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Arthur Fadden

Sir Arthur William Fadden, was an Australian politician who served as Prime Minister of Australia from 29 August to 7 October 1941. He was the leader of the Country Party from 1940 to 1958. Fadden was born in Queensland, to Irish immigrant parents, he was raised in Walkerston, left school at the age of 15. He was appointed town clerk of Mackay in 1916, but following the 1918 cyclone moved to Townsville and opened an accountancy firm, he was elected to the Townsville City Council in 1930, in 1932 was elected to the Queensland Legislative Assembly for the Country and Progressive National Party. Fadden lost his seat in 1935, but the following year won a by-election to the federal Division of Darling Downs. In March 1940, Fadden was named a minister without portfolio in the government of Robert Menzies, who led the United Australia Party in a coalition with the Country Party. A few months following the deaths of three senior ministers in an air crash, he took over as Minister for Air and Minister for Civil Aviation.

In October 1940, Fadden replaced Harold Thorby as deputy leader of the Country Party. The leadership was vacant at the time, following Archie Cameron's resignation, so Fadden became acting leader of the party and de facto deputy prime minister. Menzies subsequently promoted him to Treasurer of Australia. Fadden served as acting prime minister for four months early in 1941, became popular for his conciliatory manner, he became the official leader of the Country Party following a ballot in March 1941. In August 1941, Menzies resigned as prime minister after losing the confidence of his ministry. Fadden was elected leader of the UAP–Country coalition in his place, became prime minister. However, he held office for just 39 days before being replaced by John Curtin, whose Labor Party had moved a motion of no confidence. After losing the prime ministership, Fadden continued on as Leader of the Opposition for two more years, he resigned in favour of Menzies following the coalition's massive defeat at the 1943 election.

When Menzies returned as prime minister in 1949, Fadden became Treasurer for a second time, holding office until his retirement from politics in 1958. Only Peter Costello has served in the position for longer. Fadden enjoyed one of the most rapid rises in Australian political history, moving from private citizen to the prime ministership in just 11 years, he was the first prime minister born in Queensland, the first and only member of the Country Party to become prime minister with his own mandate. Fadden was born in Ingham, Queensland, on 13 April 1894, he was the eldest of ten children – seven sons and three daughters – born to Annie and Richard John Fadden. His parents were both born in his mother in County Tyrone and his father in County Galway. Fadden moved to Walkerston at a young age, where his father was officer-in-charge of the local police station, he had a "typical country childhood", but suffered the deaths of three of his younger siblings in separate accidents. Fadden received his only formal education at the Walkerston State School, except for a brief period at Te Kowai while his usual school was being renovated.

His first jobs included performing sound effects at the local cinema. Fadden left school at the age of 15 and began working as a "billy boy" on a cane-cutting gang at Pleystowe, he secured an indoor job as an office boy at the Pleystowe Sugar Mill, where his colleagues include two future Labor MPs – Maurice Hynes and George Martens. In his spare time, he developed an interest in the theatre, both as a performer and treasurer of the local company. In April 1913, Fadden moved to Mackay to become assistant town clerk of the Mackay Town Council, he defeated 56 other applicants for the position. In 1916, his superior, Frederick Morley, was dismissed as town clerk over allegations of theft, which Fadden himself had uncovered. Morley received a two-year jail term, Fadden was promoted in his place, again defeating more than 50 other applicants, he had attempted to enlist in the Australian Army the previous year, but was rejected on health grounds. In 1918, Fadden served on the committee of the relief fund for the Mackay cyclone, which devastated the town and killed thirty people.

However, he resigned as town clerk in September of that year and moved to Townsville, where he established his own accountancy firm. He had qualified as an accountant through a correspondence course from a school in Melbourne. According to his memoirs, Fadden struggled to make ends meet as an accountant, considered relocating to Brisbane. However, he found an unused loophole in the tax code that allowed him to gain a competitive advantage, his business prospered thereafter, he was able to take on partners and opened a second office in Brisbane. In 1930, Fadden was elected to the Townsville City Council as part of a non-partisan grouping calling themselves the "serviceable six", he developed a feud with the city's chief engineer, Sidney Roberts, whom he publicly criticised for using coal from New South Wales instead of from the local Bowen Basin mines. He was once again able to use his auditing skills to his advantage, getting Roberts fired for inconsistencies in his balance sheets; the resulting publicity served as a springboard for his political career.

