Ashura known as Yawm Ashura, is the tenth day of Muharram, the first month in the Islamic calendar. It marks the day that Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, was martyred in the Battle of Karbala. Ashura is a major holiday and occasion for pilgrimage in Shia Islam, as well as a recommended but non-obligatory day of fasting in Sunni Islam. Ashura marks the climax of the Remembrance of Muharram, the annual commemoration of the death of Husayn and his family and supporters at the Battle of Karbala on 10 Muharram in the year 61 AH. Mourning for the incident began immediately after the battle. Popular elegies were written by poets to commemorate the Battle of Karbala during the Umayyad and Abbasid era, the earliest public mourning rituals occurred in 963 CE during the Buyid dynasty. In Afghanistan, Iraq, Lebanon and Pakistan Ashura has become a national holiday, many ethnic and religious communities participate in it. For Sunni Muslims, Ashura marks the day that Moses and the Israelites were saved from Pharaoh by God creating a path in the Sea or Noah leaving the Ark.
The root of the word Ashura has the meaning of tenth in Semitic languages. According to the orientalist A. J. Wensinck, the name is derived from the Hebrew ʿāsōr, with the Aramaic determinative ending; the day is indeed the tenth day of the month, although some Islamic scholars offer up different etymologies. In his book Ghuniyatut Talibin, Sheikh Abdul Qadir Jilani writes that Islamic scholars differ as to why this day is known as Ashura, some of them suggesting that it is the tenth most important day with which God has blessed Muslims; the Battle of Karbala took place within the crisis environment resulting from the succession of Yazid I. After succession, Yazid instructed the governor of Medina to compel Husayn and a few other prominent figures to pledge their allegiance. Husayn, refrained from making such a pledge, believing that Yazid was going against the teachings of Islam and changing the sunnah of Muhammad. He, accompanied by his household, his sons and the sons of Hasan left Medina to seek asylum in Mecca.
On the other hand, the people in Kufa, when informed of Muawiyah's death, sent letters urging Husayn to join them and pledging to support him against the Umayyads. Husayn wrote back to them saying that he would send his cousin Muslim ibn Aqeel to report to him on the situation and that if he found them supportive as their letters indicated, he would speedily join them because an Imam should act in accordance with the Quran and uphold justice, proclaim the truth, dedicate himself to the cause of God; the mission of Muslim was successful and according to reports, 18,000 men pledged their allegiance. But the situation changed radically when Yazid appointed Ubayd Allah ibn Ziyad as the new governor of Kufa, ordering him to deal with Ibn Aqeel. In Mecca, Husayn learned assassins had been sent by Yazid to kill him in the holy city in the midst of Hajj. Husayn, to preserve the sanctity of the city and that of the Kaaba, abandoned his Hajj and encouraged others around him to follow him to Kufa without knowing the situation there had taken an adverse turn.
On the way, Husayn found that Muslim ibn Aqeel, had been killed in Kufa. Husayn encountered the vanguard of the army of Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad along the route towards Kufa. Husayn addressed the Kufan army, reminding them that they had invited him to come because they were without an Imam, he told them that he intended to proceed to Kufa with their support, but if they were now opposed to his coming, he would return to where he had come from. In response, the army urged him to proceed by another route. Thus, he turned to the left and reached Karbala, where the army forced him not to go further and stop at a location that had limited access to water. Ubaydullah ibn Ziyad, the governor instructed Umar ibn Sa'ad, the head of the Kufan army, to offer Ḥusayn and his supporters the opportunity to swear allegiance to Yazid, he ordered Umar ibn Sa'ad to cut off Husayn and his followers from access to the water of the Euphrates. On the next morning, Umar ibn Sa'ad arranged the Kufan army in battle order; the Battle of Karbala lasted from morning to sunset on October 10, 680.
Husayn's small group of companions and family members fought against a large army under the command of Umar ibn Sa'ad and were killed near the river, from which they were not allowed to get water. The renowned historian Abū Rayḥān al-Bīrūnī states: … hen fire was set to their camp and the bodies were trampled by the hoofs of the horses. Once the Umayyad troops had murdered Husayn and his male followers, they looted the tents, stripped the women of their jewelry, took the skin upon which Zain al-Abidin was prostrate. Husayn's sister Zaynab was taken along with the enslaved women to the caliph in Damascus when she was imprisoned and after a year was allowed to return to Medina. According to Ignác Goldziher, ver since the black day of Karbala, the history of this family … has been a continuous series of sufferings and persecutions; these are narrated in poetry and prose, in a richly cultivated literature of martyrologies …'More touching than the tears of the Shi'is' has become an Arabic proverb.
