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Arthur Schnitzler

Arthur Schnitzler was an Austrian author and dramatist. Arthur Schnitzler was born at Praterstrasse 16, Vienna, capital of the Austrian Empire, he was the son of a prominent Hungarian laryngologist, Johann Schnitzler, Luise Markbreiter, a daughter of the Viennese doctor Philipp Markbreiter. His parents were both from Jewish families. In 1879 Schnitzler began studying medicine at the University of Vienna and in 1885 he received his doctorate of medicine, he began work at Vienna's General Hospital, but abandoned the practice of medicine in favour of writing. On 26 August 1903, Schnitzler married Olga Gussmann, a 21-year-old aspiring actress and singer who came from a Jewish middle-class family, they had a son, born on 9 August 1902. In 1909 they had a daughter, who committed suicide in 1928; the Schnitzlers separated in 1921. Schnitzler died on 21 October 1931 in Vienna of a brain hemorrhage. In 1938, following the Anschluss, his son Heinrich went to the United States and did not return to Austria until 1959.

Schnitzler's works were controversial, both for their frank description of sexuality and for their strong stand against anti-semitism, represented by works such as his play Professor Bernhardi and his novel Der Weg ins Freie. However, although Schnitzler was Jewish, Professor Bernhardi and Fräulein Else are among the few identified Jewish protagonists in his work. Schnitzler was branded as a pornographer after the release of his play Reigen, in which 10 pairs of characters are shown before and after the sexual act and ending with a prostitute; the furor after this play was couched in the strongest anti-semitic terms. Reigen was made into a French language film in 1950 by the German-born director Max Ophüls as La Ronde; the film achieved considerable success in the English-speaking world, with the result that Schnitzler's play is better known there under its French title. Richard Oswald's film The Merry-Go-Round, Roger Vadim's Circle of Love and Otto Schenk's Der Reigen are based on the play.

More in Fernando Meirelles' film 360, Schnitzler's play was provided with a new version as has been the case with many other TV and film productions. In the novella Fräulein Else Schnitzler may be rebutting a contentious critique of the Jewish character by Otto Weininger by positioning the sexuality of the young female Jewish protagonist; the story, a first-person stream of consciousness narrative by a young aristocratic woman, reveals a moral dilemma that ends in tragedy. In response to an interviewer who asked Schnitzler what he thought about the critical view that his works all seemed to treat the same subjects, he replied "I write of love and death. What other subjects are there?" Despite his seriousness of purpose, Schnitzler approaches the bedroom farce in his plays. Professor Bernhardi, a play about a Jewish doctor who turns away a Catholic priest in order to spare a patient the realization that she is on the point of death, is his only major dramatic work without a sexual theme. A member of the avant-garde group Young Vienna, Schnitzler toyed with formal as well as social conventions.

With his 1900 novella Leutnant Gustl, he was the first to write German fiction in stream-of-consciousness narration. The story is an unflattering portrait of its protagonist and of the army's obsessive code of formal honor, it caused Schnitzler to be stripped of his commission as a reserve officer in the medical corps – something that should be seen against the rising tide of anti-semitism of the time. He specialized in shorter works like one-act plays, and in his short stories like "The Green Tie" he showed himself to be one of the early masters of microfiction. However he wrote two full-length novels: Der Weg ins Freie about a talented but not motivated young composer, a brilliant description of a segment of pre-World War I Viennese society. In addition to his plays and fiction, Schnitzler meticulously kept a diary from the age of 17 until two days before his death; the manuscript, which runs to 8,000 pages, is most notable for Schnitzler's casual descriptions of sexual conquests. Collections of Schnitzler's letters have been published.

Schnitzler's works were called "Jewish filth" by Adolf Hitler and were banned by the Nazis in Austria and Germany. In 1933, when Joseph Goebbels organized book burnings in Berlin and other cities, Schnitzler's works were thrown into flames along with those of other Jews, including Einstein, Kafka and Stefan Zweig, his novella Fräulein Else has been adapted a number of times, including the German silent film Fräulein Else, starring Elisabeth Bergner, the 1946 Argentine film The Naked Angel, starring Olga Zubarry. Anatol, a series of seven acts revolving around his immature relationships. Flirtation known as The Reckoning, made into a film by Max Ophüls in 1933, and

Pietro Tacca

Pietro Tacca was an Italian sculptor, the chief pupil and follower of Giambologna. Tacca worked in the Baroque style during his maturity. Born in Carrara, Tuscany, he joined Giambologna's atelier in 1592. Tacca took over the workshop of his master on the elder sculptor's death in 1608, finishing a number of Giambologna's incomplete projects, succeeding him immediately as court sculptor to the Medici Grand Dukes of Tuscany. Like his master he took full advantage of the fashion among connoisseurs for table-top reductions of fine bronze sculptures. Louis XIV possessed Giambolognesque bronzes of Heracles and the Erymanthian Boar P. Torriti 1975. Pietro Tacca di Carrara, Web Gallery of Art: Sculptures by Pietro Tacca Pietro Tacca "La statue équestre de Philippe IV à Madrid, par Pietro Tacca" Carlo Francini, "Restoration of the equestrian statue of Ferdinand de' Medici in Piazza SS. Annunziata" Paris Pittoresque: Pont Neuf

