University of Notre Dame
The University of Notre Dame du Lac is a private Catholic research university in Notre Dame, Indiana. The main campus covers 1,261 acres in a suburban setting and it contains a number of recognizable landmarks, such as the Golden Dome, the Word of Life mural, the Notre Dame Stadium, the Basilica; the school was founded on November 26, 1842, by Edward Sorin, its first president. Notre Dame is recognized as one of the top universities in the United States, in particular for its undergraduate education. Undergraduate students are organized into six colleges and Letters, Engineering, Business and Global Affairs; the School of Architecture is known for teaching New Classical Architecture and for awarding the globally renowned annual Driehaus Architecture Prize. The university offers over 15 summer programs. Notre Dame's graduate program has more than 50 master and professional degree programs offered by the five schools, with the addition of the Notre Dame Law School and an MD–PhD program offered in combination with the Indiana University School of Medicine.
It maintains a system of libraries, cultural venues and scientific museums, including the Hesburgh Library and the Snite Museum of Art. The majority of the university's 8,000 undergraduates live on campus in one of 31 residence halls, each with its own traditions, legacies and intramural sports teams; the university counts 134,000 alumni, considered among the strongest alumni networks among U. S. colleges. The university's athletic teams are members of the NCAA Division I and are known collectively as the Fighting Irish. Notre Dame is known for its football team, which contributed to its rise to prominence on the national stage in the early 20th century. Other ND sport teams, chiefly in the Atlantic Coast Conference, have accumulated 17 national championships; the Notre Dame Victory March is regarded as one of the most famous and recognizable collegiate fight songs. Started as a small all-male institution in 1842 and chartered in 1844, Notre Dame reached international fame at the beginning of the 20th century, aided by the success of its football team under the guidance of coach Knute Rockne.
Major improvements to the university occurred during the administration of Theodore Hesburgh between 1952 and 1987 as Hesburgh's administration increased the university's resources, academic programs, reputation and first enrolled women undergraduates in 1972. Since, the university has seen steady growth, under the leadership of the next two presidents, Edward Malloy and John I. Jenkins, many infrastructure and research expansions have been completed. Notre Dame's growth has continued in the 21st century, it possesses one of the largest endowments of any U. S. university, at $13.1 billion. In 1842, the Bishop of Vincennes, Célestine Guynemer de la Hailandière, offered land to Edward Sorin of the Congregation of Holy Cross, on the condition that he build a college in two years. Sorin arrived on the site with eight Holy Cross brothers from France and Ireland on November 26, 1842, began the school using Stephen Badin's old log chapel, he soon erected additional buildings, including the Old College, the first church, the first main building.
They acquired two students and set about building additions to the campus. Notre Dame began as a primary and secondary school, but soon received its official college charter from the Indiana General Assembly on January 15, 1844. Under the charter the school is named the University of Notre Dame du Lac; because the university was only for male students, the female-only Saint Mary's College was founded by the Sisters of the Holy Cross near Notre Dame in 1844. The first degrees from the college were awarded in 1849; the university was expanded with new buildings to accommodate more students and faculty. With each new president, new academic programs were offered and new buildings built to accommodate them; the original Main Building built by Sorin just after he arrived was replaced by a larger "Main Building" in 1865, which housed the university's administration and dormitories. Under William Corby's first administration, enrollment at Notre Dame increased to more than 500 students. In 1869 he opened the law school, which offered a two-year course of study, in 1871 he began construction of Sacred Heart Church, today the Basilica of the Sacred Heart, Notre Dame.
