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Ashland, Mississippi

Ashland is a town in Benton County, United States. The population was 569 at the 2010 census, it is the county seat of Benton County. Ashland was incorporated on March 8, 1871, has a Mayor-Aldermen form of government. Mitch Carroll is the 28th mayor of Ashland. Ashland is the birthplace of a 2007 candidate for governor of Mississippi. Willie Mitchell, Memphis musician, owner of Hi Records, producer of Al Green, are from Ashland. Ashland was established in 1871 as the county seat for the Benton County, created the previous year; the Benton County Courthouse, the focus of the town's main square, was constructed in 1873. Many of Ashland's earliest residents hailed from Salem, an older community to the west, destroyed during the Civil War. Ashland is 18 miles east of Holly Springs; the town is concentrated along Mississippi Highway 370, east of its intersection with Mississippi Highway 5. The Tennessee border is 14 miles to the north. According to the United States Census Bureau, Ashland has a total area of 1.8 square miles, all land.

As of the census of 2000, there were 577 people, 207 households, 142 families residing in the town. The population density was 316.0 people per square mile. There were 227 housing units at an average density of 124.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 95.1% White, 0.8% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% from other races, 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population. There were 207 households out of which 25.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.1% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.4% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.68. In the town, the population was spread out with 15.9% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 22.5% from 25 to 44, 21.8% from 45 to 64, 31.0% who were 65 years of age or older.

The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females, there were 83.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males. The median income for a household in the town was $28,088, the median income for a family was $29,911. Males had a median income of $24,375 versus $20,455 for females; the per capita income for the town was $14,073. About 14.6% of families and 19.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 30.2% of those under age 18 and 22.1% of those age 65 or over. As of 2018, the mayor of Ashland is Mitch Carroll, Sandra Gresham, Greg Thompson, Mark Ehrie, Rocky Miller, make up the Board of Aldermen. Carroll was elected mayor in 2007 in a special election to fill the vacancy left by Bill Stone, elected to the Mississippi State Senate. Carroll defeated Mike Carroll, by 17 votes to secure the position. Ashland is served by the Benton County School District; the climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Ashland has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.

Town of Ashland official website

Marco Pascolo

Marco Pascolo is a retired Swiss international football goalkeeper who spent his best playing days at Servette FC and FC Zürich in the 1990s and early 2000s. He is goalkeeping coach for FC Sion. Born in Sion, Pascolo started playing football professionally in 1986, with local club FC Sion. At Sion, he failed to break into the first-team and left for Neuchâtel Xamax in 1989. During his first season at Xamax, he was used in a squad rotation system, only playing once every few weeks, but in his second season he hit top form and claimed the Number 1 jersey for himself, he signed for Servette FC in 1991 and became a fan favourite immediately. Shortly after signing for Servette, he earned a call-up to the Swiss national team. After achieving all he could at Servette, he went to Serie A with Cagliari Calcio in 1996, but found first-team action hard to come by, and after just one season in Italy, he left for England's Nottingham Forrest. He played fewer games there and returned to Switzerland in 1998 with FC Zürich.

He was a first-team regular in Zürich for four seasons before he returned to Servette in 2002 to finish his career. He was capped 55 times for the Swiss national team between 1992 and 2001, he was in the Swiss squad at the 1994 FIFA World Cup, playing all four games, at Euro 1996. He is now a goalkeeping coach at FC Sion. Marco Pascolo at National-Football-Teams.com

Legislative assemblies of the Roman Empire

The legislative assemblies of the Roman Empire were political institutions in the ancient Roman Empire. During the reign of the second Roman Emperor, the powers, held by the Roman assemblies were transferred to the senate; the neutering of the assemblies had become inevitable for reasons beyond the fact that they were composed of the rabble of Rome. The electors were, in general, ignorant as to the merits of the important questions that were laid before them, willing to sell their votes to the highest bidder, it was Rome's own success. Under the Roman Republic, it was the People of Rome who held the ultimate sovereignty, thus the ultimate power over the state. Exercising this sovereign power was the purpose of the popular assemblies; the idea of a system of popular assemblies, was more fitting for a city-state than it was for a world empire. When Roman territory was confined to a limited geographical area, the assemblies were more representative of the popular will, but by the time that Rome had grown into a world power few Romans had a practical chance to vote.

Therefore, in practice, the assemblies were so unrepresentative. After the founding of the Roman Empire, the People of Rome continued to organize by centuries and by tribes, but by this point, these divisions had lost most of their relevance. After the fall of the republic, the "Curiate Assembly" no longer passed the lex curiata de imperio; this power was transferred to the senate. This was the one measure. After the founding of the empire, while this assembly continued to consist of thirty lictors, it only retained the power to witness wills and to ratify adoptions. Under the empire, soldiers continued to organize by centuries, but the centuries had long lost all of their political relevance; the division of the "Centuriate Assembly" into centuries of senior soldiers and junior soldiers continued well into the empire, as did their classification on the basis of property ownership. While the machinery of the Centuriate Assembly continued to exist well into the life of the empire, the assembly lost all of its practical relevance.

Under the empire, all gatherings of the Centuriate Assembly were in the form of an unsorted convention. Legislation was never submitted to the imperial Centuriate Assembly, the one major legislative power that this assembly had held under the republic, the right to declare war, was now held by the emperor. All judicial powers, held by the republican Centuriate Assembly were transferred to independent jury courts, under the emperor Tiberius, all of its former electoral powers were transferred to the senate. After it had lost all of these powers, it had no remaining authority, its only remaining function was, after the senate had'elected' the magistrates, to hear the renuntiatio, The renuntiatio had no legal purpose, but instead was a ceremony in which the results of the election were read to the electors. This allowed the emperor to claim. After the founding of the empire, the tribal divisions of citizens and freedmen continued, but the only political purpose of the tribal divisions was such that they better enabled the senate to maintain a list of citizens.

Tribal divisions simplified the process by which grain was distributed. Most freedmen belonged to one of the four urban tribes, while most freemen belonged to one of the thirty-one rural tribes. Heredity continued to be the basis upon. Under the emperor Tiberius, the electoral powers of the "Tribal Assembly" were transferred to the senate; each year, after the senate had elected the annual magistrates, the Tribal Assembly heard the renuntiatio. Any legislation that the emperor submitted to the assemblies for ratification were submitted to the Tribal Assembly; the assembly ratified imperial decrees, starting with the emperor Augustus, continuing until the emperor Domitian. The ratification of legislation by the assembly, had no legal importance as the emperor could make any decree into law without the acquiescence of the assemblies. Thus, under the empire, the chief executive again became the chief lawgiver, a power he had not held since the days of the early republic; the "Plebeian Council" survived the fall of the republic, it lost its legislative and electoral powers to the senate.

By virtue of his tribunician powers, the emperor always had absolute control over the council. Polybius; the General History of Polybius: Translated from the Greek. By James Hampton. Oxford: Printed by W. Baxter. Fifth Edition, Vol 2. Taylor, Lily Ross. Roman Voting Assemblies: From the Hannibalic War to the Dictatorship of Caesar; the University of Michigan Press. Cicero's De Re Publica, Book Two Rome at the End of the Punic Wars: An Analysis of the Roman Government.