1949 Iowa State Cyclones football team

The 1949 Iowa State Cyclones football team represented Iowa State College of Agricultural and Mechanic Arts in the Big Seven Conference during the 1949 college football season. In their third year under head coach Abe Stuber, the Cyclones compiled a 5–3–1 record, tied for third place in the conference, outscored their opponents by a combined total of 169 to 134, they played their home games at Clyde Williams Field in Iowa. The team's regular starting lineup consisted of left end Dean Laun, left tackle Lowell Titus, left guard Joe Brubaker, center Rod Rust, right guard Billy Myers, right tackle John Tillo, right end Jim Doran, quarterback Don Ferguson, left halfback Lawrence Paulson, right halfback Bob Angle, fullback Bill Chauncey. Dean Laun was the team captain; the team's statistical leaders included Bill Chauncey with 544 rushing yards and 30 points scored, Bill Weeks with 1,247 passing yards, Jim Doran with 688 receiving yards, Bob Angle with 18 points. Three Iowa State players were selected as first-team all-conference players: Doran and Lowell Titus

Independence Day (Turkmenistan)

Independence Day of Turkmenistan is the main state holiday in Turkmenistan. This date is celebrated in Turkmenistan annually on September 27; the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic participated in the referendum held in March 1991 in an attempt to preserve the Soviet Union as a renewed federation called the Union of Sovereign States, a referendum in which 98.26% of voters approved. Following the events of the failed coup that took place in August, the Supreme Soviet of the Turkmenistan decided to adopt the law "About Independence and Bases of a State System of Turkmenistan" declaring its independence on 27 september 1991. After disintegration of the USSR, the Turkmen SSR became one of the last republics in the former Soviet Union to proclaime state sovereignty. In 2018, the government of Turkmenistan voted to move the date a month back to September 27; when it comes to formal protocol, there is a ceremony of laying flowers at the Independence Monument, followed by a massive military parade on the central square of Ashgabat.

On Independence Day, a tradition of awarding outstanding citizens and cultural figures state awards is common practice. In many cities of the country, festive events and concerts are held. Salutes and fireworks in honor of independence are traditional events; the holiday is celebrated with festivities on September 27. In 1997, the Pakistan Army Armoured Corps Centre Band from Nowshera took part in the celebrations

André Petermann

Andreas Emil Petermann, known as André Petermann, was a Swiss theoretical physicist known for introducing the renormalization group, suggesting a quark-like model, work related to the anomalous magnetic dipole moment of the muon. Petermann obtained his doctorate from the University of Lausanne in May 1952 under the supervision of professor Ernst Stueckelberg; the work was funded by the Swiss Atomic Energy Commission. Following Lausanne, Petermann moved on to the University of Manchester, UK, before he became a CERN staff member in 1955; the CERN Theory Division was at that time still hosted at the University of Copenhagen. It was moved to Geneva together with the CERN experimental groups in 1957. Jointly with his advisor, Ernst Stueckelberg, in 1953, they introduced, named the "renormalization group", which describes the running of physical couplings with energy, he apparently independently, considered the idea of quarks, albeit in a abstract, speculative form. Petermann submitted a four-page paper entitled "Propriétés de l'étrangeté et une formule de masse pour les mésons vectoriels" to the journal Nuclear Physics, which received the paper on 30 December 1963, but did not publish the article before March 1965.

In this paper Petermann discusses what has become known as quarks as named by Murray Gell-Mann, whose Physics Letters publication was submitted during the first days of January 1964, "aces" as named by George Zweig, who wrote two CERN-TH preprints later in 1964. Petermann is remembered for his pioneering calculation of the next-to-leading order correction to the anomalous magnetic dipole moment of the muon. Petermann was not consistent. A list of his works can be found in the INSPIRE-HEP Literature Database. André Petermann at the Mathematics Genealogy Project

Toni (1935 film)

Toni is a 1935 French drama film directed by Jean Renoir and starring Charles Blavette, Celia Montalván and Édouard Delmont. It is an early example of the casting of non-professional actors and on-location shooting - both of which would influence the Left Bank of the French New Wave movement. Examining the romantic interactions between a group of immigrants working around a quarry and a farm in Provence, it is generally considered a major precursor to the Italian neorealist movement. Luchino Visconti, one of the founding members of the film movement, was assistant director on the film, it was based out of Marcel Pagnol's studios in Marseille and shot on location in the South of France. Although Toni is not among Renoir's most famous works, it continues to receive positive reviews from critics. Looking for a job Toni goes from Italy to Southern France. A local woman named Marie becomes his lover, but when the Spanish guestworker Josepha comes to town, Toni falls for her. To his disappointment Josepha has a wedding with a wealthier man.

So Toni marries Marie. After Marie has thrown him out of her house he is determined to see Josepha again, he finds her on a farm in the mountains where she lives with her abusive husband. Josepha is about to run away and for that purpose she steals money from her spouse who catches and hits her. While Toni is around she kills the man. Toni sacrifices himself. Charles Blavette as Antonio'Toni' Canova Celia Montalván as Josefa Édouard Delmont as Fernand Max Dalban as Albert Jenny Hélia as Marie Michel Kovachevitch as Sebastian Andrex as Gabi Paul Bozzi as the guitar player Toni has received positive reviews from critics since its release; the acclaimed filmmaker Wes Anderson has named Toni as a favorite film of his. In April 2019, a restored version of the film was selected to be shown in the Cannes Classics section at the 2019 Cannes Film Festival. O'Shaughnessy, Martin. Jean Renoir. Manchester University Press, 20 Oct 2000. Toni on IMDb An essay by Tom Milne on Toni