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Ashland, Oregon

Ashland is a city in Jackson County, United States. It lies along Interstate 5 16 miles north of the California border and near the south end of the Rogue Valley; the city's population was 20,078 at the 2010 census and was estimated to be 21,263 as of 2018. The city is the home of the Oregon Shakespeare Festival; these are important to Ashland's economy, which depends on restaurants and retail stores that cater to tourists. Lithia Park along Ashland Creek, historic buildings, a paved intercity bike trail provide additional visitor attractions. Ashland called "Ashland Mills", was named after Ashland County, the original home of founder Abel Helman, secondarily for Ashland, where other founders had family connections. Ashland has a mayor-council government assisted by citizen committees, its liberal politics have differed sharply, with much of the rest of southwest Oregon. Prior to the arrival of white settlers in mid-19th century, the Shasta people lived in the valley along Ashland Creek where today's city is located.

Early Hudson's Bay Company hunters and trappers following the Siskiyou Trail passed through the site in the 1820s. In the late 1840s American settlers following the Applegate Trail began passing through the area. By the early 1850s, the Donation Land Claim Act brought many to the Rogue Valley and into conflict with its native people; these violent clashes, known as the Rogue River Wars, continued until 1856. In 1851, gold was discovered at Rich Gulch, a tributary of Jackson Creek, a tent city grew on its banks, today's Jacksonville. Settlers arrived in the Ashland area in January 1852, including Robert B. Hargadine, Sylvester Pease, Abel D. Helman, Eber Emery, others. Helman and Hargadine filed. Helman and Emery built a sawmill along what was called Mill Creek to turn timber into lumber for settlers. In 1854, they and another settler, M. B. Morris, built a second mill, Ashland Flouring Mills, to grind local wheat into flour; the community around the mill became known as "Ashland Mills". A post office was established in Ashland Mills in 1855 with Helman as postmaster.

During the 1860s and 1870s the community grew, establishing a school, businesses, a large employer, Ashland Woolen Mills, which produced clothing and blankets from local wool. In 1871, the Post Office dropped "Mills" from Ashland's name. In 1872 Reverend J. H. Skidmore opened a college, Ashland Academy, a predecessor of Southern Oregon University. In 1887, Portland and San Francisco, were joined by rail at Ashland; until 1926, when most rail service began taking a different route, Ashland thrived on rail trade of local products, including pears and apples. In 1908 the Women's Civic Improvement Club petitioned for the creation of community space along Ashland Creek, which became Ashland Canyon Park; the discovery of lithia water near Emigrant Lake around the same time led to a plan to establish a mineral spa at the park. Voters approved bonds to pay for the project, which included piping the mineral water from its source to Ashland; the town engaged John McLaren, landscape architect of San Francisco's Golden Gate Park, to design the park, renamed Lithia Springs Park shortened to Lithia Park.

Although the park was popular, the mineral spa plans proved too expensive for local taxpayers and were abandoned in 1916. Meanwhile, entrepreneurs took to selling mineral waters from the area's springs. During the Fourth of July celebration in 1935, Angus L. Bowmer arranged the first performances of what would become the Oregon Shakespeare Festival; the festival grew during the 20th century, has become an award-winning and internationally known regional theater company. Many of Ashland's historic buildings have been restored; the city has 48 individual structures and two historic districts on the National Register of Historic Places. The structures include the Enders Building, which from 1910 to 1928 contained the largest mercantile establishment between Sacramento and Portland. Ashland is at 1,949 feet above sea level in the foothills of the Siskiyou and Cascade ranges, about 15 miles north of the California border on Interstate 5. About 10 miles south of Ashland and 5 miles north of the California border is Siskiyou Summit, which at 4,310 feet is the highest point on I-5.

