The River Swale is a river in Yorkshire, England and a major tributary of the River Ure, which itself becomes the River Ouse, emptying into the North Sea via the Humber Estuary. The name Swale is from the Anglo-Saxon word Sualuae meaning liable to deluge. Annual rainfall figures of 1800mm p.a. in the headwaters and 1300mm p.a. in the lower waters over a drop of 148m in 32 km, gives proof to its name. The river gives its name to the valley, namely Swaledale; the river and its valley are home to many types of fauna typical to the Yorkshire Dales. Like similar rivers in the region, the river carves through several types of rock and has features typical of both river and glacial erosion; the River Swale has been a contributory factor in the settlements that have been recorded throughout its history. It has provided water to aid in the raising of crops and livestock, but in the various mining activities that have occurred since Roman times and before; the river is said to be the fastest flowing in England and its levels have been known to rise 10 feet in 20 minutes.
The source of the River Swale is at the confluence of the Great Sleddale Beck. The river flows north-north-east past lead mines on its northern bank and the end of Whitsundale and easterly towards the first of many waterfalls in the headwaters. After flowing over Wain Wath Force the river continues south-east over Hoggarts Leap and Catrake Force near Keld, before it reaches East Gill Force and Kisdon Force. Shortly after Swinner Gill joins the river it swings south towards the village of Muker where Straw Beck joins and the river turns east again; the river flows past Gunnerside towards Feetham where it turns north-east for a short while before returning east past Healuagh and Grinton. The river swings south-east and east below Marrick before turning north-eastward and north past Marske, it returns eastward near Hudswell before it flows past the main town of the valley, Richmond. The river starts a series of long south-east meanders past Brompton-on-Swale and under the A1 at Catterick Bridge before turning south past Catterick.
The river continues long south and south-east meanders past Thrintoft and Morton-on-Swale. As it starts to pursue a more constant southerly flow it is joined by the River Wiske before passing Skipton-on-Swale, Catton and Asenby, it flows past Helperby and Myton-On-Swale before joining the River Ure. Low and High Water Levels are an average figure; the River Swale and its valley support a range of habitats including broadleaved and conifer woodland as well as hay meadows and grasslands. Limestone scar, bracken and heather moorland can be found. Amongst the species of tree that can be found are ash, birch and bird cherry along with shrubs such as hawthorn and holly. There are smaller populations of sycamore. Pine and spruce occur in plantations with alder and willow common along the river banks; the many hay meadows are filled with wood cranesbill. There are three distinct geological areas in Mid Swaledale; the upper reaches of the river flow over Carboniferous and Triassic rock, all of which are atop a layer of Lower Paleozoic beds.
These rocks are rich in minerals and metalliferous sulfide ores such as Galena, Sphalerite and Bravoite. There are deposits of Fluorite, Witherite, Calcite and Barytocalcite. Along the valley sides can be seen the typical Dales geology of Yoredale beds, alternating strata of Limestone and Gritstone. Small seams of coal around Tan Hill, have been found and worked. During the last Ice Age, the glacier that dominated the valley was responsible for broadening it and altering the course of the river around Keld and Round Howe, it was responsible for cutting the Kisden Gorge. Retreat moraines lower in the river valley can be seen around Grinton Bridge; the earliest evidence of occupation in the river valley can be dated to the Mesolithic and Neolithic Ages with the discovery of flint tools and arrowheads. Around Harkerside are some small stone circles that date to the Bronze Age and some Iron Age defensive earthworks. Evidence of lead mining has been traced back to Roman times with finds at the Hurst mine.
This industry seemed to decline until after the Norse invasions of the area. During the major ecclesiastical building of the 12th and 13th centuries, lead became a valuable commodity and mining once again increased in the valley. Evidence of the lead mining can still be seen from the remains of the 18th century practice of'hushing' that involved creating turf dams across gills that were released to wash away topsoil to expose the ore veins, it was part of the Votadini Celtic kingdom of Catraeth, but in the late Sixth Century the river valley was invaded by Angles who took the settlement at Catraeth. Warriors from the Celtic Gododdin kingdom to the north attempted to dislodge them, but failed to do so at the Battle of Catraeth; the Angles established themselves at Reeth, Grinton Bridge and Fremington. By the mid Ninth Century the area had been invaded by Norsemen who settled first the lower and the upper valley. After the Norman invasion, the lands of the valley were given to Alan the Red of Brittany who built the castle at Richmond between 1071 and 1091.
