Utah State University
Utah State University is a public land-grant research university in Logan, Utah. It is accredited by the Northwest Commission on Universities. With nearly 20,000 students living on or near campus, USU is Utah's largest public residential campus; as of Fall 2018, there were 27,932 students enrolled including 24,880 undergraduate students and 3,052 graduate students. The university has the highest percentage of out-of-state students of any public university in Utah totaling 23% of the student body. Founded in 1888 as Utah's agricultural college, USU focused on science, agriculture, domestic arts, military science, mechanic arts; the university offers programs in liberal arts, business, natural resource sciences, as well as nationally ranked elementary & secondary education programs. It offers master's and doctoral programs in humanities, social sciences, STEM areas, it received its current name in 1957. The university is classified among "R2: Doctoral Universities – High research activity". Utah State University has produced 7 Rhodes Scholars, 1 Nobel Prize winner, 1 MacArthur Fellows program inductee, 4 recipients of the Harry S. Truman Scholarship, 34 recipients of the Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship.
USU has nine colleges and offers 159 undergraduate degrees, 83 master's degrees, 41 doctoral degrees. USU's main campus is in Logan with regional campuses in Brigham City and the Uintah Basin and 28 other locations throughout Utah. In 2010, the College of Eastern Utah, in Price, Utah joined the USU system becoming Utah State University College of Eastern Utah. Throughout Utah, USU operates more than 20 distance education centers. Regional campuses, USU Eastern, distance education centers account for 59% of the students enrolled. USU has 149,000 alumni in all 110 countries. USU's athletic teams compete in Division I of the NCAA and are collectively known as the Utah State Aggies, they are a member of the Mountain West Conference. On December 16, 1861, Justin Morrill introduced a bill into the U. S. House of Representatives, "to establish at least one college in each state upon a sure and perpetual foundation, accessible to all, but to the sons of toil..." President Abraham Lincoln signed the Morrill Land-Grant Colleges Act into effect in July of the following year.
Meanwhile, after visiting a few rural agricultural schools in his native Denmark, Anthon H. Lund of the Utah Territorial Legislature decided that there existed in Utah a need for such a school fusing the highest in scientific and academic research with agriculture, the way of life for the vast majority of locals. Upon returning to the states, Lund heard about the Morrill Act, pitched a vision for the college that would receive widespread support among the Territorial Legislature, at the time seeking to reapply for statehood. Now there came the question of location. According to historian Joel Ricks in 1938, "Provo had received the Insane Asylum, Salt Lake City had the University and Capitol, the majority of the legislature felt that the new institutions should be given to Weber and Cache Counties." Citizens in Logan, Cache County, banded together and lobbied representatives for the honor. The bill to establish the Agricultural College of Utah was passed on March 8, 1888, on September 2, 1890, 14-year-old Miss Vendla Berntson enrolled as its first student.
In its early years, the college narrowly dodged two major campaigns to consolidate its operations with the University of Utah. Much controversy arose in response to President William J. Kerr's expansion of the college's scope beyond its agricultural roots. Detractors in Salt Lake City feared that such an expansion would come at the expense of the University of Utah, pushed consolidation as a counter. In 1907, an agreement was struck to instead limit the curricula of the Agricultural College to agriculture, domestic science, mechanic arts; this meant closing all departments in Logan, including the already-impressive music department, which did not fall under that umbrella. The University of Utah became responsible, for a time, for courses in engineering, medicine, fine arts, pedagogy, despite the Agricultural College's initial charter in 1888 which mandated that it offer instruction in such things; the bulk of the curricular restrictions were lifted during the next two decades, with the exception of law and medicine, which have since remained the sole property of the University of Utah.
Amid the tumult, the Agricultural College grew modestly, adding its statewide Extension program in 1914. A year the first master's degrees were awarded. UAC, as the Utah Agricultural College was abbreviated received a notable boost in students as a direct result of World War I. Colleges and universities nationwide were temporarily transformed into training grounds for the short-lived Student Army Training Corps, composed of students who received military instruction and could return to their educations following their military service; as the then-tiny campus could not otherwise support such large numbers of new students, college president Elmer Peterson convinced the state in 1918 to appropriate funds for permanent brick buildings, which could be used as barracks for SATC students during the war, instruction afterward. Though the war was soon to end, the campus doubled in size; the 1920s and 1930s saw the genesis of major growth. A School of Education was added in 1928, a prelude to the institution being renamed Utah State Agricultural College in 1929.