Beginning in 1873, a library collection was started by Auguste Lemonnier, housed in the Main Building, by 1879 it had grown to ten thousand volumes. This Main Building, the library collection, was destroyed by a fire in April 1879; the university founder and the president at the time, William Corby planned for the rebuilding of the structure that had housed the entire University. Construction was started on May 17, by the incredible zeal of administrator and workers the building was completed before the fall semester of 1879; the library collection was rebuilt and stayed housed in the new Main Building for years afterwards. Around the time of the fire, a music hall was opened. Known as Washington Hall, it hosted musical acts put on by the school. By 1880, a science program was established at the university, a Science Hall (today LaFortu
Paquito D'Rivera is a Cuban-born American saxophonist and composer who plays and composes jazz and classical music. Paquito Francisco D'Rivera was born in Cuba, his father played classical saxophone, entertained his son with Duke Ellington and Benny Goodman records, he sold musical instruments. He took D'Rivera to concert bands and orchestras. At age five, D'Rivera began saxophone lessons by his father. In 1960 he attended the Havana Conservatory of Music, where he learned saxophone and clarinet and met Chucho Valdés. In 1965, he was a featured soloist with the Cuban National Symphony Orchestra, he and Valdés founded Orchestra Cubana de Musica Moderna and in 1973 the group Irakere, which fused jazz, rock and Cuban music. By 1980, D'Rivera had become dissatisfied with the constraints placed on his music in Cuba for many years. In an interview with ReasonTV, D'Rivera recalled that the Cuban communist government described jazz and rock and roll as "imperialist" music, discouraged in the 1960s/70s, that a meeting with Che Guevara sparked his desire to leave Cuba.
In early 1981, while on tour in Spain, he sought asylum with the American Embassy, leaving his wife and child behind, with a promise to bring them out of Cuba. Upon his arrival in the United States, D'Rivera found great support for his family, his mother and his sister, had left Cuba in 1968 and became US citizens. Maura had worked in the US in the fashion industry for many years, Rosario had become a respected artist/entrepreneur, he was introduced to the jazz scene at some prestigious clubs and concert halls in New York. He became something of a phenomenon after the release of his first two solo albums, Paquito Blowin' and Mariel. In 2005, D'Rivera wrote a letter criticizing musician Carlos Santana for his decision to wear a T-shirt with the image of Che Guevara on it to the 2005 Academy Awards, citing Guevara's role in the execution of counter-revolutionaries in Cuba, including his own cousin. D'Rivera has performed in venues such as Carnegie Hall and played with the National Symphony Orchestra, London Symphony Orchestra, London Philharmonic Orchestra, Florida Philharmonic Orchestra, Bronx Arts Ensemble, Puerto Rico Symphony Orchestra, YOA Orchestra of the Americas, Costa Rica National Symphony, American Youth Philharmonic, Simón Bolívar Symphony Orchestra.
Throughout his career in the United States, D'Rivera's albums have received reviews from critics and have hit the top of the jazz charts. His albums have shown a progression that demonstrates his extraordinary abilities in bebop and Latin/Caribbean music. D'Rivera's expertise transcends musical genres as he is the only artist to have won Grammy Awards in both Classical and Latin Jazz categories. D'Rivera was a judge for the 5th and 8th annual Independent Music Awards to support independent artists; the band backing D'Rivera consists of Peruvian bassist Oscar Stagnaro, Argentinean trumpeter Diego Urcola, American drummer Mark Walker, pianist Alex Brown. As a whole they are named the "Paquito D'Rivera Quintet" and under this name they were awarded the Latin Grammy Award for Best Latin Jazz Album for the album Live at the Blue Note in 2001. D'Rivera resides in New Jersey. 