It was built on a bluff overlooking the River Swale. In the 7th century, St Paulinus immersed thousands of people in a baptismal rite at Brompton-on-Swale and further downstream at Brafferton; because so many had been baptised in this way, 19th century writers have labelled the Swale as England's River Jordan. Mass baptisms are still carried out in the river around the Catte
North Yorkshire Police
North Yorkshire Police is the territorial police force covering the non-metropolitan county of North Yorkshire and the unitary authority of York in northern England. The force comprises three area command units; as of March 2013 the force had a strength of 1,370 police officers, 158 Special Constables, 173 PCSOs and 1,095 police staff. The force was formed on 1 April 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972, was a successor to the York and North East Yorkshire Police taking part of the old West Riding Constabulary's area; the York and North East Yorkshire Police had covered the North Riding of Yorkshire, the East Riding of Yorkshire and the county borough of York. Proposals made by the Home Secretary on 21 March 2006 would have seen the force merge with West Yorkshire Police, South Yorkshire Police and Humberside Police to form a strategic police force for the entire region. However, these proposals were dropped, it was announced in January 2007 that the Chief Constable, Della Cannings, would be retiring from the force on 16 May 2007 due to illness.
Della Cannings made the headlines on a number of occasions. She was not allowed to purchase wine from Tesco in Northallerton in March 2004 until she had taken off her hat and epaulettes, as it was illegal to sell alcohol to on-duty police officers. In October 2006 it was revealed that more than £28,000 had been spent to refurbish a shower in her office. On 19 April 2007, it was announced that Grahame Maxwell was to become the new Chief Constable of North Yorkshire Police. Grahame Maxwell began his career with Cleveland Police and served in all ranks up to Chief Superintendent when he became District Commander in Middlesbrough. After completing the Strategic Command Course in 2000, he was appointed as an Assistant Chief Constable with West Yorkshire Police and during his four years there served as the ACC Specialist Operations and ACC Territorial Operations. Mr Maxwell was promoted to Deputy Chief Constable with South Yorkshire Police in January 2005 and become the Chief Constable of North Yorkshire Police on 17 May 2007.
Dave Jones QPM, was appointed as chief constable in 2013 after serving as Assistant Chief Constable at the Police Service of Northern Ireland, where he had command of the Rural Division. He was awarded the Queen's Police Medal in the 2017 New Year Honours List and retired from the role in 2018. In July 2017, the force's headquarters was moved from Newby Wiske to Alverton Court in Northallerton; the new headquarters is a brand new, purpose-built facility, designed with the police in mind. The previous headquarters at Newby Wiske is a grade II listed building and was becoming difficult to upgrade into the 21st century; the memorial stones commemorating those who have served the police in the region have been moved to the new headquarters from Newby Wiske. These include those who have died in the First and the Second World Wars and those who have died in the line of duty. In August 2018, it was confirmed that Lisa Winward would become the new chief constable with immediate effect. Winward joined the police in 1993 and has been serving in the North Yorkshire police service since 2008.
Police vehicles used include the Ford Focus and Vauxhall Astra. The "Traffic" section use Audi A4 and BMW 530d. Mercedes and Ford Transit police vans present, as are Nissan 4x4s and Land Rover Discoveries in some areas; the traffic section use motorcycles. The force covers over 6,000 miles of road; the Firearms Support Unit use the BMW X5. The force has a new livery from March 2009, consisting of a high visibility panels of yellow and blue on all vehicles, new vehicles include Ford Focus estates and Ford Transit Connect vans. North Yorkshire Police Authority had 9 councillors, 3 justices of the peace, 5 independent members, it was abolished in November 2012 to be replaced by a Crime Commissioner. 1974–1977: Robert Boyes 1977–1979: John Woodcock 1979–1985: Kenneth Henshaw 1985–1989: Peter Nobes 1989–1998: David Burke 1998–2002: David Kenworthy 2002–2007: Della Cannings 2007–2012: Graham Maxwell 2012–2013: Tim Madgwick 2013–2018: Dave Jones 2018–: Lisa Winward The Police Memorial Trust lists and commemorates all British police officers killed in the line of duty, since its establishment in 1984 has erected over 38 memorials to some of those officers.