Ashland is about 12 miles southeast of Medford and 285 miles south of Portland. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of about 6.6 square miles, all land. Ashland Creek and its tributaries begin on the flanks of Mount Ashland, at 7,533 feet above sea level in the Siskiyou Mountains south of the city. Upstream of the city boundary, these streams flow through the Rogue River–Siskiyou National Forest; the creek flows through the city to meet Bear Creek, which parallels I-5 along the east side of Ashland. Bear Creek, one of many streams in the Rogue Valley, flows northwest to join the Rogue River near Gold Hill, from there the river flows west to its mouth on the Pacific Ocean. Oregon Route 99, running parallel to I-5, passes through downtown Ashland. Oregon Route 66 intersects Route 99 near the city center. Route 66 leads east 63 miles to Klamath Falls. Ashland lies within Oregon's southwest interior climate zone, in which all but the higher-elevation sites

Omega Electroquartz

The Omega Electroquartz was introduced in 1969 as the first production Swiss quartz watch. It was the collaboration of 20 Swiss watch companies and the movement was utilised by Rolex, Patek Phillipe and Omega SA amongst others; the Beta 21 movement used in the Electroquartz was accurate to 5 seconds per month, far better than any automatic or manual wind movement of the day. The Omega Electroquartz was the first Swiss quartz watch produced as part of a range called beta 21 watches, the beta 21 was developed at CEH research laboratory by twenty Swiss watch manufacturers; the first production watches were introduced to the market in 1970 shortly after the world's first commercial quartz wristwatch, the Seiko-Quartz Astron 35SQ in December 1969. The beta 21 is noteworthy and important to the history of watch making as well as the Astron as it marked the first quartz watch produced on an industrial level and began the quartz crisis Numerous Swiss manufacturers released beta 21 watches, the first Rolex quartz model Texano used the beta 21 movement, Patek Philippe produce a range of beta 21 models as did the International Watch Company including it in their first Davinci watch.

By far the largest supplier of beta 21 and subsequent beta 22 watches was Omega SA, who produced circa 10,000 Electroquartz watches between 1970 and 1977 In 1966 after six years of research at Centre Electronique Horloger laboratories in Neuchâtel, Switzerland the first prototype of a quartz wristwatch was produced, the beta-1, this was the first real quartz wristwatch and operated using an 8192 Hz quartz oscillator, mounted to an in-house integrated circuit. In 1967 the beta-2 was tested and was awarded'Concours Chronométrique International de l'Observatoire de Neuchâtel' setting a new record for wristwatch accuracy over the test period of 0.003 seconds per day, by contrast the best chronometers of the day were accurate to around 3–10 seconds per day. In 1969, two years after the beta-2 tests twenty Swiss watch companies agreed to manufacture 6000 of the beta 21 production watches produced on an industrial level. In late 1969 a few hundred beta 21 units were produced to exhibit from a range of the agreed manufacturers at the 1970 Basel Fair.

These production watches were accurate to 5 seconds per month, far better than any automatic or manual wind chronometer at the time and an enormous leap in accurate time keeping. The movement was a modular design and components were manufactured by individual companies and assembled at three workshops; the beta 21 watches had a sweeping second hand, which moved smoothly round the dial and ‘hummed’ thanks to the Omega vibrating micro motor. Although 20 watch companies were involved in the development of the beta 21 production watch under CEH, not all of these companies took this to production stage, it is indicated. Between 1970 and 1971 6,000 beta 21 units were manufactured. To date there are only known of surviving examples from 12 of the original manufacturers and a number of these are not complete watches: 1. Bucherer: Branded as Bucherer Quartz and available in 18-carat gold or stainless steel models. 2. Bulova:Branded as Accuquartz, available in an 18-carat gold models. 3. Favre-Leuba: This has only been seen as a movement with dial and not as a production watch.

4. International Watch Company: Branded as Davinci, International and as a pocket watch available in a range of precious metals and stainless steel. 5. Jaeger-LeCoultre: Branded as Masterquartz however this has only been seen as a movement with dial and not as a production watch. 6. Omega SA: Branded as Electroquartz and available in 18-carat gold and stainless steel models 7: Longines: Branded as Quartz-Chron, this has only been seen as a single production watch in stainless steel. 8. Patek Philippe: Branded as Cercle d'Or available in 18-carat gold models. 9. Piaget: Available in 18-carat gold as date and non date models. 10. Rado: Branded as Quartz 8192, available in Stainless steel and made circa 400 examples. 11. Rolex: Branded as Oysterquartz calibre 5100 available in 18-carat gold. 12. Zenith: This has only been seen as a movement without dial and not as a production watch. Omega's version of the beta 21 wristwatch came in the form of the Electroquartz, the case design was larger at the top than the bottom and as such it gained the nickname'pupitre' after the French word for writing desk.