2003 Doctorate Honoris Causa in Music, Berklee College of Music 2004 Clarinet of the Year Award, Jazz Journalists Association 2005 NEA Jazz Masters 2005 National Medal of Arts 2006 Clarinet of the Year, Jazz Journalists Association 2007 Composer in Residence, Caramoor Center for Music and the Arts 2007 Fellowship Award for Music Composition, Guggenheim Foundation 2007 Living Jazz Legend Award, The Kennedy Center and The Catherine B. Reynolds Foundation Series for Artistic Excellence 2008 President's Award, International Association for Jazz Educators 2012 Honorary Doctoral Degree, State University of New York at Old Westbury 1979 Irakere, Best Latin Recording – 22nd Annual Grammy Awards 1996 Portraits of Cuba won Best Latin Jazz Performance – 39th Annual Grammy Awards 2000 Tropicana Nights won Best Latin Jazz Album – 1st Annual Latin Grammy Awards 2001 Live at the Blue Note – won Best Latin Jazz Album – 2nd Annual Latin Grammy Awards 2003 Historia del Soldad won Best Classical Album – 4th Annual Latin Grammy Awards 2003 Brazilian Dreams won Best Latin Jazz Album – 4th Annual Latin Grammy Awards 2004 "Merengue" won Best Instrumental Composition – 47th Annual Grammy Awards 2008 Funk Tango won Best Latin Jazz Album – 50th Annual Grammy Awards 2011 Panamericana Suite won Best Classical Contemporary Composition - 12th Annual Latin GRAMMY Awards 2011 Panamericana Suite won Best Latin Jazz Album – 12th Annual Latin Grammy Awards 2013 Song For Maura won Best Latin Jazz Album, Paquito D'Rivera with Trio Corrente, 56th Annual GRAMMY Awards 2014 Song for Maura won Best Latin Jazz Album, Paquito D'Rivera with Trio Corrente, 15th Annual Latin GRAMMY Awards 2016 Paquito & Manzanero" 2015 Aires Tropicales" 2014'Jazz Meets the Classics 2013'Song for Maura 2012'Dia y Medio a Day and a Half 2010'Panamericana Suite, 2010'Tango Jazz, Live from Jazz at Lincoln Center 2010'Paquito D'Rivera presents Alex Brown 2010'Terra Incognita, Imani Winds 2009'Quartier Latin 2009'Jazz Clazz 2008'Back in New York with Sebastian Schunke 2007'Funk Tango SSC4551 2006'Musica Para Los Amigos 82876819032 2005'The Jazz Chamber Trio JD293 2004'Riberas 0500-02 2002'Big Band Time 59773-2 2002'Historia Del Soldado DD&R CB R014 2002'Brazilian Dreams 1010 2
Saint Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra
The Saint Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra was formed in 1882, is Russia's oldest symphony orchestra. The Saint Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra was known as the Imperial Music Choir, performed for the Court of Alexander III of Russia. By the 1900s, the Orchestra started to give public performances at the Philharmonia and elsewhere in Russia. After the Russian Revolution, the Orchestra was taken over by the members, the name was changed to the State Philharmonic Orchestra of Petrograd. In the 1920s, the Orchestra began receiving support from the State, began to be known internationally. Guest conductor appearances were made by Bruno Walter, Ernest Ansermet, Hans Knappertsbusch during this time; the city of Petrograd was renamed Leningrad three days after the death of Vladimir Lenin, the founder of the Soviet Union. Around this time, the Orchestra was renamed the Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra; the Orchestra gained its most fame under the lengthy directorship of Yevgeny Mravinsky. It made few tours to the West, the first tour was to Finland in the Spring of 1946.
Under Mravinsky's direction, the Orchestra premiered seven of Shostakovich's Symphonies. In 1991, the Orchestra was renamed the Saint Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra. Today, the Orchestra is an internationally recognized, the Chief Conductor is Yuri Temirkanov. Hermann Fliege Hugo Varlikh Serge Koussevitzky Emil Cooper Valery Berdyaev Nikolai Malko Aleksandr Gauk Fritz Stiedry Yevgeny Mravinsky Yuri Temirkanov Saint Petersburg Academic Symphony Orchestra Leningrad Philharmonic Orchestra, discography at Naxos Records The official page of the Saint Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra Dettmer, Roger. St. Petersburg Philharmonic Orchestra at AllMusic Article at Bach-Cantatas.com
Pharrell Lanscilo Williams is an American rapper, songwriter, record producer and fashion designer. Williams and Chad Hugo comprise the record production duo The Neptunes, producing hip hop and R&B music, he is the lead vocalist of the band N*E*R*D, that he formed with Hugo and childhood friend, Shay Haley. He released his first solo single, "Frontin'", in 2003 and followed up with his debut solo album, In My Mind, in 2006, his second album, was released in March 2014 and included the commercially successful single, "Happy". As part of the Neptunes, Williams has produced numerous singles for various recording artists. Williams has earned ten Grammy Awards including two with the Neptunes, he is a two-time Academy Award nominee, receiving a 2014 Best Original Song nomination for "Happy" and a 2017 Best Picture nomination as one of the producers of Hidden Figures. Williams owns I Am Other, a multimedia creative collective that serves as an umbrella for all of Pharrell Williams' endeavors, including Billionaire Boys Club.
