Arvo Pärt is an Estonian composer of classical and religious music. Since the late 1970s, Pärt has worked in a minimalist style that employs his self-invented compositional technique, tintinnabuli. Pärt's music is in part inspired by Gregorian chant, his most performed works include Fratres, Spiegel im Spiegel, Für Alina. Since 2011 Pärt has been the most performed living composer in the world; the Arvo Pärt Centre, in Laulasmaa, was opened to the public in 2018. Pärt was born in Paide, Järva County and was raised by his mother and stepfather in Rakvere in northern Estonia, he began to experiment with the top and bottom notes of the family's piano as the middle register was damaged. Pärt's musical education began at the age of seven. By the time he reached his early teenage years, Pärt was writing his own compositions, his first serious study came in 1954 at the Tallinn Music Middle School, but less than a year he temporarily abandoned it to fulfill military service, playing oboe and percussion in the army band.
After his service he attended the Tallinn Conservatory, where he studied composition with Heino Eller and it was said of him, "he just seemed to shake his sleeves and the notes would fall out". As a student, he produced music for the stage. During the 1950s, he completed his first vocal composition, the cantata Meie aed for children's choir and orchestra, he graduated in 1963. From 1957 to 1967, he worked as a sound producer for the Estonian public radio broadcaster Eesti Rahvusringhääling. Pärt was criticized by Tikhon Khrennikov in 1962, for employing serialism in Nekrolog, the first 12-tone music written in Estonia, which exhibited his "susceptibility to foreign influences", but nine months he won First Prize in a competition of 1,200 works, awarded by the all-Union Society of Composers, indicating the inability of the Soviet regime to agree on what was permissible. His first overtly sacred piece Credo was a turning point in his career and life – on a personal level he had reached a creative crisis that led him to renounce the techniques and means of expression used so far.
For the next eight years he composed little, focusing instead on studies of medieval and Renaissance music in order to find his new musical language. In 1972 he converted from Lutheranism to Orthodox Christianity, he re-emerged as a composer in 1976 with music created in his self-invented compositional style and technique tintinnabuli. In 1980, after a prolonged struggle with Soviet officials, he was allowed to emigrate with his wife and their two sons, he lived first in Vienna, where he took Austrian citizenship and relocated to Berlin, Germany, in 1981. He returned to Estonia around the turn of the 21st century and for a while lived alternately in Berlin and Tallinn, he resides in Laulasmaa, about 35 kilometres from Tallinn. He speaks fluent German as a result of living in Germany since 1981. On 10 December 2011, Pärt was appointed a member of the Pontifical Council for Culture for a five-year renewable term by Pope Benedict XVI. In 2014 The Daily Telegraph described Pärt as "the world's greatest living composer" and "by a long way, Estonia's most celebrated export".
But when asked how Estonian he felt his music to be, Pärt replied: "I don’t know what is Estonian... I don’t think about these things." Unlike many of his fellow Estonian composers, Pärt never found inspiration in the country's epic poem, Kalevipoeg in his early works. Pärt said "My Kalevipoeg is Jesus Christ."The Arvo Pärt Centre, an institution responsible for maintaining his personal archive, was established by the Pärt family in 2010 in the village of Laulasmaa. A new building of the centre opened to the visitors on 17 October 2018, containing in addition to the archives a concert hall, a library, research facilities; the centre offers educational programmes for children and operates as an international information centre on the life and works of the composer. Familiar works by Pärt are Cantus in Memoriam Benjamin Britten for string orchestra and bell and the string quintet Fratres I, which he transcribed for string orchestra and percussion, the solo violin "Fratres II" and the cello ensemble "Fratres III".