The following officers of North Yorkshire Police are listed by the Trust as having died attempting to prevent, stop or solve a crime, since the turn of the 20th century: Acting DC Norman Garnham, 1977 PC David Ian Haigh, 1982 Sgt David Thomas Winter, 1982 Special Constable Glenn Thomas Goodman, 1992 North Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner List of police forces in the United Kingdom Policing in the United Kingdom North Yorkshire Police North Yorkshire Police and Crime Commissioner Operation Countryman 2 is Launched
Dictionary of National Biography
The Dictionary of National Biography is a standard work of reference on notable figures from British history, published since 1885. The updated Oxford Dictionary of National Biography was published on 23 September 2004 in 60 volumes and online, with 50,113 biographical articles covering 54,922 lives. Hoping to emulate national biographical collections published elsewhere in Europe, such as the Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie, in 1882 the publisher George Smith, of Smith, Elder & Co. planned a universal dictionary that would include biographical entries on individuals from world history. He approached Leslie Stephen editor of the Cornhill Magazine, owned by Smith, to become the editor. Stephen persuaded Smith that the work should focus only on subjects from the United Kingdom and its present and former colonies. An early working title was the Biographia Britannica, the name of an earlier eighteenth-century reference work; the first volume of the Dictionary of National Biography appeared on 1 January 1885.
In May 1891 Leslie Stephen resigned and Sidney Lee, Stephen's assistant editor from the beginning of the project, succeeded him as editor. A dedicated team of sub-editors and researchers worked under Stephen and Lee, combining a variety of talents from veteran journalists to young scholars who cut their academic teeth on dictionary articles at a time when postgraduate historical research in British universities was still in its infancy. While much of the dictionary was written in-house, the DNB relied on external contributors, who included several respected writers and scholars of the late nineteenth century. By 1900, more than 700 individuals had contributed to the work. Successive volumes appeared quarterly with complete punctuality until midsummer 1900, when the series closed with volume 63; the year of publication, the editor and the range of names in each volume is given below. Since the scope included only deceased figures, the DNB was soon extended by the issue of three supplementary volumes, covering subjects who had died between 1885 and 1900 or, overlooked in the original alphabetical sequence.
The supplements brought the whole work up to the death of Queen Victoria on 22 January 1901. Corrections were added. After issuing a volume of errata in 1904, the dictionary was reissued with minor revisions in 22 volumes in 1908 and 1909. In the words of the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, the dictionary had "proved of inestimable service in elucidating the private annals of the British", providing not only concise lives of the notable deceased, but additionally lists of sources which were invaluable to researchers in a period when few libraries or collections of manuscripts had published catalogues or indices, the production of indices to periodical literatures was just beginning. Throughout the twentieth century, further volumes were published for those who had died on a decade-by-decade basis, beginning in 1912 with a supplement edited by Lee covering those who died between 1901 and 1911; the dictionary was transferred from its original publishers, Elder & Co. to Oxford University Press in 1917.
Until 1996, Oxford University Press continued to add further supplements featuring articles on subjects who had died during the twentieth century. The supplements published between 1912 and 1996 added about 6,000 lives of people who died in the twentieth century to the 29,120 in the 63 volumes of the original DNB. In 1993 a volume containing missing biographies was published; this had an additional 1,000 lives, selected from over 100,000 suggestions. This did not seek to replace any articles on existing DNB subjects though the original work had been written from a Victorian perspective and had become out of date due to changes in historical assessments and discoveries of new information during the twentieth century; the dictionary was becoming less and less useful as a reference work. In 1966, the University of London published a volume of corrections, cumulated from the Bulletin of the Institute of Historical Research. There were various versions of the Concise Dictionary of National Biography, which covered everyone in the main work but with much shorter articles.