Williams was born on April 5, 1973, in Virginia Beach, the oldest of three sons of Pharaoh Williams, a handyman, his wife Carolyn, a teacher. His roots extend for generations in Virginia and North Carolina, one of his ancestors journeyed to West Africa in 1831, prompting other relatives to emigrate from America to Liberia in 1832, he met Chad Hugo in a seventh-grade summer band camp where Williams played the keyboards and drums and Hugo played tenor saxophone. They were both members of a marching band. Williams and Hugo attended Princess Anne High School. Hugo attended Kempsville High School. In the MTV show When I Was 17, Pharrell stated that he was a nerd and did things that made him stand out from most of his peers. Williams attended Northwestern University for two years before dropping out. In the early 1990s, Hugo and Williams formed a four-piece "R&B-type" group, the Neptunes, with friends Shay Haley and Mike Etheridge, they entered a high school talent show where they were discovered by Teddy Riley, whose studio was next to Princess Anne High School.
After graduating from high school, the group signed with Riley. Through working with Riley, Williams went on to write a verse and help produce for Wreckx-N-Effect's 1992 hit "Rump Shaker"; that same year, he performed a small rap solo on SWV's second hit, "Right Here". Williams and Hugo met rap duo Clipse in Virginia Beach in 1993, where they were signed to Arista Records through Williams' Star Trak Entertainment imprint. In 1994, Hugo and Williams had established themselves as a production duo under their old name "The Neptunes", assistant-produced "Tonight's The Night" from Blackstreet's self-titled album. Over the next three years they continued to produce and some of the results had little resemblance to the Neptunes' sound later. However, some like Mase's 1997 song "Lookin' at Me" from his album Harlem World, the most definite beginning of the distinctive "Neptunes sound", came with N. O. R. E's "Superthug" in 1998, reaching number 36 on the Billboard Hot 100, gaining them widespread attention for the first time.
In 1999, a mutual friend introduced Williams to Kelis, their resulting collaboration produced her first album Kaleidoscope. At this point the Neptunes were gaining a wide audience. In 2000, they produced the song I Just Wanna Love U for Jay Z's album The Dynasty: Roc La Familia, which released as the album's first single; the song's sound and success sparked the interest of maturing pop artist Britney Spears. Britney wanted to work with the Neptunes for her upcoming album, saying "for this album I was inspired by Jay-Z and The Neptunes, those were the two people I listened to."In 2001, Britney Spears released her album Britney featuring the lead single "I'm a Slave 4 U", produced by The Neptunes. The song was a defining hit in both of their careers, it was The Neptunes' first time having helped create an album that debuted number one in the Billboard 200; the same year, N*E*R*D, consisting of Williams and Haley, released their first album, In Search of... in Europe, where the first Kelis album was better received.
The album sounded much like their previous production work. In 2002 their re-produced album was released worldwide, the Neptunes reached number one in the U. S. with Nelly's single, "Hot in Herre". In August of the same year, the Neptunes were named "Producers of the Year" at both the Source Awards and the Billboard Music Awards. Clipse released their commercial debut album Lord Willin' in August 2002; the album started at number one on the Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart and number four on the Billboard 200, fueled by its first two singles, "Grindin'" and "When the Last Time", which peaked at number 34 and number 19 on the Billboard Hot 100. The Neptunes released a self-credited album called The Neptunes Present... Clones in 2003, with songs and remixes from various artists; this topped the U. S. Billboard 200 Albums Chart; the Neptunes and Williams were kept in public eye due to ties with Jay Z, producing several hit singles for him and two tracks on his The Black Album. The track "Frontin'" was a big hit.
