Road, Weston-super-Mare. There is a commemorative plaque on the building explaining Sir Arthur's contribution to science. In 1893 Eddington entered Brynmelyn School, he proved to be a most capable scholar in mathematics and English literature. His performance earned him a scholarship to Owens College, Manchester in 1898, which he was able to attend, having turned 16 that year, he turned to physics for the next three years. Eddington was influenced by his physics and mathematics teachers, Arthur Schuster and Horace Lamb. At Manchester, Eddington lived at Dalton Hall, where he came under the lasting influence of the Quaker mathematician J. W. Graham.
His progress was rapid, winning him several scholarships and he graduated with a BSc in physics with First Class Honours in 1902. Based on his performance at Owens College, he was awarded a scholarship to Trinity College, Cambridge in 1902, his tutor at Cambridge was Robert Alfred Herman and in 1904 Eddington became the first second-year student to be placed as Senior Wrangler. After receiving his M. A. in 1905, he began research on thermionic emission in the Cavendish Laboratory. This did not go well, meanwhile he spent time teaching mathematics to first year engineering students; this hiatus was brief. Through a recommendation by E. T. Whittaker, his senior colleague at Trinity College, he secured a position at the Royal Observatory in Greenwich where he was to embark on his career in astronomy, a career whose seeds had been sown as a young child when he would "try to count the stars". In January 1906, Eddington was nominated to the post of chief assistant to the Astronomer Royal at the Royal Greenwich Observatory.
He left Cambridge for Greenwich the following month. He was put to work on a detailed analysis of the parallax of 433 Eros on photographic plates that had started in 1900, he developed a new statistical method based on the apparent drift of two background stars, winning him the Smith's Prize in 1907. The prize won him a Fellowship of Cambridge. In December 1912 George Darwin, son of Charles Darwin and Eddington was promoted to his chair as the Plumian Professor of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy in early 1913; that year, Robert Ball, holder of the theoretical Lowndean chair died, Eddington was named the director of the entire Cambridge Observatory the next year. In May 1914 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society: he was awarded the Royal Medal in 1928 and delivered the Bakerian Lecture in 1926. Eddington investigated the interior of stars through theory, developed the first true understanding of stellar processes, he began this in 1916 with investigations of possible physical explanations for Cepheid variable stars.
He began by extending Karl Schwarzschild's earlier work on radiation pressure in Emden polytropic models. These models treated a star as a sphere of gas held up against gravity by internal thermal pressure, one of Eddington's chief additions was to show that radiation pressure was necessary to prevent collapse of the sphere, he developed his model despite knowingly lacking firm foundations for understanding opacity and energy generation in the stellar interior. However, his results allowed for calculation of temperature and pressure at all points inside a star, Eddington argued that his theory was so useful for further astrophysical investigation that it should be retained despite not being based on accepted physics. James Jeans contributed the important suggestion that stellar matter would be ionized, but, the end of any collaboration between the pair, who became famous for their lively debates. Eddington defended his method by pointing to the utility of his results his important mass-luminosity relation.
This had the unexpected result of showing that all stars, including giants and dwa
Keith M. Aucoin is a retired American professional ice hockey player who played in the National Hockey League, he was raised in Waltham and Chelmsford and attended Chelmsford High School. Aucoin spent four seasons with Norwich University in Northfield, before turning professional in 2001. Aucoin made his NHL debut during the 2005–06 NHL season with the Carolina Hurricanes, it was at the end of this season that he was a member of the "Black Aces," a group of players kept on the roster as healthy scratches for the Hurricanes' playoff run that ended with the Hurricanes being crowned Stanley Cup champions. Aucoin did not have his name added to the cup as he did not play in any of the playoff games, but can be seen on the ice during the celebration and did receive a championship ring, he would go on to play 53 regular season games for the Hurricanes over three seasons, scoring 5 goals and 15 points. On July 3, 2008, Aucoin signed with the Washington Capitals. After attending the Capitals training camp for the 2008–09 season, the Capitals sent Aucoin to their AHL affiliate, the Hershey Bears.
