Texas State Highway Spur 366
Spur 366 named Woodall Rodgers Freeway, is a highway that connects Beckley Avenue and Singleton Boulevard in West Dallas to Interstate 35E and U. S. Highway 75 in central Dallas, Texas; the highway, as part of the downtown freeway loop serves as a dividing line between downtown Dallas on the south and the Uptown and Victory Park neighborhoods on the north. In 2012 the Santiago Calatrava designed Margaret Hunt Hill Bridge was opened, extending Woodall Rodgers west of Interstate 35E across the Trinity River, into West Dallas; the Margaret Hunt Hill Bridge is first of three planned bridges of the Trinity River Project. Klyde Warren Park, completed in 2012, spans the freeway from Saint Paul Street to Pearl Street, connecting the downtown Arts District with Uptown; the freeway travels in a tunnel under the park. The highway is named after Woodall Rodgers, a former mayor of Dallas responsible for the construction of Love Field and Central Expressway. Spur 366 is referred to by most locals as Woodall Rodgers Freeway.
The only signage for Spur 366 is on the ramps to the highway at the interchanges with I-35E and US 75/I-45. As such, the highway is signed TO US 75/I -45 eastbound; the highway begins at a traffic signal at Beckley Avenue. Westbound traffic can continue past the light onto Singleton Boulevard. After the light, Spur 366 crosses the Trinity River on the Margaret Hunt Hill Bridge. From the bridge, traffic can exit to Riverfront Boulevard. An incomplete interchange with I-35E follows, before the freeway serves as the dividing line between Downtown and Uptown. There are many exits for the next mile, most of which contain multiple ramps to serve different streets; the freeway ends at an interchange with US 75/I-45 in northeast Downtown. The exit ramp to northbound US 75 serves Hall Street; the Margaret Hunt Hill Bridge is a steel bridge that carries Woodall Rodgers Freeway over the Trinity River. This is the first steel bridge across the river; the bridge was designed by Santiago Calatrava. Klyde Warren Park is a 5.2-acre park.
The park is located above the freeway between Pearl and St. Paul streets to the west and east, the frontage roads to the north and south. Spur 366 was built along sections of Cochran and Munger Streets between I-35E and US 75/I-45. Once the freeway opened in 1983, it remained unchanged until the construction of the Margaret Hunt Hill Bridge and Klyde Warren Park in 2012; the entire route is in Dallas County. All exits are unnumbered. DFWFreeways.info: Spur 366 Woodall Rodgers Freeway History Official site: Woodall Rodgers deck park project
A bar association is a professional association of lawyers. Some bar associations are responsible for the regulation of the legal profession in their jurisdiction. In many Commonwealth jurisdictions, the bar association comprises lawyers who are qualified as barristers or advocates in particular, versus solicitors. Membership in bar associations may be mandatory or optional for practicing attorneys, depending on jurisdiction; the use of the term bar to mean "the whole body of lawyers, the legal profession" comes from English custom. In the early 16th century, a railing divided the hall in the Inns of Court, with students occupying the body of the hall and readers or benchers on the other side. Students who became lawyers crossed the symbolic physical barrier and were "admitted to the bar"; this was popularly assumed to mean the wooden railing marking off the area around the judge's seat in a courtroom, where prisoners stood for arraignment and where a barrister stood to plead. In modern courtrooms, a railing may still be in place to enclose the space, occupied by legal counsel as well as the criminal defendants and civil litigants who have business pending before the court.
In many Commonwealth jurisdictions, including in England and Wales, the "bar association" comprises lawyers who are qualified as barristers or advocates, while the "law society" comprises solicitors. These bodies are sometimes mutually exclusive, while in other jurisdictions, the "bar" may refer to the entire community of persons engaged in the practice of law. In Canada, one is called to the bar after undertaking a post-law-school training in a provincial law society program, undergoing an apprenticeship or taking articles. Legal communities are called provincial law societies, except for Nova Scotia, where it is called the Nova Scotia Barristers' Society, Quebec, where it is called the Barreau du Quebec; the Canadian Bar Association is a professional association of barristers and avocats that serves the roles of advocates for the profession, provides continuing legal education and member benefits. It does not play a part in the regulation of the profession, however. In India under the legal framework set established under the Advocates Act, 1961, a law graduate is required to be enrolled with the Bar Council of India.
