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Ashtabula County, Ohio

Ashtabula County ash-tə-BYEW-lə is the northeasternmost county in the U. S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 101,497; the county seat is Jefferson. The county was created in 1808 and organized in 1811; the name Ashtabula derives from Lenape language ashte-pihële,'always enough to go around, to be given away'. Ashtabula County comprises the Ashtabula, OH Micropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Cleveland–Akron–Canton, OH Combined Statistical Area; the county is best known for having nineteen covered bridges within the county limits, including both the longest and the shortest covered bridges in the United States. Grapes are a popular crop and there are several award-winning wineries in the region owing to the favorable microclimate created by the nearby lake. During the winter, Ashtabula County receives frequent lake-effect snow and is part of the Southeastern Lake Erie Snowbelt. After Europeans arrived in the Americas, the land that became Ashtabula County was part of the French colony of Canada, ceded in 1763 to Great Britain and renamed Province of Quebec.

In the late 18th century the land became part of the Connecticut Western Reserve in the Northwest Territory was purchased by the Connecticut Land Company in 1795. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,368 square miles, of which 702 square miles is land and 666 square miles is water, it is the largest county in Ohio by area. Across Lake Erie lie Elgin and Norfolk Counties, Canada. Erie County, Pennsylvania Crawford County, Pennsylvania Trumbull County Geauga County Lake County As of the census of 2000, there were 102,728 people, 39,397 households, 27,774 families residing in the county; the population density was 146 people per square mile. There were 43,792 housing units at an average density of 62 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 94.07% White, 3.16% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.85% from other races, 1.36% from two or more races. 2.23 % of the population were Latino of any race. 19.3% were of German, 11.6% Italian, 10.6% English, 10.5% Irish, 10.3% American ancestry according to Census 2000.

95.2% spoke English, 2.4% Spanish, 0.8% German as their first language. There were 39,397 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.80% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.50% were non-families. 24.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.05. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 7.60% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 23.60% from 45 to 64, 14.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males. The median income for a household in the county was $35,607, the median income for a family was $42,449. Males had a median income of $33,105 versus $22,624 for females; the per capita income for the county was $16,814.

About 9.20% of families and 12.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.10% of those under age 18 and 8.60% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 101,497 people, 39,363 households, 26,495 families residing in the county; the population density was 144.6 inhabitants per square mile. There were 46,099 housing units at an average density of 65.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 92.7% white, 3.5% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.1% from other races, 2.1% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 3.4% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 24.9% were German, 15.8% were Irish, 12.6% were English, 11.1% were Italian, 10.0% were American, 5.8% were Polish. Of the 39,363 households, 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.7% were non-families, 26.9% of all households were made up of individuals.

The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.01. The median age was 41.0 years. The median income for a household in the county was $42,139 and the median income for a family was $50,227. Males had a median income of $40,879 versus $30,156 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,898. About 11.8% of families and 15.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.7% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over. Ashtabula County had voted for the Democratic candidate for president in every election between 1988–2012. Trump captured the largest majority in the county since President Nixon in 1972 & he is the first Republican presidential candidate to carry Ashtabula County since 1984. Ashtabula County fostered a large Finnish American community around the turn of the twentieth century, as a result, the area is home to many Finnish Americans. Ashtabula County has eighteen extant covered bridges. Of these, nine were constructed prior to 1900.

See List of Ashtabula County covered bridges. Ashtabula Conneaut Geneva Andover Geneva-on-the-Lake Jeffers

Irène Pétry

Irène Pétry was a Belgian socialist politician. She was the first female president of the Constitutional Court, she took part in founding a movement called the "Femmes Prévoyantes Socialistes". She was one of the first women to pursue a political career; the main idea for which she fought her whole life was the equality and emancipation of man and woman. Irene Pétry grew up with five brothers in a working-class family, her parents were fervent members of the Belgian Workers Party, ancestor of the Parti Socialiste. She was involved in politics from an early age, participated in local meetings of this party. Irene was a good student and managed to finish her economics degree at the Royal Athenaeum of Waremme in 1942, she was forced to interrupt her studies for lack of money. As a substitute for university education she attended socialist popular education circles, took language courses and participated in conferences. Irène Pétry began work as a private employee in a company located in Liège. After the war, she joined the Socialist Mutuality in her hometown of Waremme, where she developed a section called "Femmes Prévoyantes Socialistes".