Doctoral degrees were first granted in 1950. In 1957, the school was granted university status as Utah State University
North America is a continent within the Northern Hemisphere and all within the Western Hemisphere. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean, to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea. North America covers an area of about 24,709,000 square kilometers, about 16.5% of the earth's land area and about 4.8% of its total surface. North America is the third largest continent by area, following Asia and Africa, the fourth by population after Asia and Europe. In 2013, its population was estimated at nearly 579 million people in 23 independent states, or about 7.5% of the world's population, if nearby islands are included. North America was reached by its first human populations during the last glacial period, via crossing the Bering land bridge 40,000 to 17,000 years ago; the so-called Paleo-Indian period is taken to have lasted until about 10,000 years ago. The Classic stage spans the 6th to 13th centuries.
The Pre-Columbian era ended in 1492, the transatlantic migrations—the arrival of European settlers during the Age of Discovery and the Early Modern period. Present-day cultural and ethnic patterns reflect interactions between European colonists, indigenous peoples, African slaves and their descendants. Owing to the European colonization of the Americas, most North Americans speak English, Spanish or French, their culture reflects Western traditions; the Americas are accepted as having been named after the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci by the German cartographers Martin Waldseemüller and Matthias Ringmann. Vespucci, who explored South America between 1497 and 1502, was the first European to suggest that the Americas were not the East Indies, but a different landmass unknown by Europeans. In 1507, Waldseemüller produced a world map, in which he placed the word "America" on the continent of South America, in the middle of what is today Brazil, he explained the rationale for the name in the accompanying book Cosmographiae Introductio:... ab Americo inventore... quasi Americi terram sive Americam.
For Waldseemüller, no one should object to the naming of the land after its discoverer. He used the Latinized version of Vespucci's name, but in its feminine form "America", following the examples of "Europa", "Asia" and "Africa". Other mapmakers extended the name America to the northern continent, In 1538, Gerard Mercator used America on his map of the world for all the Western Hemisphere; some argue that because the convention is to use the surname for naming discoveries, the derivation from "Amerigo Vespucci" could be put in question. In 1874, Thomas Belt proposed a derivation from the Amerrique mountains of Central America. Marcou corresponded with Augustus Le Plongeon, who wrote: "The name AMERICA or AMERRIQUE in the Mayan language means, a country of perpetually strong wind, or the Land of the Wind, and... the can mean... a spirit that breathes, life itself." The United Nations formally recognizes "North America" as comprising three areas: Northern America, Central America, The Caribbean.
This has been formally defined by the UN Statistics Division. The term North America maintains various definitions in accordance with context. In Canadian English, North America refers to the land mass as a whole consisting of Mexico, the United States, Canada, although it is ambiguous which other countries are included, is defined by context. In the United States of America, usage of the term may refer only to Canada and the US, sometimes includes Greenland and Mexico, as well as offshore islands. In France, Portugal, Romania and the countries of Latin America, the cognates of North America designate a subcontinent of the Americas comprising Canada, the United States, Mexico, Greenland, Saint Pierre et Miquelon, Bermuda. North America has been referred to by other names. Spanish North America was referred to as Northern America, this was the first official name given to Mexico. Geographically the North American continent has many subregions; these include cultural and geographic regions. Economic regions included those formed by trade blocs, such as the North American Trade Agreement bloc and Central American Trade Agreement.
Linguistically and culturally, the continent could be divided into Latin America. Anglo-America includes most of Northern America and Caribbean islands with English-speaking populations; the southern North American continent is composed of two regions. These are the Caribbean; the north of the continent maintains recognized regions as well. In contrast to the common definition of "North America", which encompasses the whole continent, the term "North America" is sometimes used to refer only to Mexico, the United States, Greenland; the term Northern America refers to the northern-most countries and territories of North America: the United States, Bermuda, St. Pierre and Miquelon and Greenland. Although the term does not refer to a unifie
In physical geography, a dune is a hill of loose sand built by aeolian processes or the flow of water. Dunes occur in different sizes, formed by interaction with the flow of air or water. Most kinds of dunes are longer on the stoss side, where the sand is pushed up the dune, have a shorter "slip face" in the lee side; the valley or trough between dunes is called a slack. A "dune field" or erg is an area covered by extensive dunes. Dunes occur along some coasts; some coastal areas have one or more sets of dunes running parallel to the shoreline directly inland from the beach. In most cases, the dunes are important in protecting the land against potential ravages by storm waves from the sea. Although the most distributed dunes are those associated with coastal regions, the largest complexes of dunes are found inland in dry regions and associated with ancient lake or sea beds. Dunes can form under the action of water flow, on sand or gravel beds of rivers and the sea-bed; the modern word "dune" came into English from French c.