The process of enrollment is delegated by the Bar Council of India to the state Bar Councils wherein each state has a Bar Council of its own. Once enrolled with a State Bar Council, the law graduate is recognized as an Advocate provisionally for a period of two years, within which they must clear the All India Bar Examination conducted by the Bar Council of India. Once the advocate clears the AIBE test, they are entitled to appear and practice before any court of law in India. There is no formal requirement for further membership of any Bar Association. However, Advocates do become members of various local or national bar associations for reasons of recognition and facilities which these associations offer; some well-known Bar Associations in India include the Supreme Court Bar Association, Delhi High Court Bar Association, Bombay Bar Association, Delhi Bar Association, National Bar Association of India, All India Bar Association, etc. In Pakistan, a person becomes a licensee of a Provincial Bar Council after fulfilling certain requirements.
He must have a valid law degree LL. B from a recognized university by the Pakistan Bar council, must offer certain undertakings, pay the Provincial Bar Council fees. Furthermore, he shall join any bar association as a member. Tehsil bar associations work under the umbrella of District Bar Association, District Bar Association under Provincial Bar councils, such as the Punjab Bar Council and Sindh Bar Council. To become an advocate, one must first complete six months pupillage with a practising advocate of High Court, whom they must assist on at least ten cases during a six-month pupillage. Membership in the bar is a privilege burdened with conditions. —Benjamin N. Cardozo, In re Rouss, 221 N. Y. 81, 84 In the United States, admission to the bar is permission granted by a particular court system to a lawyer to practice law in that system. This is to be distinguished from membership in a bar association. In the United States, some states require membership in the state bar association for all attorneys, while others do not.
Although bar associations existed as unincorporated voluntary associations, nearly all bar associations have since been organized as corporations. Furthermore, membership in some of them is no longer voluntary, why some of them have omitted the word "association" and call themselves the "state bar" to indicate that they are the incorporated body that constitutes the entire admitted legal profession of a state; some states require membership in the state's bar association to practice law there. Such an organization is called a mandatory, integrated, or unified bar, is a type of government-granted monopoly, they exist at present in a slight majority of U. S. states: Alabama, Arizona, Florida, Hawaii, Kentucky, Maine, Mississippi, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oregon, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Utah, Washington State, West Virginia and Wyoming. The District of Columbia, the U. S. Virgin Islands and the Northern Mariana Islands have unified bars; the mandatory status of the Puerto Rico Bar Associati
State Thomas, Dallas
State Thomas is a Dallas Landmark District in the Uptown area of Dallas, Texas. It borders downtown to the south at Woodall Rodgers Freeway, Bryan Place to the east at US 75, LoMac to the north and west; the State Thomas neighborhood contains the largest collection of Victorian-era homes remaining in Dallas including the Jacob and Eliza Spake House listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The establishment of the region as a Special Purpose District in 1986 helped make it one of the first new urbanist regions in the city. Griggs Park sits on the northeastern edge of State Thomas, where the neighborhood borders Woodall Rodgers Freeway; the pet-friendly park spans 8 acres and features walking paths, groves of trees, views of both the downtown and uptown Dallas skylines. The park features a memorial to the park's namesake, the Rev. A. R. Griggs, a 19th-century Baptist preacher and leader in the historic State Thomas and Freedman’s community
Dallas the City of Dallas, is a city in the U. S. state of Texas and the seat of Dallas County, with portions extending into Collin, Denton and Rockwall counties. With an estimated 2017 population of 1,341,075, it is the ninth most-populous city in the U. S. and third in Texas after Houston and San Antonio. It is the eighteenth most-populous city in North America as of 2015. Located in North Texas, the city of Dallas is the main core of the largest metropolitan area in the Southern United States and the largest inland metropolitan area in the U. S. that lacks any navigable link to the sea. It is the most populous city in the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, the fourth-largest metropolitan area in the country at 7.3 million people as of 2017. The city's combined statistical area is the seventh-largest in the U. S. as of 2017, with 7,846,293 residents. Dallas and nearby Fort Worth were developed due to the construction of major railroad lines through the area allowing access to cotton and oil in North and East Texas.