This group was located at the Joseph Wauters Clinic in Waremme. Today it is a medical analysis laboratory; the Femmes Prévoyantes Socialistes movement has evolved since the time when Irene Pétry inaugurated it. Today, this movement prioritizes the equality of women; the FPS movement militates for the rights of citizens while conducting prevention campaigns with the aim of raising citizens' awareness about the fight against domestic violence, prevention of bulimia and anorexia, screening for breast cancer. In this way, the movement fights for an egalitarian society with specific political demands. After the establishment of the FPS movement, Irene Pétry was its National Secretary for French-speakers for nearly 30 years. At the same time, she had other duties, she was the editor-in-chief of a monthly magazine published called La Femme Prévoyante, she was one of the presenters of the television program "La pensée socialiste" at RTBF. Irene Pétry's political commitment did not stop with the FPS movement.

She agitated for women's rights. As early as the 1950s, she fought for legal gender equality. In the 1960s, she emphasized the development and growth of more and more family planning centers, she continued to advance, in the 1970s militated for decriminalizing abortion prior to legalizing it. However she chose to take a step back when faced with "extremist" feminist groups that emerged in the 1970s. From 1959 to 1964 Irène Pétry was a communal councilor in Uccle. In 1966, she became vice-president and president of the International Council of Women of the Socialist International. Subsequently, she was appointed Vice President of the Socialist International; the Socialist International Women is the international organization of women's organizations of socialist, social democratic and labor parties affiliated to the Socialist International. Meanwhile, in the late sixties, Irene found herself involved in government, without being a member of parliament. In the early seventies, she joined the office of the Socialist Party.

At the beginning of 1973 she became the Secretary of State for Development Cooperation. She performed this function in the Leburton-Tindemans-De Clercq government for a period of 10 months, she became deputy to the Federal Public Service Foreign Affairs Minister at the time, Renaat Van Elslande, a Belgian politician of the Flemish Social Christian Party. Renaat Van Elslande served as Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1973 to 1977. Irene was thus the first socialist woman to hold a ministerial office in Belgium. Irène ran for election for Liège in the March 1974 legislative elections, where she was elected as a deputy. In October 1976, following the fusion of the Belgian municipalities, she became communal councilor at Sprimont, for a period of 7 years. A few months she was elected to the Senate; the president of the Senate at that time was Pierre Harmel from the PSC between 1973 and 1977. Irène Pétry had some responsibility for the institutional evolution of the state, since she was a directly elected senator.

She was rapporteur of the Senate Committee, defining new structures that would be adopted by the Belgian state. In August 1976 she gave her voice to the majority which gave birth, among other things, to the political structure of Wallonia. From 15 October 1976, she participated in the meetings that inaugurated the Walloon Regional Council. Among the hundred or so members of this assembly, she was one of eight women parliamentarians from Wallonia. During the same period, in 1978 she created a political association called "Socialist Tribunes" with Ernest Glinne and Jacques Yerna; this is a left-leaning Walloon association. Irène Pétry was a member of the French Community of Belgium from 1974. In 1980 she became the seventh president of the Cultural Council of the French Community when she succeeded Léon Hurez, she was the first woman to be president. She was president until October 1982, she was reelected as senator in 1981. Irene Pétry became a judge at the Court of Arbitration as early as the 1980s.

Belgium, at that time unitary, took the path towards federalism in 1970. The Co

Mac OS Icelandic encoding

Mac OS Icelandic is a character encoding used in Apple Macintosh computers to represent Icelandic text. It is identical to Mac OS Roman, except for the Icelandic special characters Ý, Þ and Ð which have replaced typography characters; each character is shown with its equivalent Unicode code point. Only the second half of the table is shown, the first half being the same as ASCII. Letter Number Punctuation Symbol Other Undefined Differences from MacRoman ^¤ Before Mac OS 8.5, the character 0xDB mapped to currency sign, Unicode character U+00A4. ^fi The character 0xBB maps to fi, Unicode character U+FB01 in the TrueType Mac Icelandic fonts. ^fl The character 0xBC maps to fl, Unicode character U+FB02 in the TrueType Mac Icelandic fonts. Apple Computer, Inc.. "ICELAND. TXT: Map from Mac OS Icelandic character set to Unicode 2.1 and later". Unicode, Inc. Archived from the original on 2017-02-17. Retrieved 2017-02-17