Aucoin's presence with Hershey had an immediate impact as he won the Reebok Player of the Week honors on October 12, 2008, the AHL Player of the Month for October 2008. In his first 20 games of 2008, he scored. In December 2008, Aucoin was called up to the NHL with the Capitals, playing in 12 games, scoring two goals and assisting on four, he was reassigned back to the Bears for the playoffs where he won the Calder Cup in six games over the Manitoba Moose. During the 2009–10 season, Aucoin was re-signed to a two-year contract extension on March 8, 2010. In helping the Bears capture a second consecutive Calder Cup, he was awarded the Les Cunningham Award as the league's most valuable player during the regular season. For the 2011–12 season, Aucoin made the Capitals opening night roster due to injuries of other forwards, he was a regular in the playoffs. It was the most time he spent in the NHL since 2008. On July 21, 2012, Keith signed a one-year two-way deal with the Toronto Maple Leafs organization.
With the intention to bolster the offense of Maple Leafs affiliate, the Toronto Marlies, Aucoin was directly assigned to the AHL to start the 2012–13 season. After the resolution of the NHL lockout, Aucoin was recalled to the Maple Leafs training camp. On reassignment to the Marlies, he was claimed off waivers from the New York Islanders on January 17, 2013. Despite the shortened season, Aucoin played his first full season in the NHL. In 41 games, he produced 6 goals and 12 points in a checking line role and helped the Islanders return to the playoffs for the first time since 2007. On July 5, 2013, Keith signed as a free agent to a one-year deal with the St. Louis Blues organization. Aucoin's contract with the Blues was not renewed at the end of the season. On June 13, 2014, after failing to secure a tryout with any other NHL team, Aucoin signed a two-year deal with Swiss club, HC Ambrì-Piotta of the National League A. Aucoin enjoyed a successful debut season in Europe with Piotta, contributing with 31 points in 41 regular season games.
Unable to progress to the playoffs, Aucoin left Switzerland after one season, to sign a one-year contract in Germany with EHC München of the Deutsche Eishockey Liga on June 19, 2015. He remained with EHC München for his final three seasons before retiring in 2018. Keith's younger brother, Phil Aucoin played professional ice hockey. 1999–00: First All-Conference Team 1999–00: Player of the Year 2000–01: First All-Conference Team 2000–01: Player of the Year 2005–06: Second Team All-Star 2006–07: Second Team All-Star 2007–08: All-Star Team CPT 2008–09: All-Star 2008–09: American Hockey League Leader in Assists 2008–09: American Hockey League Calder Cup Champion 2009–10: All-Star 2009–10: American Hockey League Leader in Assists 2009–10: John B. Sollenberger Trophy Leading Scorer 2009–10: Les Cunningham Award Most Valuable Player 2009–10: American Hockey League Calder Cup Champion 2010–11: Second All-Star Team 2011–12: All-Star 2015–16: DEL Champion 2016–17: DEL Champion 2017–18: DEL Champion Biographical information and career statistics from NHL.com, or Eliteprospects.com, or Hockey-Reference.com, or Legends of Hockey, or The Internet Hockey Database, or TSN.ca
Berca Airfield is a former civil airport and military airfield, located in the Al Birkah suburb of Benghazi, Libya. The facility appears to be a pre-World War II civil airport which may have been used by the Italian Regia Aeronautica Air Force. After the Italian invasion of Egypt and the arrival of the German Luftwaffe in 1941, it was used by the Axis as a military airfield. After the seizure of Bengazi by the British Eighth Army during the Western Desert Campaign in early 1943, it was used by the United States Army Air Force during the North African Campaign by the 98th Bombardment Group, which flew B-24 Liberator heavy bombers from the airfield between 26 March-4 April 1943. In the 1950s and 1960s Berka II was Detachment 3 of the 633rd Aircraft Control and Warning Squadron, which had its main site at Wheelus Air Force Base at Tripoli and Detachment 2 at Misurata, both in Libya. Not sure when these were activated/ deactivated, but I was stationed in Benghazi from October 1956 until the beginning of December 1957.