The construction of the Interstate Highway System reinforced Dallas's prominence as a transportation hub, with four major interstate highways converging in the city and a fifth interstate loop around it. Dallas developed as a strong industrial and financial center and a major inland port, due to the convergence of major railroad lines, interstate highways and the construction of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. A "beta" global city, the economy of Dallas has been considered diverse with dominant sectors including defense, financial services, information technology, telecommunications, transportation. Dallas is home to 9 Fortune 500 companies within the city limits; the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex hosts additional Fortune 500 companies, including American Airlines, ExxonMobil and J. C. Penney. Over 41 colleges and universities are in its metropolitan area, the most of any metropolitan area in Texas; the city has a population from a myriad of ethnic and religious backgrounds and the sixth-largest LGBT population in the United States as of 2016.
WalletHub named Dallas the fifth most-diverse city in the U. S. in 2018. Preceded by thousands of years of varying cultures, the Caddo people inhabited the Dallas area before Spanish colonists claimed the territory of Texas in the 18th century as a part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain. France claimed the area but never established much settlement. In 1819, the Adams-Onís Treaty between the United States and Spain defined the Red River as the northern boundary of New Spain placing the future location of Dallas well within Spanish territory; the area remained under Spanish rule until 1821, when Mexico declared independence from Spain, the area was considered part of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas. In 1836, with a majority of Anglo-American settlers, gained independence from Mexico and formed the Republic of Texas. Three years after Texas achieved independence, John Neely Bryan surveyed the area around present-day Dallas, he established a permanent settlement near the Trinity River named Dallas in 1841.
The origin of the name is uncertain. The official historical marker states it was named after Vice President George M. Dallas of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. However, this is disputed. Other potential theories for the origin include his brother, Commodore Alexander James Dallas, as well as brothers Walter R. Dallas or James R. Dallas. A further theory gives the origin as the village of Dallas, Scotland, similar to the way Houston, Texas was named after Sam Houston whose ancestors came from the Scottish village of Houston, Renfrewshire; the Republic of Texas was annexed by the United States in 1845 and Dallas County was established the following year. Dallas was formally incorporated as a city on February 2, 1856. With the construction of railroads, Dallas became a business and trading center and was booming by the end of the 19th century, it became an industrial city, attracting workers from Texas, the South, the Midwest. The Praetorian Building in Dallas of 15 stories, built in 1909, was the first skyscraper west of the Mississippi and the tallest building in Texas for some time.
It marked the prominence of Dallas as a city. A racetrack for thoroughbreds was built and their owners established the Dallas Jockey Club. Trotters raced at a track in Fort Worth; the rapid expansion of population increased competition for jobs and housing. In 1921, the Mexican president Álvaro Obregón along with the former revolutionary general visited Downtown Dallas's Mexican Park in Little Mexico; the small neighborhood of Little Mexico was home to a Latin American population, drawn to Dallas by factors including the American Dream, better living conditions, the Mexican Revolution. On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on Elm Street while his motorcade passed through Dealey Plaza in Downtown Dallas; the upper two floors of the building from which alleged assassin Lee Harvey Oswald shot Kennedy, the Texas School Book Depository, have been converted into a historical museum covering the former president's life and accomplishments. On July 7, 2016, multiple shots were fired at a peaceful protest in Downtown Dallas, held against the police killings of two black men from other states.
The gunman identified as Micah Xavier Johnson, began firing at police officers at 8:58 p.m. killing five officers and injuring nine. Two bystanders were injured; this marked the deadliest day for U. S. law enforcement since the September 11 attacks. Johnson told police during a standoff that he
Morton H. Meyerson Symphony Center
The Morton H. Meyerson Symphony Center is a concert hall located in the Arts District of downtown Dallas, Texas. Ranked one of the world's greatest orchestra halls, it was designed by architect I. M. Pei and acoustician Russell Johnson's Inc.. The structural engineers for this project was Leslie E. Robertson Associates, opened in September 1989; the Center is named for Morton H Meyerson, former president of Electronic Data Systems and former chairman and CEO of Perot Systems, who led the 10-year effort by the Dallas Symphony Association to create a home for the Dallas Symphony Orchestra. The new concert center was named in his honor in 1986 at the request of H. Ross Perot, who made a $10 million contribution to the building fund for the naming rights, it is the permanent home of the Dallas Symphony Orchestra and the Dallas Symphony Chorus, as well as the primary performing venue of the Dallas Wind Symphony as well as several other Dallas-based musical organizations. The Meyerson Symphony Center is managed by the City of Dallas Office of Cultural Affairs.