1790, which in turn came from Middle Dutch dūne. Dunes are made of sand-sized particles, may consist of quartz, calcium carbonate, gypsum, or other materials; the upwind/upstream/upcurrent side of the dune is called the stoss side. Sand is pushed or bounces up the stoss side, slides down the lee side. A side of a dune that the sand has slid down is called a slip face; the Bagnold formula gives the speed. Five basic dune types are recognized: crescentic, star and parabolic. Dune areas may occur in three forms: simple and complex. Barchan dunes are crescent-shaped mounds which are wider than they are long; the lee-side slipfaces are on the concave sides of the dunes. These dunes form under winds that blow from one direction, they form separate crescents. When the sand supply is greater, they may merge into barchanoid ridges, transverse dunes; some types of crescentic dunes move more over desert surfaces than any other type of dune. A group of dunes moved more than 100 metres per year between 1954 and 1959 in China's Ningxia Province, similar speeds have been recorded in the Western Desert of Egypt.
The largest crescentic dunes on Earth, with mean crest-to-crest widths of more than three kilometres, are in China's Taklamakan Desert. See lunettes and parabolic dues, for dunes similar to crescent-shaped ones. Abundant barchan dunes may merge into barchanoid ridges, which grade into linear transverse dunes, so called because they lie transverse, or across, the wind direction, with the wind blowing perpendicular to the ridge crest. Seif dunes are linear dunes with two slip faces; the two slip faces make them sharp-crested. They are called seif dunes after the Arabic word for "sword", they may be more than 160 kilometres long, thus visible in satellite images. Seif dunes are associated with bidirectional winds; the long axes and ridges of these dunes extend along the resultant direction of sand movement. Some linear dunes merge to form Y-shaped compound dunes. Formation is debated. Bagnold, in The Physics of Blown Sand and Desert Dunes, suggested that some seif dunes form when a barchan dune moves into a bidirectional wind regime, one arm or wing of the crescent elongates.
Others suggest. In the sheltered troughs between developed seif dunes, barchans may be formed, because the wind is constrained to be unidirectional by the dunes. Seif dunes are common in the Sahara, they range up to 300 km in length. In the southern third of the Arabian Peninsula, a vast erg, called the Rub' al Khali or Empty Quarter, contains seif dunes that stretch for 200 km and reach heights of over 300 m. Linear loess hills known; these hills appear to have been formed during the last ice age under permafrost conditions dominated by sparse tundra vegetation. Radially symmetrical, star dunes are pyramidal sand mounds with slipfaces on three or more arms that radiate from the high center of the mound, they tend to accumulate in areas with multidirectional wind regimes. Star dunes grow upward rather than laterally, they dominate the Grand Erg Oriental of the Sahara. In other deserts, they occur around the margins of the sand seas near topographic barriers. In the southeast Badain Jaran Desert of China, the star dunes are up to 500 metres tall and may be the tallest dunes on Earth.
Oval or circular mounds that lack a slipface. Dome dunes occur at the far upwind margins of sand seas. Fixed crescentic dunes that form on the leeward margins of playas and river valleys in arid and semiarid regions in response to the direction of prevailing winds, are known as lunettes, source-bordering dunes and clay dunes, they may be composed of clay, sand, or gypsum, eroded from the basin floor or shore, transported up the concave side of the dune, deposited on the convex side. Examples in Australia are up to 6.5 km long, 1 km wide, up to 50 metres high. They occur in southern and West Africa, in parts of the western United States Texas. U-shaped mounds of sand with convex noses trailed by elongated arms are parabolic dunes; these dunes are formed from blowout dunes where the erosion
The Amargosa Valley is the valley through which the Amargosa River flows south, in Nye County, southwestern Nevada and Inyo County in the state of California. The south end is alternately called the "Amargosa River Valley'" or the "Tecopa Valley." Its northernmost point is around Beatty and southernmost is Tecopa, where the Amargosa River enters into the Amargosa Canyon. The Amargosa Valley is located within the Basin and Range Province, characterized by abrupt changes in elevation, alternating between narrow faulted mountain chains and flat arid valleys or basins; as is typical of the Province, the Valley is long narrow from east to west. It lies to the east of Death Valley, separated from it by the Amargosa Funeral Mountains; the Valley lies within the Mohave Desert region of the Province. The more narrowly bounded Amargosa Desert forms the eastern portion of the Valley, it is not known. Ancient campsites have been found that date back at least 10,000 years, to the end of the last ice age. Recent examination of archaeological remains in the valley implies more extensive use by aboriginal peoples than had been estimated.