A survey in August 2003 found the Neptunes produced 20 percent of songs played on British radio at the time, a survey in the US had them at 43
Deborah Kaye Allen is an American actress, choreographer, television director, television producer, a member of the President's Committee on the Arts and Humanities. She is best known for her work on the 1982 musical-drama television series Fame, where she portrayed dance teacher Lydia Grant, served as the series' principal choreographer, she portrays Catherine Fox on Grey's Anatomy. She is the younger sister of actress/director/singer Phylicia Rashad. Allen was born in Houston, the third child to orthodontist Andrew Arthur Allen Jr. and Pulitzer Prize-nominated artist, playwright and publisher, Vivian Allen, She went on to earn a B. A. degree in classical Greek literature and theater from Howard University. She studied acting at HB Studio in New York City, she holds honoris causa Doctorates from Howard University and the University of North Carolina School of the Arts. She teaches young dancers, she taught choreography to former Los Angeles Lakers dancer-turned-singer, Paula Abdul. Her daughter, Vivian Nixon, played Kalimba in the Broadway production of Hot Feet.
After her trip with her family from Mexico, both Debbie Allen and her family decided to return to their permanent home in Texas. When she returned to her home in Texas, Debbie Allen auditioned at the Houston Ballet School at the age of twelve. Though her audition performance exceeded beyond the qualifications of admission, Debbie Allen was denied admission to the school due to systemic racism that had corrupted the process. A year after hearing this devastating news, Allen was given another chance and was admitted by a Russian instructor who accidentally saw Debbie Allen perform in a show. Once admission recruiters from the Houston Ballet School became aware of the situation, they allowed Allen to stay in the institution because they were pleased with the talent she had showcased; this is not the only time. When she was sixteen, she had a successful audition for the North Carolina School of the Arts, was given an opportunity to demonstrate dance techniques to other prospective students applying to the institution.
Allen was rejected acceptance due to her body not being suited for ballet. In many cases, African American dancers were discouraged from dance because they were told their body structure did not fit the preferred stereotype ballet dancer's body; this prejudice barred many talented and skilled dancers from ballet. After receiving numerous rejections, Allen decided to focus on her academics and, from on, was well on her way to the start of her career. Debbie Allen had her Broadway debut in the chorus of Purlie. Allen created the role of Beneatha in the Tony Award-winning musical Raisin, she first began receiving critical attention in 1980 for her appearance in the role of Anita in the Broadway revival of West Side Story which earned her a Tony Award nomination and a Drama Desk Award, she would receive a second Tony Award nomination in 1986 for her performance in the title role of Bob Fosse's Sweet Charity. One of her earlier television appearances was in the TV sitcom Good Times in a memorable 2-part episode titled "J.
J.'s Fiancee'" as J. J.'s Diana. Allen was first introduced as Lydia Grant in the 1980 film Fame. Although her role in the film was small, Lydia would become a central figure in the television adaptation, which ran from 1982 to 1987. During the opening montage of each episode, Grant told her students: "You've got big dreams? You want fame? Well, fame costs, and right here is where you start paying... in sweat." Allen was nominated for the Emmy Award for Best Actress four times during the show's run. She is the only actress to have appeared in all three screen incarnations of Fame, playing Lydia Grant in both the 1980 film and 1982 television series and playing the school principal in the 2009 remake. Allen was lead choreographer for the film and television series, winning two Emmy Awards and one Golden Globe Award. In 1981, she had the important role of Sarah, the lover of Coalhouse Walker, killed while trying to defend him in the movie version of the best-selling novel Ragtime; the same role earned a Tony Award for her performance in the Broadway Musical.
In an article from the Museum of Broadcast Communications, The Hollywood Reporter commented on Allen's impact as the producer-director of the television series, A Different World. The show dealt with the life of students at the fictional black college and ran for six seasons on NBC. Debbie Allen was selected to appear in the 1979 miniseries Roots: The Next Generations by Alex Haley where she plays the wife of Haley. In 2008 she directed the all-African-American Broadway production of Tennessee Williams' Pulitzer Prize-winning drama Cat on a Hot Tin Roof, starring stage veterans James Earl Jones, her sister Phylicia Rashad and Anika Noni Rose, as well as film actor Terrence Howard, who made his Broadway debut as Brick; the production, with some roles recast, had a limited run in London. Allen has released two solo albums, 1986's Sweet Charity and 1989's Special Look which had several singles off the album. In 1995, Allen lent her voice to the children's animated series C Bear and Jamal for Film Roman and Fox Kids.