Omega took 5 examples of the electroquartz to the 1970 Basel Fair in 18-carat gold with integral bracelet and displayed them in a row running continually at the same time to demonstrate their accuracy, they sold all five examples at the Basel Fair. Shortly after the 1970 fair the Electroquartz became commercially available to the public in 18-carat gold and Stainless Steel, both with the pupitre case design at a cost of £1150 in 18-carat yellow gold with integral bracelet and £330 in Stainless steel on bracelet, by contrast the Moonwatch on bracelet was £93.50 and the now coveted Omega Bullhead was only £90.50. According to records between 1972 and 1974 50,000 beta 22s were produced, although only a tiny number of these appear to have made it to production watches based on the availability of used examples now; the beta 22 was a development of the beta 21 available in date and non date models with refined quartz circuits. Rolex and Patek Philippe as well as IWC and Piaget produced small numbers of beta 21/22 watches and towards the mid part of the 1970s all were moving away from the beta 21/22 movement and towards more modern quartz technology, including Rolex

Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College & Hospital

Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College is a government medical college and hospital located in Dhaka, the capital city of Bangladesh. This medical college has been included in the Avicenna Directory of Medical Schools and International Medical Education Directory. Shaheed Suhrawardy Hospital was established in 1963 as Ayub Central Hospital in Sher-e-Bangla Nagor, Bangladesh; the hospital building was designed by architect Louis I Kahn. After a long period of consideration, the Bangladeshi government decided on 5 September 2005 to turn Shaheed Suhrawardy Hospital into a medical college. Educational activities in the college began on 6 May 2006. In the inauguration ceremony the health minister, Khandakar Mosharof Hossain started the educational activities officially; the medical college was known as Begum Khaleda Zia Medical College and had 100 students. And begun its journey with 100 students. However, on 1 June 2009, the name of the medical college was changed to Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College.

Now it has more than 900 students in its 6 batches. The new college building has been inaugurated by the Prime Minister, Sheikh Hasina on 17 January 2012. There are separate hostels for girls. Both the hostels were established and opened in June, 2008. Both of the hostels are six storied & have catering services, Hall rooms and lavatory facilities. Canteen facilities are available with food items. Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College is affiliated with the University of Dhaka; this college is directly governed by Bangladesh Medical and Dental Council BMDC - an affiliate of Ministry of Health. The students receive MBBS degree from the University of Dhaka after completion of 5th year of study and passing the final Professional MBBS examination; the students receive BDS degree from the University of Dhaka after completion of 4th year of study and passing the final Professional BDS examination-that is initiated from 2012. Despite of being a new medical college in Bangladesh, this institution has gained the status of one of the best and most deemed medical college of the country.

Just after its inception this medical college gained enough fame due to the brilliant results of students from this medical college on the professional exams. Admission test is held under the Ministry of Health for admission in all the government medical colleges. Students selected in the test are admitted here on the basis of their choice. 1st principal: A. K. M. Azizul Huq 2nd principal: Abdul Kader Khan 3rd principal: ABM Muksudul Alam Each and every year the students celebrate the national days by performing cultural programme; the students celebrate the Iftar Party, Swarasti Puja, Pahela Baisakh, Indoor Games Competition in the college campus. He New Hostel building is provided with modern indoor sports facilities for the upcoming new generation doctors of this medical college; the college has arranged cultural and sports week for the 2nd time in 2014 and is committed to continue every year. The students celebrate their 30 days, 100 days, year ending, batch programs on campus. Sandhani, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College Unit Medicine Club, Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College Unit Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College Debating Club de beats Sphuron Somaz Sheba Protishthan, helping poor patients who can not afford themselves.

