Arup is a multinational professional services firm headquartered in London which provides engineering, design, project management and consulting services for all aspects of the built environment. Founded by Sir Ove Arup in 1946, the firm has over 14,000 staff based in 92 offices across 35 countries around the world. Arup has participated in projects in over 160 countries. Arup is owned by trusts, the beneficiaries of which are Arup's past and present employees, who receive a share of the firm's operating profit each year. Arup was founded in London as the Ove N. Arup Consulting Engineers by Ove Arup, he set out to build a firm where professionals of diverse disciplines could work together to produce projects of greater quality than was achievable by them working in isolation. In 1970, the firm reformed as "Ove Arup & Partners". In 1963, together with the architect Philip Dowson, Arup Associates was formed, this group continues to work under the banner of Arup Architecture following a streamlining of the Arup brand in 2018.
It is best known for its design work for the built environment. Projects to which it has contributed include the Sydney Opera House, credited with launching Arup into the premier league of engineering consultancies; the BBC and RIBA documentary The Brits who Built the Modern World highlighted Arup's collaboration with architects and described Arup as "the engineering firm which Lord Norman Foster and his peers Lord Richard Rogers, Sir Nicholas Grimshaw, Sir Michael Hopkins and Sir Terry Farrell most relied upon." Eastgate Centre, Zimbabwe Letsibogo Dam, Botswana Constitutional Court, South Africa Scottish Livingstone Hospital, Botswana Gautrain Rapid Rail Link Johannesburg to Pretoria, Sandton to OR Tambo International Airport, South Africa Apple Park is the corporate headquarters of Apple Inc. Cupertino, United States. Cathedral of Our Lady of the Angels, Los Angeles, USA De Young Museum, San Francisco, USA California Academy of Sciences, San Francisco, USA New Tappan Zee Bridge, New York City Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Headquarters, Seattle, WA, USA Fulton Center, New York City, USA High Roller, Las Vegas, NV, USA Gerald Desmond Bridge Design-Build Project, Long Beach, California Second Avenue Subway, New York City, USA Lake Mead Intake No.
3, Nevada, USA Champlain Bridge, Montreal, Qc, Canada Druk White Lotus School was built to survive the Ladakhi weather. Kingdom Centre, The third tallest skyscraper in Saudi Arabia, the second tallest in Riyadh and an icon of it. HSBC Main Building, Hong Kong Kansai International Airport, Japan Petron Megaplaza, Philippines International Finance Centre, Hong Kong National Aquatics Centre, China Beijing National Stadium, China CCTV Headquarters, China Fusionopolis, Singapore Rajiv Gandhi International Airport, Telangana, India Singapore Flyer, Singapore Stonecutters Bridge, Hong Kong Dongtan, China Canton Tower, China Marina Bay Sands Integrated Resort, Singapore The Helix, Singapore Singapore Sports Hub, Singapore Capitol Development, Singapore Tanjong Pagar Centre, Singapore Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport, Terminal 3, Taiwan Aldar Headquarters building, Abu Dhabi, rounded skyscraper Sydney Opera House, Australia (structural
In taxonomy, Rhodovulum is a genus of the Rhodobacteraceae. Hiraishi A, Ueda Y. "Intrageneric structure of the genus Rhodobacter: transfer of Rhodobacter sulfidophilus and related marine species to the genus Rhodovulum gen. nov". Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 44: 15–23. Doi:10.1099/00207713-44-1-15. Garrity GM, Holt JG. "Taxonomic Outline of the Archaea and Bacteria". In DR Boone, RW Castenholz. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology Volume 1: The Archaea and the branching and phototrophic Bacteria. New York: Springer Verlag. Pp. 155–166. ISBN 978-0-387-98771-2. PubMed references for Rhodovulum PubMed Central references for Rhodovulum Google Scholar references for Rhodovulum NCBI taxonomy page for Rhodovulum Search Tree of Life taxonomy pages for Rhodovulum Search Species2000 page for Rhodovulum MicrobeWiki page for Rhodovulum LPSN page for Rhodovulum
The 1880 New South Wales colonial election was held between 17 November and 2 December 1880. This election was for all of the 108 seats in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly and it was conducted in 43 single-member constituencies, 25 2-member constituencies, one 3-member constituency and three 4-member constituencies, all with a first past the post system. Suffrage was limited to adult white males; the previous parliament of New South Wales was dissolved on 9 November 1880 by the Governor, Lord Augustus Loftus, on the advice of the Premier, Sir Henry Parkes. There was no recognisable party structure at this election. "Former members of the New South Wales Parliament, 1856-2006". New South Wales Parliament. Members of the New South Wales Legislative Assembly, 1880–1882 Candidates of the 1880 New South Wales colonial election