In 2001, Allen fulfilled a lifelong dream by opening the Debbie Allen Dance Academy in Los Angeles, California. Allen's academy offers a comprehensive curriculum for boys and girls ages four to eighteen in all the major dance techniques including Classical Ballet, African and Hip-Hop. In addition, special workshops are he
Billboard Music Award
The Billboard Music Award is an honor given out annually by Billboard, a publication and music popularity chart covering the music business. The Billboard Music Awards show had been held annually since 1990 and the event was held in December until it went dormant in 2006; the awards returned in 2011 and are now held annually in May as the last of the Big Three major music awards. The 2018 Billboard Music Awards aired live on NBC on May 20. Unlike other awards, such as the Grammy Award, which determine nominations as a result of the highest votes received by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences, the Billboard Music Awards finalists are based on album and digital songs sales, radio airplay and social engagement; these measurements are tracked year-round by Billboard and its data partners, including Nielsen Music and Next Big Sound. The 2018 awards are based on the reporting period of April 8, 2017 through March 31, 2018. Awards are given for the top album and single in a number of different music genres.
Whitney Houston won the award for "#1 World Artist". This field shows winners of "Artist of the Year", "Top Artist". From 1989 to 2006, the show had the same categories and category names every year. In 2011, for the first time, all of the awards were renamed to "Top "; the "of the year" portion of each category title no longer exists, many of the awards have been further renamed. Other awards, including both "crossover" awards were discontinued; as of 2017, there are two fan-voted categories. The general categories are Top Billboard 200 Album, Top Hot 100 Song and Top New Artist; these categories highlighted in each award and other categories are divided by genre. Top Artist Top New Artist Top Male Artist Top Female Artist Top Duo/Group Top Billboard 200 Artist Top Billboard 200 Album Top Hot 100 Artist Top Hot 100 Song Top Touring Artist Top Song Sales Artist Top Selling Album Top Selling Song Top Radio Songs Artist Top Radio Song Top Streaming Artist Top Streaming Song Top Streaming Song Top Collaboration Top R&B Artist Top R&B Male Artist Top R&B Female Artist Top R&B Album Top R&B Song Top R&B Tour Top Rap Male Artist Top Rap Female Artist Top Rap Album Top Rap Song Top Rap Tour Top Country Artist Top Country Male Artist Top Country Female Artist Top Country Duo/Group Artist Top Country Album Top Country Song Top Country Tour Top Rock Artist Top Rock Album Top Rock Song Top Rock Tour Top Latin Artist Top Latin Album Top Latin Song Top Dance/Electronic Artist Top Dance/Electronic Album Top Dance/Electronic Song Top Christian Artist Top Christian Album Top Christian Song Top Gospel Artist Top Gospel Album Top Gospel Song Top Soundtrack Top Social Artist Billboard Chart Achievement 2011: Neil Diamond 2012: Stevie Wonder 2013: Prince 2014: Jennifer Lopez 2016: Celine Dion 2017: Cher 2018: Janet Jackson 2019: Mariah Carey In 1988, Michael Jackson was honored with Billboard's first Spotlight Award for being the first artist in history to have five consecutive number ones singles on Billboard Hot 100 from one album.