Pärt is identified with the school of minimalism and, more that of mystic minimalism or holy minimalism. He is considered a pioneer of the latter style, along with contemporaries Henryk Górecki and John Tavener. Although his fame rested on instrumental works such as Tabula Rasa and Spiegel im Spiegel, his choral works have come to be appreciated. In this period of Estonian history, Pärt was unable to encounter many musical influences from outside the Soviet Union except for a few illegal tapes and scores. Although Estonia had been an independent state at the time of Pärt's birth, the Soviet Union occupied it in 1940 as a result of the Soviet–Nazi Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. Pärt's works are divided into two periods, he composed his early works using a range of neo-classical styles influenced by Shostakovich and Bartók. He began to compose using Schoenberg's twelve-tone technique and serialism. This, not only earned the ire of the Soviet establishment but proved to be a creative dead-end; when early works were banned by Soviet censors, Pärt entered the first of several periods of
The Institute for Integrative Nutrition is an online nutrition school headquartered in New York City that offers a health coach training program. The school provides holistic nutrition education in addition to business training to prepare students to start their own health coaching practices. Graduates of IIN's health coach training program can use their certificates to earn credits toward a bachelor's or master's degree at certain partner schools; the Institute for Integrative Nutrition known as Gulliver's, was founded in 1992 by Joshua Rosenthal, a health counselor and former owner of a natural food store. IIN offered in-person classes in New York before transitioning to an online learning platform; the school trains counselors in the practice of integrative nutrition, a broad approach to health that doesn't subscribe to one particular dietary theory. IIN is now the world's largest nutrition school and has more than 100,000 graduates worldwide. IIN's curriculum includes courses in nutrition and wellness concepts, coaching and business skills.
It centers around the concepts of bioindividuality and Primary Foods, which explain that health is based on more than just nutrition and includes other factors like healthy relationships, physical activity, spiritual practice and a fulfilling career. According to IIN, graduates of the health coaching training program become eligible to take additional courses in business and publishing. IIN has hosted several professionals in nutrition as guest teachers. Deepak Chopra, Dr. Oz, Arianna Huffington, Dr. Andrew Weil, Mark Hyman, Geneen Roth have all been speakers at IIN. IIN is recognized by the Department of Education; the Institute for Integrative Nutrition is a member of the National College Credit Recommendation Service and has been a licensed vocational school by the New York State Education Department since 2009. IIN graduates can earn continuing education units through partner schools. IIN's partner universities include Purchase College, Maryland University of Integrative Health, Goddard College, California Institute of Integral Studies, Excelsior College and Saybrook University.
IIN graduates with bachelor's degrees can enroll in the International Health Coach University's master's program
This is a list of the National Register of Historic Places listings in LaPorte County, Indiana. This is intended to be a complete list of the properties and districts on the National Register of Historic Places in LaPorte County, United States. Latitude and longitude coordinates are provided for many National Register districts. There are 31 districts listed on the National Register in the county. Another property has been removed. Properties and districts located in incorporated areas display the name of the municipality, while properties and districts in unincorporated areas display the name of their civil township. Properties and districts split between multiple jurisdictions display the names of all jurisdictions; this National Park Service list is complete through NPS recent listings posted February 28, 2020. List of National Historic Landmarks in Indiana National Register of Historic Places listings in Indiana List of Indiana state historical markers in LaPorte County
Saroj Khaparde is an Indian politician from Maharashtra. Khaparde is the second-longest serving Member of the Parliament at the Rajya Sabha, serving five terms, second only to Najma Heptulla who served six, she was a close aide to Indira Gandhi, accompanied Indira Gandhi on all of her trips. Khaparde belonged to the Indian National Congress party; the five terms at the Rajya Sabha that she served were from 1972-1974, 1976-1982, 1982-1988, 1988-1994 and 1994-2000. She was the Union Minister of State of India holding portfolios of Health and Family Welfare and Textiles from 1986 to 1989, she was the Vice-Chairman of the Rajya Sabha from 1994-2000. She chaired several boards in the Rajya Sabha during her tenure, she was the Chairman of the House Committee from 1982-1984, the Committee on Government Assurances, from 1996 to 98 and the Committee on Subordinate Legislation, in 1996 and from 1998 to 2000. Khaparde introduced 28 private-member bills in the Rajya Sabha, some of which are stated below. Khaparde introduced the Housewives Bill in 1996.