The last edition, in three volumes, covered everyone who died before 1986. In the early 1990s Oxford University Press committed itself to overhauling the DNB. Work on what was known until 2001 as the New Dictionary of National Biography, or New DNB, began in 1992 under the editorship of Colin Matthew, professor of Modern History at the University of Oxford. Matthew decided that no subjects from the old dictionary would be excluded, however insignificant the subjects appeared to a late twentieth-century eye. Suggestions for new subjects were solicited through questionnaires placed in libraries and universities and, as the 1990s advanced and assessed by the editor, the 12 external consultant editors and several hundred associate editors and in-house staff. Digitization of the DNB was performed by the Alliance Photosetting Company in India; the new dictionary would cover British history, "broadly defined", up to 31 December 2000. The research project was conceived as a collaborative one, with in-house staff co-ordinating the work of
Northallerton is a market town and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. It lies at the northern end of the Vale of York, it had a population of 15,741 according to the 2001 census, which had risen to 16,832 in 2011. It has served as the county town of the North Riding of Yorkshire and since 1974, of North Yorkshire. Northallerton is made up of four wards, Broomfield and Central. There has been a settlement at Northallerton since Roman times, however its growth in importance began in the 11th century when King William II gifted land to the Bishop of Durham. Under the Bishop's authority Northallerton became an important centre for religious affairs, it was a focus for much conflict in subsequent years between the English and the Scots, most notably the Battle of the Standard, nearby in 1138, which saw losses of as many as 12,000 men. In years trade and transport became more important; the surrounding area was discovered to have large phosphorus reserves which brought industry to Northallerton due to the easy trade routes.
Lying on the main route between Edinburgh and London it became an important stopping point for coaches travelling the route superseded by the growth of the railways in the 19th century. Lying in the centre of a large rural area Northallerton was established as a market town in 1200 by Royal Charter, there is still a market in the town today, it continues to be a major retail centre for the local area. As the administrative centre for Hambleton district and the county of North Yorkshire, the councils, several other associated public sector organisations have their headquarters in the town. Due to the proximity of the Roman road and relics it seems that the earliest settlement at Northallerton was some form of Roman military station. There is evidence that the Romans had a signal station on Castle Hills just to the west of the town as part of the imperial Roman postal system and a path connecting Hadrian's Wall with Eboracum ran through what is now the neighbouring village of Brompton; the first church was set up by St Paulinus of York on the site of the present All Saints Parish Church sometime in the early 7th century.
It was made from nothing survives of it. In 855 a stone church was built on the same site, fragments of stone have been found during restoration work which provide strong evidence of this Saxon church, it was believed that a Saxon town known as Alvertune developed. In Pierre de Langtoft's history of King Alfred he writes that in 865 it was the site of a number of battles between King Elfrid and his brother Alfred and five Danish kings and a similar number of earls. In the 10th century, Danes settled at Romanby and Brompton. A fine example of English stonecarving from the period, the Brompton Hogbacks, can be found in Brompton Parish Church. In the Domesday Survey, Norman scribes named the settlement Alvertune and Alretone and there is a reference to the Alvertune wapentac, an area identical to the Allertonshire wapentake of the North Riding, named after the town; the origin of the town's name is uncertain, though it is believed that the name derives from a derivation of the name Aelfere, Aelfereton translates as the farm belonging to Aelfere or of King Alfred.
Alternatively it may be referring to the Alder trees. The prefix of North was added in the 12th century to differentiate from the parish of Allerton Mauleverer, 25 miles to the south, its position on a major route way brought destruction to the town on many occasions. In 1069, in an attempt to quell rebellion in the north, the area between the Ouse and the Tyne was laid to waste by the armies of William the Conqueror; the town of Northallerton was totally destroyed or depopulated. Just a few years it is described in the Domesday Book as modo est in manu regis et wastum est. In 1318, the town was destroyed again by the Scots, under Sir James Douglas following the Capture of Berwick upon Tweed. On 22 August 1138, English forces repelled a Scottish army on Cowton Moor in Brompton parish, around 2 mi north of the town; this was the first major battle between the Scots and the English since the Norman conquest and one of the two major battles in the civil war between King Stephen and Empress Matilda.