In 2012, Katy Perry was honored with Billboard's second Spotlight award for being the second and first female artist in history to have five consecutive number ones singles on Billboard Hot 100 from one album. 1992: Special Award commemorating the 10th Anniversary of Thriller: Michael Jackson 1996: Special Award for most weeks at No. 1 on The Billboard Hot 100: Mariah Carey and Boyz II Men 1997: Special Award honoring "Candle In the Wind 1997" as the all-time best selling single: Elton John and Bernie Taupin 1998: Special Award for the most No. 1s by a female artist: Mariah Carey 2000: Special Award for biggest one-week sales of an album: No Strings Attached, NSYNC 2000: Special Award for biggest one-week sales of an album by a female artist, Oops!... I Did It Again, Britney Spears 2001: Special Award for biggest one-week sales for an album in 2001: Celebrity, NSYNC 2002: Special Award for 1982 album Thriller, which spent more weeks at No. 1 than any other album in the history of the Billboard 200: Michael Jackson 2003: Special Hot 100 Award for Most Weeks at No. 1: Beyoncé The record for most Billboard Music Awards won is held by American singer-songwriter Taylor Swift with 23 wins.
Since its inception, the BMAs had been telecast on the Fox network. Plans for a new version of the awards in 2008 fell through, the BMAs were not held until 2011. On February 17, 2011, Billboard announced that it would bring the BMAs back to television, moving from its original home on Fox to its new network, ABC, on May 22, 2011. A new award statuette was created by New York firm Society Awards. Dick Clark Productions, co-owned with Billboard, began producing the ceremony in 2014. On November 28, 2017, it was announced that the Billboard Music Awards would be moving from ABC to NBC beginning in 2018 under a multi-year contract. Billboard Live Music Awards Billboard Japan Music Awards Billboard Latin Music Awards Billboard Women in Music Official website
Artemisa is a municipality and city in Cuba part of La Habana Province. According to a law approved by the Cuban National Assembly in August 2010, Artemisa became the capital city of the newly formed Artemisa Province, which comprises eight municipalities of the former La Habana Province and three from Pinar del Río; the origin of the name of Artemisa is uncertain. It has been argued to have originated from the Greek goddess Artemis or that it refers to the name of Ragweed in Spanish, abundant at the time. Artemisa was an important source of fighters supporting Fidel Castro's Revolution during the attack on "Cuartel Moncada" in Santiago de Cuba and Sierra Maestra Guerrilla; the Martyrs Mausoleum in Artemisa is a National Monument of Cuba. Artemisa belonged to Pinar del Río Province until 1970; the municipality is divided into the barrios of Las Cañas, Cayajabos, Pijirigua, Puerta de la Güira, Las Mangas, Neptuno and El Corojal. In 2004, the municipality of Artemisa had a population of 81,209. With a total area of 690 km2, it has a population density of 117.7/km2.
Artemisa is known among Artemiseños by the name Jardín de Cuba. Its ferric red soil is an outstanding feature, provides great fertility to the area, which produces banana, sugar cane, minor fruits. Due to the color of the soil, Artemisa is known as Villa Roja. Places of historical importance include the Cafetal Angerona, in ruins, its remains evoke a period of great abundance, business development, love affairs, slavery. The cafetal belonged to the German entrepreneur Cornelio Souchay who fell in love with the black Haitian, Úrsula Lambert; the couple lived their romance in secret due to the taboos of the period. The Hotel Campoamor, built by Asturiano Fernando González-Campoamor, has played an important role since it was finished in 1911. Many important figures visited the place, including Rita Longa, Ernest Hemingway, Juan Marinello, Gabriela Mistral, Ignacio Villa "Bola de Nieve." Centrales azucareros Pilar and Lavandero are landmarks of the city, as well as the mansion of sugar magnate, Julio Lobo.
Artemisa's patron saint is Saint Mark the Evangelist. The church of Artemisa is located in The Park; the building was renovated due to efforts made by Father Antonio Rodriguez Dias, the hard work and cooperation of many Artemiseños, generous monetary donations from German brethren. Other sites include the Artemisa Municipal Museum. Important personalities in the history of Cuba were lived in Artemisa. Among them Magdalena Peñaredonda, a poet and journalist, appointed as captain of rebel forces during the war of independence, Father Guillermo González Arocha, born in Regla, but whose significant contribution to the independence of Cuba was carried out while a priest in Artemisa, is considered an adopted son of the city; this priest founded a school and had the cemetery of the city built. Municipalities of Cuba List of cities in Cuba Media related to Artemisa at Wikimedia Commons