After being established as a newest member in medical colleges of Bangladesh Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College has achieved internal glory in the arena of research both in postgraduate and undergraduate research and conferences. Students have attended European Students conference in 2011, 2012, 2013 as research presenters, workshop participants and ambassador, the AIMS, Portugal in 2012, 2013 as research presenters and ambassador, LIMSC, Netherlands, 2011, 2012 as research presenters, workshop participants and ambassador, KARMIC, India 2012, 2013, research presenter, workshop participant and ambassador. Konference, Kolkata-2012 as workshop participant, research presenter and ambassador and achieved awards and kept the pride and honor of the medical college. Awarded "Best Medical College" by NDF festival, 2008 and 2012, 2013 Has been included in the Avicenna Directory of Medical Schools in May, 2010. Shsmch won 1st prize in the “top Medical College Hospital” category for the consecutive 3rd time in 2019.

This award is the result of 300 mark assessment by WHO, UKaid, MOHFW & DGHS done all around the year on 4 distinct tools: 1) online measurement 2) onsite monitoring 3) physical assessment & 4) patient satisfaction survey. Hats off to visionary Director Prof Uttam Kumar Barua and his team for his leadership and guidance to make ShSMCH ‘top of the top’ again. List of medical colleges in Bangladesh

Nichi Bei Times

The Nichi Bei Times was a Japanese American newspaper headquartered in San Francisco. As of 2009 it was the oldest Japanese American newspaper in Northern California; the Nichi Bei Times was a daily bilingual English-Japanese newspaper, while from 2006 to 2009 it was published four times weekly, with Japanese editions on Tuesdays and Saturdays and English editions on Thursdays. The paper was disestablished effective September 30, 2009. Despite the closure of the printed newspaper Nichi Bei Foundation continues to publish news digitally on its website. In 1899 Kyutaro Abiko, a newspaper seller, established the Nichi Bei Shimbun; the Nichi Bei Foundation said that Kyutaro Abiko was "known to historians as the most influential Japanese immigrant to America," and that the newspaper was "the most influential Japanese American newspaper in the country prior to World War II." The daily circulation peaked at 25,000 during the 1920s, although it had dropped to 9,400 by 1941 the Nichi Bei remained more or less with its competitors.

After Abiko's death in 1936, his wife Yonako took over the business, in 1939 the Nichi Bei building and equipment were destroyed in a fire. The company acquired a new location in 1940 but ceased operations less than two years when the newspaper was forced to close and the staff sent to World War II internment camps in April 1942. After World War II several employees of the Nichi Bei Shimbun founded the Nichi Bei Times, with William Yasuo Abiko, the son of Kyutaro and Yonako, heading the new business; the first issue was published on May 18, 1946. The Nichi Bei Times asked for donations to rebuild post-war Japan. Justine Koo Drennan of New America Media said "Since the paper has covered hate crimes and other news important to Japanese Americans that the mainstream media has neglected." In 1998 Kenji G. Taguma, who by 2009 was the Nichi Bei Times vice president and editor of the English version, wrote a story that contributed to the gain of redress for families of miners and railroad workers, fired from their jobs after the Japanese military had attacked Pearl Harbor in 1941.

S. federal government had not included them in a 1988 redress act. In 2006, in order to revive the newspaper's circulation, Taguma reduced subscription prices and rearranged the publishing days; the paper was published in Japanese on Tuesdays and Saturdays and an English weekly version was published on Thursdays. From 2006 newspaper revenues continued to fall. In August 2009 the newspaper had a circulation base of 8,000 readers in Northern California. Around that period the newspaper's lease of its facility was soon to expire. In August 2009 the board of directors of the newspaper voted to close the newspaper, effective September 30, 2009. Ken Abiko, the chairperson of the board and the grandson of Kyutaro Abiko, said that a reduction in advertisements and paper circulation were the primary factors behind the paper's close. Around the period of the close of the paper, several employees of the Nichi Bei Times and some community members made plans to establish a nonprofit reincarnation of the newspaper, the Nichi Bei Foundation.