There are four private suites, for small concerts and events designed by Booziotis & Company Architects of Dallas - Texas. The exterior of the large pavilion and lobby is circular and constructed of glass and metal supports to contrast with the solid geometric lines of the actual hall. Architect I. M. Pei, structural engineer Leslie E. Robertson Associates has described the structure of the hall's interior as "very conservative". "It is conservative for reasons I no longer accept," he said in 2000. "I feel that the hall doesn't represent what I would have liked to do. It was my first one." Because the music performed in the hall was to be from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, Pei was unwilling to impose modern styles of architecture on the interior. The trustees and acoustic team had decided on the shoebox style before Pei was hired, he sought to sculpt the exteriors with more innovative designs. "I felt the need to be free," he said. "Therefore, to wrap another form around the shoebox, I started to use curvilinear forms....
It does have some spatial excitement in that space for that reason." The Meyerson Symphony Center is home to the 4,535 pipe C. B. Fisk Opus 100 organ, known as the Lay Family Concert Organ. Although it had been Charles Fisk's dream to build a monumental concert organ, despite years of planning and design, he never lived to see it built, dying in 1983; the resulting instrument, built in 1991 and nearly unanimously hailed as a musical triumph, whilst it built on some of his ideas, was quite different from his original designs. The première performance was given in September 1992 by organists Michael David Higgs; the Eugene McDermott Concert Hall was designed by Artec Consultants. Artec’s Nicholas Edwards built upon ideas of Russell Johnson, the firm’s founder, combining them with his own research and those of the German group in Göttingen. Systematically working through each area of the hall on each level, he generated sketches that indicated the best placement for walls in order to optimize the all-important lateral reflections.
As his ideas crystallized, he began calling the evolving room shape the ‘reverse fan.’ This was the eventual shape of both the Dallas concert hall and its younger sibling, Symphony Hall in Birmingham, England. Both these halls have strong ‘shoebox’ shaping, with the ‘reverse fan’ at the back of the room. 74 thick concrete chamber doors around the top of the hall weighing 2.5 tons each can be opened and closed to increase or reduce reverberance, 56 acoustical curtains help diminish sound vibrations and a system of canopies weighing more than 42 tons is suspended above the stage and can be raised, lowered, or tilted to reflect the sound throughout the audience chamber. The shoebox design was intended to achieve acoustical performance comparable to that of the Vienna Musikverein and the Amsterdam Concertgebouw. Russell Johnson, who died in August 2007, requested in his will that he be buried in the Meyerson, but logistical complications prevented the request from being granted; the Morton H. Meyerson Symphony Center has: 260,000 square feet above ground space 225,000 square feet below ground space 35,130 cubic yards of concrete 30,000 square feet of Italian travertine marble 22,000 pieces of Indiana limestone 4,535 organ pipes 2,062 seats 918 square panels of African cherrywood 216 square panels of American cherrywood 211 glass panels comprising the conoid windows 85-foot high ceiling in the concert hall 74 concrete reverberation chamber doors, each weighing as much as 2.5 tons 56 acoustical curtains 50 restrooms 4 private suites for meetings and recitals List of concert halls List of buildings and structures in Dallas, Texas von Boehm, Gero.