Pottery and other artifacts have been found that date back from 1000 A. D. to earlier times. During the nineteenth century, two groups of Native Americans occupied the Amargosa Valley: the Southern Paiute and the Western Shoshone. Both were adept at extracting a living from their marginal environment, subsisting on wild plant foods and supplemented by wild game; the Old Spanish Trail and the wagon road called the Old Mormon Road or Salt Lake Road, ran through the south end of Amargosa Valley, passing from Resting Springs, east of present-day Tecopa, 7 miles to Willow Spring on the east bank of the canyon of the Amargosa River, below Tecopa and above the mouth of China Ranch Wash. After the Donner Party's disastrous winter of 1847 in the Sierra Nevada mountains, which happened just before the news of California gold became public, a loose group arrived in October 1849 at the Great Salt Lake, they organized under the guidance of a Captain Hunt to head for the San Bernardino–Los Angeles area. The best alternative to risking the Donner route was to try an end run to the south of the Sierras.
The Old Spanish Trail had long been used by Indians, traders and mountain men as a convenient but rough route, confined to horseback and pack animals, to California. It ran north from Santa Fe to the Salt Lake area back south along the edge of the mountains to San Diego, had been used since the days of Cabeza De Vaca's journey through the country. Leaving the Salt Lake area, they were overtaken by another party led by a guide named Captain Smith, he assured them that a more direct route across the southern deserts existed, quite passable for wagons and showed them a copy of John C. Fremont's map of his explorations; the map had a large portion known as "The Great American Desert", left blank with the word "unexplored" across it. On this Smith's friend Barney Ward had drawn in a trail which showed plenty of graze for the animals, adequate water for all with a description of the clear cool waters of Owens river and Lake Owens; the route would take them north and west of the unknown Death Valley.
Over Walker's Pass into California. This map showed a fictitious mountain range, north of the Old Spanish Trail to Los Angeles and running east–west across central Nevada, it may have been this non-existent mountain range that contributed to the emigrant's decision to chance leaving the established trail, under the assumption that water, grass for the oxen, would be easier to locate along the base of the mountains. In times, the exploration and mapping of Nevada would show that all of the mountain ranges in central Nevada run north–south, directly across the path the Bennett-Arcane Party took; the party was led by William L. Manly, Rev. James Brier, Asahel Bennett, all experienced outdoorsmen and farmers out of the Wisconsin farm country who decided to risk it on the assurances that Smith, with the map, would accompany them. Hunt agreed to stay on as long as he was needed. Soon after their leaving Salt Lake, Smith's group split off as did their guide Hunt as the country got rough for wagon passage with the main group of less adventurous emigrants and the map.
Smith and Hunt both arrived with their parties in San Bernardino after tough but quick journeys around Death Valley. Manly and Bennett led straight on into the Amargosa desert, they were followed by the Wade family party who stayed back one day. Not having to scout or break trail, the Wades had an easy journey compared to the others. After leaving Ash Meadows, they drove over the Amargosa range, down into Death Valley through Furnace Creek Wash where they were bogged down on the valley floor. Many of their oxen had died from lack of forage and they were immobilized, as the few remaining animals were starving and were too weak to pull wagons up and over the mountains to the west and south if a pass were found; the Wades, not so bad off turned south and drove themselves out of the valley and on to safety via Wingate Wash. The Manley, Brier, & Bennett party sent Manley and a companion, John Haney Rogers, south out of the valley for help; the Briers made a heroic climb over the Panamints to safety, while the Bennetts waited huddled around their wagons with water but no food.
