Ashgabat — named Poltoratsk between 1919 and 1927, is the capital and the largest city of Turkmenistan. It is situated between the Kopet Dag mountain range in Central Asia; the city was founded in 1881, made the capital of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic in 1924. Much of the city was destroyed by the 1948 Ashgabat earthquake but has since seen extensively rebuilt under the rule of Saparmurat Niyazov’s “White City” urban renewal project, resulting in monumental projects sheathed in costly white marble; the Soviet-era Karakum Canal runs through the city, carrying waters from the Amu Darya from east to west. Ashgabat is called Aşgabat in Turkmen, in Russian from 1925 to 1991, Ešq-ābād in Persian. Before 1991, the city was spelled Ashkhabad in English, a transliteration of the Russian form, it has been variously spelled Ashkhabat and Ashgabad. From 1919 until 1927, the city was renamed Poltoratsk after a local revolutionary, Pavel Gerasimovich Poltoratskiy. Although the name means "city of love" or "city of devotion" in modern Persian, the name might be modified through folk etymology.
Turkmen historian Ovez Gundogdiyev believes that the name goes back to the Parthian era, 3rd century BC, deriving from the name of the founder of the Parthian Empire, Arsaces I of Parthia, in Persian Ashk-Abad. Ashgabat is a young city, having been founded in 1881 as a fortification and named after the nearby settlement of Askhabad. Located not far from the site of Nisa, the ancient capital of the Parthian Empire, it grew on the ruins of the Silk Road city of Konjikala, first mentioned as a wine-producing village in the 2nd century BC and leveled by an earthquake in the 1st century BC. Konjikala was rebuilt because of its advantageous location on the Silk Road and it flourished until its destruction by Mongols in the 13th century. After that it survived as a small village. A part of Persia until the Battle of Geok Tepe, Askhabad was ceded to the Russian Empire under the terms of the Akhal Treaty. Russia developed the area as it was close to the border of British-influenced Persia, the population grew from 2,500 in 1881 to 19,428 in 1897.
It was regarded as a pleasant town with European style buildings and hotels. In 1908, the first Bahá'í House of Worship was built in Askhabat, it was badly damaged in the 1948 earthquake and demolished in 1963. The community of the Bahá'í Faith in Turkmenistan was based in Ashgabat. Soviet rule was established in Ashgabat in December 1917. However, in July 1918, a coalition of Mensheviks, Social Revolutionaries, Tsarist former officers of the Imperial Russian Army revolted against the Bolshevik rule emanating from Tashkent and established the Ashkhabad Executive Committee. After receiving some support from General Malleson, the British withdrew in April 1919 and the Tashkent Soviet resumed control of the city. In 1919, the city was renamed Poltoratsk, after Pavel Poltoratskiy, the Chairman of the Soviet of National Economy of the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic; when the Turkmen SSR was established in 1924, Poltoratsk became its capital. The original name was restored in 1927. From this period onward, the city experienced rapid growth and industrialisation, although disrupted by a major earthquake on October 6, 1948.
An estimated 7.3 on the Richter scale, the earthquake killed 110–176,000, although the official number announced by Soviet news was only 40,000. In July 2003, street names in Ashgabat were replaced by serial numbers except for nine major highways, some named after Saparmurat Niyazov, his father, his mother; the Presidential Palace Square was designated 2000 to symbolize the beginning of the 21st century. The rest of the streets were assigned smaller four-digit numerical names. Following Niyazov's death in 2006, Soviet-era street names were restored, though in the years since, many of them have been replaced with names honoring Turkmen scholars, military heroes, figures from art and culture. In 2013, the city was included in the Guinness Book of Records as the world's highest concentration of white marble buildings. Ashgabat milestones: 1882–1918 – administrative center of Russia's Transcaspian Region 1918–1925 – administrative center of the Turkmen Oblast in the Turkestan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic since February 1925 – capital of the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic since October 1991 – capital of independent Turkmenistan See Map of the Boroughs of Ashgabat As of January 5, 2018, Ashgabat includes four boroughs: Bagtyýarlyk etraby Berkararlyk etraby Büzmeýin etraby Köpetdag etraby This is a reduction from the previous number of boroughs.