At the 1932 state election, Fadden was elected to the Queensland Legislative Assembly as a member of the Country and Progressive National Party. Aided by a favourable redistribution, he won the seat of

Drava Banovina

The Drava Banovina or Drava Banate, was a province of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia between 1929 and 1941. This province was named for the Drava River; the capital city of the Drava Banovina was Ljubljana. According to the 1931 Constitution of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, The Drava Banovina is bounded by a line passing from the point where the northern boundary of the district of Čabar cuts the State frontier following the State frontier with Italy and Hungary to a point where the State frontier with Hungary reaches the river Mura. From the river Mura, the boundary of the Banovina follows the eastern and the southern boundaries; the Drava Banovina was administratively subdivided into 29 counties: In 1941 the World War II Axis powers occupied the Drava Banovina, it was divided between Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy, while Hungary occupied Prekmurje and the Independent State of Croatia occupied some smaller border areas. Following World War II the region was reconstituted, with additional pre–World War II Italian territory, as the Federal State of Slovenia, within a federal second Yugoslavia.

The following is the list of people who held the title of Ban of Drava Banovina: Media related to Drava Banovina at Wikimedia Commons

Down Down

"Down Down" is a song by English rock band Status Quo. Written by Francis Rossi and Bob Young and produced by Status Quo, "Down Down" was Status Quo's only number one single on the UK Singles Chart; the single spent a week at the top of the chart in January 1975. It was released on 29 November 1974 on the Vertigo label, paired with the B-side song "Nightride". Both songs came from the album On the Level; the album version lasts 5 minutes and 24 seconds, whilst the single version is 3 minutes and 49 seconds. The song was inspired by T. Rex's debut single "Debora", it was titled "Get Down", but this was changed before release to avoid confusion with the Gilbert O'Sullivan song of the same name. Towards the end of his life, DJ John Peel was known for playing "Down Down" as part of his eclectic DJ sets. In 1986 co-writer Bob Young recorded a country style version of "Down Down" to open his solo album In Quo Country. In July 2012, Status Quo reworked the lyrics to create a three-minute promotional song for the Australian supermarket chain Coles.

The chorus chants, "down, prices are down". This was released on YouTube, the most notable of which depicted a mince rally; the song was reprised, for the band's thirty-first studio album Aquostic. It was featured in the ninety-minute launch performance of the album at London's Roundhouse on 22 October and recorded and broadcast live by BBC Radio 2 as part of their In Concert series. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics

South Lampung Regency

South Lampung Regency is a regency of Lampung, Indonesia, a strip of land surrounding the provincial capital of Bandar Lampung on its northern and eastern sides, bounded to the west by the new Pesawaran Regency and to the south by the Sunda Strait. It has an area of 2,109.74 km2, a population at the 2010 Census of 909,989. The capital lies at Kalianda; the regency has seen a population influx as migrants escape the crushing population densities and everyday struggles of living in the massive urban paralysis of Greater Jakarta, its along with Bandar Lampung's character is reflecting the cosmopolitan makeup of Jakartans rather than the surrounds of a typical provincial capital and hinterland. This has resulted in flaring of ethnic tensions, including rioting. South Lampung Regency consists of seventeen districts, tabulated below with their populations at the 2010 Census: The districts are sub-divided into 3 kelurahan and 248 desa. Pesawaran Regency that part of South Lampung Regency lying to the west of Bandar Lampung, was carved out of it in 2007.

In January 2011, tens of thousands of inhabitants of South Lampung had to be evacuated by the South Lampung Disaster Mitigation Agency in the seven districts of Kalianda, Katibung, Ketapang and Palas due to volcanic ash from the Mount Anak Krakatau. There is an observation station at Hargopancuran village in South Lampung used to monitor activity. Pekon Gayam

William Penn High School (Philadelphia)

William Penn High School was a public high school serving grades 9-12, located at 1333 N Broad St, Pennsylvania. It was a part of the School District of Philadelphia; the school opened in 1973. In 2009 Penn had 633 students; that year, the school district proposed closing Penn, because its declining enrollment was far below the building capacity and because the building was in poor condition. The district proposed rezoning Penn zone residents who were in the Clymer School zone to Simon Gratz High School, it proposed rezoning Penn zoned residents who were in the zones of Dunbar, Ferguson and Hartranft to Benjamin Franklin High School; some individuals opposed to the closing argued that if Penn was closed and its students were moved to Franklin, students would engage in "turf warfare" and the abandoned school building would become a haven for criminal activity. The closing was approved. In 2014 Temple University paid $15 million to acquire the Penn site. In February 2015 the Philadelphia City Planning Commission approved the demolition of the school.

Demolition began in December 2015, with demolition of the campus's east side scheduled to end in February of the following year, with the west side demolished by the summer of 2016. Temple planned to install an athletic center on the east side. Athletic activities were scheduled to begin on the former Penn site in October 2016, it was located at a convenient location near Broad and Girard Ave that had local eateries, three major fast food chains, a gas station, a CVS Pharmacy, public transportation to the Girard subway station and two major bus routes. This school sat on a beautiful campus. There were so many students in the school before its rapid decline in enrollment, that street lines were put on the floor of major hallways to control student traffic. One building provided two full sized lunchrooms on the second floor. On the first floor of this building was a childcare facility for students that were parents. On the top floor was a greenhouse. Penn housed an Olympic sized swimming pool that only went from three to four feet to teach students to swim.