Four weeks after an incredible 500 mile round-trip trek across the Mojave Desert to Rancho San Francisco, Manly & Rogers return
Nevada is a state in the Western United States. It is bordered by Oregon to the northwest, Idaho to the northeast, California to the west, Arizona to the southeast and Utah to the east. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 32nd most populous, but the 9th least densely populated of the U. S. states. Nearly three-quarters of Nevada's people live in Clark County, which contains the Las Vegas–Paradise metropolitan area where three of the state's four largest incorporated cities are located. Nevada's capital, however, is Carson City. Nevada is known as the "Silver State" because of the importance of silver to its history and economy, it is known as the "Battle Born State", because it achieved statehood during the Civil War. Nevada is desert and semi-arid, much of it within the Great Basin. Areas south of the Great Basin are within the Mojave Desert, while Lake Tahoe and the Sierra Nevada lie on the western edge. About 86% of the state's land is managed by various jurisdictions of the U. S. federal government, both civilian and military.
Before European contact, Native Americans of the Paiute and Washoe tribes inhabited the land, now Nevada. The first Europeans to explore the region were Spanish, they called the region Nevada because of the snow. The area formed part of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, became part of Mexico when it gained independence in 1821; the United States annexed the area in 1848 after its victory in the Mexican–American War, it was incorporated as part of Utah Territory in 1850. The discovery of silver at the Comstock Lode in 1859 led to a population boom that became an impetus to the creation of Nevada Territory out of western Utah Territory in 1861. Nevada became the 36th state on October 31, 1864, as the second of two states added to the Union during the Civil War. Nevada has a reputation for its libertarian laws. In 1940, with a population of just over 110,000 people, Nevada was by far the least-populated state, with less than half the population of the next least-populated state. However, legalized gambling and lenient marriage and divorce laws transformed Nevada into a major tourist destination in the 20th century.
Nevada is the only U. S. state where prostitution is legal, though it is illegal in Clark County, Washoe County and Carson City. The tourism industry remains Nevada's largest employer, with mining continuing as a substantial sector of the economy: Nevada is the fourth-largest producer of gold in the world; the name "Nevada" comes from meaning "snow-covered", after the Sierra Nevada. Most Nevadans pronounce the second syllable of their state name using the TRAP vowel. Many from outside the Western United States pronounce it with the PALM vowel. Although the latter pronunciation is closer to the Spanish pronunciation, it is not the pronunciation preferred by most Nevadans. State Assemblyman Harry Mortenson proposed a bill to recognize the alternate pronunciation of Nevada, though the bill was not supported by most legislators and never received a vote; the Nevadan pronunciation is the de facto official one, since it is the one used by the state legislature. At one time, the state's official tourism organization, TravelNevada, stylized the name of the state as "Nevăda", with a breve mark over the a indicating the locally preferred pronunciation, available as a license plate design.
Nevada is entirely within the Basin and Range Province, is broken up by many north-south mountain ranges. Most of these ranges have endorheic valleys between them, which belies the image portrayed by the term Great Basin. Much of the northern part of the state is within the Great Basin, a mild desert that experiences hot temperatures in the summer and cold temperatures in the winter. Moisture from the Arizona Monsoon will cause summer thunderstorms; the state's highest recorded temperature was 125 °F in Laughlin on June 29, 1994. The coldest recorded temperature was −52 °F set in San Jacinto in 1972, in the northeastern portion of the state; the Humboldt River crosses the state from east to west across the northern part of the state, draining into the Humboldt Sink near Lovelock. Several rivers drain from the Sierra Nevada eastward, including the Walker and Carson rivers. All of these rivers are endorheic basins, ending in Walker Lake, Pyramid Lake, the Carson Sink, respectively. However, not all of Nevada is within the Great Basin.