Arçabil and Çandybil boroughs were merged on February 4, 2015, the new etrap, named Arçabil, was in turn renamed Büzmeýin in January 2018. At that time the Abadan borough of Ashgabat, created in 2013 by annexing the town of Abadan and surrounding villages to Abadan's south, was abolished and its territory was merged into the newly renamed Büzmeýin borough; the former Ruhabat borough was abolished at the same time and its territory absorbed by Bagtyýarlyk borough. Acco
WSNG is a radio station licensed in Torrington, broadcasting a talk radio format. WWCO is part of a three station simulcast, along with 1470 WMMW, Meriden and the home base, 1360 WDRC, Hartford; the four stations use the slogan "The Talk of Connecticut" featuring a local morning show and syndicated programs the rest of the day, including Michael Savage. The station is owned by Red Wolf Broadcasting and features programming from Fox News Radio, Talk Radio Network and Westwood One; the Talk of Connecticut stations broadcast sporting events as New York Yankees major league baseball, New Britain Rock Cats minor league baseball, Hartford Hawks college basketball and high school sports. WSNG was signed on in the late 1940s as WTOR which transmitted from 93 Perkins Street with 250 watts on 1490kc, it moved the transmitter to Harwinton in 1964 after being granted 1 kW day 500w night with a three-tower directional array on 610 kc. It was owned by Edmund Willian Waller; the callsign change came after the station was acquired by new owners at a date than 1966.
The format at WSNG was full service radio throughout the'80s. Many popular personalities worked at WSNG including "Captain" Jay Sheldon, Dan Lovallo and news anchor Jeff Zeiner. During the mid-1980s these personalities left and the format shifted to "consumer" radio; that format proved unpopular and an abortive attempt of returning to full service radio failed. New competition from WZBG caused the station to go dark in the 1990s. Buckley Broadcasting purchased the station, it now simulcasts WDRC as part of the Talk of Connecticut network. On March 5, 2014, Buckley Broadcasting announced that it would sell its Connecticut radio stations, including WSNG, to Connoisseur Media; the sale was consummated on July 7, 2014 at a price of $7,922,035. Connoisseur sold WSNG, along with the other Talk of Connecticut stations, WDRC-FM in Hartford, W272DO in New Haven, to Red Wolf Broadcasting for $8 million in January 2018. WSNG official website Query the FCC's AM station database for WSNG Radio-Locator Information on WSNG Query Nielsen Audio's AM station database for WSNG
Geoservice Ingeniería is a Peruvian firm founded in 1995 which provides engineering and consulting services. It work includes environmental impact assessment studies, hydrological studies, construction management, geotechnical studies. Geoservice Ingeniería started operation in Jun 1995, to provide services to economic sectors such as mining and infrastructure. In December 2006, the company changed its name from Geoservice Ingeniería SRL to Geoservice Ingeniería SAC so that it could have a board of directors; the firm is run by CEO Miguel De La Torre Sobrevilla, who has worked on engineering dams, slope stability and geotechnical instrumentation. The firm was awarded on 2009 the ISO 9001:2008 certification in regards to engineering studies services and project activities including design and supervision of civil works as well as preparation of environmental studies. Geoservice Ingeniería created the EIA study for Southern Copper Corporation's Tia Maria mine project. Southern Copper Corporation received the approval of the EIA on Aug 4th 2014, There were social conflicts in 2011 that put at risk the development of the project.
On September 2014 Geoservice Ingeniería was hired again by Southern Copper Corporation to prepare studies on surface and underground water resources as well as hydraulic infrastructure linked to river Locumba water resources usage planning. Official Homepage