The English forces were summoned by Archbishop Thurstan of York, who had gathered local militia and baronial armies from Yorkshire and the North Midlands. They arrayed themselves round a chariot with a ship's mast carrying the consecrated banners of St Peter of York, St John of Beverley, St Wilfrid of Ripon and St Cuthbert of Durham, it was this standard-bearing chariot that gave the battle its name; the Scottish army was led by King David I of Scotland. King David had entered England in support of his niece, Empress Matilda, viewed as the rightful heiress to the English throne usurped by King Stephen. With Stephen fighting rebel barons in the south, the Scottish armies had taken Cumberland and Northumberland, the city of Carlisle and the royal castle at Bamburgh. Finding the English in a defensive position on a hill, David elected to force a battle counting on his superior numbers, 16,000 Scots against 10,000 Englishmen. Repeated attacks by native Scots failed against the onslaught from the English archers, with losses of up to 12,000 Scots.
A subsequent attack by mounted knights met initial success but fell back due to lack of infantry support. The battle ended; the English elected not to pursue, despite their great losses the Scots were able to regroup in sufficient number to besiege and capture Wark Castle. The victory by the English ensured the safety of Nor
Topcliffe, North Yorkshire
Topcliffe is a village and civil parish in the Hambleton district of North Yorkshire, England. The village is situated on the River Swale, on the A167 road and close to the A168, it is about 5 miles south-west 11 miles south of the county town of Northallerton. It has a population of 1,489. An Army Barracks, with a Royal Air Force airfield enclosed within, is located to the north of the village; the name is derived from the Old English words topp and clif and combined give the meaning top of the cliff, from its position at the top of a steep bank overlooking the River Swale. The village is mentioned in the Domesday Book as "Topeclive" in the "Yarlestre hundred." At the time of the Norman invasion, the manor was the possession of Bernwulf. Afterwards it was granted to William of Percy; the manor became the chief seat of the Percy family until the middle of the 17th century, though there was some confusion of the line of inheritance in the 12th century. There was a short interruption to this line in the 15th century when the manor was granted to the Neville family following the death of Henry Percy, 3rd Earl of Northumberland at the Battle of Towton in 1461, where he was fighting for the Lancastrians who lost.
This was reversed in the manor restored to the Percy family. In the 16th century there were two other brief periods when the manor was granted first to the Archbishop of York and to the Earl of Warwick; the manor was restored to the Percy family in 1557. The last of the family to hold the manor in their name was Josceline Percy, 11th Earl of Northumberland, though it passed to his daughter who married Charles Seymour, 6th Duke of Somerset, their son inherited the manor, but he died heirless and the manor was passed to his nephew Charles Wyndham, 2nd Earl of Egremont. The manor remained in the Wyndham family into the 20th century. A motte and bailey castle was built at the strategic location of the junction of the River Swale and Cod Beck about 1071, soon after the Harrying of the North and re-fortified in 1174 by the Percy family; this was the principal residence of the Percy family until the early part of the fourteenth century, when Henry de Percy purchased the barony and castle of Alnwick.
The castle was succeeded by a moated manor house on an adjacent site, of which earthworks remain. The manor house was the home of John Topcliffe, Lord Chief Justice of Ireland, who died in 1513; the village was the centre of a large ancient parish in the North Riding of Yorkshire. The parish included the townships of Asenby, Catton, Dishforth, Eldmire with Crakehill, Marton-le-Moor, Rainton with Newby, Skipton-on-Swale and Topcliffe. All of these townships became separate civil parishes in 1866; the village used to be a stop between Thirsk on the Leeds & Thirsk Railway. Topcliffe railway station was opened on 1 June 1848 and closed on 14 September 1959, it was located at the junction of the A167 and Catton Moor Lane to the north of the village near the present day MoD base. During the Second World War an airfield was constructed 1.5 miles from the village, for some time a Royal Canadian Air Force base. After the war it had a number of roles until 1972 when much of it was taken over by the army and converted into Alanbrooke Barracks.