Tributaries of the Snake River drain the far north, while the Colorado River, which forms much of the boundary with Arizona, drains much of southern Nevada. The mountain ranges, some of which have peaks above 13,000 feet, harbor lush forests high above desert plains, creating sky islands for endemic species; the valleys are no lower in elevation than 3,000 feet, while some in central Nevada are above 6,000 feet. The southern third of the state, where the Las Vegas area is situated, is within the Mojave Desert; the area is closer to the Arizona Monsoon in the summer. The terrain is lower below 4,000 feet, creating conditions for hot summer days and cool to chilly winter nights. Nevada and California have by far the longest diagonal line as a state boundary at just over 400 miles; this line begins in Lake Tahoe nearly
Pahrump is an unincorporated town in Nye County, United States. As of 2010 the population was 36,441. Pahrump was inhabited by the Southern Paiute, it was inhabited by settlers in the late 19th century. They chose the name for Pahrump after the original indigenous name Pah-Rimpi, or "Water Rock," so named because of the abundant artesian wells in the valley; because of the artesian wells, the new inhabitants of Pahrump Valley began a number of large ranch-style holdings over 1000 acres in size. On the ranches and cotton were grown, livestock were raised; until the 1960s, Pahrump had no telephone service except a radio transmitter phone in a phone booth next to the small market, there were no paved roads in or out of the Pahrump Valley. However, as Las Vegas grew, real estate speculation became more popular in the area, which led to increased interest in Pahrump; this led to the introduction of telephone service and the construction of a paved highway, from Las Vegas to Pahrump, during the late 1960s.
This road was extended from Pahrump northward to US 95, near Amargosa Valley. A second paved road was introduced that went from Pahrump to neighboring Shoshone, which provided a link to the Death Valley area, as well as a shorter route to those wishing to travel to Los Angeles or other areas in California. In the fifties and sixties, there was a two-room elementary school and the high school students went to Shoshone. In 1974, Pahrump's first high school, Pahrump Valley High School, was constructed. Since the late 1970s, Pahrump has grown increasing from about 2,000 residents in 1980 to 22,000 in 2017. Pahrump is an archetypal example of an exurb. All significant agriculture has ended in the valley, the surface aquifers have been drained over the years. A wealthy Las Vegas casino owner, Ted Binion, buried a large treasure of silver in a secret underground vault in Pahrump. In 1998, Binion died under suspicious circumstances, one of the parties accused of murdering Binion was apprehended while digging up the vault in Pahrump.
A book about the Binion murder trial is Positively Fifth Street by James McManus. On November 15, 2006, the Pahrump town board voted for an ordinance declaring English the official language of business, forbidding the display of foreign flags, denying any benefits to illegal aliens. A measure in the ordinance requires an American flag to be displayed above any other flag, regardless of what organization, nation, or government it represents; this law was never repealed. On November 4, 2017, Koenigsegg Automotive AB achieved the highest top speed of a production car surpassing the Bugatti Veyron; the Koenigsegg Agera RS reached a top speed of 277.9 mph on Nevada State Route 160. According to the United States Census Bureau, the census-designated place of Pahrump has a total area of 297.9 sq mi, all of, land. By area, it is the largest CDP in the contiguous United States, although it ranks only eleventh nationally, since the largest ten are all in Alaska; the area lies in the Mojave Desert. Summers in Pahrump are hot and dry, with occasional pushes of monsoonal moisture beginning in early July.
Being at a similar elevation to Las Vegas, daytime highs in summer average within a few degrees of Las Vegas. Record highs are similar between the two cities as well. A typical day during June through August brings temperatures around 100, 110. Nighttime temperatures, are noticeably cooler; this is due to the lack of an urban heat island in Pahrump, allowing for intense radiative cooling after sundown. As a result, summer nights are pleasantly warm, bottoming out in the 70s. Pahrump's location in a valley leads to large diurnal temperature ranges 30 degrees but 40 degrees Fahrenheit. By late August and early September, the sweltering summer heat noticeably tempers down. September is the gateway to fall, which brings pleasant weather. October highs are 80 degrees and nighttime temperatures in the 50s. Like other locations in the Mojave desert, winters are mild, with occasional pushes of cold air from the north. Daytime highs average from the mid-50s and 60s, but low temperatures hover around freezing for most nights between December to February.