Conversations with I. M. Pei: Light is the Key. Munich: Prestel, 2000. ISBN 3-7913-2176-5. Meyerson Symphony Center's Official Web Site City of Dallas Office of Cultural Affairs Dallas Symphony Orchestra's Official Web Site Official Web Site of the Dallas Symphony Chorus Pei Cobb Freed & Partners Architect and Design firm's official website for the Meyerson Symphony Center Nicholas Edwards, principal acoustics designer for the concert hall Meyerson Symphony Center's C. B. Fisk Organ QTVR Tour of the Meyerson Symphony Center NY Times 1989 Review
AT&T Performing Arts Center
The AT&T Performing Arts Center in Dallas, preliminarily referred to as the Dallas Center for the Performing Arts, is a $354-million multi-venue center in the Dallas Arts District for performances of opera, musical theater and experimental theater and other forms of dance. It opened with a dedication by city leaders on October 12, 2009. Three major architectural firms Foster and Partners, Office for Metropolitan Architecture, REX each designed portions of the Center; the AT&T Performing Arts Center includes four venues and an urban park: Margot and Bill Winspear Opera House, named for Margot and Bill Winspear, who donated $42 million to the Center, is a 2,200 seat opera house and the new venue for the Dallas Opera and Texas Ballet Theater. Dee and Charles Wyly Theatre, named for Dee and Charles Wyly, who donated $20 million to the Center, is a twelve story building containing 80,300 sq ft of space; the theatre holds about 600 people, depending upon the stage configuration and is the new home for the Dallas Theater Center, Dallas Black Dance Theatre and Anita N. Martinez Ballet Folklorico.
The redesigned Annette Strauss Square is an outdoor performance space with lawn seating for 2,500. The Elaine D. and Charles A. Sammons Park, named for Sammons Enterprises, Inc. who donated $15 million to the Center, is an 10-acre urban park unifying the venues. Designed by Michel Desvign of Paris with JJR, Sammons Park was the most significant public park in downtown Dallas until the 2012 debut of Klyde Warren Park; the AT&T Performing Arts Center provides homes for five resident companies: the Dallas Opera, Dallas Theater Center, Texas Ballet Theater, Dallas Black Dance Theatre, Anita N. Martinez Ballet Folklorico. In addition, the Center will produce original programming and partner with local and national organizations to present a wide range of cultural performances, including music, Broadway shows and lectures. SHN consults with the Center on its Broadway series. In its inaugural 2009-2010 season at the Center hosted more than 500 performances, including four world premieres, with performers Billy Crystal, Frank Langella, Hilary Swank, tenors José Carreras and Ben Heppner, jazz greats Ramsey Lewis, Al Jarreau and many others.
Fundraising The initial campaign began in 2000 with a goal of raising $275 million including forty gifts of $1 million. Only $18 million of the total budget for the project was publicly funded. In 2002, funding surpassed $100 million. By groundbreaking in 2005 campaign totals exceeded $200 million, including 80 gifts of $1 million or more. In August 2007 The Center raised its 100th gift of $1 million or more, the first campaign for cultural facilities in the history of the United States to do so. In January 2008, total campaign funding passed the $275 million goal, the Board of Directors voted to increase the goal to $338 million, adding a second parking garage and other improvements to the Center’s venues. By August 2008, campaign funding surpassed $326 million—the largest capital campaign for cultural facilities in the history of Dallas and the most successful project of its kind in American history; the board increased the goal to $354 million, as of May 2009 had raised $335 million. The two largest gifts came earlier in the campaign: $42 million from Margot and Bill Winspear in 2002 and $20 million from Dee and Charles Wyly and Cheryl and Sam Wyly in 2004.
The third largest gift was given in September 2008: a $15 million gift from Sammons Enterprises, Inc. in honor of Elaine D. and Charles A. Sammons. Construction & Dedication Groundbreaking was November 2005 and dedication was on October 12, 2009 followed by a Grand Opening week with various performances and architecture forums. Kevin Duncan produced the grand opening productions. A community open house was held Sunday, October 18, 2009 and featured free outdoor concerts, performance art, family activities and fireworks. Naming-Rights On September 15, 2009, AT&T announced the naming-rights agreement for the performance facility; as part of the deal, The Center will be one of the most technologically advanced performing arts venues in the country, equipped with AT&T Wi-Fi service and complimentary Internet access to patrons. AT&T will offer unique mobile applications to AT&T wireless subscribers. AT&T Performing Arts Center website Dallas Arts District website
Fellowship Church is an evangelical Christian megachurch located in Grapevine, Texas, a suburb of Fort Worth, affiliated with the Southern Baptist Convention. FC's pastor is Ed Young, since its opening in 1989. FC started in 1989 as a mission church of the First Baptist Church of Irving and was known as "Fellowship of Las Colinas". 150 members of First Baptist Irving relocated to the new church. FC met in a rented facility next to the Irving Arts Center and across from MacArthur High School, both of which would figure in its history. Prior to its opening, the membership hired Edwin Barry Young as its Senior Pastor. Young convinced the church to adopt the "seeker church" style made popular by Bill Hybels and Willow Creek Community Church. One of the church's first actions was to de-emphasize its ties with the Southern Baptist Convention and change its name to "Fellowship of Las Colinas". Another move was to use contemporary music during the services, to offer services on Saturday evenings. Most notably, FC adopted the concept of "age appropriate" teaching—children 5th grade and under are provided separate services at their level of maturity, parents are encouraged to send their children to those services.