The airfield continues to be used for RAF glider training. The village is located in the Malton UK Parliamentary constituency, it is in the Sowerby electoral division of North Yorkshire County Council and the Topcliffe ward of Hambleton District Council. The population of this ward taken at the 2011 Census was 2,604. Topcliffe District ward includes the settlements of Skipton-onSwale, Dalton, Crakehill and Hutton Sessay; the civil parish of Topcliffe is bounded by the civil parishes of Sowerby, Carlton Miniott, Rainton, Asenby and Dalton. The local Parish Council has five members; the village is located on the east bank of the River Swale just north of its confluence with Cod Beck, one of its major tributaries. The villages of Baldersby St James, Dishforth, Rainton, Asenby and Dalton all lie within a radius of 2.5 miles. It lies on the A167 road from Darlington to its terminus at the junction with the A168, it is 2.8 miles east of the A1. On the early morning of Friday 3 December 2010, the weather station air temperature was −19 °C, making it the lowest temperature recorded in Yorkshire.
It features in the Met Office stats as having the lowest minimum temperature anywhere in the UK. In 1881 the UK Census recorded the population as 615; the 2001 UK Census recorded the population as 1,336 in 400 households. The population was 58.7% male and 41.3% female. The 2011 UK Census recorded the population as 1,489, an increase of 11.45% compared with the previous census. The population was 40.9 % female. The ethnic mix was made of 1.5 % Mixed race, 2.6 Asian. 1.9% Black and 1.5% other race. The village is surrounded by farmland and it played an important role in the past as a major market place, much lessened these days. There are a number of small businesses around the village. There is a large industrial estate within the Parish boundary on the outskirts of neighbouring Dalton. On the outskirts near the bridge over the river is a caravan park. On Catton Lane just outside the village is Topcliffe Mill, a Grade II Listed building. A mill at Topcliffe was mentioned in the Domesday Book and may have been situated on the current site of the Roller Mill, which produced flour until 1961.
It now houses apartments. Topcliffe has two pubs, The Angel and The Swan; the old school house of Topcliffe is now a post office, the toll house is now an ordinary cottage. Topcliffe has been exten
The A167 is a road in North East England. Most of its route was the A1 being the original route of the Great North Road until the A1 was re-routed with the opening of the A1 in the 1960s; the route starts from the A168 at Topcliffe, North Yorkshire and runs to Cowgate and Wear where the route splits in two. The northern fork continues to Kenton Bar, where it meets the A1 and the A696, while the southern fork heads west, again terminating at the A1, this time at Westerhope. From the Topcliffe A168 Junction, the route runs north through Northallerton, crosses the A66 road just east of the A66 section, it runs on through Darlington, across A1 junction 59, on to Newton Aycliffe, Ferryhill and Chester-le-Street. The A167 bypass at Chilton near Ferryhill was completed and opened to traffic on 20 June 2005. Construction had started in 2004, 65 years after first proposed when the route was still the A1. Beyond Chester-le-Street the A167 continues to A1 junction 63 and through Birtley before crossing the A1 at the junction near the Angel of the North.
The start point of the Great North Run is on the A167 Central Motorway in Newcastle. The A167 continues through Gateshead across the Tyne Bridge into Newcastle upon Tyne, where it becomes the A167 Newcastle Central Motorway for a short distance. After the city centre it reverts to dual carriageway to its terminus at the Kenton Bar A1/A696 junction; the road was the A1, but changes to the route of the A1 have caused changes to the route number. When the A1 was re-routed through the Tyne Tunnel, it was renumbered as the A6127 – becoming one of only two four-digit, Axxxx motorways, the other being the A6144 motorway. After the construction of the A1 western bypass, the Tyne Tunnel became the A19 and the A6127 became the A167; the A167 is unusual in that it has a slip road leading from an unclassified road directly onto the right-hand lane at Camden Street. However, as of late 2011 this slip road is closed, it has other junctions where entry to and exit from the motorway is via the outside lane, which can lead to a lot of weaving and conflicting traffic movement.
The A167 is subject to a 50 miles per hour speed limit throughout. The VC167 cycling club is named after the road. CBRD Motorway Database – A167 Pathetic Motorways – A167 BBC News: A167 Chilton Bypass Opens The Motorway Archive – A167
The A168 is a major road in North Yorkshire, England. It runs from Northallerton to Wetherby, acting as a local access road for the A1; the majority of it was built during A1 upgrades as parts of it between Dishforth and Walshford are part of the old A1 southbound carriageway until it was upgraded to the A1 several feet to the west. The original route ran from Topcliffe to Northallerton, the current southern section of the A167. Heading northwards, it begins at the roundabout with the A659 near junction 45 of the A1; this section of road was built when the A1 was improved to A1 in the Bramham to Wetherby section of the A1 Darrington to Dishforth scheme, completed in December 2009. At Sweep Farm it follows the route of the former A1, it meets the eastern terminus of the A58 at a roundabout, follows the former A1 Wetherby bypass across the River Wharfe, built in 1959. It runs next to the motorway Wetherby bypass and there is a roundabout for the former B1224, for Wetherby Racecourse. There is a roundabout for an industrial estate and one for the newly diverted B1224, junction 46 of the A1, where it rejoins the former Great North Road.