There was a diving pool with a depth of twelve feet for students that were comfortable with swimming. There was a three-story rock wall in the gym. A ping pong and tennis room and state of the art gym equipment was available to the students. Penn had five programs called SLCs. Communications, Arts and Health; each SLC focused on specific educational requirements. Communications held classes for web design, desktop publishing, television editing, television broadcasting, computer science, newspaper editing, CISCO classes, etc. Penn had a professional television studio and editing software, along with top notch computer labs and a dark room for photography Art SLC had 2 huge two story art rooms with kilns to harden certain art projects. A professional dance studio with a certified teacher that taught various dance art. There was a music room with every musical instrument possible and had certified instructors to teach and lead bands. Health SLC had various health courses and had special biology, chemistry classes.

Business SLC had top notch business courses and typing classes. Masterminds was once an SLC for students that wanted to go into a career in Law and African American studies. In 2001, it was changed into an SLC to get 9th graders ready for high school life. There were so many students at one time, the auditorium had to be used one grade or one SLC at a time according to the material being addressed. On the right of the auditorium were separate banquet rooms for award ceremonies and festivals for the students; this school had a section for special needs students and they were kept in a safe but open environment for them to learn and grow without being forced to mingle with the other students. A list of every class, given to students at its peak in 2004 will be available shortly, including the distinguished classes such as elementary functions; the class of 2004 was the most recent biggest graduating class. Faculty and students were able to park their cars in the garage located under the school for safe off street parking.

The schools color was black and silver with the lion as a mascot. In the fall of 2000, uniforms were implemented in this school for the first time. Students had to wear black slacks with black shoes. William Penn Exemplary Demonstration High was opened in 1970; the 1970 plaque on the front of the building housed a time capsule with the hope one day students can view the contents inside. William Penn High School at the Wayback Machine

2011 raid on Camp Ashraf

On April 8, 2011, the Iraqi Army launched a raid against the People's Mujahedin of Iran, an Iranian opposition group based at Camp Ashraf. 34 people were 318 injured in the raid. The attack was denounced as a "massacre" by PMOI leader Maryam Rajavi and U. S. Senator John Kerry. Camp Ashraf is located northeast of the Iraqi town of Khalis, about 120 kilometers west of the Iranian border and 60 kilometers north of Baghdad, is the seat of the PMOI. Iraq and Iran have designated the PMOI a terrorist group, though not the United States, European Union or United Nations; the PMOI was welcomed into Iraq in the 1980s by then-President Saddam Hussein who funded and armed the group, which fought alongside Iraqi forces during the Iran–Iraq War. Following the 2003 U. S. invasion of Iraq, U. S. troops disarmed its fighters. In return, the U. S. military signed an agreement which provided the camp's 3,400 residents protected status under the Geneva Conventions. In 2009, the U. S. military handed over control to the Shi'a dominated Iraqi government, which has vowed to close the camp as Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki has been trying to bolster his country's ties with Iran.

The Iraqi Army has raided Camp Ashraf prior to the April 2011 attack. In July 2009, Iraqi security forces entered the camp, killing at least nine people and injuring some 400 people. Prior to the raid, tensions had been building between the Iraq army and Ashraf residents, who feared an impending attack as soldiers built up their forces outside the camp; the Iraqi general, Ali Ghaidan Majid, who led the raid stated it was in response to Ashraf residents tossing rocks at his troops and throwing themselves in front of military vehicles. Following the raid, which left 34 dead, the PMOI released footage filmed and edited by members of the group, which show Iraqi soldiers firing at unarmed civilians at Camp Ashraf, using military vehicles to herd and run down crowds of people. Iraqi authorities, on the other hand, claimed that only three people were killed resisting a military operation to return land from camp residents to farmers. Iraq – Iraqi government spokesman Ali al-Dabbagh released a statement in which he said that "This organisation must be removed from Iraqi territory by all means, including political and diplomatic, with the co-operation of the UN and international organisations."

UN – UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay condemned the Iraqi military operation and called for a long-term solution to Camp Ashraf's residents: "There is no possible excuse for this number of casualties. There must be a full and transparent inquiry, any person found responsible for use of excessive force should be prosecuted... "I am well aware that this is a contentious group, with a complicated history, but leaving them to fester in Camp Ashraf was never going to be a solution." US – U. S. Senator John Kerry, Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, condemned the raid as a "massacre" and stated the situation at Camp Ashraf was "untenable": "United Nations confirmation of the scope of last week’s tragedy at Camp Ashraf is disturbing and the Iraqi military action is unacceptable. Corrective action is imperative. First, the Iraqis must stop the bleeding and refrain from any further military action against Camp Ashraf. Second, the Iraqi government has announced a full investigation into the massacre and it must be thorough and serious."

2013 Camp Ashraf attack