Kenji G. Taguma drew up plans for it. Taguma said that he created the plans because, as paraphrased by Justine Koo Drennan of New America Media, "he believes the paper is an essential voice for Japanese Americans." Taguma said "Today, I see the paper as the glue that holds the community together." As of 2016, the newspaper is published weekly. Hokubei Mainichi Newspaper Rafu Shimpo Chicago Shimpo Nichi Bei Times Nichi Bei Foundation Nichi Bei Foundation


R. Velraj is an Indian Cinematographer and writer who works in Tamil, Hindi cinema, he is well known for his camera works in rural subjects and movies like Asuran, Vellai Illa Pattadhari, Aadukalam,Vada Chennai,Kadaikutty Singam Komban,Engayum Epothum,Power PandiEtc: Rajamani Velraj was born in a village called Koothiyar Kundu near Madurai, Tamil Nadu. He did his school in PKN Boys Higher Secondary School, college in Madurai Sourastra College. Married and have two sons At his early stage, he was associated with cinematographer Tirru and worked in several Tamil films as assistant cinematographers like Aalavandhan etc. After working with actor Dhanush in Parattai Engira Azhagu Sundaram, Dhanush recommended Velraj for his next film polladhavan directed by Vetrimaran, he won the Vijay awards: Best cinematographer in 2007 and after that he worked in Aadukalam for which he got several awards. His first directional debut was Vellai Illa Pattadhari in which Dhanush and Amala Paul did the lead role and followed by Anirudh as the music director.

It was a huge success of the year. Velraj won several awards for best debut director, he have worked in Tamil and Hindi films including Polladhavan, Aadukalam and Engeyum Eppodhum. Kaalidas 2007- Vijay Award for Best Cinematographer for Pollathavan 2011- Filmfare Award for Best Cinematographer – South for Aadukalam. 2011- SIIMA Award for Best Cinematographer for Aadukalam 2014-SIIMA Award for Best Debut Director for Velaiyilla Pattathari Velraj on IMDb

Rose Maud Young

Rose Maud Young was an Irish writer and collector of Irish songs, best known for her work to preserve the Irish Language. Young was born in Galgorm Castle, County Antrim and seventh of twelve children born to Grace Charlotte Savage, John Young, a prosperous unionist and high sheriff. Despite his position he was a believer in tenant rights, her younger sister was the writer Ella Young and her brother Willie Young was secretary of the Ulster Unionist League. Young was educated by governesses until 1884 before completing training as a teacher through Cambridge University. Young attended Gaelic League classes in 1903 in London while visiting her sister, living in the city at the time. After visiting the Bodleian Library she became committed to the study of the Irish Language. In the early 1900s Young returned to Ireland and continued her study of the Irish language in Belfast at Seán Ó Catháin's Irish College and in Donegal at Coláiste Uladh in Gort an Choirce. Young stayed in Dublin and became friends with members of the Gaelic League and met Margaret Dobbs.

Young worked with Dobbs on a gathering dedicated to the Irish language. Young was not involved in nationalism though she was supportive of creating and maintaining a sense of "Irishness" through language and culture, she was a friend and patron of Roger Casement. She worked with Ellen O'Brien and contributed to O'Brien's book The Gaelic Church. Young kept meticulous diaries. Young became interested in the Gaelic spoken there, she lived with Margaret Dobbs. Rose Young is buried in the Presbyterian churchyard at Co.. Antrim. Duanaire Gaedhilge Duanaire Gaedhilge a Do Duanaire Gaedhilge a Trí Diarmid Ó Doibhlin, ed. Duanaire Róis Ní hÓgáin Going Up the Glen, Protestant Womenfoldk of the Glens of Antrim and the Irish Language, an essay on Miss Young David Cooper; the Musical Traditions of Northern Ireland and Its Diaspora: Community and Conflict. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 978-0-7546-6230-3. Eamon Phoenix. Feis Na NGleann: A Century of Gaelic Culture in the Antrim Glens. Ulster Historical Foundation. Pp. 21–.

ISBN 978-1-903688-49-6. Robert Anthony Welch; the Cold of May Day Monday: An Approach to Irish Literary History. OUP Oxford. Pp. 135–. ISBN 978-0-19-968684-1. Mario Vargas Llosa; the Dream of the Celt. Faber & Faber. Pp. 12–. ISBN 978-0-571-27573-1. O'Céirín, Kit and Cyril. Women of Ireland. TirEolas Irish Books. Margaret A. Zakem, freelance writer, Michigan