At the time, I seem to recall spelling Berka was with a ‘k’, not a ‘c’. Its subsequent postwar history is unknown, today the area has been rebuilt into part of the urban area of Benghazi. From about 1960 to 1967 or thereabouts the airstrip was used as a base by World Wide Helicopters Ltd who were flying both small fixed wing aircraft and helicopters in support of oil exploration activity in the desert; this article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4. Maurer, Maurer, ed.. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II. Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556
Glewstone Court in Herefordshire is a building of historical significance listed on the English Heritage Register It was built in about 1810 for Charles Ballinger, a wealthy landowner from Chalford in Gloucestershire. It is now a country house hotel which provides accommodation, restaurant facilities and caters for special events weddings. Charles Ballinger built the house in about 1810, he was born in 1773 in Bisley in Gloucestershire. His father’s name was Charles Ballinger and his mother was Elizabeth Webb, his father was a wealthy clothier from Chalford. When his father died in 1798 Charles inherited a substantial fortune. In about 1805 he built Skaiteshill House in Chalford. In 1816 at the age of 43 he married Sarah Jones whose father was Edmund Jones of Poulstone Court in Herefordshire which still exists today; the couple had no children but one of their nephews Walter Ballinger lived nearby in Ross at Weir End Cottage. In 1825 Charles bought Great Brampton House in Madley; the couple lived there for the next 25 years.
Charles died in 1851 and Sarah died in 1860. They were buried in Goodrich Church and there is a memorial plaque on the north wall of the Church. Lieutenant Colonel Basil Jackson came with his wife Frances to live at Glewstone Court in about 1858 shortly after his retirement from the military, he remained there for the next 16 years. Basil Jackson was born in Glasgow in 1795, he was the son of Major Basil Jackson, in the British Army. He was promoted to Lieutenant soon after, he fought in the Battle of Waterloo and afterwards he was sent to St Helena with Napoleon Bonaparte to assist with the living arrangements for the Emperor’s exile. It is this part of his life, the most colourful and he wrote several books about this time, he was only 19 years old but he spoke fluent French and was therefore considered to be a suitable to liaise with Bonaparte. He is mentioned in the books that have been written about the Emperor’s exile on St Helena, his duties on the island were to supervise the living arrangements at Longwood House, the residence of Napoleon.
He was a watercolorist and while he was at St Helena he painted Longwood House, shown. He was at St Helena for four years leaving in 1819. In 1828 he married the couple had several children. One of their daughters lived with her parents at Glewstone Court. In 1874 the Jacksons went to live in Hillborough House in Ross-On-Wye. Basil died in 1889 at the age of 94 years. Charles Henry Harrison came to live at Grewstone Court in 1875 at the time of his marriage, his wife was Sarah Maria Ballinger the only daughter of Walter Ballinger who as mention above was a nephew of Charles Ballinger the original builder of the house. This couple built the additional two Tudor style wings on either side of the house. Charles Harrison was born in India in 1836, he entered the Indian Army at the age of 18 and fought in several wars including the Persian and Abyssinian Wars. The Harrison's moved to Kenilworth in Worchester, he died in 1894 at the age of 58. Charles Lee Campbell and his wife Elizabeth were the next residents and they remained there until about 1897.
Lieutenant Colonel Lawrence Corban and his wife Myra were residents for some years. The 1911 Census shows that James Rynd Briscoe a retired merchant and his wife Linda lived at the Court. In about 1925 until his death in 1933 Sir Percy Densham a company director owned the property. For many years Eric Wellington Ward Bailey owned the Court. One of the most distinguished residents of Glewstone court was Lieutenant General Sir Francis Nosworthy and his wife Audrey who came there shortly after his retirement in 1945 and remained there for the next ten years, he was Commander in Chief of West African Command during World War II. Hotel website
The Annandale Imitation Realists was a short-lived collaborative group of Australian mixed media avant-garde artists formed in Sydney in 1961. Founding members were Mike Brown, Ross Crothall, Colin Lanceley, they staged exhibitions in Sydney's Rudy Komon Gallery and John Reed's Museum of Modern Art and Design in Melbourne. Andrew Sayers, former head of Australia's National Portrait Gallery, described their work as "chaotic and profuse—collaborative collages consisting of junk and plastic objects, doodle-like drawings, paintings celebrating a bizarre cast of characters." According to Lanceley, Imitation Realism was a reaction against what the members perceived as the "conservatism and lack of guts" of the Sydney art world. The group dissolved in 1964. Ross Crothall, Colin Lanceley and Mike Brown met through East Sydney Technical College in 1956, but by 1958 only Lanceley remained at the college, where he studied painting under renowned Australian abstract artist John Olsen; the three, along with a group of their classmates, had experimented with collaborative art making practices and avant-garde forms of art.