The first assembly of the Commemoration of Husayn ibn Ali is said to have been held by Zaynab in prison. In Damascus, she is reported to have delivered a poignant oration. The
Philippe Mius d’Entremont, 1st Baron of Pobomcoup was an early Acadian settler, progenitor of the Muise and d’Entremont families of Nova Scotia. Philippe Mius d’Entremont was born in Normandy and came to Acadia with his family in 1651 as a lieutenant-major with Charles de Saint-Étienne de la Tour, named Governor of Acadia by Louis XIII of France first in 1631, again by Louis XIV in 1651; the governor in July 1653 awarded him one of the few fiefs to constitute territory in North America, the first in Acadia, the second in all Canada, the Barony of Pobomcoup. Pobomcoup, meaning in Mi'kmaq "land from which the trees have been removed to fit it for cultivation", extended from Cap-Nègre to Cap-Fourchu, he promoted agriculture on his seigneury and brought to his estate several indentured workers and a few families from Port-Royal. The settlement and d'Entremont's residence were established at Pubnico, the modern spelling of Pobomcoup. Pubnico is considered the oldest village in Nova Scotia still occupied by the Acadians, the oldest village in Canada still occupied by the descendants of its founder.
In 1654, d'Entremont was captured by Major General Robert Sedgwick when he added Acadia to the British dominions after capturing the forts of Saint John, Port Royal, the settlement of Penobscot. He did not resurface with his family until the colony was restored to France in 1670. At this time he was created a procureur du roi in Acadia by Governor Hector d'Andigné de Grandfontaine, a post he retained until 1687. At an advanced age, he left his seigneurial estate, bequeathing the title of baron to his eldest son Jacques, resided with his eldest daughter until he died in 1701; the barony of Pobomcoup remained in the family until the Expulsion of the Acadians that began in 1755 by the British. Philippe married Madeleine Hélie in Normandy and had the following issue: Marguerite Mius d'Entremont, married Pierre Melanson, founder of Grand-Pré Jacques Mius d'Entremont, 2nd Baron of Pobomcoup, married Anne de Saint-Étienne de la Tour, daughter of Charles de Saint-Étienne de la Tour Abraham Mius d'Entremont, married Marguerite de Saint-Étienne de la Tour, sister of Anne de Saint-Étienne de la Tour Philippe Mius d'Azy, married a Mi'kmaq woman named Marie Coyoteblanc and became the progenitor of the Meuse and Muise families Madeleine Mius d'Entremont, did not marry Port-Royal Canadian Hereditary Peers Sieur Philippe Mius d'Entremont, Baron of Pobomcoup At Musée Acadien Statue of Baron Philippe Mius d'Entremont Philippe Mius d'Entremont – Founder of Pubnico
Louise Mai Jansen is a Danish former swimmer, who specialized in freestyle and individual medley events. She is a Nordic record holder in the freestyle and medley, she is an eighth-place finalist in the 200 m individual medley at the 2010 European Aquatics Championships in Budapest, Hungary with a time of 2:17.37, just eight seconds off the record set by Julie Hjorth-Hansen in 2009. Jansen is an economics graduate, majoring in mathematics at Copenhagen Business School in Copenhagen. Jansen made her first Danish team at the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens. There, she failed to reach the semifinals in any of her individual events, finishing thirty-seventh in the 200 m freestyle, thirtieth in the 200 m individual medley with respective times of 2:06.06 and 2:27.08. At the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, Jansen extended her swimming program to two events: 200-metre freestyle and 4×200-metre freestyle relay, she cleared a FINA B-standard entry time of 2:02.20 from the Danish Open in Copenhagen. In the 200 m freestyle, Jansen raced to fourth place and thirty-fourth overall on the same heat as Athens by one second ahead of Singapore's Lynette Lim in 2:01.30.
She teamed up with Hjorth-Hansen, Micha Østergaard, Lotte Friis in the 4 × 200 m freestyle relay. Swimming the third leg, Jansen recorded a split of 2:00.31, the Danish team finished the preliminary heats in tenth overall with a Danish record of 8:00.81. At the 2009 FINA World Championships in Rome, Jansen helped her Danish team to dip under an eight-minute barrier and broke a new record of 7:55.56 in the 4 × 200 m freestyle relay, but finished only in twelfth place overall from the preliminary heats. NBC Olympics Profile