The bill provides that notwithstanding any custom, convention and tradition, it shall be the duty of family members that of the head of the family, to ask every housewife to select a particular day of the week as holiday from all domestic chores so as to enable the housewife to take rest and enjoy the day according to her wishes. The day would free her of all domestic responsibilities. Not only this, the Bill provided for compensation in the shape of a fine which may extend to Rs. 1000 on any family member contravening its provisions. But all hopes were dashed to the ground and the bill was criticized by general public, could not be introduced and passed, because it was felt that it is not possible to implement or regulate it in Indian homes, she introduced a bill in 1987 in the Rajya Sabha to amend the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956. The amendment was to address the lack of uniformity in the standards of medical education at all levels in the country, because the Central Government or the Medical Council had no control over the admission and establishment of medical colleges in the country.
The bill proposed a regulation of the practice of medicine in India. Khaparde introduced a bill in 1995 to amend the Indecent Representation Of Women Act 1986, adopted by the parliament. Margaret Alva, in her biography Courage & Commitment, wrote of a dramatic incident wherein Khaparde stormed into the Rajya Sabha carrying the blood-stained saree of a raped Dalit woman to demand justice for violence against Dalit women and accuse the Home Minister, Charan Singh, of being anti-SC
The Legal & Literary Society is the official student association of J. D. and LL. M. Students at Osgoode Hall Law School. Founded in 1876, it is one of Canada's oldest professional student associations and pre-dates the official creation of the law school by 13 years; the Legal & Literary Society governs the numerous professional, athletic and extracurricular activities at Osgoode Hall Law School. The Legal & Literary Society oversees and funds over fifty clubs run by law students, as well as several public interest organizations, it publishes the Obiter Dicta, the official Osgoode Hall student newspaper, since 1929, played a principal role in the creation of the Osgoode Hall Law Journal in 1958. Founded as the Osgoode Hall Literary & Legal Society, the Society was established as the successor of two dissolved literary societies, the York Literary Society and the Kingston Literary Society; these former organizations were debating societies on matters pertaining to the law, membership was restricted to those with family or professional connections to the law.
The Legal and Literary Society became the official student society of the newly founded Osgoode Law School in 1901. In the early years, before the law school was founded, the Society was an association of students-at-law at Osgoode Hall and funded by the Convocation of the Law Society of Upper Canada as a way to cultivate Ontario's legal elite, they held "at home" events and "musical literary evenings". Since, at the time, there was little formal legal education outside of the experience one received as an apprentice to a lawyer or judge, the Society served as way for initiates to receive tutoring from the Bar and to undertake essays and examinations. After the Law Society ended formal lectures in 1878, the Society kept the legal education program alive by sponsoring lectures led by prominent members of the Toronto Bar, conducting examinations, awarding prizes; the Law Society of Upper Canada continued to support the Society and allowed it to operate both as a surrogate law school and a gentlemen's club.
Through substantial lobbying by members of the Society, the Law Society re-established its formal law lectures in 1881 and founded the third and final iteration Osgoode Hall Law School in 1889. Shortly after Osgoode Hall Law School became affiliated with York University in 1969, the Legal & Literary Society established the Student Caucus of Faculty Council in order to ensure that law students continued to have influence within the auspices of university governance; the chair of Student Caucus serves as the vice-chair of Osgoode Hall's Faculty Council, the members of Student Caucus serve on a variety of Osgoode faculty and staff committees. The Society is governed by a thirteen-member executive, all of whom are elected annually by the student body of the law school; the members of Student Caucus are elected at-large
The Hassanamiscos were living in what is today Grafton, when in 1647 the Reverend John Elliot came to the village and converted the Hassanamiscos to Christianity. The Hassanamisco Nipmuc, from whom the four and a half acre Hassanamesit Reservation in Grafton, Massachusetts takes its name, are a group of Nipmuc Indians native to Central Massachusetts, Northeastern Connecticut, parts of Rhode Island. "Native American Indian Fairs" have been held annually at Hassanamisco Reservation location since 1924. The Hassanamisco Nipmuc known in past centuries as the Hassanamesit Nipmuc or more as the Grafton Nipmuc, are along with the Webster/Dudley Band of Chaubunagungamaug Nipmuck, the part of the group that identifies itself as the Nipmuc Nation. While the Nipmuc are recognized by the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, in 2004 the Bureau of Indian Affairs decided that this group does not meet four of the seven mandatory requirements for Federal acknowledgment as a "nation". Chaubunagungamaug Reservation State recognized tribes List of Indian reservations in the United States National Register of Historic Places listings in Worcester County, Massachusetts