Spring brings cool evenings. Like other locations in the Mojave desert, this is the windiest time of year; as of the census of 2000, there were 24,631 people, 10,153 households, 7,127 families residing in the census-designated place of Pahrump. The population density was 82.7 people per square mile. There were 11,651 housing units at an average density of 39.1 per square mile. The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.1% White, 0.1% African American, 1.1% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 0.37% Pacific Islander, 2.27% from other races, 2.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.9% of the population. There were 10,153 households out of which 14.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.2% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.8% were non-families. 23.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.83.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 10.6% from 25 to 44, 28.9% from 45 to 64, 55.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.4 males. The med
Nye County, Nevada
Nye County is a county in the U. S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 43,946, its county seat is Tonopah. At 18,159 square miles, Nye is the largest county by area in the state and the third-largest county in the contiguous United States. Nye County comprises the Pahrump, NV Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Las Vegas-Henderson, NV-AZ Combined Statistical Area. In 2010, the center of population of Nevada was near Yucca Mountain; the Nevada Test Site and proposed Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository are in the southwestern part of the county, are the focus of a great deal of political and public controversy in the state. The federal government manages 92 percent of the county's land. A 1987 attempt to deposit the nuclear waste resulted in the creation of Bullfrog County, dissolved two years later; the county has several environmentally sensitive areas, including Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge, the White River Valley, several Great Basin sky islands and a portion of Death Valley National Park.
Visitors to Death Valley stay at Beatty or Amargosa Valley. Nye County is one of 11 Nevada counties; the county has no incorporated cities. The seat of government in Tonopah is 160 miles from Pahrump, where about 86 percent of the county's population resides. Nye County is nicknamed "The Kingdom of Nye" from the radio program Coast to Coast AM, created by the late Pahrump resident Art Bell. Nye County was named after James W. Nye, he served as the first governor of the Nevada Territory and as a U. S. Senator after it was admitted as a state; the first county seat was Ione in 1864, followed by Belmont in 1867, by Tonopah in 1905. The county's first boom came in the early 20th century, when Rhyolite and Tonopah, as well as Goldfield in nearby Esmeralda County, all had gold and silver mining booms. In 1906, Goldfield had 30,000 residents, Tonopah had nearly 10,000 people, Rhyolite peaked at about 10,000; these cities were linked by the Tidewater Railroad. After the boom died, Nye County withered. By 1910, the population had plummeted to about 7,500 before sinking to near 3,000 in the middle of the century.
It was not until development at the military test site, increasing employment and resources that the population stabilized. After the 1990s, when Pahrump became a bedroom community for Las Vegas, it had high rates of population growth. From time to time, there have been discussions of moving the county seat south to Pahrump, or splitting off the southern portion of the county, but neither of these ideas appears to have sufficient support at the county or state government level. From 1987 to 1989, Bullfrog County, was split off from Nye County territory to form a separate political region; the population of Bullfrog County was 0. The Western Shoshone challenged this plan. No license was granted for the planned Yucca Mountain Repository; the Yomba Indian Reservation is in this county, as one designated for some of the Western Shoshone people. The Yomba Band of the reservation is a federally recognized tribe. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 18,199 square miles, of which 18,182 square miles is land and 17 square miles is water.
The highest and most topographically prominent mountain in the county is Mount Jefferson at 11,949 feet. Nye County is in south central Nevada. Nye is the Nevada's largest county and the third-largest county in the contiguous United States, after San Bernardino County in California and Coconino County in Arizona. With a land area of 11,560,960 acres, Nye County is larger than the combined area of Massachusetts, Rhode Island, New Jersey, Delaware. Of this vast land area, only 822,711 acres, or just over seven percent of the total, is private land. Before the Treaty of Ruby Valley, all this area was controlled by the Western Shoshone people, who say they never ceded territory here. According to the United States Census Bureau the county's Census Tract 9805, with a land area of 4,225.415 square miles, comprising the Nevada Test Site and Nye County's portion of the Nevada Test and Training Range, is the largest census tract in the United States that has no resident population. Las Vegas, in Clark County, is 100 miles southeast of Yucca Mountain.
Many Pahrump residents commute 60 miles each way to Las Vegas via Nevada State Route 160, which for much of its length is a four-lane divided highway. Nye County has a long stretch of U. S. Route 95, the main road connecting the state's population center in Las Vegas with the state capital in Carson City. Beatty and Tonopah both rely on through traffic to sustain their economies; as of 2006, an average of 2,000 cars daily traveled U. S. 95 near Tonopah. Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge Death Valley National Park Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest Spring Mountains National Recreation Area As of the census of 2000, there were 32,485 people, 13,309 households, 9,063 families residing in the county; the population density was 2 people per square mile. There were 15,934 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 90.0% White, 1.18% Black or African American, 1.96% Native American, 0.78% Asian, 0.32% Pacific Islander, 2.98% from ot