There is a junction for Kirk Deighton one for Cowthorpe. At Walshford Bridge it crosses the River Nidd; the former route of the A1 went through Walshford. The A1 Wetherby to Walshford section opened in August 2005, when the former A1 south of Walshford became the A168. At Great Ribston with Walshford there is a roundabout for Walshford west of the A1, on the eastern side, there is a roundabout for Hunsingore; the A168 from 1995-2005 terminated at Walshford, where the A1 joined the A1. The former A1 north of Walshford became the A168 when the thirteen-mile Walshford to Dishforth section was built by Alfred McAlpine and AMEC, opened by John Arthur Watts in November 1995. At Allerton Mauleverer with Hopperton it passes under the A59, accessed from a turn to the right which leads to Allerton Castle. Flaxby Golf Club is near Flaxby. There is a left turn for Arkendale, right turns for Marton and Grafton. At junction 48 of the A1 it meets the A6055 for Knaresborough, to the south-west; the former course of the Great North Road carries straight on through Boroughbridge.
The A168 follows the former course of the A1 bypass, next to the current A1, to the west of the town. It crosses the River Ure and at Kirby Hill there is a roundabout for the B6265 for Ripon to the west, it resumes the route of the Great North Road. At the point where it runs parallel to runway of the former RAF Dishforth at Norton-le-Clay, it joins the route of the Roman road Dere Street; the road becomes the parish boundary between Dishforth. At Dishforth, the road leaves Dere Street and forms part of junction 49 of the A1; the A1 junction was planned in the 1970s to be the northern terminus of the A6183, a motorway-standard road that bypassed Leeds to the west from Kirkhamgate, north-west of Wakefield. The scheme was condensed into the A1-M1 motorway link road and the improvement of the A1 to Dishforth; the A168 becomes the main route from the A1 to Teesside, joining the short section of the A168, a trunk road. The former route went to the south; the South of Topcliffe and Asenby By-pass, including Dishforth by-pass section was built in 1970, connecting with the A1 at the Dishforth Roundabout.
At Asenby, the A167 leaves to the left, the former route of the A168, the A168 bypasses Asenby and Topcliffe, crossing the River Swale, entering the district of Hambleton. The Topcliffe and Asenby By-pass was built in the late 1960s. There is a left turn for Topcliffe, the A167 for RAF Topcliffe, access to the east for Dalton and the former RAF Dalton. RAF Dishforth and Topcliffe were all used by No. 6 Group RCAF during the Second World War. It rejoins the former route; the South of Thirsk By-pass to north of Topcliffe and Asenby By-pass section opened in the late 1960s. In the parish of Topcliffe, there is a left turn for Sowerby, the B1448, the former route of the A168; the road becomes part of the Thirsk bypass, at Sowerby crosses the East Coast Main Line Cod Beck. At Pudding Pie Hill it meets the A170 at a grade-separated junction, where the road continues as the A19 to Teesside; the improvements from the A1 to Thirsk in the late 1960s included classifying that section as the A19, not the A168.
The Thirsk by-pass opened as the A19 in September 1972. At Thornbrough, at the northern end of the Thirsk by-pass, the A168 leaves to the left at a grade-separated junction, it crosses the Cod Beck, there is a left turn for the B1448, the former A168. Thirsk and Northallerton Golf Club is to the left, it passes through Thornton-le-Street. Thornton-le-Moor is to the left. Thornton-le-Beans is to the right; the Vale of Mowbray is to the west. It enters Romanby Northallerton as Thirsk Road and the northern terminus of the road is with the A167 in the town centre at a roundabout. Sabre Roads A168