Their interests began to diversify into other fields such as assemblage, collage, "junk art", non-Western art Indigenous Australian art and the body ornaments and tribal house decorations of New Guinea. They collected scraps and debris in the streets of Sydney and in junk yards, infusing their art with a sense of urban larrikinism. By 1960, Crothall and Brown were living together in a house Crothall had rented in Annandale and Lanceley was a frequent visitor, they mounted their first exhibition in February 1962 at the Melbourne Museum of Modern Art and Design, their second and final exhibition in May 1962 at the Rudy Komon Gallery in Sydney. Robert Hughes thought their work owes more to "folk art incrustation" than high art, recognized the influence of Sepik art: "In the early 1960s the Sydney artworld was saturated in Melanesian art from the Sepik. One could not be unfamiliar with it." Many had difficulty classifying the works of the Annandale Imitation Realists. According to art historian Christopher Heathcote, "There was confusion over what to call the'Imitation Realism'.
What was this style? Several writers opted for pop art, yet the works resembled neither the European nor American varieties of pop..... Imitation Realism represented a complete disregard for accepted artistic values." Comparisons were drawn to Dadaism and the "anti-art" of Marcel Duchamp, primitive art and children's drawings. Mike Brown noted that at different times their work was called "modern reliquary, satirical goonery, inspired or uninspired doodling.... It has been said to comprise a new Art Movement. God forbid."The group ended in 1964 when Lanceley departed for Europe. He returned to Sydney in 1981, at which stage significant works of the Annandale Imitation Realists were represented in all major galleries in Australia. Lanceley's 1961 work Glad Family Picnic is considered a masterpiece of the movement, is deemed a collection highlight at the Art Gallery of New South Wales. "Byzantium", 1961, collaborative work by Crothall and Brown at the National Gallery of Australia
Eugenia Wang, Ph. D. is a professor at the University of Louisville whose primary focus is researching the genetic aspect of aging in humans. She was among the first researchers who discovered the parts of the human genome that could either accelerate or slow the process of apoptosis. Wang was born in China during the Chinese Civil War. Due to her country's internal strife and her mother and three siblings were forced to evacuate to Hanyang Guangzhou; when she was three, they moved to Taiwan. Her father joined them and remained there until 1967. Bates, D. J. Li, N. Liang, R. Sarojini, H. An, J. Masternak, M. M. Bartke, A. and Wang, E. MicroRNA regulation in Ames dwarf mouse liver is linked to delayed ageing. Aging Cell 9:1 - 18.. PMID 19878148. Khanna, A. Muthusamy, S. Liang, R. Sarojini, H. and Wang, E. Gain of survival signaling by down-regulation of three key miRNAs in brain of calorie-restricted mice. Aging 3: 223 - 236. PMID 21415464. Li, N. Bates, D. J. An, J. and Wang, E. Up-regulation of key microRNAs and the inverse down-regulation of their potential target genes of oxidative phosphorylation during aging in mouse brains.
Neurobiology of Aging 32: 944–955. PMID 19487051. Liang, R. Khanna, A. Muthusamy, S. Li, N. Sarojini, H. Kopchick, J. Masternak, M. M. Bartke, A. and Wang, E. Posttranscriptional regulation of IGF1R by key microRNAs in longlived mutant mice. Aging Cell. 10: 1080-1088. PMID 21967153. Liang, R. and Wang E. Full-length 3' Un-Translated Region reporter construction with recombineering. Analytical Biochemistry. 424: 162-167 PMID 22366478 PubMed Profile