FC purports that several families, after being hesitant to return to FC—mainly due to its size and non-traditional approach to church—did so after finding out their children loved the activities. The strategy proved successful, FC outgrew its original facility. Thus, it moved across the parking lot to the nearby Irving Arts Center. During this time, FC tried the concept of "simultaneous services"—one group would meet at FC's facility while another would meet at the Arts Center; the FC music team would play at one site while Young preached at the other midway through the services the teams would switch places. The concept was shortly dropped. Meanwhile, FC began to look for a suitable site for its permanent facility. FC discovered a 160-acre site on traveled State Highway 121 north of Dallas Fort Worth International Airport, being auctioned by the Resolution Trust Corporation. Though larger than FC wanted, FC did not have the option to bid on only a portion of the site—it had to bid on the entire site or not bid at all.
FC agreed to bid on the site, was the successful bidder. Two years the announcement was made that Grapevine Mills would be built across the street from FC. Unsolicited offers came in for portions of the FC property, FC sold a 22-acre parcel on the north side of the property for the exact amount it had borrowed earlier, thus allowing it to begin construction debt-free. Meanwhile, FC outgrew the Irving Arts Center, it thus moved across the street to MacArthur High School. In order to maintain the "age-appropriate" services for preschoolers and children, this required volunteers to undergo a difficult preparation procedure. In April 1998, FC completed and moved to its current facility and adopted its present name. Young and Hybels spoke at the dedication service. In 2018, the weekly attendance is 24,162. In early 2005, FC opened two satellite campuses, Fellowship Church Plano and Fellowship Church Uptown. Fellowship Church Uptown was renamed to Fellowship Church Downtown after it moved to a church-owned facility in Downtown Dallas.
In 2005, a third satellite campus was added, Fellowship Church Alliance. In October 2007 the campus relocated to in a new facility west of downtown Fort Worth, near the museum district, was renamed Fellowship Church Fort Worth. In 2006 FC opened a fourth campus and its first outside the DFW area, Fellowship Church Miami in South Miami. In 2008, FC opened Allaso Ranch camp and retreat center in Hawkins, which hosts a satellite weekend service. In 2012, FC added. In 2013, FC opened a new campus in Texas. In 2017, South Biscayne Church in North Port, Florida became part of the FC family. In 2018, the FC Celina/Prosper campus relocated and is now in Frisco, TX In 2018, FC opened a new campus in Frisco, Texas. In 2018, FC purchased Journey Church in Oklahoma. All satellite campuses act as extensions of FC. Fellowship Church is the location for Ed Young's annual leadership conference, the C3 Conference known as the Creative Church Culture Conference. In September 2007, FC launched a website, ineed2change.com, in conjunction with a sermon series of the same name.
Shortly after the 2010 Haiti earthquake, Fellowship Church, in partnership with C3 Global, began to support local orphanages, providing food and medical supplies. Since Fellowship Church, C3 Global and its partner churches have provided over 8 million meals to orphans in Haiti. Since March 2013, Fellowship Church has hosted an annual citywide Good Friday service for the Dallas/Ft. Worth metroplex at the newly built Klyde Warren Park. In August 2013, Fellowship Church opened a leadership college, University of Next Level, designed to develop a generation of leaders to lead. Areas of study include theology, leadership development, spiritual formation with a required internship. Degrees offered are a 2-year Associate in Church Leadership & Ministry and 1 year diploma in Church Leadership and Ministry. Fellowship Church official site